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Effect of urea or coconut cake supplementation on nutrient intake and digestion of Bali cows maintained on tropical grass hay Jelantik, I.G.N; Belli, H.L.L
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 15, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.763 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i3.658

Abstract

Three rumen cannulated Bali cows were fed basal diet consisting of about 2 kg DM of medium quality grass hay (CP = 7.47%) together with ad libitum amount of low quality grass hay (CP = 3.5%) (HH). In the supplemented rations, this basal ration was supplemented with isonitrogenous amount of urea (HU) or coconut cake (HC). The experimental was on design 3 x 3 latin square aiming to study effects of different source of nitrogen supplementation on the intake of poor quality hay (PQH), total diet, nutrients supply and nitrogen utilisation by the animals. Changes in rumen environment and dry matter and protein degradation after supplementation were also investigated. Neither urea or coconut cake (CC) supplementation increased hay intake but the total dry matter intake was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in HC than in HH and HU. Digestibility of EE, CHO and GE but not NDF were also improved with CC supplementation. In contrast, CC supplementation tended to depress CF apparent digestibility. Rumen pH was significantly elevated (P < 0.05) with urea but it was reduced (P < 0.05) with CC supplementation. Both supplements increased rumen ammonia concentration, while total as well as individual VFAs remained unaffected. Dry matter and NDF rumen degradability tended to increase with urea but not with CC supplementation. Supplementation with coconut cake markedly improved protein balance while it was unimproved with urea supplementation. Key Words: Bali Cows, Urea, Coconut Cake, Digestion
PRODUKSI DAN KUALITAS HIJAUAN KACANG KUPU (Clitoria ternatea) YANG DIPANEN PADA UMUR 60, 75 DAN 90 HARI I G. N. Jelantik; T. T. Nikolaus; C. Leu Penu; Gemini E. M. Malelak; Imanuel Benu
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 8 No 2 (2019): Pastura Vol. 8 No. 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (669.024 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2019.v08.i02.p03

Abstract

The purpose of this experiment was to investigate herbage production and nutritive value of C. ternatea harvested at 60, 75 and 90 days after planting. The legume was planted in eighteen of 3 × 3 m2 plots a t 40 × 20 cm2. Forage was harvested at 60, 75 and 90 days after planting as treatmens. Variables measured included forage production, nutrient content and in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility. Herbage production was not significantly different (P>0.05) when harvested at different stages of growth. Leaf : stem ratio, however, declined (P<0.05) with advancing growth stage. Forage quality in terms of crude protein content was comparable (P>0.05) among different harvest time. Meanwhile the energetic value as shown by in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) was significantly higher (P<0.05) when C. ternatea was harvested 60 days compared to 75 and 90 days after planting. It can be concluded that for calf supplement, C. ternatea is preferably harvested at 60 d after planting. Key words : Clitoria ternatea, IVOMD, energy, calf supplement
Effect of urea or coconut cake supplementation on nutrient intake and digestion of Bali cows maintained on tropical grass hay I.G.N Jelantik; H.L.L Belli
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 15, No 3 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.763 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i3.658

Abstract

Three rumen cannulated Bali cows were fed basal diet consisting of about 2 kg DM of medium quality grass hay (CP = 7.47%) together with ad libitum amount of low quality grass hay (CP = 3.5%) (HH). In the supplemented rations, this basal ration was supplemented with isonitrogenous amount of urea (HU) or coconut cake (HC). The experimental was on design 3 x 3 latin square aiming to study effects of different source of nitrogen supplementation on the intake of poor quality hay (PQH), total diet, nutrients supply and nitrogen utilisation by the animals. Changes in rumen environment and dry matter and protein degradation after supplementation were also investigated. Neither urea or coconut cake (CC) supplementation increased hay intake but the total dry matter intake was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in HC than in HH and HU. Digestibility of EE, CHO and GE but not NDF were also improved with CC supplementation. In contrast, CC supplementation tended to depress CF apparent digestibility. Rumen pH was significantly elevated (P < 0.05) with urea but it was reduced (P < 0.05) with CC supplementation. Both supplements increased rumen ammonia concentration, while total as well as individual VFAs remained unaffected. Dry matter and NDF rumen degradability tended to increase with urea but not with CC supplementation. Supplementation with coconut cake markedly improved protein balance while it was unimproved with urea supplementation. Key Words: Bali Cows, Urea, Coconut Cake, Digestion
KKN-PPM Pengembangan Usaha Ternak Unggas Non Ayam pada Kelompok Tani di Desa Baumata Timur Malelak, Gemini Ermiani Mercurina; Lestari, Gusti Ayu Yudiwati; Ratu, Maria Rosdiana Deno; Jelantik, I Gusti Ngurah
Abdimas: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Merdeka Malang Vol 5, No 1 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : University of Merdeka Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26905/abdimas.v5i1.3589

