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Health Education About the Dangers of Gadgets for the Psychosocial Development of Children Dewi Eka Putri; Randy Refnandes; Yara Agustin
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 26 No 4.c (2019): Published in December 2019
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

As many as 33.3% of school-age children have deviant psychosocial developments such as withdrawing from other children, fear of self-performance, antisocial behavior accompanied by verbal and physical violence, including bullying. The use of unlimited gadgets is one of the factors causing this abnormal psychosocial development. Gadgets that are used among school-age children are generally for playing online games that are full of violent content, and often verbal abuse occurs when interacting with other users when playing. In the context of promotion and prevention efforts, this community service activity carried out in the form of providing health education about the dangers of gadgets for the psychosocial development of children using the Brain Storming method and group discussions with children and their parents through the Community Mental Health Nursing (CMHN) case management approach. In this activity, measurements carried out on the knowledge of parents and children before and after health education. There were 30 participants, 15 parents, and 15 children. The instrument used was a gadget danger knowledge questionnaire for the mental health of school-age children. The statistical test used was a paired t-test with the results of the influence of health education on the dangers of gadgets on parent and child knowledge (p <0.05) — increase knowledge scores on parents by 2.13 points with scores before 7.40 and after 9.53. In children, the increase in knowledge scores by 2.54 points with a score before 6.73 and after 9.27. It recommended that parents to further enhance the provision of stimulation in the psychosocial aspects of children by encouraging children to play with peers and limit children in using gadgets 2-3 hours a day. Keywords: Gadgets, Stimulation, School Age
Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Stigma pada Keluarga dengan Beban Keluarga Dalam Merawat Pasien Skizofrenia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Nanggalo Padang Ziqni Ilma Al Wasi; Dewi Eka Putri; Renidayati Renidayati
Jurnal Sehat Mandiri Vol 16 No 2 (2021): Jurnal Sehat Mandiri, Volume 16, No.2 Desember 2021
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.928 KB) | DOI: 10.33761/jsm.v16i2.326

Abstract

Families have a heavy burden in caring for ODS. Heavy load perceived by the family due to the level of family knowledge and family stigma. This study aims to determine the relationship knowledge and stigma on families with family burdens in caring schizophrenia patient in the working area of ​​Puskesmas Nanggalo Padang. Types of research this is correlation with the approach cross sectional. The population in this study is a family who cares for ODS in the working area of ​​Puskemas Nanggalo Padang and a sample of 87 people taken withPurposive Sampling. Data collection using a questionnaire Family Interview Scale / Stigma Items, questionnaire knowledge, and a questionnaire Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI). Research result It was found that more than half (59.8%) of the families experienced a heavy burden, more than half (57.5%) of families have a lower or higher level of knowledge half (52.9%) of families experienced high stigma. There is a relationship meaning between the stigma in the family and the family burden (p =0,000). There is no significant relationship between the level of family knowledge with family burden (p =0.110). It is expected that health workers, especially nurses soul in society to provide health education to the community regarding Schizophrenia. So that society no longer gives stigma to families who will make the family embarrassed in caring for ODS.
IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN DENGAN METODE BRAINSTORMING TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN REMAJA TENTANG TUMBUH KEMBANG DI PAUH KOTA PADANG Busrini Hartati; Rika Sarfika; Dewi Eka Putri
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 2 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v2i1.226

Abstract

Teenagers are the next generation of the nation that must be guarded in order to continue the struggle and realize the ideals of the nation. Adolescence is a turbulent period, during which time conflicts easily occur due to drastic growth and development. Teenagers who experience failure in developing their sense of identity will cause loss of direction and experience confusion of roles that can have an impact on deviant behavior, such as closing themselves from the community, taking actions that are criminal or brawl so that they are not rarely seen by the environment as deviations or delinquency. As a preventive effort, community service activities are carried out in the form of providing health education about growth in adolescents. The venue for the activity was in the village of Cupak Tangang, Pauh District, Padang City. The number of participants was 34 teenagers aged 12-18 years and had normal growth and development. The health education method uses brainstorming techniques and group discussions with the IV pillar CHMN (Community Mental Health Nursing) approach, case management. The measuring instrument uses a questionnaire of 11 questions in the form of self-reported which describes the teenager's knowledge of growth and development experienced. The results of the activity found that there was an increase in knowledge that was used in adolescents about growth before and after being given health education (p <0.05). The level of knowledge of adolescents before being given health education on average 6 and after being given health education on average increases to 10. Suggestions for parents to be able to stimulate growth in adolescents by way of providing democratic and permissive parenting. It is expected that CMHN nurses who are in the health center can continue health education on an ongoing basis as a preventive effort to prevent deviant behavior in adolescent.
Pengaruh Terapi Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) terhadap Depresi Pada Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha (PSTW) Sabai Nan Aluih Sicincin Rezky Pradessetia; Rika Sabri; Dewi Eka Putri
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 21, No 3 (2021): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v21i3.1717

