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Terapi Humor untuk Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri Pada Pasien Pasca Bedah Invasive Awaludin, Sidik; Santoso, Agus; Novitasari, Dwi
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (48.777 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v1i2.22

Abstract

Surgery is a potential or actual threat to the integrity of the person both biopsychosocial and spiritual that can cause a response in the form of pain. Pain appears because the breakdown of network continuity. Unresolved pain may disrupt the healing process after surgery. Methods to overcome the pain to do the pharmacological and non-pharmacological. Non-pharmacological method that is often used to treat pain is distraksi.Distraction techniques can be done with humour therapy. Humour therapy done in several ways to see a funny movie, listen to the comic group, see cartoons, comics and caricatures are funny as well as reading a collection of funny stories. This study aims to determine the effect of humour therapy on pain intensity in patients with post-surgical minimally invasive second day. This study design is descriptives analysis. The number of samples in this study were 40 people. The sampling technique used is consecutive sampling. Analysis by viewing the presentation decrease in the frequency distribution table. The analysis shows the percentage difference in pain reduction in a larger scale in the treatment group. Humour therapy capable of reducing pain in patients with post-surgical minimally invasive second day.Keyword: invasive surgery, pain, humour therapy
KEPATUHAN PEMBATASAN ASUPAN CAIRAN TERHADAP LAMA MENJALANI HEMODIALISA Anita, Diyah Candra; Novitasari, Dwi
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2017: PROSIDING IMPLEMENTASI PENELITIAN PADA PENGABDIAN MENUJU MASYARAKAT MANDIRI BERKEMAJUAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

One of the treatments to save the life of patients with chronic renal failure is hemodialysis therapy, accompanied by fluid intake restriction. The absence of this restriction will lead to accumulated fluid which can result in edema around the body. This condition may cause increased blood pressure and aggravated heart work. In addition, asphyxia can also occur due to the accumulated fluid. This research aimed to figure out the differences and the correlation between hemodialysis patients obedience towards fluid intake restriction and the continuation of hemodialysis experience in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. This research was a descriptive- quantitative study applying cross sectional method. Samples were chosen using accidental sampling technique, involving 60 respondents. The instruments used in this research were questionnaires and patients medical records. Data were analyzed using Spearman Rank correlation formula and Kruskall Wallis test. The results of this research showed that there was a correlation with p=0,033, but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0,088) between the continuatio of hemodialysis treatment and the patients obedience towards fluid intake restriction. In conclusion, the longer time the patients experienced hemodialysis therapy, the less obedience they had in restricting the fluid intake. Keywords: Obedience, fluid, chronic renal failure, hemodialysis
HUBUNGAN ANTARA SUPERVISI KEPALA RUANG DENGAN PENDOKUMENTASIAN ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH AMBARAWA Wirawan, Emanuel Agung; Novitasari, Dwi; Wijayanti, Fiki
Jurnal Manajemen Keperawatan Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Manajemen Keperawatan
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Keperawatan

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Abstract

Pengawasan pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan merupakan kegiatan yang penting dalam rangka mencapai hasil yang optimal. Pengawasan diperlukan sebagai sarana pembelajaran bagi orang yang diawasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara supervisi kepala ruang dengan pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan di RSUD Ambarawa. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode korelatif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian ini sejumlah 81 responden perawat. Sampel perawat dengan menggunakan total populasi terhadap 81 responden. Analisis data dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian didapatkan supervisi kepala ruang paling banyak adalah kurang baik yaitu 37 responden (45,7%). Pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan diketahui paling banyak adalah baik sebanyak 56 responden(69,1%). Terdapat hubungan antara supervisi kepala ruang dengan pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Ambarawa (p value 0,000). Saran bagi rumah sakit perlunya supervisi secara periodik terhadap pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan karena dokumentasi merupakan aspek legal yang penting untuk mengetahui tindakan terhadap pasien dan perkembangan pada pasien yang dirawat.Kata kunci: Supervisi, pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan
PENGARUH TEHNIK RELAKSASI BENSON TERHADAP PENURUNAN TINGKAT STRES LANSIA DI UNIT REHABILITAS SOSIAL WENING WARDOYO UNGARAN Aryana, Kadek Oka; Novitasari, Dwi
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Abstract

