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Hamid Mukhlis
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Jalan A. Yani 1A Tambahrejo Gadingrejo Kab. Pringsewu Kode Pos: 35372, Phone: 0729 7081587
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan
ISSN : 25024825     EISSN : 25029495     DOI : 10.30604/jika
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Aisyah: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan (JIKA), with registered number ISSN 2502-4825 (Print) and ISSN 2502-9495 (Online), is an international peer-reviewed journal published two times a year (June and December) by Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu (UAP) Lampung. JIKA is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on Health Science field especially Nursing and Midwifery, as well as with their development through interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach. The submission process of the manuscript is open throughout the year. All submitted manuscripts will go through the blind peer review and editorial review before being granted with acceptance for publication.
Articles 385 Documents
Kunjungan Antenatal Care Ditinjau dari Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Tentang Tanda Bahaya Kehamilan Oktavia, Lina
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.043 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v3i1.95

Abstract

Abstrak: Komplikasi kehamilan merupakan salah satu penyebab masih tingginya angka kematian ibu (AKI) di Indonesia sampai saat ini, yaitu perdarahan sebanyak 28% dan keracunan kehamilan (eklampsi) sebanyak 24%. Tanda-tanda bahaya pada kehamilan merupakan suatu pertanda telah terjadinya masalah yang serius pada ibu hamil atau janin yang dikandungnya. Berdasarkan penelitian, telah diakui saat ini bahwa setiap kehamilan dapat memiliki potensi dan membawa resiko bagi ibu.Pada analisa univariat, didapatkan dari 48 responden dengan kunjungan ANC sesuai standar sebanyak 24 responden (33,8%) dan yang sesuai standar sebanyak 47 responden (66,2%), responden dengan pengetahuan baik sebanyak 35 responden (49,3%), pengetahuan cukup sebanyak 26 responden (36,6) dan pengetahuan kurang sebanyak 10 responden (14,1%). Pada analisa bivariat didapatkan ada hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang tanda bahaya kehamilan dengan kunjungan ANC di Klinik Bidan Desi Fitriani Baturaja Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu tahun 2017 dengan p value 0,001. Ada hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang tanda bahaya kehamilan dengan kunjungan ANC.Abstract: Complications of pregnancy is one cause of still high maternal mortality (MMR) in Indonesia, namely bleeding as much as 28% and pregnancy poisoning (eklampsi) as much as 24%. The signs of danger in pregnancy is a sign of a serious problem in pregnant women or the fetus they contain. Based on research, it has been recognized today that every pregnancy can have potential and bring risks to the mother. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of pregnant mother knowledge, pregnancy alarm, and visit of ANC. This study uses crossectional method with the number of respondents as much as 71 pregnant women. Statistical analysis using chi square to determine the relationship between independent with dependent variables on 95% confidence level. The results showed that there was a correlation between pregnant mother knowledge about pregnancy alert with visit of ANC at Desi Fitriani Clinic of Baturaja Regency of Ogan Komering Ulu with p value 0,001. The higher the level of knowledge of pregnant women about antenatal care will improve compliance in antenatal care visits.
Aktivitas Fisik dengan Sindrom Premenstruasi Pada Siswa SMP Surmiasih, Surmiasih
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.087 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v1i2.24

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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common health problem most commonly reported by women of reproductive age. Factors main cause is due to an imbalance in the work of the hormones estrogen and progesterone as well as a change in serotonin levels. Approximately 30-80% of women experience mood disorders (mood) or somatic (or both) that occur during the menstrual cycle. Based on the report by the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome experienced by 65.7 in adolescent girls. One of the factors associated with pre menstual syndrome is a physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of physical activity with pre menstrual syndrome. Methods: This type of research is quantitative with cross sectional design. Subjects were SMP PGRI performances were about 40 people. The sampling technique using total sampling. analysis using Chi Square test. The result showed the p value of 0.035, which means there is a relationship of physical activity with pre menstrual syndrome.Key Word : Physical activity, Premenstrual syndrome
The effect of self-management education on quality of life of clients with coronary heart disease Cahyaningrat, Divya; Lukmanulhakim, Lukmanulhakim
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 5, No 1: June 2020
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v0i0.211

