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Upgrading Wood-Based Industries: Harnessing the Social Network of Small-Scale Furniture Producers and Their Institutions M Melati; Rika Harini Irawati; Herry Purnomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 16 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Furniture is a major export commodity in Indonesia with a total value of USD 1.96 million in 2007.  Jepara District is one of the key location for wood furniture production with 15,271 furniture related business units employing 176,469 workers.  However, inefficiencies and power imbalances throughout the furniture value chain have resulted in overharvesting and uneven distribution of gains among the industry’s actors.  In contrast to price-setting international furniture retailers, small-scale producers enjoy the least value from their products.  In order to increase added value and competitiveness, small-scale furniture producers have made efforts to upgrade by harnessing their social network and institutions.  This paper describes small-scale furniture producers’ efforts to upgrade by utilising their social network and institutions in Jepara.  Data was collected through in-depth interviews with members of the small-scale furniture producers’ association.  The research provides insight into the nature of social networks and information flow and develops future scenarios to upgrade.  The scenarios will not only benefit the furniture industry in Jepara, but may also be adopted for similar industries throughout Indonesia and the world, and potentially improve many people’s economies and livelihoods.
Analysis of Value Chain Governance: Scenarios to Develop Small-Scale Furniture Producers Rika Harini Irawati; M Melati; Herry Purnomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 15 No. 3 (2009)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Furniture industry had shown a long chain of production to consumption, from raw material producers (tree growers), semi-finished producers, finished product producers, and retailers to exporters. Jepara as a centre furniture industry in Indonesia incorporates around 15,000 business units and provide livelihoods to approximately 170,000 workers. This sector contributes about 27% of Jepara‘s people domestic income. Small and medium furniture enterprises (SMEs) have significant roles in the furniture industry as production structures are characterized by them. Power and information imbalance throughout the furniture value chain have resulted in problems of uneven distribution of gains among actors of the industry. SME furniture producers have experienced an unfair value added distribution. Hence, development of SMEs is important for strengthening the industry and expected to result in a portion of value added distribution to them.  We are trying to develop scenarios for SME improvement in the furniture industry in Jepara by identifying their problems and implementing Value Chain Analysis (VCA). VCA is an approach to describe SME producer relations with other actors in the industry and the governance type of their relations. Data is collected by interviewing selected SMEs from the association of small scale producers in Jepara to get detailed maps of their value chain. The research will produce future scenarios and intervention points to improve small-scale producer sustainability and better value added distribution among furniture actors. The scenarios will not only benefit selected producers but also the furniture industry of Jepara, and can be adopted for similar industries throughout Indonesia and abroad. 
System dynamic is an effort to understand complexity of social and eco-systems of forest. Through this system, a conscious learning on interaction between people and forest will take place in order to manage forest in more sustainable and equitable manners. A system dynamic modeling was carried out in area surrounding Lumut Mountain Forest, District of Pasir, and East Kalimantan. In the area, where legally was allocated to a logging company, live local people who depend on forest and rattan. The Herry Purnomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 9 No. 2 (2003)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