Abstract

The problem of depression is still common in Indonesia. West Sumatra is in seventh position out of 34 provinces with the most depression problems. There are four treatments for depression in the elderly, namely psychological, medical, spiritual and physical approaches. Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) therapy makes the body relax. feeling calm so tension is reduced. With a feeling of relaxation and calm, individuals will find it easier to feel calm in their thoughts and feelings. Aim Knowing the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) therapy on depression in the elderly. Experimental research with Quasi experimental design pre and post test with control group. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. The sample consisted of 40 elderly people, who were divided into two groups, namely the intervention group and the control group. Measurement of depression scores using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) questionnaire with a total of 15 questions. Data analysis using Paired Sample T Test test. There was a decrease in depression scores after being treated with Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) therapy in the intervention group, with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This shows that there is a change in depression scores experienced by the elderly after being given Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Therapy. Therapy Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) can be applied as a non-pharmacological therapy at the Panti Tresna Werdha (PSTW).
STIMULASI PERKEMBANGAN SPIRITUALITAS LANSIA DI KELURAHAN PARAK GADANG TIMUR KOTA PADANG Windy Freska; Dewi Eka Putri; Tiara Yalita
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 3 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v3i3.432

Abstract

Currently the elderly population in Indonesia is 9.27%. The elderly experience some decline in various aspects of development such as biological, cognitive, psychological, social, and spiritual. The decline in development in the elderly will reduce the mental well-being of the elderly. This is also due to the lack of developmental stimulation in the elderly so that spiritual needs are needed as a developmental stimulation to improve the mental health welfare of the elderly. The purpose of the activity was to determine the effect of stimulating health education on the development of spirituality in the elderly in RW VIII, Parak Gadang Timur Village. Health education interventions to stimulate the development of spirituality are carried out by providing knowledge of spiritual aspects and lectures to respondents. Quasi experimental design before and after without a control group. Data were collected using a questionnaire on the spiritual aspects of the elderly to provide knowledge on spiritual aspects of the elderly and a Spirituality Orientation Inventery (SOI) to assess the spirituality of the elderly using the paired sample t test. From the results of the activity, it was obtained that the knowledge score of the elderly was an average before 0.72 points and after 2.27 points, and an increase in knowledge before and after was 1.56 points and showed a significant influence on the knowledge of the elderly before and after the intervention (p. <0.05). The description of the spiritual level of the elderly obtained the median value = 53 with the category ≥53 good. It is hoped that health care workers carry out scheduled spiritual activities to fulfill the spiritual needs of the elderly to maintain their health.
Hubungan Antara Dukungan Keluarga Dan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Dengan Kekambuhan Klien Gangguan Jiwa Berat Alber Tanjung; Novy CD Helena; Dewi Eka Putri
Jurnal Keperawatan Abdurrab Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Vol 4 No 2 Januari 2021
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Abdurrab