Elderly stress is caused by physically, biologically, psychologically, and socially change. Beside of them, it is also affected by the condition of elders circumstance who lived in parlor. One of the ways to overcome the stress by non-pharmcologically is with Benson relaxation technique which is able to balance O2 in the brain. This research aims to know the influence of Benson relaxation technique to reduce stress level on elderly in Social rehabilitation Unit Wening Wardoyo Ungaran.The research design is quasi experimental design. The number of population in this research is 90 elders.While, the quantity of research sample is 30 respondents which are divided into 2 groups. Datas of elder’s stress level were collected by the usage of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale questionnaire. The  univariate analysis was executed by monitoring the distribution of stress level frequencyat before and after the treatment and bivariate analysis was executed by the usage of paired t-test and unpaired t-test. The result shows that before Benson relaxation technique is applied towards intervened group, it is obtained that the average of respondents stress level is 22,93 (mid-level) SD (3,353). After Benson relaxation technique was applied, it is obtained that the average of respondents stress level was reducing at 18,33 (low-stress) SD (2,820). Benson relaxation technique shows significantly influence to reducestress level at p-value of 0,002 (p < 0,05). Based on the result, the technique can be applied as the stress treatment on elders in Social Rehabilitation Unit Wening Wardoyo Ungaran
Effects of an additional small group discussion to cognitive achievement and retention in basic principles of bioethics teaching methods Afandi, Dedi; Budiningsih, Yuli; Safitry, Oktavinda; Purwadianto, Agus; Novitasari, Dwi; Widjaja, Ivan R.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2009): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.893 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v18i1.340

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Aim The place of ethics in undergraduate medical curricula is essential but the methods of teaching medical ethics did not show substantial changes. “Basic principles of bioethics” is the best knowledge to develop student’s reasoning analysis in medical ethics In this study, we investigate the effects of an additional small group discussion in basic principles of bioethics conventional lecture methods to cognitive achievement and retention. This study was a randomized controlled trial with parallel design. Cognitive scores of the basic principles of bioethics as a parameter was measured using basic principles of bioethics (Kaidah Dasar Bioetika, KDB) test. Both groups were attending conventional lectures, then the intervention group got an additional small group discussion.Result Conventional lectures with or without small group discussion significantly increased cognitive achievement of basic principles of bioethics (P= 0.001 and P= 0.000, respectively), and there were significant differences in cognitive achievement and retention between the 2 groups (P= 0.000 and P= 0.000, respectively).Conclusion Additional small group discussion method improved cognitive achievement and retention of basic principles of bioethics. (Med J Indones 2009; 18: 48-52)Keywords: lecture, specification checklist, multiple choice questions
BUKTI YANG MEMBUKTIKAN DAN BUKTI YANG MENJELASKAN DALAM KELAS MATEMATIKA Hamdani, Deni; Junaidi, J.; Novitasari, Dwi; Salsabila, Nilza Humaira; Tyaningsih, Ratna Yulis
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika Vol 4, No 2: July 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (LITPAM)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (902.323 KB) | DOI: 10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.253