System dynamic is an effort to understand complexity of social and eco-systems of forest. Through this system, a conscious learning on interaction between people and forest will take place in order to manage forest in more sustainable and equitable manners. A system dynamic modeling was carried out in area surrounding Lumut Mountain Forest, District of Pasir, and East Kalimantan. In the area, where legally was allocated to a logging company, live local people who depend on forest and rattan. The policy makers are trying to improve the well-being of local people without sacrifying the logging company. Aim of the study was to give policy options to policy makers and likely impacts of those options. The built model comprises biophysical, social, policy and impact main components. The model shows the change of impact indicators, which are standing stock, community income, and concession revenue and government income, given any selected policy option.  
Consistency and Coherence of Turtle Conservation Policies in Venu Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimana, West Papua Zeth Parinding; Sambas Basuni; Herry Purnomo; Nandy Kosmaryandi; Yusli Wardiatno
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 22 No. 3 (2016)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Policy management of turtle conservation in the region of Venu Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimana, West Papua is indispensable. Therefore, this study aimed at examining the turtle conservation policy and it’s implementation, both the consistency and coherence. The analytical method used is content analysis and simple mathematic statistics. The consistency of turtle conservation management policies is found inconsistent in implementation. Similarly, coherence between the policy on turtle conservation management with government policy is found incoherent, as it is more oriented to "economic growth" compared to turtle conservation management. This is due to weak management, among others: communication, resources, attitudes and behavior, and bureaucratic structures. "Management Authority Multi-stakeholder" was found as a form of the collaborative approach in carrying out the turtle conservation among institutional managers with other key stakeholders. Consolidation of these institutions need to be carried out by non-governmental organizations, i.e., Conservation International (Indonesia) Corridor Kaimana and local government, i.e., the Department of Marine and Fisheries, Department of tourism and culture along with Indigenous Peoples. So policy integration among sectors as well as the consistency and coherence should be coherent in the approach to building synergy with policies of sustainable management of turtle conservation in the region of Venu Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimana, West Papua.
Pendugaan Dinamika Struktur Tegakan Hutan Alam Bekas Tebangan Muhdin; Endang Suhendang; Djoko Wahjono; Herry Purnomo; Istomo; Bintang Charles H Simangunsong
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 17 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Dynamics of stand structure (DST), which could indicate the growth performance of logged-over forests, may vary depending on various factors, e.g. stand density, initial stand structure, species composition, time after logging, and environmental factors (rainfall, elevation, etc.). The variations of such factors could result in the variations of DST’s components (e.g. proportion of trees upgrowth and staying). However, this study, which used 75 permanent sample plots data of lowland and dryland natural forests in Kalimantan, showed that the proportion of trees upgrowth and staying could not be predicted satisfactorily using the number of trees, stand basal area, time after logging, and elevation as independent variables in multiple linear regression models. The regression models produced unrealistic projections of stand structures. In contrast, the projection of stand structures using the DST’s components that were calculated using arithmetic mean was better than that of the regression models.
Kesiapan Produsen Mebel di Jepara dalam Menghadapi Sertifikasi Ekolabel Herry Purnomo; Rika Harini Irawati; Ririn Wulandari
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 17 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.766 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.17.3.127

Abstract

Furniture is a big 4 of Indonesia’s export commodities with palm oil, textiles, and rubber outside the oil and gas. Value-added is enjoyed by tens of millions of people involved in the value chain. But, the business is experiencing severe challenges to the issue of certification and forest products (green or certified furniture) and the scarcity of wood. Certified furniture is intended for preservation of forest resources, the healthy processing of furniture making as well as improving the welfare of artisans. From the supply side of certified furniture, large producers have been prepared while small producers are not ready. From the demand side, domestic consumers only want to pay less for certified furniture, while British and Norway consumers are 16% 7.5% respectively. The increase in willingness to pay is lower than the certified furniture prices increased between 6–30%., Certification can be done by a third party accredited by the Tropical Forest Trust (TFT), Indonesian Ecolabel Institute (LEI), or Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). When the increase in production costs are higher than the desire of consumers to pay, then the certified furniture becomes difficult to be realized. Need specific strategies to market certified furniture. This article is a case study in Jepara furniture craftsmen who accounted for 10% of national exports.
Mengukur Aliran Informasi dan Tata Kelola Hutan yang Baik: Studi Kasus Gerakan Nasional Rebosisasi dan Rehabilitasi Lahan (Gerhan) di Indonesia Herry Purnomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 11 No. 2 (2005)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

