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Pendidikan Kesiapsiagaan Bencana Pada Anggota Keluarga dalam Mewujudkan Keluarga Tangguh Bencana Mahathir Mahathir; Fitra Yeni; Agus Sri Banowo; Rika Sabri
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 26 No 4.c (2019): Published in December 2019
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

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Disaster is unpredictable, there is no doubt disasters cause many catastrophic losses and devastating impacts. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is now getting spotlight attention nationally and globally. Continual and progressive efforts shall be made to prepare people from the potential hazard that threaten. Disaster preparedness is essential to be considering, it have to be prioritized by the community before the occurrence of an unexpected disaster occur. The community readiness and hardiness will lower the impact caused by the disaster. The community resilience has to be developed and make a consistent progress to achieve optimal disaster risk reduction. Family is the smallest components in the community that shall be narrowed for the direct impact in community resilience achievement. The community outreach program through family disaster preparedness education aimed to improve family resilience of disaster preparedness. Disaster preparedness education for family members delivered by using expert lecture, discussion, disaster simulation and family disaster planning. Qualitative evaluation, simulation observation and designing family planning had been conducted to all family members participated. Disaster preparedness education showed an increased of disaster preparedness basic knowledge and awareness, fulfilling any disaster query and interactive experience of simulation method. 83% family members were performed community disaster drill properly. Family disaster planning had been arranged by the family members based on the priority to fulfill in immediate time. Disaster preparedness education mark as important effort to upscale the family resilience trough disaster preparedness.
Hubungan Pelaksanaan Program Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah Terhadap Perilaku Hidup Bersih Dan Sehat Pada Siswa SDN 13 Seberang Padang Utara Rika Sabri; Yonrizal Nurdin
Ners Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 8, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.259 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/njk.8.2.196-201.2012


: Anak usia sekolah merupakan kelompok usia yang kritis karena seorang anak rentan terhadap masalah kesehatan. Isu kesehatan yang lebih menonjol pada anak usia sekolah adalah perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat. Untuk mendukung terbentuknya perilaku tersebut maka diperlukan dukungan dari Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah (UKS) yang dalam pelaksanaannya menitikberatkan pada upaya promotif dan preventif disamping juga upaya kuratif dan rehabilitatif. Namun saat ini pelaksanaan program UKS di Indonesia belum maksimal. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pelaksanaan program UKS terhadap perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat pada siswa SDN 13 Seberang Padang Utara. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan design penelitian cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari tanggal 28 April sampai dengan 5 Mei 2012 dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 98 siswa, yang terdiri dari kelas 4, 5 dan 6. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan kuisioner dan lembaran observasi perilaku. Hasil analisa data yang menggunakan uji Chi-Square. menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari separuh responden berperilaku hidup bersih dan sehat kategori sedang, sebagian besar responden menyatakan pelaksanaan program UKS termasuk kategori baik dan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara pelaksanaan program UKS dengan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat. Disarankan kepada pihak sekolah dan puskesmas Seberang Padang untuk dapat bekerja sama untuk menyukseskan program-program UKS seperti dokter kecil dan BIAS.
Pengaruh Terapi Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) terhadap Depresi Pada Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha (PSTW) Sabai Nan Aluih Sicincin Rezky Pradessetia; Rika Sabri; Dewi Eka Putri
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 21, No 3 (2021): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v21i3.1717


The problem of depression is still common in Indonesia. West Sumatra is in seventh position out of 34 provinces with the most depression problems. There are four treatments for depression in the elderly, namely psychological, medical, spiritual and physical approaches. Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) therapy makes the body relax. feeling calm so tension is reduced. With a feeling of relaxation and calm, individuals will find it easier to feel calm in their thoughts and feelings. Aim Knowing the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) therapy on depression in the elderly. Experimental research with Quasi experimental design pre and post test with control group. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. The sample consisted of 40 elderly people, who were divided into two groups, namely the intervention group and the control group. Measurement of depression scores using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) questionnaire with a total of 15 questions. Data analysis using Paired Sample T Test test. There was a decrease in depression scores after being treated with Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) therapy in the intervention group, with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This shows that there is a change in depression scores experienced by the elderly after being given Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Therapy. Therapy Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) can be applied as a non-pharmacological therapy at the Panti Tresna Werdha (PSTW).
Analisis Persepsi Orang Dengan HIV (ODHIV) Terhadap Risiko Penularan COVID-19 Di Kota Padang Tahun 2021 M Angga Mahalta; Rika Sabri; Mahathir Mahathir
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 21, No 3 (2021): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v21i3.1712


