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Penggunaan Zeolit sebagai Pendegradasi Senyawa Permetrin dengan Metoda Fotolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Suyani, Hamzar; Safni, Safni; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.086 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.14-18

Abstract

The research about the degradation of permethryn compound has been done by photolysis method using natural zeolyte as catalyst.Permethryn is one syntetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mammals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms.Zeolyte is aluminosilicate minerals that can be used for degradation of permethryn. Percentage degradation of permethryn is lower withoutzeolyte than using zeolyte as catalyst by photolysis method. 20 mg/l permethryn solution could be degraded 5.40% after 120 minutesirradiation, while by adding 0.20 g natural zeolyte, permethryn could be degraded 69.70
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PERMETRIN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ZEOLIT ALAM TERPILAR TiO2-ANATASE SECARA SONOLISIS Zilfa Zilfa; Hamzar Suyani; Safni Safni; Novesar Jamarun
Jurnal Ecolab Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ecolab
Publisher : Pusat Standardisasi Instrumen Kualitas Lingkungan Hidup Laboratorium Lingkungan (P3KLL)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jklh.2011.5.1.35-43

Abstract

Permetrin merupakan golongan insektisida piretroid sintetik yang kurang toksik bagi mamalia tapi sangat toksik bagi ikan, serangga dan mikroorganisme air Penelitian tentang degradasi senyawa permetrin telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan zeolit alam terpilar TiO2-anatase secara sonolisis pada beberapa kondisi perlakuan.. Degradasi dilakukan secara sonolisis menggunakan gelombang ultrasonik dengan frekuensi 45 KHz. Sampel yang digunakan adalah permetrin 96,1%. Sedangkan zeolit alam terpilar TiO2-anatase digunakan sebagai katalis untuk membantu degradasi secara cepat dan efisien. Hasil iradiasi dianalisis dengan menggunakan spektrofotometer UV pada panjang gelombang 272 nm. Degradasi permetrin 20mg/L pada suhu 40oC dan waktu iradiasi 120 menit, tanpa penambahan zeolit alam terpilar TiO2- anatase mencapai 22,23%. Sedangkan degradasi permetrin 20 mg/L pada suhu 40oC dan waktu iradiasi 75 menit dengan penambahan 50 mg zeolit alam terpilar TiO2- anatase menghasilkan 81,10 %.
Adsorpsi Asam Humat pada Zeolit Alam yang Dimodifikasi dengan TiO2 Septiani, Upita; Tasari, Fiska Julian; Zilfa, Zilfa
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 11, No 1 (2020): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v11i1.344

Abstract

This research modified natural zeolite with TiO2 synthesized by the sol-gel process which was applied as a humic acid adsorbent. The purpose of this study was to coat natural zeolites with TiO2 to increase the adsorption capacity of natural zeolites as humic acid adsorbents. The natural zeolite powders were obtained from Kabupaten Solok, West Sumatra, based on X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) analysis, the ratio of silica/alumina (Si/Al) was 4.35, indicating that natural zeolite was clinoptilolite zeolite. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis showed natural zeolite has a rough surface with closed pores while zeolite coated with TiO2 (zeolite/TiO2) has a homogeneous, smooth surface with open pore. The results of the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) analysis showed that the level of TiO2 was 7.1%, this result showed that TiO2 has been coated on the surface of the zeolite. Natural zeolite and zeolite/TiO2 were applied as humic acid adsorbents. Maximum adsorption capacity of natural zeolites and zeolites/TiO2 were 0.2787 mg/g and 1.199 mg/g, respectively.
Penggunaan ZnO/Zeolit Sebagai Katalis Dalam Degradasi Tartrazin Secara Ozonolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Safni, Safni; Rahmi, Febi
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 12, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i1.387

Abstract

An investigation on modification of natural zeolite with ZnO for the degradation of tartrazine. In this study, ZnO as a semiconductor is modified into a natural zeolite as support to form ZnO/zeolite that can increase the efficiency degradation of tartrazine. Further, the formed catalyst was added to tartrazine by determining the variation in ozonolysis time, the amount of addition of the catalyst, and the addition of a catalyst time. The results of degradation were determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometer at 424 nm. The result showed that the percentage of degradation obtained on each catalyst in the degradation. The resulted percent degradation of 20 ml of tartrazine at concentration of 15 mg/L using 20 mg ZnO/zeolite was 56.80%, while using 0.77 mg ZnO was 42.25%, and with the addition of 19.23 mg of Zeolite was 31.18%, all of that condition was proceeded by 40 minutes of ozonolysis. Thus, the result indicates that the ZnO/zeolite catalyst can increase percentages of tartrazine degradation by ozonolysis. It is known that the catalyst ZnO/zeolite is very effective in increasing the degradation of tartrazine. Analysis of tartrazine compounds using fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) after degradation changes in wavenumber indicates that there is a breaking of the bonds of tartrazine compounds. Characterization of ZnO/zeolite catalyst using FTIR, X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), in each spectrum there was no shift, indicating that there is no change in ZnO/zeolite structure
Pengaruh HCl terhadap Aktifasi Zeolit Alam Clipnotilolit-Ca Pada Penyerapan Pb(II) Zilfa, Zilfa; Septiani, Upita; Mirawati, Mirawati
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 11, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v11i2.355