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan secara komprehensif perbedaan bukti yang membuktikan dan bukti yang menjelaskan berdasarkan pertimbangan implikasi kedua bukti tersebut sebagai dasar konstruksi penalaran dan bukti dalam matematika. Kajian dijalani dengan kegiatan menguraikan perbedaan spesifik antara keduanya serta memberikan contoh kasus kedua bukti, dan memberikan justifikasi atas pentingnya pengenalan kedua bukti dalam kelas matematika. Kedua bukti digambarkan dengan permasalahan konsep barisan bilangan ganjil. Bukti yang membuktikan hanya menunjukkan dengan menggunakan induksi matematis, sementara bukti yang menjelaskan menunjukkan dengan bukti Gauss, representasi geometrik bangun titik, dan garis zig-zag. Perbedaan antara keduanya tampak pada pemberian alasan yang berasal dari bukti itu sendiri. Hasil kajian mengindikasikan bahwa peran bukti dalam kelas matematika pada tingkat perguruan tinggi adalah membuktikan/meyakinkan, pada tingkat menengah atas adalah membuktikan dan menjelaskan, dan pada tingkat sekolah menengah pertama dan dasar peran utamanya adalah menjelaskan. Akibatnya bukti matematis tidak hanya membuktikan/menyakinkan, melainkan juga menjelaskan. Karenanya penting mempertimbangkan implikasi bukti dalam kurikulum matematika di sekolah, serta perlunya menyajikan bab materi kepada mahasiswa pendidikan matematika tidak hanya bukti yang membuktikan, melainkan juga bukti yang menjelaskan.Proofs that Prove and Proofs that Explain in Mathematics ClassroomAbstractThe purpose of this study was to comprehensively describe the differences of the proofs that prove and proofs that explain based on the consideration of the implications of the two proofs as the basis for the construction reasoning and proofs in mathematics. The study was undertaken with the activity of describing the specific differences between the two and providing examples of cases of both proofs; and provide justification for the importance of introducing both proofs in mathematics classrooms. Both proofs are illustrated by the problem of the odd number sequence concept. Proofs that prove is only shown using mathematical induction, while proofs that explain shows with Gaussian proof, a geometric representation of point shape, and zigzag line. The difference between the two appears to be the reasoning that comes from the proof itself. The results of the study indicate that the role of proof in mathematics classes at the tertiary level is proving/convincing, at the senior secondary level it is proving and explaining, and at the junior and elementary school level its main role is explaining. As a result, mathematical proof does not only prove/convince, but also explain. It is therefore important to consider the implications of proof in the mathematics curriculum in schools, as well as the need to present chapter materials to mathematics education students not only proofs that prove but also proof that explain.
Analisis Positioning Dan Brand Awareness Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Handphone Blackberry Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi Ugm Zuraida, Lukia; Novitasari, Dwi
JURNAL RISET MANAJEMEN SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU EKONOMI WIDYA WIWAHA PROGRAM MAGISTER MANAJEMEN Vol 1 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Riset Manajemen Juli 2014
Publisher : Program Magister Manajemen STIE Widya Wiwaha Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.042 KB) | DOI: 10.32477/jrm.v1i2.25

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This research analyzed positioning and brand awareness on decision to purchase Blackberry handphone. The research done in 2013 using 100 students of economic faculties, UGM. The analytical method used was multiple regression. The results showed that a significant differences between positioning with purchasing decisions as indicated by the significance value below 0.005 and brand awareness with purchasing decisions have significance value below 0.000. This suggests that the higher positioning and brand awareness will be increased purchasing decisions.
PENURUNAN NYERI KEPALA PADA LANSIA DENGAN HIPERTENSI MENGGUNAKAN RELAKSASI AUTOGENIK DI KELURAHAN MERSI PURWOKERTO Novitasari, Dwi; Wirakhmi, Ikit Netra
Media Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 7 No 2: MIK Agustus 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat FKes Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30989/mik.v7i2.278

