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Mikobiota pada Buah Cabai untuk Pengendalian Hayati Colletotrichum capsici Okky Setyawati Dharmaputra; Lisdar Idwan Sudirman; Melly Fitriani
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 5 (2015)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (757.244 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.11.5.150

Abstract

Colletotrichum capsici is a pathogenic fungus causing anthracnose on various tropical fruits, especially chilli. Biological control agents have been used as an alternative method to control postharvest diseases. This study aims to examine the antagonistic potential of mycobiota on red chilli fruit against C. capsici. The pathogen was obtained from diseased red chilli fruits collected from three traditional markets in Municipality of Bogor, isolated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium containing chloramphenicol (100 mg L-1). Candidates of antagonistic mycobiota were isolated from healthy chilli fruits using serial diution method, followed by pour-plate method on PDA medium containing chloramphenicol (100 mg L-1). C. capsici isolate BIO51046 showed highest pathogenicity on chilli fruit var. IPB Perbani compared to other isolates. Seven isolates of filamentous fungi and 7 yeast isolates were obtained from healthy chilli fruits. Test of antagonism using dual culture method obtained 3 filamentous fungal isolates (Plectosphaerella cucumerina, MF2 and Aspergillus flavus) and 1 yeast isolate (Issatchenkia orientalis) which inhibited the growth of C. capsici BIO 51046 more than 70%. Plectosphaerella cucumerina and I.orientalis did not cause any diseases on chilli fruits var. IPB Perbani. Therefore, these 2 isolates were considered as potential antagonist against C. capsici BIO51046 as the causal agent of anthracnose of chilli
Karakterisasi α-Amilase dari Aspergillus versicolor 3a1 yang Diproduksi pada Media Limbah Cair Tapioka Aini, Fitratul; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Manaf, Lisdar A.
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 14, No 3 (2009): October 2009
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.985 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v14i3.2581

Abstract

The aim of this experiment was to characterize A. versicolor 3a1 α-amylase produced on cassava liquid waste media. Two types of media, base and combination media, were used as a comparison. Cassava liquid waste media contains 1% cassava starch, 1% yeast extract, 0.13% KH2PO4, and 0.05% MgSO4 diluted in cassava liquid waste. Base media contains same composition but using aquadest as a solvent, and combination media using mixture of aquadest and cassava liquid waste. A. versicolor 3a1 α-amylase showed its maximum specific activity in cassava liquid waste, base, and combination media after 3, 7, and 4 days incubation, respectively. Crude extract of α-amylase fromA. versicolor 3a1 was precipitated in 20-80% (w/v) ammonium sulphate. Precipitation of A. versicolor 3a1 α-amylase with 70% (w/v) ammonium sulphate on cassava liquidwaste, 60% on base media, and 60% on combination media will increase its specific activity 16.6, 4.28, and 5.65 times, respectively, compared to the specific activities ofcrude before precipitation. α-Amylase crude extract from A. versicolor 3a1 from all media showed its highest specific activity at 70oC and pH 5.0, and addition of FeSO4 increased the specific activity. Precipitated A. versicolor 3a1 α-amylase from all media showed its highest specific activity at 70oC and pH 6.0. Addition of FeSO4 precipitated 3a1 α-amylase from base and combination media will increase its specific activity, while MgSO4 will increase its specific activity in cassava liquid waste media. Thermostability assay revealed that the crude and the precipitated 3a1 α-amylase were relatively stable at 70oC up to 180 minutes incubation, except for precipitated3a1 -amylase on cassava waste media. Crude α-amylase 3a1 was relatively stable at pH 5-9 up to 1 hour incubation with wide pH ranges, while the precipitated with narrow pH ranges.
Keragaman Genetik berbagai Isolat Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) dan Virulensinya terhadap Crocidolomia pavonana Trizelia, Trizelia; Santoso, Teguh; Sosromarsono, Soemartono; Rauf, Aunu; Sudirman, Lisdar I
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.998 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.176-183

