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KOMUNITAS SABUNG AYAM: Studi Perilaku Menyimpang Masyarakat Malakaji Kabupaten Gowa Adam, Arlin
AL-Fikr Vol 19, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : AL-Fikr

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Abstract

The study aimed at examining the factors which cause cockfight as deviant behavior, describing the process of shifting of the function and meaning of cockfight as deviant behavior, describing the meaning of the work that the deviant behavior is coherent with the behavior of Malakaji people, and  describing the approach to be conducted so cockfight behavior becomes comformity behavior. The study employed descriptive qualitative approach. The informants were taken by employing purposive sampling technique. The categories of informants used were key informant, experst and regular with various professions as businessman, employee, entrepreneur, handyman, driver, and farmer. The criterion of the informants was the ones who do the cockfight for 3 years. The results the study were (i) cockfight (assaung) is a deviant behavior because against the cultural value, religion, and law, (ii) cockfight is a deviant behavior gave implication on the shifting of the function and meaning, (iii) the function and meaning of cockfight as the object were interpreted by the community based on its social roles, and (iv) active functions of the elements of people as social control as deconstruction of cockfight meaning from deviant behavior is a conformity behavior to create regularity of Malakaji people in Gowa district.
Potret Lokasi Pelacuran dan Karakteristik Pekerja Seks di Kota Makassar: Upaya untuk Penyadaran dan Pencegahan Penyakit HIV/AIDS Adam, Arlin; Kamaruddin, Syamsu A
SOSIOHUMANIKA Vol 6, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

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Abstract

RESUME: HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) merupakan kumpulan gejala penyakit yang diakibatkan oleh menurunnya sistem kekebalan tubuh. Di Indonesia, dari waktu ke waktu, HIV/AIDS menunjukkan grafik yang semakin meningkat. Dapat dipastikan bahwa dalam kehidupan masyarakat, utamanya masyarakat urban seperti di Kota Makassar, terus-menerus terancam oleh penularan HIV/AIDS yang sampai saat ini belum ditemukan, baik vaksin pencegahan maupun obat penyembuhannya. Dengan demikian, para pekerja seks menjadi kelompok sasaran yang strategis dalam menerapkan program komunikasi perubahan perilaku yang diselenggarakan oleh Yayasan Kra-AIDS Indonesia. Penelitian ini mengulas tentang kasus para pekerja seks di Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Jumlah informan yang ditemukan adalah 32 orang yang berasal dari empat lokasi yaitu: Bar, Rumah Bordil, Jalanan, dan Hotel. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara yang mendalam dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perubahan perilaku pekerja seks kurang maksimal dalam tindakan pencegahan terhadap penyebaran HIV/AIDS. Akhirnya, penting sekali untuk memiliki perencanaan yang menyeluruh, kegiatan pemberian saran bagi para menejer pekerja seks, dan pembentukan kembali lingkungan eksternal yang sehat. KATA KUNCI: Prostitusi, pekerja seks, penyebaran HIV/AIDS, kota Makassar, perubahan perilaku, dan lingkungan yang sehat.  ABSTRACT: This article entitled “Potrait of Prostitution Location and Characteristics of Prostitutes in Makassar City: Awareness Raising and Anticipation of HIV/AIDS”. HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a collection of symptons resulted from the decreasing of immune system. In Indonesia, HIV/AIDS, from time to time, shows steep increasing graphic. Thus, prostitutes become strategic target group in applying communication program of behaviour change conducted by Kra-AIDS Foundation of Indonesia. This research took the case study about prostitutes in Makassar city, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Informant number found were 32 persons coming from four locations that are: Bar, Brothel, Street, and Hotel. Data were collected by deep interview and observation. The research result showed that behaviour changes of prostitutes are not maximally yet occurred in preventing action toward HIV/AIDS transmission. Finally, it is necessary to have comprehensive program planning, advisory activity for the prostitutes’ managers, and reconstruction of healtly external environment. KEY WORD: Prostitution, prostitutes, HIV/AIDS transmission, Makassar city, behaviour change, and healtly environment.  About the Authors: Dr. Arlin Adam dan Dr. Syamsu A. Kamaruddin adalah Dosen Senior di Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan UVRI (Universitas Veteran Republik Indonesia) Makassar, Jalan Baruga Raya, Antang, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Alamat emel: aspensi@yahoo.com dan syamsukamaruddin@gmail.comHow to cite this article? Adam, Arlin & Syamsu A. Kamaruddin. (2013). “Potret Lokasi Pelacuran dan Karakteristik Pekerja Seks di Kota Makassar: Upaya untuk Penyadaran dan Pencegahan Penyakit HIV/AIDS” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Vol.6, No.1 [Mei], pp.97-110. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 1979-0112. Chronicle of article: Accepted (March 10, 2013); Revised (April 15, 2013); and Published (May 20, 2013).    
Membincang Kembali Masalah Etnisitas, Nasionalitas, dan Integrasi Nasional di Indonesia Suwirta, Andi; Adam, Arlin
ATIKAN Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