Abstract

The purpose of the KKN-PPM program is to increase the knowledge of the breeders about a proper duck raising system. The method of implementation in the field includes counseling, training and assistance, and program monitoring and evaluation. The evaluation phase is carried out on the performance of students by measuring the effective working hours of students (JKEM) which include the main activities, individual and social, and measuring the level of technology adoption by farmers using questionnaires and interviews. Interviews were conducted with 45 members of farmer groups, interviewed with questionnaire guidelines. The results of the KKN-PPM activities are that each participant has spent an effective amount of student work totaling 169 hours consisting of main activities 86 hours (± 50 percent), for individual activities of 52 hours (± 30 percent) and social activities of 31 hours (± 20 percent). The highest adoption rate of breeders was in the types of livestock raising activities 95.56 percent and livestock health 88.89% while for fermentation, hatching and egg processing activities the adoption rates were 62.22 percent, 66.67 percent and 77.77 percent. The level of adoption of farmers for the technology provided is influenced by factors in the agricultural system they live in, there are other social activities that affect the availability of time to carry out their farming activities and whether there are additional costs if they use the technology. How to cite:Malelak, G. E. M., Lestari, G. A. Y., Ratu, M. R. D., Jelantik, I. G. N. (2020). KKN-PPM Pengembangan Usaha Ternak Unggas Non Ayam pada Kelompok Tani di Desa Baumata Timur. Abdimas: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Merdeka Malang, 5(1), 85-92.DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/abdimas.v5i1.3589
Intake, Rumen Degradation and Utilisation of Urea-Ammoniated Grass Hay by Kacang Goats as Affected by Supplementation of Sun-dried Fish or Fishmeal Jelantik, IGN; Weibsjerg, MR; Madsen, J
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 14, No 2 (2012): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.763 KB)

Abstract

Six mature male Kacang goats were involved in an experiment arranged following a duplicate 3 x 3 latin square design. The objectives of this experiment was to study the effect of supplementation of dried fish as compared to fishmeal on intake, digestion, rumen environment and nitrogen use by the local meat type kacang goats maintained on urea-treated low quality grass hay. The treatments were G: goats were fed with ad libitum access of urea treated grass hay and 100 g/d putak, SDF: G plus 18.4 g sun dried fish, and FM: G plus  19.7 g/d fishmeal. The supplement in SDF and FM was at equal CP level. Intake of urea treated grass hay tended to increase (P=0.08) with supplementation. Dry matter digestibility particularly that of CP was improved by supplementation. Rumen environment was slightly modified by supplementation. Rumen pH was reduced while ammonia concentration was increased. Rumen degradation of the treated grass hay did not differ when incubated in the rumen of goats with different diets. Nitrogen balance was significantly improved (P<0.05) by fishmeal supplementation. In all parameters measured in this experiment, the incremental effects did not differ between fishmeal type. This indicate that there is no further advantage of preparing fishmeal other than sun-drying in improving the utilisation of low quality urea-treated grass hay. Keywords: kacang goats, fishmeal, intake, digestion, utilisation, rumen environment Animal Production 14(2):77-86
Progesterone Profiles During the Estrous Cycle and Pregnancy of Grazing Bali Cows Supplemented with Concentrate Belli, HLL; Jelantik, IGN
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 11, No 2 (2009): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (253.522 KB)