Abstract

The objectives of the research were to study the genetic variability of various Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. isolates andvirulence to Crocidolomia pavonana. Thirteen isolates of B. bassiana were isolated from Nilaparvata lugens (Stål),Leptocorisa oratorius (F.), Thrips sp., Hypothenemus hampei (Ferr.), Crocidolomia pavonana (F.), Spodoptera litura (F.),Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esp.), and Riptortus linearis (L.) pests from different geographical locations in Indonesia. Fourteendifferent random primers were used to amplify DNA. Clustering of isolates were obtained using Unweight Pair GroupMethod Avarage (UPGMA). The results showed that only OPA08 primer generated more polymorphic DNA fragments.Result of clustering analysis showed that B. bassiana isolates forms two groups having genetic similarity equal to 55%.Clustering of isolates does not correlate to host type nor geographic origin. Mortality of second instar C. pavonana larvaewas dependent on the fungal isolates. At a concentration of 108 conidia/ml, isolate Bb-La2 had the highest virulence whichcaused 65% mortality of 2nd instar larvae. Isolates of B. bassiana is virulent against C. pavonana larvae present in the samegenotype group.
Peran Makhluk Tersembunyi dan Terabaikan bagi Kesehatan dan Lingkungan I Sudirman, Lisdar
Prosiding Seminar Biologi 2015: Seminar Nasional Mikrobiologi Kesehatan dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Biologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Cendawan yang termasuk dalam fungal kingdom adalah organisme unik dan bukan termasuk dalam dunia tumbuhan. Cendawan dapat bersifat mikroskopis dan makroskopis (makrofungi, jamur) yang dapat dilihat oleh mata telanjang. Cendawan mempunyai kemampuan berasosiasi dengan organisme lain seperti dengan ganggang dan atau sianobakteri sehingga terbentuk organisme lain yang dinamakan liken. Makrofungi dan liken mempunyai peran menguntungkan bagi kesehatan dan lingkungan. Daerah tropis, termasuk Indonesia kaya akan keragaman ke dua organisme tersebut tetapi kurang dieksplorasi dan diteliti sehingga pemanfaatannya jauh tertinggal dari negara di dunia, bahkan dengan negara di Asean. Pada makalah ini akan dipaparkan potensi makrofungi atau jamur terutama jamur pelapuk kayu putih (white rot fungi) dan liken dalam bidang kesehatan dan lingkungan dalam mengatasi polutan.Kata Kunci: cendawan, liken, makrofungi
Effect of Leaf Litters and Soils on Viability of Entomopathogenic Fungi Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill LISDAR IDWAN SUDIRMAN; YUSMANI PRAYOGO; YUNIMAR YUNIMAR; SEMPURNA GINTING
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 15 No. 3 (2008): September 2008
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.005 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.15.3.93

Abstract

Viability of Beauveria bassiana is extremely low due to toxic compounds in soils. This research was aimed to study the effect of four groups of media on viability of B. bassiana Bb-Pb2. The first group was leaf litters of onion, flowering white cabbage, cabbage, and chinese mustard, respectively; the second group was the soils containing decomposed residues of each plant of the first group; the third group was the mixtures of each media of both groups above (1:1), and the fourth group was natural top soil as a control. Each plastic bag filled with one kg of each medium was inoculated with ten ml of B. bassiana conidia (106/ml of concentration) and incubated in open area for 8 weeks. The results showed that all leaf litters of those plants and their compost soils affected the fungal viability. The highest decreasing number of colony was found on onion’s leaf litters, soil containing of decomposed onion, and the mixtures of both media. The treated B. bassiana showed significant reducing abilities of growth, conidia production and conidia germination on PDA media, except the one of control. It is suggested that the Bb-Pb2 isolate might not be effective as bioinsecticide in the soils containing either those leaf litters or composts. Key words: Beauveria bassiana, viability, leaf litters, soils
PATOGENISITAS CENDAWAN Lecanicillium sp. PTN01 TERHADAP PENGGEREK TONGKOL JAGUNG Helicoverpa armigera (HUBNER) (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE) Ginting, Sempurna; Santoso, Teguh; Munara, Yayi; Anwar, Ruly; Sudirman, Lisdar
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5339.871 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i1.3378

Abstract

Helicoverpa armigera is one of the most important agricultural pests because it has a high reproductive rate and resulted in economic losses. One of the H. armigera control techniques that is in accord with IPM principle is the utilizing of entomopathogenic fungus. The aim of this research was to test the pathogenicity of Lecanicillium (Lecanicillium sp. PTN01) against H. armigera. Pathogenicity test was conducted by conidia application of Lecanicillium sp. PTN01 on both the larvae and eggs at density of 105, 106, 107 conidia/ml. The control group was only treated with steril water. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed for molecular identification Lecanicillium sp. PTN01. The results showed that Lecanicillium sp. PTN01 able to inhibit egg hatching 13.75%, and cause mortality of first instar larval survival 98.75%. The result of virulence test to the highest larval mortality at 107 conidia/ml density was 41,25%, with the values of LT25, 50, 75 were 3.95, 7.12, 12.82 (days) and LC25, 50, 75 were 4.6 x 105, 1.7 x 106, 4.6 x 109 (conidia/ml). The DNA sequence analysis of ITS 1 and ITS 4 primers showed that Lecanicillium sp. PTN01 was similar to fungus species L. kalimantanense strain BTCC F23 with 94% homology.   
Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jamur Lentinus sajor-caju isolat LSC9 pada Media Serbuk Gergajian Kayu Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) dan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit HENNY SULISTANY; LISDAR IDWAN SUDIRMAN
Jurnal Sumberdaya Hayati Vol. 1 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jsdh.1.2.41-46