People living with HIV (PLHIV) are group that have a weak immune system. In addition to HIV, the world is also facing the COVID-19 pandemic. The number of COVID-19 cases every time continues to increase until the current third wave. People living with HIV are a group that needs more attention in dealing with this pandemic. One way to initiate preventive action is to look at the perception of the protected aggregate. A person's level of alertness to an event can be seen from how they see the object to be perceived. Exploring the perception of people living with HIV can provide an overview of how they view and deal with COVID-19. This research use qualitative research methods with a phenomenological approach. The selection of participants used purposive sampling technique. The data analysis technique used the Colaizzi technique. There were ten themes found in this study, the views of people living with HIV on COVID-19, feelings of people living with HIV in dealing with COVID-19, awareness of differences in immune conditions and being a vulnerable group, belief in ARVs strengthening the body's immune system, views of people living with HIV on the risk of transmitting COVID-19, PLHIV's views on health protocols, activities that strengthen the immune system, social support, adaptation of Puskesmas services during a pandemic, PLHIV's perception of vaccination. The results of the study show that people living with HIV are a vulnerable population that needs more attention, especially during this COVID-19 pandemic. Cooperation between health care workers and policy makers should be increased to reach and protect the population of PLWHIV.
EDUKASI KESIAPAN PEMERIKSAAN MANDIRI PENYAKIT HIV PADA KONSELOR PENJANGKAU KELOMPOK LELAKI SEKS LELAKI DI KOTA PADANG Mahathir Mahathir; Bunga Permata Wenny; Rika Sabri; Agus Sri Banowo; Siti Yuliharni; Serly Berlian; Okky Adelirandy; Kintan Resqitha Ekaputri; T. Ramadhani
Publisher : LPPM (Institute for Research and Community Services) Universitas Andalas Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/bina.v5i1.415


Men who have sex with sex men (MSM) recognized as key population, which is currently raising significant concern because of an increase number of HIV infection. The iceberg situation is a worrying situation that must be sought for an appropriate approach in order to protect this group from HIV infection. Improvement in HIV testing should be intensified, it is important to generate an effective strategy in order to increase HIV status notification among the group. HIV self-testing (HIVST) will essentially accommodate privacy, confidentiality and personal space for stigmatized key populations. This occasion was carried out by conducting focus group discussions with MSM HIV peer councelors of Akbar Foundation a non-governmental organization in Padang Indonesia by introducing HIV self-testing kit tools and tele counselling in HIVST program implementation. In November, a focus group discussion was held to discuss the possible strategies to be possibly implemented in the program. Participants said that the use of HIVST was not generally available as prevention options for key populations, especially MSM. Most participants agreed that having more free options for HIV testing would increase the rate at which will increase motivation to get to know their HIV status. However, concerns were also expressed about the accuracy of the test and the reliability of the results due to the lack of technical knowledge on how to conduct self-testing by the population. It is important to provide a HIVST program for MSM to increase the number of serostatus check among the group.
Pelatihan Kader Kesehatan Sekolah untuk Meningkatkan Pelaksanaan Protokol Kesehatan di Sekolah Dasar Kota Padang Rika Sabri; Mulyanti Roberto Muliantino; Meri Neherta; Dewi Eka Putri
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 28 No 4 (2021): Published in December 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.4.546-553.2021


The increase in Covid-19 cases has opened a new cluster of schoolchildren. Most cases are found in school-aged children, elementary. The state of the pandemic has prevented health workers from carrying out their duties to provide health education about preventing Covid-19 cases in schools. This community service aims to form health cadres in schools who invite school communities to carry out health protocols and live healthy lives to avoid the transmission of Covid-19. Peer learning is a quick way to change behaviour in schools. The community engagement method was to provide training to children in terms of knowledge and skills about Covid-19, its effects, and prevention efforts through washing hands, wearing masks, and keeping a distance. The activity was carried out at SD Citra Almadina and SDN 06 Pasar Ambacang, Padang. The material was given alternately by lecturers and students for two days through lecture methods, demonstrations from resource persons and students, and group exercises to do psychosocial therapy, "finger therapy," to avoid stress from online teaching. The training resulted in 10 health cadres for school children, and certificates were given. Knowledge of school health cadres increased by an average of 12 points. The training and legalization that schools provide to children increase their motivation to remind the school community to always maintain health protocols by washing hands with soap, using face masks, keeping their distance, eating healthy food, and vaccinating.
Gambaran Faktor Predisposisi, Pemungkin dan Penguat terhadap Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap di Kota Pariaman Prima Yoselina; Meri Neherta; Lili Fajria; Rika Sabri; Deswita Deswita; Ira Mulya Sari
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 22, No 3 (2022): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v22i3.2876


Immunization has decreased worldwide, especially during the covid-19 pandemic. The decline was caused by doubts and refusal to immunize, fear of parents, and limited access to health services. Immunization is one of the basic needs for children to grow and develop and prevent the emergence of new infectious diseases in children. This study is an observational study with a descriptive approach to determine the description of maternal predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors to basic immunization in Pariaman City. The population in this study amounted to 253 mothers and a sample of 154 mothers who had children aged 12 months using a simple random sampling technique. The results showed that the mother's age was 30 years (51.7%), the mother's education was high (82.5%) and the mother did not work (70.8%). The mother's knowledge is mostly lacking (40.3%), the mother's attitude is not supportive (56.5%) and the mother's trust is less (42.9%). The affordability of health resources is not affordable (52.6%), family support is not supportive (48.1%), health worker support is lacking (5.8%) and support from community leaders is not supportive (43.5%). It is hoped that nurses can provide optimal counseling and family motivation to provide support to mothers in providing complete basic immunizations for children