Abstract

The influence of concentrate during estrous cycle and pregnancy on pattern of progesterone were studied. Seventeen calf-rearing cows were devided randomly into two groups, group A (N=9 were grazed on natural pasture as basal diet, whereas goup B (n=8) received additional 2.4 kg concentrate consists of 1.2 kg corn meal, 0.6 kg rice bran and 0.6 coconut cake. Animals from each group were closely observed for estrous characteristics i.e. estrus detection two times a day by two experienced technisians. Blood sample taken 3-times per week from jugular vein were used for assessing plasma progesterone concentrations using RIA procedure. Plasma progesterone concentrations were not influenced by concentrate supplementation neither during successive estrous cycles nor during pregnancy. The concentrations began to rise on day 4 of the cycle (1.9 ng/mL and 1.8 ng/mL) and increased to concentrations as high as 5.4 ng/mL  and 5.1 ng/mL for supplemented and non-supplemented cows during the luteal phase (day 12) before returning to basal levels i.e. 0.1 ng/mL and 0.1 ng/mL, before ovulation. Following conception, plasma progesterone increased from 0,16 ng/mL and 0.21 ng/mL at estrus to 3.6 ng/mL and 2.73 ng/mL at week-1 and then rose to 5.09 and 4.57 ng/mL at week-2 for NS and S groups, respectively. Aftewards, progesterone continued to rise to 5,46 ng/mL and 5.17 ng/mL on week-3, and then reached 6.25 and 5.3 ng/mL for non-supplemented and supplemented cow, respectively. During 10 weeks pre-calving period, progesterone levels declined gradualli achieving levels 2.83 ng/mL and 2.87 ng/mL in the non-supplemented and supplemented groups, respectively, declined markedly 1 to 2 days prior to parturition and remained at these levels before reaching the basal level after parturition. (Animal Production 11(2): 79-87 (2009) Key Words: Bali cows, progesterone, estrous cycle, pregnancy
Penerapan Teknologi suplementasi untuk menekan angka kematian pedet dan meningkatkan produktivitas Sapi Bali di Desa Oefafi Kabupaten Kupang I Gusti Ngurah Jelantik; Yoakim H. Manggol; Gemini E. M. Malelak; Imanuel Benu; Johanis Jeremias; Cardial L.O. Leo-Penu
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Peternakan Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Peternakan
Publisher : Jurusan Peternakan Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Kupang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1388.471 KB) | DOI: 10.35726/jpmp.v4i1.257

Abstract

Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini diselenggarakan di Desa Oefafi Kabupaten Kupang dengan melibatkan kelompok peternak dengan tujuan utama  meningkatkan keterampilan peternak dalam menerapkan teknologi suplementasi pada pedet dan induk sapi menggunakan pakan suplemen berbahan baku lokal yang telah diolah sebelumnya. Dengan demikian kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat bermanfaat bagi kesejahteraan peternak melalui peningkatan produktivitas ternak karena menurunnya angka kematian pedet serta peningkatan laju pertumbuhan pedet.  Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini diselenggarakan selama 8 bulan di Desa Oefafi Kecamatan Kupang Timur Kabupaten Kupang dengan melibatkan 12 peternak dengan 230 ekor ternak sapi masing-masing 115 ekor pedet dan 115 ekor induk sapi. Tahapan-tahapan kegiatan yang dilaksanakan meliputi sosialisasi dan pembentukan kelompok, penyiapan dan pembuatan gudang penyimpanan pakan dan kandang pedet dan induk, pengadaan dan pengolahan bahan baku pakan suplemen, pelatihan dan pendampingan, pemberian pakan suplemen kepada ternak serta monitoring dan evaluasi. Melalui kegiatan ini telah mampu meningkatkan keterampilan peternak dalam menyiapkan dan meramu pakan suplemen dari bahan-bahan lokal serta memberikannya kepada pedet. Kegiatan ini telah memberikan bukti nyata kepada peternak tentang teknik perkandangan dan pemeliharaan sapi secara lebih intensif sehingga dapat menjadi acuan bagi peternak untuk memperbaiki sistem pemeliharaan ekstensif dengan penyediaan kandang dan pemberian pakan suplemen pada induk dan pedet sapi Bali. Seluruh peternak yakin dan percaya bahwa suplementasi pada pedet mampu meningkatkan produktivitas ternak sapi karena akan menurunkan angka kematian dan meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan pedet. Sebanyak 83% di antaranya yakin mampu menerapkan teknologi ini pada tahun-tahun mendatang. 
Effects of Fishmeal or Urea Supplementation on Ruminal Fibre Digestion and Passage Kinetics in Bali Cows Jelantik, IGN; Leo-Penu, C; Jeremias, J; Weisberjg, MR
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 12, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.55 KB)

