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PEMBUATAN PASTA DAN PEMBENTUKAN LAPISAN TIPIS HIDROKSI APATIT KARBONAT Samah, Selfa Dewati; Arief, Syukri; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 7, No 2 (2014): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v7i2.180

Abstract

 ABSTRACTPaste of Carbonated Hydroxyapatite (CHA) as a biocompatible material that can be used in thebone and teeth repair has been developed on preparation of thick film. CHA paste was preparedby mixing precipitate of CHA with CaSO4 and polyethylene glycol (PEG) in 2-propanol assolvent. Paste was deposited on substrate to get thick films by screen printing method. X raydiffraction (XRD) analysis has shown hexagonal crystal structure and crystal size of CHAacquired 7,2 nm by Scherrer’s method. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis has shownabsorption spectra which indicating phosphate, carbonate, and hydroxide group. Size of thiscomposite particles analyzed by PSA (particle size analyzer) about 3μm and pore size was 0.44-0.49 nm obtained from BET analysis, increased with the addition of CaSO4 (0.44 to 0,49 nm).Rephrase PEG was found as an adhesive and homogenize paste on substrat surface. In addition,CHA paste also potentially can be used as bone cement.Keywords : Paste, thick film, carbonated hydroxyapatite
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PERMETRINDENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TiO2-Anatase DAN ZEOLIT ALAM SECARA SONOLISIS -, Zilfa; Suyani, Hamzar; -, Safni; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 2, No 2 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v2i2.162

Abstract

  ABSTRACT The research about the degradation of permethryn compound had been done by sonolysis method using anatase- TiO2 and natural zeolyte (mordenit kinds) as catalysts. Permethryn is one of synthetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mamals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms. Sonolysis method is conducted by using ultrasonic wave at frequency 45 kHz. The results show that sonolysis method without the addition of anatase-TiO2 and zeolite on optimum temperature at 40°C during 120 minutes treatments could be degrade 20 mg/L permethryn until 22.23%. In other hands, the degradation of 20 mg/L permethryn in the same condition with adding 0.002 g anatase-TiO2 achieved 44.95% but for using 0.2 g zeolyte could be degrade 52.34%.  Keywords :  degradation, permethrin ,TiO2-anatase , sonolysis, zeolite   
PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH POLIPROPILEN MENJADI BAHAN BAKAR CAIR MELALUI METODE PIROLISIS Bemis, Restina; Jamarun, Novesar; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 5, No 2 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v5i2.217

Abstract

Plastics become the biggest environmental problem when it accumulate in landfills because its non-biodegradable properties. To handle the problems, the plastics were processed to produce liquid fuels by means pyrolysis method which was in this case with and without a catalyst. In this work, polypropylene was used as a precursor and SiO2, zeolites, CaO, Fe as catalysts. FTIR spectrum of pyrolized polypropylene with and without catalysts both have shown C = C functional group at 1648 cm-1. GCMS analysis confirmed the availability of chain length of hydrocarbon between C7 -C27 which is mixture of kerosene and diesel fractions. Catalysts can lower the temperature and time reaction of pyrolysis process as they increase rendement (%) of product. Liquid fuels that produced from polypropylene pyrolysis without catalyst was 72.06%, and with catalysts were 79.59% (SiO2), 74.76%, (zeolite), 76.80% (CaO), and 76.83% (Fe).
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MODIFIED MESOPOROUS SILICA-IMOBILIZED Cu(II)-ACETONITRILE COMPLEX AND ITS APPLICATION IN TRANSESTERIFICATION OF FRYING OIL -, Syukri; Pratikha, Rycce Sylviana; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 7, No 2 (2014): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v7i2.184

Abstract

 ABSTRACTMesoporous silica has attracted rapidly growing attention in catalysis. In this work, mesoporoussilica was synthesized by using CTAB surfactant and then modified by AlCl3. Such materialwas used as support for Cu(II)--acetonitile complex and applied in transesterification of fryingoil. The XRD pattern of the obtained silica confirms the availability of chracteristic peak onsilica surface while its TEM exhibits the uniformity of nanochannel of the mesoporous silica.The particle size of silica support has become smaller after grafting process showed by SEMimages. FT-IR spectra of the materials indicated that the Cu(II) grafted on the mesoporoussilica was in the form of its acetonitrile complex. Supprisingly, the Cu loading the graftedcatalyst was found to be very high. That was 21%, when the catalyst applied ontransesterification of the examined frying oil the amount of total methyl ester yielded were of65%.Keywords: mesoporous silica, AlCl3, Cu(II)-acetonitrile complex, transesterification
Penggunaan Zeolit sebagai Pendegradasi Senyawa Permetrin dengan Metoda Fotolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Suyani, Hamzar; Safni, Safni; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.086 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.14-18