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36341/jka.v0i2.1560

Abstract

ABSTRAC National prevalence of severe mental disorder is 1,7 per mil meaning 1-2 person in 1000 resident suffered from severe mental disorder. The highest prevalence is in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta and Aceh (0,27%). Prevalence of severe mental disorder in West Sumatera is (0,19%). This study was aimed to get an overview of relationship between family support and medication compliance with clients recurrence in severe mental disorder. Analytical design with cross sectional with the number of respondents 184 clients of severe mental disorder and family in Mental Care Unit A RSJ. Prof. Dr. HB. Saanin Padang. Samples in this study were taken with purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through questionnaires of family support and medication compliance. Research shows that there are significant difference between family support with high recurrence and low recurrence (p <0.05), no significant difference between medication compliance with high recurrence and low recurrence (p <0.05), Results of this study are expected to be contribution for nurses and related institutions in order to advise the family to oversee the client to take medication on a regular basis so that recurrence can be prevented, providing related penkes on taking medication and home settings visite. Keywords: family support, medication compliance, reccurence clients of severe mental disorder ABSTRAK Prevalensi gangguan jiwa berat secara Nasional 1,7 per mil yang berarti 1-2 orang dalam 1000 penduduk mengalami gangguan jiwa berat. Prevalensi gangguan jiwa berat tertinggi di Daerah Istimewa Jogjakarta dan Aceh (0.27 %), sedangkan prevalensi gangguan jiwa berat di Sumatera Barat mencapai (0.19%) . Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang hubungan antara dukungan keluarga dan kepatuhan minum obat dengan kekambuhan pada klien gangguan jiwa berat. Desain Analitik dengan pendekatan potong lintang (Cross sectional) dengan jumlah responden 184 orang klien gangguan jiwa berat dan keluarga di Unit Pelayanan Jiwa A RSJ. Prof. Dr. HB. Saanin Padang. Pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini dengan teknik purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner dukungan keluarga dan kepatuhan minum obat. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara dukungan keluarga dengan kekambuhan tinggi dan kekambuhan rendah dengan nilai (p<0,05), ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara kepatuhan minum obat dengan kekambuhan tinggi dan kekambuhan rendah dengan nilai (p<0,05). Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan menjadi masukkkan bagi perawat dan intansi terkait agar menganjurkan kepada keluarga untuk mengawasi klien untuk minum obat secara teratur agar kekambuhan dapat di cegah,memberikan penkes terkait pengaturan minum obat dan home visite. Kata kunci : dukungan keluarga, kepatuhan minum obat, kekambuhan klien gangguan jiwa berat.
Pengaruh Relaksasi Otot Progresif terhadap Penurunan Dismenore pada Mahasiswi A 2012 Fakultas Keperawatan Unand Israd Akbar; Dewi Eka Putri; Esi Afriyanti
Ners Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.451 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/njk.10.1.1-13.2014

Abstract

Dismenorea merupakan nyeri yang dirasakan ketika mestruasi, terutama terjadi pada perut bagianbawah menyebar sampai pinggang serta paha yang terasa seperti kram. Nyeri yang dirasakan bersifat subjektif.Pada keadaan berat dapat disertai mual dan muntah. 60-70% penderita dismenorea ini adalah perempuan mudaatau remaja, yang mengakibatkan rasa ketidaknyamanan serta berdampak terhadap gangguan aktivitas seharihari,akademis dan sosial. Salah satu terapi non farmakologi yang dapat digunakan untuk mengurangidismenorea ini adalah relaksasi otot progresif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah relaksasi ototprogresif berpengaruh dalam mengatasi nyeri dismenorea. Subjek penelitian adalah mahasiswi A 2012 diFakultas Keperawatan UNAND. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan Quasi-eksperiment tanpa kelompok kontroldengan pendekatan one group pretest-posttest. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik total sampling dengan37 orang. Analisa data menggunakan wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian membuktikan adanya pengaruh yang signifikansebelum dan sesudah diberikan relaksasi otot progresif terhadap nyeri dismenorea pada mahasiswi A 2012Fakultas Keperawatan UNAND dengan p = 0,000 (p<0,05). Hal ini menunjukan bahwa relaksasi otot progresifdapat menurunkan nyeri dismenorea pada mahasiswi A 2012 Fakultas Keperawatan UNAND. Disarankan untukremaja putri agar dapat menerapkan relaksasi otot progresif dalam mengatasi dismenorea
Peningkatan Respon Kognitif Dan Sosial Melalui Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy Pada Klien Perilaku Kekerasan Dewi Eka Putri; Budi Anna Keliat; Yusron Nasution
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 15, No 3 (2012): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v15i3.27

Abstract

AbstrakPerilaku kekerasan adalah respon kemarahan maladaptif dalam bentuk perilaku mencederai diri, orang lain dan lingkungan.Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan gambaran Pengaruh Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT). terhadap penurunanperilaku kekerasan. Desain penelitian ini adalah quasi experimental pre-post test with control group. Sampel penelitian adalah53 klien skizoprenia paranoid dengan perilaku kekerasan, terdiri atas 25 kelompok intervensi dan 28 orang kelompok kontrol.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan respon kognitif dan sosial serta penurunan respon emosi, perilaku, dan fisiologissecara bermakna (p< 0,05) pada klien yang mendapatkan REBT. REBT direkomendasikan untuk diterapkan pada klien perilakukekerasan bersama dengan tindakan keperawatan generalis.Kata Kunci: perilaku kekerasan, rational emotive behaviour therapyAbstractViolent behaviour is a maladaptive anger response, which is shown by people whom treated themselves, others and theenvironment. The study aimed to explain the effect rational emotive behavioural therapy (REBT) in reducing violent behavioural.This research design was quasi-experimental using pre-post tests with control group. The samples of this research were 53clients with paranoid schizophrenia who showed violent behavior, consisted of 25 clients as intervention group and 28 clientsin control group. The Results showed significant increased cognitive as well as social responses and reduced emotionalbehavioural and physiological responses (p< 0.05) on the group who get REBT. REBT is recommended to be given to clientswith violent behaviour together with general nursing inverventiont.Keywords: violent behaviour, rational emotive behavior therapy
Hubungan Dukungan Sosialdengan Tingkat Kecemasan Narapidanadi Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas II A Muaro Padang Tahun 2014 Dewi Eka Putri; Ira Erwina
Ners Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 10, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.635 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/njk.10.2.118-135.2014