Abstract

Five non-pregnant Bali cows were used in a 5x5 latin square experimental design with the objective to study the effects of supplementation of graded levels of urea or fishmeal on fibre intake and digestion kinetics in Bali cows consuming low quality tropical grass hay. The animals were given ad libitum access to grass hay or supplemented daily with two levels of urea, i.e. 38 and 74 g, or two levels of fishmeal, i.e. 156 and 312 g. The measured parameters included were intake and apparent digestibility of DM and NDF, in sacco ruminal fibre degradation, and in vivo ruminal NDF digestion and passage kinetics. Intakes of DM and NDF were significantly improved by supplementation of both urea and fishmeal with fishmeal exerted a better effect at low level of supplementation. The increase of intake was mainly associated with the significant increase of rumen in sacco degradation of NDF. However, in vivo rumen digestions of NDF and DNDF were not significantly improved by supplementation due to the increased rumen pool of NDF after protein supplementation. As a result, rumen passage and digestion rates were not affected by supplementation. The effective level of fishmeal and urea supplementation to improve the intake of low quality fibrous tropical grass hay in Bali cows were 152 g/d and 74 g/d, respectively. (Animal Production 12(2): 74-81 (2010)Key Words: Bali cows, digestion kinetics, fishmeal, urea
Sensory Property and Benzo(a)Pyrene (Bap) Level in Se’i Processed from Cull Bali Cow Beef Malelak, Gemini Ermiani Mercurina; Ratu, Maria R. Deno; Lestari, Gusti Ayu yudiwati; Benu, Imanuel; Jelantik, I Gusti Ngurah
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak (JITEK) Vol 15, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak (JITEK)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jitek.2020.015.02.3

Abstract

The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the effect of using meat obtained from cull Bali cows differing in body condition score (BCS) on sensory property and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) level on se’i (Rotenesse smoked beef). A completely randomized design 9x3 was used in this experiment. The nine treatments were BCS 2 with open smoking method (BCS2O), BCS 2 with close smoking method (BCS2C), BCS 2 given liquid smoke (BCS2LS), BCS 3 with open smoking method (BCS3O), BCS 3 with close smoking method (BCS3C), BCS 3 given liquid smoke (BCS3LS), BCS 4 with open smoking method (BCS4O), BCS 4 with close smoking method (BCS4C), and BCS 4 given liquid smoke (BCS4LS). Parameter measured were sensory property and benzo(a)pyrene (bap) content of se’i. The data of sensory property were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Mann-Whitney test. The data of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) content was analysed using analysis of variance followed by Duncant test. Results showed that se’i produced from group BCS4LS possessed higher score on taste and tenderness, whereas the strongest aroma of se’i was found in se’i processed by both open and close smoking method in all BCS group. The highest benzo(a)pyrene content (0.0052 – 0.0055 ppm) was found in se’i processed by close smoking method in all BCS group, followed by se’i was added liquid smoke in all BCS group. It is suggested that meat of cull Bali cows with BCS4LS could be used to produce se’i with preferable taste,n tenderness and could lower the accumulation of BaP in se’i.
PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI FODDER JAGUNG PADA SILASE RUMPUT ALAM TERHADAP KONSUMSI DAN KECERNAAN SERAT, KONSENTRASI VFA DAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA PEDET JANTAN SAPI PERSILANGAN ONGOLE X BRAHMAN LEPAS SAPIH (Effect of corn fodder substitution for native.....) Sefrans Banamtuan; I Gusti Ngurah Jelantik; G. A. Y. Lestari; Imanuel Benu
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 7 No 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v7i1.2264

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect subsitutional of corn fodder on intake and fiber digestibility, volatile fatty acid and blood glucose concentration of weaned Ongole x Brahman calves. This experiment followed a 4x4 latin square design with four treatments, i.e. G : 100% nature grass silage, GCF1 : 35% nature grass silage, 35% corn fodder silage and 30% concentrate, GCF2 : 17,5% nature grass silage, 52,5% corn fodder and 30% concentrate, GCF3 : 70% corn fodder and 30% concentrate. The measured variables included fiber intake and digestibility, volatile fatty acid and blood glucose concentration. Data were subjected to Analysis of Variance (Anova) followed by Duncan Multiple Range Test to separate between means with SPSS 21. Result showed that fiber intake was significantly (P<0.05) lower in GCF3 (299,88 g.d-1) compared to the other treatments which varied between 661,55 to 1293,95 g.d-1. Fiber digestibility, however, did not differ (P>0.05) between treatments, i.e. varied between 55,95 to 72,65%. Volatile Fatty Acid concentration increased (P<0.05) with the increasing levels substitutions of corn fodder in feed. The treatments did not affect (P>0.05) blood glucose concentration of Ongole calves. It can be concluded that substitution of corn fodder for native grass silage has significant effect on fiber intake and Volatile Fatty Acid concentration but not on fiber digestibility and blood glucose concentration of weaned cross Ongole calves.