Abstract

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is still the number one cause of death in the world with 17.3 million deaths each year. CHD provides an impact in the form of physical and psycho-emotional symptoms, it will affect the quality of life of the client and self-management is a controlling factor to increase client satisfaction in living life. This study aims to identify the influence of education about self- management on the quality of life of clients with coronary heart disease in the Poly Heart of RSUD Dr. Drajat Prawiranegara Serang. Quasi-experimental research with a one-group design pre-post test. The number of samples is 25 CHD  clients with the method of taking using purposive sampling. Data collection tool to measure the quality of life using the WHOQOL BREF instrument. Univariate analysis is presented in the form of mean, standard deviation, percentage and frequency distribution, while bivariate analysis uses t-dependent test (paired sample t-test). Univariate analysis results obtained mean ± SD of quality of life before being given self-management education 38.52 ± 5.53. While the mean quality of life after being given education was 59.64 ± 3.067. The results of the bivariate analysis obtained the mean ± SD difference of 21.12 ± 6.26 with p value = 0,000. There is an influence of self-management education on quality of life for clients with coronary heart disease. Nursing staff should be able to apply health education to CHD clients as a medium for the development of interventions in the event of decreased quality of life experienced by CHD clients.Pengaruh Edukasi Tentang self Management Terhadap Kualitas Hidup Pasien Dengan Penyakit Jantung KoronerAbstrakPenyakit jantung koroner (PJK) masih menjadi penyebab kematian nomor satu di dunia dengan 17,3 juta kematian setiap tahun nya. PJK memberikan dampak berupa gejala fisik dan psikoemosional, hal tersebut akan mempengaruhi kualitas hidup klien dan self management merupakan faktor pengendali untuk meningkatkan kepuasan klien dalam menjalani hidup. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi adanya pengaruh edukasi tentang self management terhadap kualitas hidup pada klien dengan penyakit jantung koroner di Poli Jantung RSUD dr. Drajat Prawiranegara Serang. Penelitian berjenis quasi eksperiment dengan pre-post test one-group design. Jumlah Sampel sebanyak 25 klien PJK dengan metode pengambilan menggunakan purposive sampling. Alat pengumpulan data untuk mengukur kualitas hidup menggunakan instrumen WHOQOL BREF. Analisis univariat disajikan dalam mean, Standar deviasi, persentasi dan distribusi frekuensi, sementara, analisis bivariat menggunakan uji t-dependent (paired sample t-test). Hasil analisis univariat didapatkan nilai mean(SD) kualitas hidup sebelum diberikan edukasi self management 38,52(5,53). Sementara nilai mean kualitas hidup setelah diberikan edukasi didapatkan 59,64(3,067). Hasil analisis bivariat didapatkan nilai selisih mean(SD) sebesar 21,12(6,26) dengan p vaue=0,001. Ada pengaruh edukasi self management terhadap kualitas hidup pada klien dengan penyakit jantung koroner. Tenaga keperawatan sebaiknya dapat menerapkan edukasi kesehatan kepada klien PJK sebagai media untuk pengembangan intervensi pada kejadian penurunan kualitas hidup yang dialami oleh klien PJK.
Kualitas Hidup Pasien Kanker Ginekologi yang Menjalani Terapi Putri, Riska Hediya
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.509 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v2i1.34