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Background: Headache in the occipital region is the most common symptom of hypertension, caused by enhanchement intra-cranial pressure and vasoconstriction resulting in decreased perfusion of cerebral tissue. This causes insomnia, decreased concentration and decreased ability of daily living activity. Autogenic relaxation causes vasodilation and a calm emotional response that increases the response of the parasympathetic system. This modulation stimulus can decrease perception of headache. Objective: The aims of this study was to find out how the reduction of headache on hypertension before and after autogenic relaxation. Methods: The design of this research was pre experimental with one group pretest-postest design approach. The sample are 38 patients with hypertension who complained of headache in Mersi Purwokerto. Selection has been using purposive sampling. Measurement of head pain using visual analog scale. Data analysis using Wilcoxon test. Results: The mean headache before the autogenic relaxation technique was 5.24, and the mean headache after autogenic relaxation technique was 3.47, including the range of moderate pain. There was a significant difference between headache before and after the autogenic relaxation technique with p value: 0,000. Conclusion: Autogenic relaxation can be used by the elderly with hypertension to reduce headache. Keywords: autogenic relaxation, headache, hypertension.
GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN, BUDAYA ORGANISASI DAN MOTIVASI KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA PEGAWAI SEKRETARIAT DAERAH KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG Novitasari, Dwi; P.N, Agusta Ika; Fitriyani, Ida
Jurnal Analisis Bisnis Ekonomi Vol 13 No 1 (2015): Volume 13, Nomor 1, April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini menganalisis pengaruh antara gaya kepemimpinan, budaya organisasi dan motivasi terhadap kinerja pegawai. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan tahun 2012 sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah pegawai Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Temanggung . Uji hipotesis dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisa regresi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa gaya kepemimpinan mempunyai pengaruh positif dan signifi kan terhadap kinerja pegawai. Budaya organisasi mempunyai pengaruh positif tidak signifi kan terhadap kinerja pegawai. Motivasi kerja mempunyai pengaruh positif signifi kan terhadap kinerja pegawai di Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Temanggung. Kontribusi perubahan kinerja pegawai (Y) yang disebabkan oleh gaya kepemimpinan, budaya organisasi dan motivasi kerja sebesar 58,80% dan 41,20% dipengaruhi oleh variabel lain diluar model atau selain variabel gaya kepemimpinan, budaya organisasi dan motivasi kerja di Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Temanggung. Selanjutnya, variabel gaya kepemimpinan(X1), Variabel budaya organisasi (X2) dan variabel motivasi kerja (X3) secara bersama-sama mempunyai pengaruh yang signifi kan terhadap besarnya kinerja pegawai (Y) di Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Temanggung.
Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ibu Hamil untuk Melakukan Screening Hiv/Aids Melalui Program Prevention Of Mother To Child Transmission (Pmtct) di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kretek Bantul Yogyakarta Hikmah, Tyan Ferdiana; Novitasari, Dwi; Aniroh, Umi
Jurnal Keperawatan Maternitas Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Keperawatan Maternitas
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Maternitas

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Abstract

perempuan dalam masa kehamilan. Risiko penularan HIV/AIDS pada ibu yang tidak mendapatkan penanganan saat hamil diperkirakan terjadi sekitar 15-45%. Pemerintah telah melakukan upaya untuk mencegah transmisi vertikal dengan melakukan Program PMTCT dimana salah satu komponennya adalah melakukan screening HIV/AIDS pada ibu hamil. Namun pelayanan PMTCT di wilayah Kretek masih terhitung 54 %. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku ibu hamil untuk melakukan screening HIV/AIDS. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan rancangan penelitian Cross Sectional . Besar sampel adalah 50 orang. Analisa data secara univariat, bivariat dengan Chi-Square dan multivariate dengan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden 27 orang (54%) sudah melakukan screening HIV/AIDS. Faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku ibu hamil untuk melakukan screening HIV/AIDS adalah pekerjaan nilai p = 0,003 (OR= 9,278;95%CI=2,098-41,041), keterjangkauan tempat nilai p = 0,042 (OR=5,061;95%CI=1,063-24,103) dan dukungan suami nilai p = 0,155 (OR =2,788;95%CI=0,678- 11,462). Faktor yang paling dominan mempengaruhi perilaku ibu hamil untuk melakukan screening HIV/AIDS adalah pekerjaan dengan nilai sig. 0,003 dan Exp (B) sebesar 9,278. Bagi tenaga kesehatan diharapkan dapat memberikan pendidikan kesehatan mengenai risiko penularan HIV/AIDS dari ibu hamil ke bayinya dengan melibatkan suami sehingga ibu dan suami akan menyadari pentingnya screening serta dapat membuat alternatif untuk memudahkan ibu hamil dalam mengaksesnya yaitu dengan PMTCT mobile.