IKHTISAR: Proses genesis dan perkembangan nasionalisme di Indonesia memiliki sejarah yang panjang dan dinamis. Pengenalan sistem pendidikan modern pada awal abad ke-20 telah melahirkan golongan elite terdidik dan cendekiawan yang tercerahkan. Sekat-sekat etnisitas mulai mencair dan gambaran imajiner tentang negara-bangsa yang bernama “Indonesia” mulai diwacanakan dan diperjuangkan agar menjadi kenyataan. Proses modernisasi dan pembangunan pasca kemerdekaan melahirkan banyak harapan agar Indonesia merupakan “proyek bersama” bagi semua anak bangsa. Namun gejala ketidakpuasan terhadap proses dan hasil pembangunan juga muncul yang ditopang oleh akar-akar etnisitas yang kembali menguat. Masalah etnisitas, nasionalitas, dan integrasi nasional di Indonesia memiliki konteks historis yang khas. Akhirnya, diperlukan kearifan sejarah untuk bisa mewujudkan Indonesia menjadi negara-bangsa yang maju, sejahtera, dan merdeka bagi semua anak bangsa di masa depan.KATA KUNCI: Etnisitas, nasionalitas, golongan cendekiawan, negara-bangsa Indonesia, dan integrasi nasional.ABSTRACT: The genesis process and nationalism development in Indonesia has its long journey and dynamic history. The introduction of modern education in the early 20th century has emerged the educated elite group and enlightened intellectuals. Ethnicity gaps have melted and an imagined community, i.e. “Indonesia”, has begun to be discussed and struggled in order to be realized. Modernization process and post-independence development have resulted in wishes to make Indonesia become “collective project” for all people of nation-state. However, the symptom of dissatisfaction on the development process and result appeared which were supported by ethnicity roots that were stronger. The problems of ethnicity, nationality, and national integration in Indonesia have particular historical context. Finally, it needs historical wisdom to realize Indonesia become progress, prosperous, and independent nation-state for all sons of nation in the future.KEY WORDS: Ethnicity, nationality, intellectual group, Indonesia nation-state, and national integration.  About the Authors: Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. adalah Dosen Senior di Jurusan Pendidikan Sejarah UPI (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia) di Bandung; dan Dr. Arlin Adam adalah Dosen Senior di Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan UVRI (Universitas Veteran Republik Indonesia) di Makassar. Alamat emel: aspensi.bandung2006@gmail.comHow to cite this article? Suwirta, Andi & Arlin Adam. (2012). “Membincang Kembali Masalah Etnisitas, Nasionalitas, dan Integrasi Nasional di Indonesia” in ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.2(2) Desember, pp.253-272. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI in Bandung and FKIP UNSUR in Cianjur, West Java, ISSN 2088-1290. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (October 9, 2012); Revised (November 10, 2012); and Published (December 15, 2012).
Hubungan Inisiasi Menyusui Dini (IMD) terhadap Status Gizi Bayi Dibawah Dua Tahun (BADUTA) di Puskesmas Malaka Kecamatan Lalabata Kabupaten Soppeng Ali, Aspiati Haji; Adam, Arlin; Alim, Andi
ARTERI : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1 No 1 (2019): November
Publisher : Puslitbang Sinergis Asa Professional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.848 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/arteri.v1i1.26

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Early Initiation Coverage (IMD) for Soppeng District based on survey data on nutritional status monitoring is still relatively low compared to the national target of 80%. So it is thought to have an impact on the prevalence of malnutrition by 22.6%, stunting 38.7%, skinny 7.7% and fat 4.5%. The purpose of this study was to look at the relationship between Early Breastfeeding Initiation and nutritional status of infants under two years at the Malaka community health centre, Lalabata District, Soppeng Regency, South Sulawesi Province. This study used a survey method with a statistical analysis approach and cross-sectional study design. The sample size in this study was 67 people which obtained through simple random sampling. This research was conducted in the working area of ​​the Malaka Health Center in Lapajung Sub-district, Lalabata District from April to June 2019. The data was processed by using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test with a probability value of 95% in SPSS. The results of the analysis of nutritional status in infants under two years based on body weight according to the average age showed that 85.1% have good nutritional status, 10.4% less nutritional status and 4.5% over nutritional status. The nutritional status based on height according to the average age showed 65.7% had normal height, 19.4% short height and 7.5% poor height. Meanwhile, based on body weight according to a height, the result showed that 83.6% had normal weight, 11.9% under weight, and 3.0% overweight. From the results of the analysis it was found that there is no relationship between Early Breastfeeding Initiation (IMD) and the nutritional status of infants under two years in the working area of ​​the Malaka Puskesmas Lapajung Village. This happens because there are still many factors that affect nutritional status in addition to Early Breastfeeding Initiation. Therefore, it is better to conduct further research by adding research variables including sanitation and parenting.
Pernikahan Tolotang Di Kelurahan Amparita Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang Wihdania, Wihdaniah; Agustang, Andi; Adam, Arlin
Phinisi Integration Review Vol 3, No 2 (2020): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26858/pir.v3i2.14426