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Abstrak: Meningkatkan kualitas hidup pasien kanker selama terapi akan meningkatkan kepatuhan mereka akan perawatan dan pengobatan serta memberikan mereka kekuatan untuk mengatasi berbagai keluhan yang dialami pasien kanker.Penelitian cross-sectional ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kualitas hidup pasien kanker ginekologi yang menjalani terapi. Teknik consecutive sampling dilakukan untuk memilih 153 pasien kanker ginekologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sebagian besar pasien kanker ginekologi mempunyai kualitas hidup domain kesehatan global dan domain fungsional tergolong tinggi tetapi untuk domain gejala masih tergolong rendah. Hasil analsis data diketahui bahwa nilai rerata kualitas hidup global domain kesehatan umum adalah 67,55. Pada domian fungsional ditemukan bahwa fungsi emosional memilki nilai rata-rata tertinggi yaitu 83,60. Pada domain gejala menunjukkan bahwa gejala insomnia memilki nilai rerata tertinggi yaitu 46,62. Penilaian kualitas hidup membuktikan bahwa tidak hanya penting untuk mengatasi gejala kanker secara optimal akan tetapi dapat juga sebagai informasi tambahan dalam mengevaluasi hasil dari pengobatan. Abstract: Improved quality of life of cancer patients during the therapy may increase their treatment and empower them adherence to overcome any complains experienced by cancer patients. This cross-sectional research objective to identify the quality of life of the gynecology cancer patients who undergoing therapy. Consecutive sampling technique was performed to select 153 gynecology cancer patients. The results of the research indicated that most of the gynecology cancer patients required high level of quality of life on global health and functional domains.However, the quality of life on the symptom domain was quite low.The result showed that the mean value the quality of life in global health domain is 67,55. The quality of life in functional domain reported that the emotional function had the highest mean value 83,60. The quality of life in symptoms domain reported that insomnia had the highest mean value 46,62. The quality of life reported that is important to treat cancer symptoms optimally, it alsa can be additional information to evaluate the outcome of the treatment.
Precautionary complications on hypertension with Health Belief Model (HBM) approach: A descriptive study of health center community in The Garut Region of Indonesia Nurhandiya, Vina; Yani, Desy Indra; Shalahuddin, Iwan
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 5, No 1: June 2020
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v0i0.274

Abstract

Hypertension is not a contagious disease that becomes health problems with high prevalence. Hypertension is at risk for complications. The application theory of the health belief model (HBM) is an effort to prevent hypertension by identifying the patient's perception. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of the prevention of complications in hypertensive patients at the Tarogong Garut Health Center using the health belief model (HBM) approach. The research method used descriptive quantitative. The population of hypertension patients at Tarogong Public Health Center by 72 samples of patients. Data analysis used a percentage value of each domain presented in the form of a frequency distribution table to each variable studied. The results showed that from 5 dominant areas both were perception of barrier good (4.2 percent) and deficient  (95.8 percent),  deficient of susceptibility perception (100 percent), lacking severity perception  (100 percent), lacking benefits perception  (100 percent), and deficient of cues to action (100 percent). The conclusion of this study if somebody has a good perception of their illness, then they will focus on the prevention and control the condition of health problems. If the perception is not good, then somebody will tend to ignore health problems. Nurses should be able to provide knowledge about hypertension and the complications caused by the disease and can raise the awareness of patients to perform regular blood pressure checks. Karakteristik pasien stroke: Deskripsi analitis pada pasien rawat jalan di rumah sakit di Semarang IndonesiaAbstrak: Hipertensi penyakit tidak menular yang menjadi masalah kesehatan dengan prevalensi yang tinggi. Hipertensi beresiko terhadap komplikasi. Penerapan teori health belief model (HBM) digunakan sebagai upaya pencegahan hipertensi dengan mengidentifikasi persepsi pasien. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui gambaran pencegahan komplikasi pada pasien hipertensi di Puskesmas Tarogong Garut menggunakan pendekatan health belief model (HBM). Metode penelitian menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif. Populasi pasien hipertensi di Puskesmas Tarogong dengan jumlah sampel 72 pasien. Analisa data menggunakan persentase nilai dari setiap domain,  yang disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi terhadap masing-masing variabel yang diteliti. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa dari 5 domain yang dominan baik adalah persepsi hambatan baik (4,2 persen) dan kurang baik (95,8 persen), persepsi kerentanan kurang baik (100 persen), persepsi keparahan kurang baik (100%), persepsi manfaat kurang baik (100 persen), dan isyarat bertindak kurang baik (100 persen). Kesimpulan pada penelitian ini jika persepsi seseorang baik terhadap penyakitnya maka seseorang akan terfokus pada pencegahan dan mengontrol kondisi gangguan kesehatannya, dan jika persepsinya kurang baik maka seseorang akan cenderung mengabaikan masalah kesehatannya. Perawat harus bisa memberikan pengetahuan mengenai penyakit hipertensi dan komplikasi yang ditimbulkan dari penyakitnya, serta bisa menumbuhkan kesadaran pasien untuk melakukan pemeriksaan tekanan darah secara rutin.
Intake of Fiber and Sodium Toward the Risk of Obesity in Primary School Children in the City of Padang Indonesia Azrimaidaliza, A; Ramdika, Sari Bema; Helmizar, H
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 4, No 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.964 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v4i1.143