Abstract

Research about the effect of HCl on the activation of clinoptilolite-Ca natural zeolite on Pb(II) absorption has been done. The purpose of this study is to determine the capacity of zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca activation by HCl can be used as an adsorbent. For analysis of the adsorption we used AAS whereas for zeolite characterization were used XRF and XRD. The analysis parameters are the effect of HCl concentration, particle size, adsorbent mass, contact time, total solution volume, concentration of Pb(II), and PH solution. These parameters were studied to determine the optimum conditions in the adsorption process. The optimum conditions absorption of Pb(II) for the acid activation process shows that the zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca can be used as an absorbent. The adsorption results show that the value of Pb(II) capacity in the activation process with HCl of 0.2 N produces adsorption capacity of 0.0821 mg/g, for particle size 125 µm produces and adsorption capacity 0.0821 mg/g, for an adsorbent mass of 0.1 g produces an adsorption capacity of 0.5110 mg/g, for contact time of 10 minutes is 0.5662 mg/g, for a metal solution volume of 12.5 mL is 0.5493 mg/g, for the concentration of metal ion solution 40 mg/L is 2.608 mg/g, and at pH = 7 is 4.923 mg/g. The output of several parameters can be concluded that the adsorption capacity of zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca to the absorption of Pb(II) is 4.923 mg/g. Characterization of zeolite adsorbents with XRF and XRD shows that the zeolite used is zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca.   
Pembuatan Material Komposit Penjernih Air dari Campuran Perlit dan Cangkang Pensi Rahmiana Zein; Risa Oktaviani; Megita Febiola; Nurul Annisyah; Matlal Fajri Alif; Zilfa Zilfa
Chimica et Natura Acta Vol 8, No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Departemen Kimia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/cna.v8.n3.31564

Abstract

Material penjernih air dari komposit campuran perlit dan cangkang pensi telah diuji pada perbaikan kualitas air sungai Batang Muaro Kasang, Padang, Sumatera Barat. Parameter air yang dianalisis pada penelitian ini diantaranya fosfat, nitrat, nitrit, BOD, COD, TSS, dan warna. Percobaan dilakukan dengan metoda batch untuk menguji pengaruh perbandingan massa campuran perlit dan cangkang pensi, volume air dan waktu kontak. Hasil analisis menunjukan perbandingan massa komposit (campuran perlit dan cangkang pensi) yang optimum untuk penurunan kadar fosfat, nitrat, dan warna yaitu (20:10) g pada volume air sungai 50 mL dan waktu kontak 60 menit dengan persen penurunan kadar fosfat (66, 92%), nitrat (78,41 %), warna (93,8 %). Sedangkan untuk BOD, COD, nitrit, dan TSS yaitu (20:15) g pada volume air sungai 50 mL dan waktu kontak 60 menit dengan persen penurunan kadar BOD (97,45%), COD (76,10%), nitrit (99,73%) dan TSS (91,95 %). Dari data analisis komposisi kimia komposit dengan XRF menunjukkan terjadinya penurunan kadar CaO sebesar 10,708 %, sedangkan untuk SiO2 terjadi peningkatan sebesar 10,003 % dan Al2O3 sebesar 2,141 %.  Analisis gugus fungsi yang terdapat pada komposit dengan FT-IR menunjukkan terjadinya pergeseran pada angka gelombang dari 3638,72 cm-1 ke 3315,99 cm-1 yang menandakan hilangnya gugus fungsi amina.
Budidaya Ikan Lele untuk Menunjang Kelancaran Biaya Operasional TPQ dan RTQ Raudhatul Adzkia Jorong Dalam Koto Kabupaten Agam Refilda Refilda; Rahmiana Zein; Yefrida Yefrida; Zilfa Zilfa; Upita Septiani; Syukri Syukri; Diana Vanda Wellia; Syafrizayanti Syafrizayanti; Matlal Fajri Alif; Elida Mardiah; Refinel Refinel; Admi Admi; Emil Salim; Fitratul Ilahi; Dwi Syukur Phameswari
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 28 No 3 (2021): Published in September 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.3.206-214.2021

Abstract

The Qur'an Education Park (TPQ) and Tahzhul Qur'an House (RTQ) of the Raudhatul Adzkia Jorong Dalam Koto Nagari Koto Tangah, Tilatang Kamang, and District of Agam have been launched since 2015. The students who study here are free of charge. The operational costs of education and the honorarium for educators come from donations from their community and some nomads. However, this contribution is not sufficient for operational costs. The Department of Chemistry's community service team, Andalas University, collaborated with partners to start a business to solve this problem. The business was carried out using vacant land owned by partners for catfish cultivation. Surveys, program socialization and assisting activities were carried out online using virtual media, while Partners carried out the implementation in the field. Activities carried out were pond preparation, the release of catfish seeds, feeding, sorting, maintenance, harvesting, and marketing cultivated catfish. Based on the evaluation, 5000 seedlings from the released catfish developed well. About 99% of catfish typically growth to a large and even size, while the other 1% growth relatively slowly. Harvested catfish were sold for IDR 18,000/kg for wet fish and IDR 100,000/kg for dried fish. This business has been carried out sustainably by partners, and the profits have been used to support the operational costs of TPQ and RTQ Raudhatul Adzkia.