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (i) Mendeskripsikan Proses Pernikahan Towani Tolotang Di Kelurahan Amparita Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang (ii) Mendeskripsikan mengapa proses perkawinan Towani Tolotang tetap bertahan di tengah arus modernisasi kehidupan. (iii) Mendeskripsika nilai-nilai sosial dalam perkawinan Towani Tolotang di Kelurahan Amparita Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang? Jenis penelitian yang digunakan deskriptif kualitatif yang bertujuan untuk menggambarkan pernikahan Tolotang Di Kelurahan Amparita Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data yaitu dengan melakukan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik pengabsahan data yaitu triangulasi sumber yaitu untuk mengkaji kredibilitas data yang dilakukan dengan cara mengecek data yang telah di peroleh melalui beberapa sumber. Dari hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa (i) Proses Pernikahan Towani Tolotang Di Kelurahan Amparita Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang yaitu berawal dari tahapan sebelum nikah (pra nikah), tahapan nikah/resepsi  dan tahapan setelah nikah (pasca nikah) (ii) proses perkawinan Towani Tolotang tetap bertahan di tengah arus modernisasi kehidupan karena adanya keyakinan yang kuat yang bersumber dari nenek moyang dan adanya keinginan mempertahankan tradisi. (iii) nilai-nilai sosial dalam pernikahan Towani Tolotang di Kelurahan Amparita Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang yaitu nilai gotong royong, nilai tolong menolong, nilai kekeluargaan, nilai kepedulian, dan nilai pengormatan
STATUS GIZI ANAK USIA 24 - 59 BULAN (Studi Analitik Di Puskesmas Wangi-Wangi Selatan Kabupaten Wakatobi) Firdawati, Yuyun; Adam, Arlin; Alim, Andi
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jpkmi.v6i2.7453

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Masalah gizi di Indonesia, sebagai mana halnya dengan negara-negara berkembang lainnya pada anak sangat dipengaruhi oleh dua faktor yaitu asupan makanan dan penyakit infeksi. Faktor konsumsi makanan merupakan penyebab langsung dari kejadian gizi buruk pada balita.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan asupan gizi, pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi, penyakit infeksi, dan pendapatan keluarga dengan status gizi anak usia 24 – 59 bulan di Puskesmas Wangi-Wangi Selatan Kabupaten Wakatobi. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Puskesmas Wangi-Wangi Selatan Kabupaten Wakatobi dengan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan analitik pada 72 responden yang memenuhi kriteria yang dilaksanakan melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai acuan pertanyaan. Hasil penelitian menujukan bahwa ada hubungan antara asupan gizi, penyakit infeksi, pengetahuan ibu dan pendapatan keluarga dengan status gizi anak usia 24 – 59 bulan di Puskesmas Wangi-Wangi Selatan Kabupaten Wakatobi dengan nilai p = 0,000. Disarankan kepada petugas Puskesmas agar perlu dilakukan upaya perbaikan gizi pada anak balita, melalui penyuluhan mengenai pentingnya asupan zat gizi kepada anak balita, dan memberitahukan kepada ibu pentingnya rutin ke puskesmas.Kata-kata kunci: Status gizi, asupan gizi, pengetahuan ibu, penyakit infeksi, pendapatan keluargaABSTRACTNutritional problems in Indonesia, as well as other developing countries in children are strongly influenced by two factors, namely food supply and infectious diseases. Food consumption factor is a direct cause of the incidence of malnutrition in infants. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of nutritional supplay, knowledge of mothers about nutrition, infectious diseases, and family income with the nutritional status of children aged 24 – 59 months at the South Wangi-Wangi health center District of Wakatobi. This research was conducted in South Wangi-Wangi health center in Wakatobi District with quantitative research method with analytical approach in 72 respondents who meet the criteria implemented through interviews using questionnaires as Reference questions. The results showed that there was a relationship between nutritional intake, infectious diseases, mother knowledge and family income with nutritional status of children aged 24 – 59 months at the South Wangi-Wangi Health center of Wakatobi regency with a value P = 0.000. It is recommended to the health center officers to be done efforts to improve nutrition in children, because there are still many children who have a lack of energy intake and protein, by increasing the awareness of toddler mothers through About the importance of nutrient supply to children, and inform the mother of the importance of routine to the health center.Keywords: nutritional Status, nutritional supplay, maternal knowledge, infectious diseases, family income
Gejala Perilaku Penyalahguna Methapetamin Berdasarkan Status Gizi Di Balai Rehabilitasi Badan Narkotika Nasional Baddoka Makassar astiani; Adam, Arlin; Andi Nurlinda
Journal of Muslim Community Health Vol. 1 No. 3 (2020): DESEMBER (JMCH)
Publisher : Magister Kesehatan Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.984 KB) | DOI: 10.52103/jmch.v1i3.257