Abstract

High food intake and unhealthy diet are one of the main factors of obesity. The aim of the study was to determine the association between fiber and sodium intake with the risk of obesity occurrence among elementary school children in the Andalas Public Health Centre, Padang City. This study used a case control design with location was on Elementary School No. 30 and Kartika 1-10. The amount of sample was 114 students (57 cases and 57 controls). Fiber and sodium intake was calculated by Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and child obesity was based on weighing and then compared to age. The result showed that the mean of fiber intake among case (deviation, standard) was 16,89 g (more and less 9,46 g) while the mean of fiber intake among control was 17,4 g (more and less 33,66 g). Then, the mean of sodium intake among case was 1.624,53 mg (more and less 367,34 mg) while the mean of sodium intake among control was 1.353,48 mg (more and less 350,58 mg). The result also showed that there was not statistically significant fiber intake with the risk of obesity among elementary school children (p-value=0,677; OR=1,19). However, higher sodium intake has proved statistically will increase the risk of obesity 2,29 times among elementary school children than normal sodium intake. Multivariate analysis showed that fat intake is a confounding factor of the relationship between fiber and sodium intake with the risk of obesity. Based on the result, the school side should monitor food and beverages that on sale in the canteen and around school, also giving education to school children how to choose a healthy and nutritious food.ABSTRAKPola makan yang kurang sehat merupakan salah satu faktor utama terjadinya obesitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara asupan serat dan natrium dengan risiko kejadian obesitas pada anak sekolah dasar di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Andalas Kota Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain case control dengan lokasi penelitian di SDN 30 dan SD Kartika 1-10. Jumlah responden penelitian sebanyak 114 orang (57 kasus dan 57 kontrol). Asupan serat dan natrium anak dinilai melalui Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) dan status obesitas anak ditentukan berdasarkan hasil penimbangan kemudian dibandingkan dengan umur. Hasil analisis diketahui rata-rata asupan serat kasus (standar deviasi), yaitu 16,89 g (lebih kurang 9,46 g) sedangkan rata-rata asupan serat kontrol, yaitu 17,4 g (lebih kurang 33,66 g) kemudian rata-rata asupan natrium kasus sebesar 1.624,53 mg (lebih kurang 367,34 mg) sedangkan rata-rata asupan natrium kontrol sebesar 1.353,48 mg (lebih kurang 350,58 mg). Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara asupan serat dengan risiko kejadian obesitas pada anak sekolah dasar (p-value=0,677; OR=1,19) sebaliknya asupan natrium yang lebih secara statistik terbukti meningkatkan risiko kejadian obesitas sebesar 2,29 kali pada anak sekolah dasar dibandingkan asupan natrium yang cukup. Hasil analisis multivariat diketahui asupan lemak merupakan variabel confounding terhadap hubungan asupan serat dan asupan natrium terhadap risiko obesitas pada anak sekolah. Berdasarkan hal tersebut kepada pihak sekolah sebaiknya melakukan pengawasan terhadap jajanan yang dijual di kantin dan lingkungan sekitar sekolah serta memberikan edukasi kepada anak melalui kurikulum mengenai memilih makanan jajanan yang sehat dan bergizi.
Peranan Petugas Kesehatan dan Ketersedian Sarana Air Bersih Dengan Kejadian Diare Afriani, Berta
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.85 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v2i2.53