Abstract

Paraserianthes falcataria sawdust (SGS) and oil palm empty fruit bunch (TKKS) are by-product of forestry and oil palm industries. SGS is commonly substrates for mushroom cultivation. TKKS is expected to be an alternative substrates for mushroom cultivation besides SGS. This study was conducted to determine the growth and fruiting body production of Lentinus sajor-caju LSC9 isolate on SGS, TKKS and mixtures of both substrates (C) with proportion 1:1 respectively. Each substrates were added with 15% rice bran, 1.5% gypsum and 1.5% CaCO3 with a total weight of 500 g/bag. The result showed that the growth and fruiting body production of Lentinus sajor-caju LSC9 isolate on SGS was better than TKKS and C substrates with biological efficiency on SGS substrates (50.88%) higher than TKKS substrates (34.42%) and C substrates (29.51%), with vegetative phase (16 days), generative phase (100 days) and growth and development phase (115 days) on TKKS substrates were shorter than SGS and C substrates. The greatest pileus number found on SGS substrates (12 pieces), while the largest pileus diameter found on C substrates (10.17 cm). Nevertheless, TKKS can be used as alternative substrates for fruiting body production of Lentinus sajor-caju LSC9 isolate. 
Penggunaan Bakteri Kitinolitik sebagai Pengendali Hayati Colletotrichum capsici pada Tanaman Cabai Dian Syahfitri; Nisa Rachmania Mubarik; Lisdar A Manaf
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 4 (2018)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.86 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.14.4.120

Abstract

Use of Chitinolytic Bacteria as Biological Control of Colletotrichum capsici on Chili PlantsColletotrichum capsici is known as the causal agent of anthracnose disease in chili plant and may cause reduction of crop yield. Chitinolytic bacteria, namely Serratia marcescens KAHN 15.12, Bacillus thuringiensis SAHA 12.12, and BAE 36 were reported to have antagonistic activity against C. capsici. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the potential of chitinolytic bacteria on controlling C. capsici on chili plants in greenhouse experiment. Three bacterial isolates used as biocontrol agent was formulated by using talcum as carrier materials. The methodologies consisted of characterization of bacterial isolates, formulation of biocontrol agent, viability test of bacterial isolate, efficacy of biocontrol agents in the laboratory and in the greenhouse.  Disease severity in the laboratory reached 64% when chili treated with isolate formulation of BAE 36.  In the greenhouse, BAE 36 isolate formulation and consortium formulation were able to suppress infection of C. capsici; each was indicated by disease incidence of 25% and 50%, respectively. These results indicated that chitinolytic bacterial formulations could be potencial as biocontrol agents of C. capsici.
Fungal Succession and Decomposition of Acacia mangium Leaf Litters in Health and Ganoderma Attacked Standings SAMINGAN SAMINGAN; LISDAR IDWAN SUDIRMAN
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 16 No. 3 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.842 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.16.3.109

Abstract

Leaf litters of Acacia mangium play an important functional role in ecosystem, producing sources of nutrients and giving diversity of microorganisms. Understanding the variation in fungal populations in A. mangium forest is important due to the roles of fungi in regulating populations of other organisms and ecosystem processes. For these purposes, the tests were conducted under two years old of health standing (2S) and Ganoderma attacked standing (2G) using litterbag method. Litter weight loss and lignin, cellulose, C, N contents were measured each month during eight months of decomposition, as well as fungal community involved was observed. Litter weight loss and lignin, cellulose, C, N contents were measured each month during eight months of decomposition, as well as fungal community involved was observed. After eight months of decomposition, litter weight losses were low up to 34.61% (k = 0.7/year) in 2S and 30.64% (k = 0.51/ year) in 2G, as well as lignin weight losses were low up to 20.05% in 2S and 13.87% in 2G. However, cellulose weight losses were 16.34% in 2S and 14.71% in 2G. In both standings, the numbers of fungal species were 21 and 20 respectively, while the total of fungal populations tends to increase after one month of decomposition and tend to decrease in the last three months. In the first and second months of decomposition fungal species were dominated by genera of Penicillium and Aspergillus and the last three months by Trichoderma, Phialophora, and Pythium. Key words: fungal succession, decomposition, leaf litters, A. mangium
Mikobiota pada Buah Pisang Kultivar Lampung untuk Pengendalian Hayati Fusarium semitectum Okky Setyawati Dharmaputra; Lisdar Idwan Sudirman; Evarini Anna Ratnaningsih
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.503 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.14.1.30

Abstract

Fusarium semitectum is a pathogenic fungus causing fruit rot of banana fruits. Biological control agents have been used as an alternative to control postharvest diseases. The objective of this study was to test antagonistic potential of mycobiota of banana fruits (Musa cuminata cultivar Lampung) against F. semitectum BIO 91055. The tested fungi were isolated from healthy banana cultivar Lampung collected from Gembrong market located in Bogor using serial dilution method, followed by pour plate method. Test of antagonism activity was carried out using dual culture method. Seventeen fungal isolates were isolated, they consisted of 14 filamentous fungal isolates and 3 yeast isolates. Four filamentous fungal isolates inhibited the growth of F. semitectum BIO 91055 more than 70%, they were Aspergillus niger, Cercosporella sp., Plectosphaerella sp., and Trichoderma hamatum. Three isolates (Cercosporella sp., Plectosphaerella sp., and Trichoderma hamatum) did not cause any diseases of banana fruits and they were considered as potential biocontrol agents.