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Latar belakang: Dewasa ini kasus narkoba merupakan suatu fenomena yang sangat mengkhawatirkan bagi semua lapisan masyarakat baik masyarakat dalam negeri maupun masyarakat di luar negeri, Kasus penyalaguna Methampetamin menjadi fenomena gunung es, dimana hanya sedikit fenomena yang tampak dan dapat diamati di permukaan, namun yang sesungguhnya terjadi jauh lebih banyak dari yang tampak. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu Untuk menganalisis perilaku penyalahguna methamfetamin berdasarkan status gizi di Balai Rehabilitasi BNN Baddoka Makassar. Metode: penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan fenomologi yang akan melihat fenomena dari gejala perilaku penyalaguna methamfetamin berdasarkan status gizi di Balai Rehabilitasi BNN Baddoka. Hasil: Pengguna methamphetamin dengan status gizi underweight kemungkinan disebabkan oleh akumulasi zat methampetamin di otak sehingga menekan nafsu makan klien. Klien pengguna methamphetamine dengan status gizi normal kemungkinan disebabkan oleh jangka penggunaan zat methampetamin belum terlalu lama (singkat). Klien pengguna methamphetamin status gizi overweight dapat disebabkan karena pengaruh kecemasan, depresi, dan stress sehingga berdampak ke peningkatan nafsu makan sebagai mekanisme koping klien. Kesimpulan: Methamphetamin dapat berpengaruh pada gejala psikis dan fisik serta perilaku penyalaguna yang akhirnya mengakibatkan kondisi status gizi berat badan berlebih atau kurang.
Penggunaan Alat Perlindungan Diri (APD) Pada Petugas Pemulasaran Jenazah COVID-19 Di Perkuburan Macanda Kabupaten Gowa: The Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for COVID-19 Body Retrieval Officers at Gowa District Surahman, Hervina; Adam, Arlin; Yusriani, Yusriani
Journal of Muslim Community Health Vol. 2 No. 4 (2021): OKTOBER- DECEMBER (JMCH)
Publisher : Magister Kesehatan Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (353.857 KB) | DOI: 10.52103/jmch.v2i4.698

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Background: The number of cases infected with COVID-19 continues to increase, so it is very necessary to handle Covid-19 cases. One of them is the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) for corpse recovery officers in handling Covid-19 bodies. The purpose of the study was to analyze the impact of the use of PPE on the Covid-19 corpse recovery officers at the Macanda Gowa Cemetery. Methods: This research is qualitative research with a phenomenological approach. The number of research is 5 main informants, 2 supporting informants, and 1 key informant. Results: The results of this study showed that the behavior of the mortuary officers was anxious, afraid, worried, had experience in handling Covid-19 corpses, wore personal protective equipment (PPE) for 2-3 hours, burned PPE, removed PPE at the specified location, size The PPE is not suitable for the Covid-19 relocation officer. The impacts of PPE are heat, heat, skin injuries, headaches, dehydration, hot skin (prickly heat), fever, Covid-19 positive, difficulty breathing. Managing the negative impact of using PPE by turning on the air conditioning (AC), opening the windshield, unzipping the hazmat shirt a little, and removing the mask and face shield, smearing the body with eucalyptus oil, cleaning the body, drinking water and exercising. Conclusions and suggestions: The behavior of the Covid-19 corpse recovery officer in using PPE does not comply with the use of personal protective equipment correctly. This is due to the lack of knowledge of the mortuary staff regarding the proper use of PPE. So that the effects of PPE are not correct. There is a need for supervision and awareness-raising on the understanding of the use of PPE for COVID-19 corpses.