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Abstrak: Data World Health Organization (WHO) menunjukkan bahwa diare masih jadi penyebab nomor satu kematian balita di seluruh dunia. Di Indonesia, diare merupakan pembunuh balita nomor dua setelah ISPA (Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut). UNICEF (badan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa untuk urusan anak) memperkirakan bahwa setiap 30 detik ada satu anak yang meninggal dunia karena diare. Setiap tahun 100.000 balita di Indonesia meninggal karena diare (USAID, 2015). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara kejadian diare dengan peranan petugas kesehatan dan ketersedian sarana air bersih di Kelurahan Talang Jawa Wilayah Kerja UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Agung tahun 2017. Penelitian menggunakan survey analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 92 diambil dari populasi dengan menggunakan teknik random sampling. Hasil uji statistik chi-square menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang bermakna antara kejadian diare dengan peran petugas kesehatan dengan p value= 0.001 (kurang dari 0,05) dan ketersedian sarana air bersih dengan p value 0.022 (kurang dari 0,05). Hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat menjadi bahan masukan dalam melakukan perencanaan dalam upaya pemberantasan penyakit diare di Kelurahan Talang Jawa Wilayah Kerja UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Agung. THE ROLE OF HEALTH PERSONNEL AND THE AVAILABILITY OF CLEAN WATER FACILITIES WITH DIARRHEA OCCURRENCEAbstract: World Health Organization (WHO) data show that diarrhea is still the number one cause of infant deaths worldwide. In Indonesia, diarrhea is the second most common killer of children under five after ISPA (Acute Respiratory Tract Infection). UNICEF (the United Nations agency on children's affairs) estimates that every 30 seconds one child dies from diarrhea. Every year 100,000 infants in Indonesia die from diarrhea (USAID, 2015). This study aims to determine the correlation between the occurrence of diarrhea with the role of health workers and the availability of clean water facilities in Kelurahan Talang Jawa Working Area UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Agung 2017. The study used an analytical survey with cross sectional approach. 92 samples are taken from the population using random sampling techniques. The result of chi-square statistic test showed that there was a significant correlation between diarrhea occurrence and the role of health officer with p value 0,001 (less than 0,05) and availability of clean water with p value 0.022 (less than 0,05). The result of the research is expected to be input in planning the eradication of diarrhea disease in Kelurahan Talang Jawa Working Area of UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Agung.
Peningkatan Kadar Albumin Pada Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang Menjalani Hemodialisis Hardono, H; Arinta, Arinta; Rihiantoro, Tori
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2016): June
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.893 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v1i1.9

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Abstrak: Gagal ginjal kronik (GGK) adalah merupakan penurunan fungsi ginjal secara progresif sehingga tubuh tidak dapat mempertahankan homeostasis.Terapi yang digunakan saat ini salah satunya adalah haemodialisis. Komplikasi dari GGK salah satunya adalah turunnya kadar albumin. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah diketahui hubungan lama menderita gagal ginjal kronik dengan kadar albumin pada pasien hemodialisis di  RSUD Pringsewu .Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional menggunakan uji statistikuji T independent. Penelitian dilakukan di unit haemodialisa RSUD Pringsewu. Populasi   pada   penelitian   ini  adalah  seluruh penderita GGK di RSUD Pringsewu tahun 2013 yang  berjumlah 36  penderita. Hasil penelitian didapatkan responden yang mengalami gagal ginjal kronik dengan haemodialisa lebih dari 1 tahun ada27 orang (75,0%). Rata-rata kadar albumin responden adalah 35,6 g/dl (95% CI: 3,43-3,68) dan median 3,70, dengan standar deviasi 0,37 g/dl. Kadar albumin terendah adalah 2,50g/dl dan tertinggi adalah 4,00 g/dl.Hasil analisis menemukan ada hubungan yang signifikan antara lama menderita gagal ginjal kronik dengan kadar albumin ( p vallue : 0,004). Dalam penelitian ini peneliti memberikan saran agar petugas haemodialisa  melaksanakan reuse harus sesuai dengan standar operasional prosedur, perawat dapat memberikan dorongan untuk pasien menjalani diit yang tepat dan waktu menjalani haemodialisa yang cukup.Kata Kunci: Albumin, Gagal ginjal kronik, haemodialisisINCREASED LEVELS OF ALBUMIN IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSISAbstract: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a progressive decline in renal function so that the body can not maintain homeostasis. Therapy used  are hemodialysis. Complications of CRF one of which is the reduction in albumin levels. This research was known renal failure with albumin levels in hemodialysis patients in hospitals Pringsewu. This research is a quantitative research with cross sectional approach using independent T test statistical test. The population in this study were all patients with CRF in hospitals Pringsewu in 2013 totaling 36 patients. The results, respondents who experienced chronic renal failure with Haemodialisa more than 1 year there were 27 people (75.0%). The average levels of albumin respondents was 35.6 g / dL (95% CI: 3.43 to 3.68) and a median of 3.70, with a standard deviation of 0.37 g / dl. Low albumin level was 2,50g / dl, and the highest was 4.00 g / dl. The analysis finds significant  renal failure with albumin levels (p vallue: 0,004). In this study, researchers gave suggestions for implementing reuse Haemodialisa officers must comply with the standard operating procedures, the nurse may provide a boost for patients undergoing proper diet and sufficient time to undergo Haemodialisa. Keywords: Albumin, chronic renal failure, hemodialysis
Related factor in lamentation risk of low back pain on inpatient nurse Lukmanulhakim, L; Awaludin, Andi Achmad
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 4, No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.867 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v4i2.196