Abstract

Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Dengan Tingkat Kecemasan Narapidana Dilembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas II A Muaro Padang Tahun 2014.Status sebagai narapidana merupakan stressor yang berat dalam kehidupan, narapidana kehilangan kebebasan, kehilangan rasa aman dan nyaman, terpisah dari keluarga dan komunitas, adanya perubahan pada dukungan sosial yang diterima serta dituntut untuk mampu beradaptasi dengan lingkungan yang terbatas, yang menyebabkan narapidana mengalami masalah kesehatan mental yaitu kecemasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kekuatan hubungan dukungan sosial dengan tingkat kecemasan narapidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas II A Muaro Padang tahun 2014. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan ialah deskriptif korelasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 237 responden. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner yang terdiri dari data demografi, tingkat kecemasan, dan dukungan sosial. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 48.5% narapidana mengalami kecemasan ringan, dan 52.3% narapidana mendapatkan dukungan sosial yang tinggi. Berdasarkan hasil uji korelasi spearman, diketahui bahwa terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara dukungan sosial dengan tingkat kecemasan narapidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas II A Muaro Padang tahun 2014 dengan p= 0.000 dan r = -0.72 1, yang berarti terdapat korelasi kuat dengan arah negative, artinya semakin tinggi dukungan sosial maka semakin rendah tingkat kecemasan atau sebaliknya. Disarankan untuk petugas Lapas, perawat, keluarga, dan rekan sesama narapidana untuk menjadi sumber dukungan sosial bagi narapidana sehingga dapat menurunkan kecemasan
Pengaruh Cognitive Behaviour Therapy dalam Mencegah Risiko Bunuh Diri pada Siswa SMPN 2 Batu Sangkar Alice Rosy; Budi Anna Keliat; Dewi Eka Putri
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 11 (2020): Nomor Khusus November-Desember 2020
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf11nk422

Abstract

Suicide cases in adolescents have increased from year to year. This study aimed to analyze the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy in preventing suicide risk in students at Batu Nangkar 2 Junior High School in 2015. CBT is a combination of cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy designed to change negative thought patterns into positive ones so as to produce changes in behavior. Research design was "Quasi Experimental Pre-Post with "Control Group". The study was conducted on 60 respondents, 30 people in the intervention group, 30 people in the control group. The intervention group was divided into 4 groups, CBT there were 5 sessions, sessions 1,2 and 3 were combined into 1 meeting, sessions 4 and 5 each had 1 meeting, with 30 minutes each session. The results showed a significant decrease in cognitive and behavioral responses about suicide (p-value≤0.05) in students who received Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) recommended to be applied to students who had suicidal risk along with other nursing interventions. Keywords: suicide; prevention; cognitive behavior therapy ABSTRAK Kasus bunuh diri pada remaja mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ketahun. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisa pengaruh cognitif behavior terapi dalam mencegah risiko bunuh diri pada siswa SMP N 2 Batu Sangkar.tahun 2015. CBT merupakan gabungan dari terapi kognitif dan terapi perilaku yang dirancang untuk merubah pola pikir negatif menjadi positif sehingga menghasilkan perubahan pada perilaku. Desain penelitian “Quasi Esperimental Pre-Post With “Control Group”. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 60 responden, 30 orang kelompok intervensi, 30 orang kelompok kontrol. Kelompok intervensi di bagi menjadi 4 kelompok, CBT ada 5 sesi, sesi 1,2 dan 3 digabung jadi 1 kali pertemuan, sesi 4 dan 5 masing masing 1 kali pertemuan, dengan waktu 30 menit setiap sesinya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penurunan dari respon kognitif dan perilaku tentang bunuh diri secara bermakna (P-value≤0,05) pada siswa yang mendapatkan Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) direkomendasikan untuk diterapkan pada siswa yang memiliki risiko bunuh diri bersama intervensi keperawatan lainnya. Kata kunci: bunuh diri; pencegahan; cognitive behavior therapy