It is becoming increasingly clear that sustainable forest management is contingent on good forest governance, by which we mean the rules under which power is exercised for the management  of forest resources, and which determine the nature of relationships between the state and its citizens. These relationships can be characterized as social networks, with information forming the life-blood mediating the development of these networks and the social capital that resides in them. Information flow is defined here narrowly as the movement of information ‘objects’ from a point of origin to a ‘target’ user over time. This research is a case-study of the flow of information among stakeholders and the influence of these flows on the power of those stakeholders within the National Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program (GERHAN) in Indonesia. Information imbalances within the GERHAN program have tended, we believe, to encourage rent-seeking and free-riding behaviors, thus reducing the effectiveness of the program. We show how addressing these imbalances and improving flows of information can achieve good governance.
Degradasi Hutan dan Pengangguran: Menuju Pengelolaan Hutan Skala Kecil (Forest Degradation and Unemployment: Towards Small-scale Forest Management) Herry Purnomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 12 No. 2 (2006)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Along with the concept of poverty alleviation and forest sustainability, forestry employment is the major concern among policy makers. The forest sustainability and job availability are critical indicators for the performance of the government. The relationship between employment and forestry development is unclear especially when it deals with illegal forestry activities. This study aims at generating projection of the forestry employment in Indonesia in relation to the dynamic of forestry sector and its related industries,. The study used systems dynamic to implement the relation between forest structure industries, actors and their institutions. The study found that the current practice of forest management will experience with boom-and-bust of forestry employment, starting with Riau followed by East Kalimantan and Papua. Massive forest plantingwill benefit if it is located in deforested land, but if it is located in land with different existing trees it may jeopardize the employment and community’s livelihoods. Small-scale forestry can boost the employment to meet the overall government target on unemployment and poverty reduction as well as rehabilitation of forest.Keywords: forest degradation, unemployment, land-right scenarios, small-scale forestry, poverty-reduction
PARTISIPASI KELOMPOK MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG, KASUS DI HUTAN LINDUNG GUNUNG NONA KOTA AMBON PROPINSI MALUKU Messalina L Salampessy; Bramasto Nugroho; Herry Purnomo
PERENNIAL Vol. 6 No. 2 (2010)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v6i2.204

Abstract

The management of a protection forest often faces a dilemma between the importance of conservation and the importance of the needs of the local people in the area. Managing the area will on’t be so effective and disturbed if there is only minimal participation and insufficient support in interaction from the local people. Various factors of heterogeneous people will influence the form of interaction that occurs between the people and the area. The aim of this study is to know and measure the participation of the local people in managing the protection forest and to analyse the characteristics (both individual and organizational) that influence the level of participation collectively in preserving the protected forest area. This research is designed as a survey research having the character of a descriptive co-relationship between the variable dependent i.e. Community participation and the variable of individual and organizational characters as a heterogeneous factor in protection forest area. This research population is the active community who manage the land (dusung) around the protection forest area in Gunung Nona (HLGN) in Ambon. Data analyses used tests the technical Chi square and its participation level test the co-efficient of the contingency. Results show that the characteristics (both individual and organizational) that have a close connection and influenced the level of participation in preserving the HLGN area are their knowledge about the protection forest, the scope of the authority of dusung land, the status of ownership of the dusung, the period of involvement in the organization and the relationship between the organizer and the public members in the organization. People’s participation in managing the HLGN is based on the perceived benefits and how they manage the dusung depends on their own character or morale. Key words: Participation, Heterogeneous, Dusung.
Memfasilitasi Pengelolaan Hutan Kolaboratif Menggunakan Pemodelan Dinamika Sistem (To facilitate Collaborative Forest Management Using System Dynamic Modelling) Herry Purnomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 10 No. 2 (2004)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Increasing forest degradation and community poverty are painful. Meanwhile, the behaviors of forest resources and their stakeholders are poorly understood. Systems dynamics is an approach, which is able to capture the complexity, dynamics and uncertainty of the management of forest resources and to develop future scenarios. This approach is not sufficient, however, if it is not placed in the multi-stakeholder context, where each stakeholder plays an important role. This paper discusses the use of systems dynamic as a tool to facilitate multi-stakeholder process and social learning towards sustainable and equitable forest management. A case study was conducted at Darmaga Experimental Forest, Bogor using software ‘The Bridge’. ‘The Bridge’ facilitated the Darmaga Forest stakeholders to articulate their future vision, strategy and its indicators. Then, they were converted into a systems dynamic model where the future scenarios could be drawn and learned.Key words:  forest, system dynamic, multi-stakeholder, scenario, learning