Abstract

The research about the degradation of permethryn compound has been done by photolysis method using natural zeolyte as catalyst.Permethryn is one syntetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mammals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms.Zeolyte is aluminosilicate minerals that can be used for degradation of permethryn. Percentage degradation of permethryn is lower withoutzeolyte than using zeolyte as catalyst by photolysis method. 20 mg/l permethryn solution could be degraded 5.40% after 120 minutesirradiation, while by adding 0.20 g natural zeolyte, permethryn could be degraded 69.70
DIP-COATING SENYAWA KALSIUM FOSFAT DARI BATU KAPUR BUKIT TUI MELALUI METODE SOL-GEL Jamarun, Novesar; Anggresani, Lia; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 5, No 1 (2011): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v5i1.179

Abstract

 ABSTRACT Preparation of Dip-Coating Calcium Phosphate via sol-gel method using natural limestone Bukit Tui as calcium precursors and diammonium hydrogen phosphate as phosphorus precursors with sol-gel process has been investigated. Ethanol was used as solvent and DEA (diethanolamine) was used stabilizing agent. The powder were prepared by calcinated the sol at 950 oC. The products were characterized by Fourier Transform Infra Red, X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy. FTIR results showed that the vibration form was PO43-, P2O74-, O-H and CO2. XRD patterns of powder with various Ca/P mol ratio showed that the product of calcium phosphate was Ca2P2O7 and also found the hydroxyapatite Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 in Ca/P mol ratio 1,7. SEM images of powder calcium phosphate revealed that their morphology were spheric and homogen. The coating process was done at glass substrate with coating speed 20 cm/min by calcinations at 400 oC. XRD patterns of thin layer showed that the product was Ca2P2O7 and SEM images of thin layer revealed that their morphology were bulk. Keywords: Natural limestone, calcium phosphate, hydroxyapatite, sol-gel, dip-coating
PENGARUH KONDISI KALSINASI PADA SINTESIS SENYAWA HYDROXYAPATITE Utami, Lisa; Arief, Syukri; Jamarun, Novesar
Sistem Informasi Vol 2 No 1 (2011): Jurnal Photon
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA dan Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1030.206 KB)

Abstract

Kalsium fosfat telah menjadi perhatian yang menarik dalam bidang medis dan kedokteran karena biocompatibilitynya yang baik dan struktur serta komposisi kimianya yang sama dengan fasa mineral jaringan keras manusia (tulang dan gigi). Penelitian ini difoukuskan untuk mempelajari faktor yang mempengaruhi morfologi dan komposisi fasa dari senyawa hydroxyapatite dengan menggunakan prekusor diammonium hydrogen phosphate sebagai sumber fosfat serta pengaruh kalsinasi pada suhu 200, 400, 600, 800 dan 1000oC. Produk hidroxyapatite yang dihasilkan dikarakterisasi dengan FTIR, XRD, SEM dan TGA. Hidroxyapatite yang dihasilkan dengan variasi suhu kalsinasi mempengaruhi morfologi dan komposisi fasa dari senyawa kalsium fosfat yang dihasilkan. Fasa yang terbentuk sebelum sampel powder fosfat dikalsinasi dengan (NH4)2HPO4 sebagai sumber fosfat adalah Ca2P2O7.2H2O dengan ukuran kristal 67 nm. Ketika sampel powder kalsium fosfat dikalsinasi pada temperatur 600˚C fasa yang terbentuk dengan menggunakan (NH4)2HPO4 sebagai sumber fosfat adalah hydroxiapatite (HAP) dengan ukuran kristal 8,66 nm Dan ketika sampel dikalsinasi pada temperatur 1000˚C fasa yang dihasilkan yaitu Ca2P2O7 dan Ca3(PO4)2.
EFFISIENSI INHIBISI KOROSI BAJA LUNAK DALAM MEDIA ASAM DENGAN INHIBITOR EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO) Yetri, Yuli; Emriadi, E; Jamarun, Novesar; Gunawarman, G
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 7, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2016.v7.no2.p67-80