Abstract

Low back pain (LBP) is one of the musculoskeletal disorders caused by poor body activity. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the risk of LBP complaints of nurse in the ward at the Banten Provincial Hospital. The research method used was analytic observational through cross sectional approach. The research respondents were 34 nurses who were selected by using probability sampling with cluster sampling type. The measurement of age, work period, and BMI used respondent characteristics form, work posture measurement used RULA, and the measurement of LBP complaints used the LBP symptom questionnaire. The statistical test used the chi square test with a significant level 0.05. The test results of the relationship between individual characteristics and the risk of LBP complaints obtained age (p=0.677), work period (p=0.811), BMI (p=0.350), and the relationship between work posture and the risk of LBP complaints (p=0.001). Based on the results of research statistics, it was found that there was no significant relationship between age, work period, and BMI with the risk of LBP complaints and there was a relationship between work posture and the risk of LBP complaints. The researcher suggested that the nurse should pay attention to their work posture when conducting a nursing intervention. AbstrakLow back pain (LBP) merupakan salah satu gangguan muskuloskeletal yang disebabkan oleh aktivitas tubuh yang kurang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan Risiko keluhan LBP pada perawat Instalasi rawat inap RSUD Provinsi Banten. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah analitik observasional melalui pendekatan cross sectional. Responden penelitian sebanyak 34 perawat dengan menggunakan probability sampling dengan jenis cluster sampling. Pengukuran umur, masa kerja, dan IMT menggunakan lembar isi karakteristik responden, postur kerja menggunakan RULA dan pengukuran keluhan LBP dengan kuesioner gejala LBP. Uji statistik menggunkan uji chi square dengan tingkat signifikan 0,05. Hasil uji hubungan karakteristik individu dengan keluhan LBP menunjukan hasil umur (p=0,677), masa kerja (p=0,811), IMT (p=0,350), serta hubungan postur kerja dengan keluhan LBP (p=0,001). Berdasarkan hasil data statistik penelitian, tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara umur, masa kerja, IMT dengan risiko keluhan LBP dan ada hubungan antara postur kerja dengan keluhan LBP. Peneliti menyarankan agar perawat memperhatikan postur kerja pada saat melakukan intervensi keperawatan.
Perbedaan Metode Peer Teaching dengan Metode Jigsaw Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Kesehatan Reproduksi Solehati, Tetti; Anggraeni, Farina; Mardiah, Wiwi
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.596 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v3i1.80

Abstract

Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to the problem of the triad of adolescent reproductive health that includes sexuality, HIV/AIDS and drugs. Lack of knowledge among adolescents is one of the causes of risky behavior on reproductive health. Health education through peer teaching method and jigsaw method can improve knowledge and prevent adolescent reproductive health problems. The purpose of this research is to analyze the differences between the effects of peer teaching method with jigsaw method toward the level knowledge of reproductive health students SMPN 1 Cilegon. The research design is quasi-experiment with non equivalent control group. The research sample consisted of 42 respondents to the peer teaching group and 42 respondents to the jigsaw group which is chosen by stratified random sampling. The results of the analysis of statistical tests using t-dependent test shows that there is significant influence after being given health education with p value 0.001 (p less than 0.05) and the results t-independent test obtained p value 0.021 (p less than 0.05), which shows the differences in effect between peer teaching method with jigsaw method toward the level knowledge of reproductive health students SMPN 1 Cilegon. The suggestion of this research is to use the jigsaw method as an alternative method in providing adolescent reproductive health education.

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