Abstract

Efek inhibisi korosi dan sifat-sifat adsorpsi oleh ekstrak kulit buah kakao (Theobroma cacao)  pada baja lunak (mild steel) dalam larutan asam 1,5M HCl telah dipelajari menggunakan teknik konvensional metode berat hilang pada variasi waktu, konsentrasi dan suhu. Parameter-parameter termodinamika seperti energi aktivasi, entalpi, entropi dan perubahan energi bebas dihitung. Polarisasi elektrokimia telah dievaluasi untuk memastikan jenis inhibitor. Spektra infrared dan GCMS dilakukan untuk mengetahui senyawa ekstrak yang berperan  dalam proses inhibisi. Morfologi permukaan sampel diamati dengan menggunakan scanning electro microscopy dengan  energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) . Keseluruhan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak polar kulit buah coklat  dapat digunakan sebagai inhibitor korosi yang efektif pada baja karbon di lingkungan 1,5M HCl dengan pencapaian efisiensi  inhibisi   terkorosi sebesar 96.26% (weight loss) dan 92.08% (Tafel) pada konsentrasi ekstrak 2,5% selama768 jam. Mekanisme inhibisi adalah  adsorpsi chemiadsorpsi berdasar tingginya nilai entalpi dan energi bebas.Effisiensi Inhibisi diketahui meningkat dengan peningkatan konsentrasi dari ekstrak serta menurun dengan peningkatan suhu. Kurva polarisasi menunjukkan inhibitor ini berperilaku sebagai inhibitor campuran dengan dominan pada inhibisi katodik. Ekstrak diadsorpsi oleh permukaan mild steel  mengikuti model adsorpsi isotherm Langmuir. Kondisi permukaan mild steel menunjukan terjadinya adsorpsi di permukaan membentuk lapisan tipis di permukaan logam. Penambahan ekstrak kulit buah kakao ke dalam larutan HCl sangat efektif untuk mengurangi serangan korosi di permukaan mild steel.  Kata kunci: Korosi, Inhibitor, Theobroma cacao, Mild steel, Potensiodinamik Corrosion Inhibition Efficiency Mild Steel in Acid Media with Inhibitor Peels Extract of Cacao (Theobroma cacao)ABSTRACT Inhibition and adsorption properties of Theobroma cacao peel polar extract addition on corrosion inhibition efficiency of 0.3%C mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution for various exposuring time, extract concentration and working temperature were investigated using weight loss test method. Electrochemical polarization test was also conducted to confirm the effectiveness of inhibition. Infrared spectrum of the samples was also evaluated to reveal compounds of the extract which controll the inhibition process. Morphology and local composition of sample surfaces were respectively examined by scanning electron microscope  (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Thermodynamic parameters such as energy activation, enthalpy, entropy and change in the free energy were then determined using related data. The results show that the inhibition efficiency increases significantly up to 96.3% (by weight loss method) and 92.08% (Tafel) with the increase of TCPE content. The optimum efficiency is obtained at extract concentration of 2,5% for exposuring time of 768h. However, the efficiency decreases slightly with increasing working temperature in the range of 303K-323K. The polarization curve shows the inhibitor behaves as a mixed inhibitor with the dominant cathodic inhibition. The adsorption model is found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Surface condition is  improved due to the adsorption and then formation of thin layer film protection in the surface of the steel. The addition of extract of cacao peels into HCl is effective to minimize corrosion attack on the mild steel. Key words: Corrosion, inhibitor, Theobroma cacao peel, Mild steel, Potensiodinamic
Tari Poang dan Tari Olang-olang Pertunjukan Ritual Masyarakat Sakai di Kabupaten Bengkalis, Riau Asril, Asril; Jamarun, Novesar; Hamzah, Hamzah; Halilintar, Mansur; Saputra, Trio
Mudra Jurnal Seni Budaya Vol. 35 No. 2 (2020): Mei
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Denpasar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31091/mudra.v35i2.1056

Abstract

Tari Poang merupakan tari ritual adat penyambutan tamu oleh masyarakat Sakai, khususnya Bathin Sobanga dari kelompok suku Bathin Solapan, Kabupaten Bengkalis. Tarian ini hanya ditampilkan dalam penyambutan tamu-tamu adat, pemerintahan, dan yang dianggap terhormat oleh masyarakat Sakai. Sementara tari Olang-olang merupakan tarian ritual masyarakat Sakai yang bersumber dari ritual pengobatan badike. Tari Olang-olang ditemui di berbagai kelompok bathin yang terdapat pada Bathin Solapan. Materi gerak tarian ini terinspirasi dari gerak-gerak elang terbang. Elang dijadikan sebagai hewan utama dalam kepercayaan masyarakat Sakai yang mampu terbang tinggi mengantarkan doa dan mantra mereka kepada Tuhan pada saat pengobatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membahas Tari Poang dan Tari Olang-olang yang menjadi tari pertunjukan ritual masyarakat Sakai pada kelompok suku Bathin Solapan di Kabupaten Bengkalis. Penelitian ini merupakan studi kasus pertunjukan ritual pengobatan pada masyarakat Sakai. Pengamatan terhadap peristiwa ritual dan pertunjukan tarian ini sangat penting dilakukan untuk mendapat data yang valid, terkait dengan bentuk pertunjukan, ekspresi, dan suasana ritual.
EFFISIENSI INHIBISI KOROSI BAJA LUNAK DALAM MEDIA ASAM DENGAN INHIBITOR EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO) Yetri, Yuli; Emriadi, E; Jamarun, Novesar; Gunawarman, G
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 7, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2016.v7.no2.p67-80

Abstract

Efek inhibisi korosi dan sifat-sifat adsorpsi oleh ekstrak kulit buah kakao (Theobroma cacao)  pada baja lunak (mild steel) dalam larutan asam 1,5M HCl telah dipelajari menggunakan teknik konvensional metode berat hilang pada variasi waktu, konsentrasi dan suhu. Parameter-parameter termodinamika seperti energi aktivasi, entalpi, entropi dan perubahan energi bebas dihitung. Polarisasi elektrokimia telah dievaluasi untuk memastikan jenis inhibitor. Spektra infrared dan GCMS dilakukan untuk mengetahui senyawa ekstrak yang berperan  dalam proses inhibisi. Morfologi permukaan sampel diamati dengan menggunakan scanning electro microscopy dengan  energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) . Keseluruhan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak polar kulit buah coklat  dapat digunakan sebagai inhibitor korosi yang efektif pada baja karbon di lingkungan 1,5M HCl dengan pencapaian efisiensi  inhibisi   terkorosi sebesar 96.26% (weight loss) dan 92.08% (Tafel) pada konsentrasi ekstrak 2,5% selama768 jam. Mekanisme inhibisi adalah  adsorpsi chemiadsorpsi berdasar tingginya nilai entalpi dan energi bebas.Effisiensi Inhibisi diketahui meningkat dengan peningkatan konsentrasi dari ekstrak serta menurun dengan peningkatan suhu. Kurva polarisasi menunjukkan inhibitor ini berperilaku sebagai inhibitor campuran dengan dominan pada inhibisi katodik. Ekstrak diadsorpsi oleh permukaan mild steel  mengikuti model adsorpsi isotherm Langmuir. Kondisi permukaan mild steel menunjukan terjadinya adsorpsi di permukaan membentuk lapisan tipis di permukaan logam. Penambahan ekstrak kulit buah kakao ke dalam larutan HCl sangat efektif untuk mengurangi serangan korosi di permukaan mild steel.  Kata kunci: Korosi, Inhibitor, Theobroma cacao, Mild steel, Potensiodinamik Corrosion Inhibition Efficiency Mild Steel in Acid Media with Inhibitor Peels Extract of Cacao (Theobroma cacao)ABSTRACT Inhibition and adsorption properties of Theobroma cacao peel polar extract addition on corrosion inhibition efficiency of 0.3%C mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution for various exposuring time, extract concentration and working temperature were investigated using weight loss test method. Electrochemical polarization test was also conducted to confirm the effectiveness of inhibition. Infrared spectrum of the samples was also evaluated to reveal compounds of the extract which controll the inhibition process. Morphology and local composition of sample surfaces were respectively examined by scanning electron microscope  (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Thermodynamic parameters such as energy activation, enthalpy, entropy and change in the free energy were then determined using related data. The results show that the inhibition efficiency increases significantly up to 96.3% (by weight loss method) and 92.08% (Tafel) with the increase of TCPE content. The optimum efficiency is obtained at extract concentration of 2,5% for exposuring time of 768h. However, the efficiency decreases slightly with increasing working temperature in the range of 303K-323K. The polarization curve shows the inhibitor behaves as a mixed inhibitor with the dominant cathodic inhibition. The adsorption model is found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Surface condition is  improved due to the adsorption and then formation of thin layer film protection in the surface of the steel. The addition of extract of cacao peels into HCl is effective to minimize corrosion attack on the mild steel. Key words: Corrosion, inhibitor, Theobroma cacao peel, Mild steel, Potensiodinamic