Alphania Rahniayu
Anatomical Pathology Department, Faculty Of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Perbedaan Ekspresi Foxp3+ dan Cd8+ Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes Karsinoma Payudara pada Berbagai Stadium T Mustokoweni, Sjahjenny; Rahniayu, Alphania; Indiralia, Anisia
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jan - Mar
Publisher : National Cancer Center - Dharmais Cancer Hospital

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1269.433 KB) | DOI: 10.33371/ijoc.v12i1.549

Abstract

Background: Breast carcinoma, the most common malignancy in women, are often accompanied by tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) which has controversial clinical relevance. TIL is thought to reflect the host’s immune response to malignant tumors. FOXP3, specific biomarker of Treg, is an important transcription factors that develops and functions in the maintenance of self tolerance, including inhibition of CD8+ cytotoxic T cell function. Aim: To analyze the differences and the correlation between FOXP3+ and CD8+ TIL in breast carcinoma with different T staging. Methods: An analytical observational research, performed on 44 paraffin block of breast carcinoma of various stages T (AJCC 7th ed) in anatomical pathology installation of RSUD Dr. Soetomo, used FOXP3+ and CD8+ antibodies. The immunoexpression are evaluated on stromal area, then analyzed statistically, period January 1, 2014 – December 31, 2016. Result: Showed significant differences in FOXP3+ expression between T1-T4, T2-T3, T2-T4, T3-T4. There were significant differences in CD8+ expression between T2-T3, T2-T4. There is a correlation between the expression of FOXP3+ and CD8+ in T1 and all T (p < 0.05). Conclusion: There was significant difference in FOXP3+ and CD8+ TIL of breast carcinoma with increasing T stage. There was correlation between FOXP3+ and CD8+ TIL expression of breast carcinoma at all T and T1 stage. ABSTRAKPendahuluan: Karsinoma payudara adalah keganasan terbanyak wanita dan sering didapatkan adanya tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) dengan relevansi klinis yang masih kontroversial. TIL sering dianggap mencerminkan respon imun inang terhadap tumor ganas. FOXP3, biomarker spesifik Treg, merupakan faktor transkripsi yang penting dalam perkembangan dan berfungsi dalam pemeliharaan self tolerance, termasuk penghambatan fungsi sel T sitotoksik CD8+. Metode: Penelitian observasional analitik terhadap 44 sampel blok parafin karsinoma payudara berbagai stadium T (AJCC edisi ketujuh) di instalasi Patologi Anatomi RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya menggunakan antibodi FOXP3 dan CD8, dihitung pada area stroma tumor, kemudian dilakukan uji statistik periode 1 Januari 2014 – 31 Desember 2016. Hasil: Terdapat perbedaan bermakna ekspresi FOXP3+ antara T1 dan T4, T2 dan T3, T2 dan T4, T3 dan T4. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna ekspresi CD8+ antara T2 dan T3, T2 dan T4. Terdapat korelasi antara tingginya ekspresi FOXP3+ dengan tinginya ekspresi CD8+ pada T1 dan semua T (p < 0,05). Kesimpulan: Terdapat perbedaan bermakna ekspresi FOXP3+ dan CD8+ TIL karsinoma payudara dengan meningkatnya stadium T. Terdapat korelasi antara ekspresi FOXP3+ dan CD8+ TIL karsinoma payudara pada semua stadium T dan T1.
Analisis Ekspresi CD117 dan Ki-67 pada Tumor Phyllodes Benign, Borderline dan Malignant Fetty Fatimah; Sjahjenny mustokoweni; Alphania Rahniayu
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 27 No 1 (2018): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

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Abstract

Latar belakangTumor phyllodes adalah neoplasma stromal-epitelial yang jarang ditemui, secara histologis dibedakan menjadi benign, borderline, malignant. Patogenesis tumor phyllodes belum jelas. CD117 merupakan reseptor tirosin kinase yang terletak di membrane sel dan berperan dalam proses patogenesis suatu keganasan, sedangkan Ki-67 terlibat dalam jalur proliferasi sel. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis adanya perbedaan ekspresi CD117 dan Ki-67 pada tumor phyllodes yang benign, borderline, malignant.MetodePenelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Masing-masing sepuluh sampel tumor phyllodes benign,borderline dan malignant diambil acak dari arsip histopatologi RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya periode Januari 2009-Juli 2014, lalu dilakukan pulasan immunohistokimia dengan antibodi poliklonal CD117 dan monoklonal Ki-67. Perbedaan ekspresi CD117 dan Ki-67 pada tumor phyllodes benign, borderline dan malignant dianalisis menggunakan uji Kruskal-Wallis dan Mann-whitney. Korelasi antara ekspresi CD117 dan Ki-67 pada tumor phyllodes dianalisis menggunakan uji Spearman.HasilUji Kruskal-Wallis ekspresi CD117 antara tumor phyllodes benign dan malignant menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna. Uji Mann-Whitney ekspresi Ki-67 antara tumor phyllodes benign, borderline, dan malignant menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna, sedangkan uji Spearman antara ekspresi CD117 dan Ki-67 menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna.KesimpulanEkspresi CD117 dan Ki-67 dapat digunakan untuk membedakan tumor phyllodes benign, borderline, dan malignant.
Analisis Ekspresi Cyclin Dependent Kinase (Cdk)6 dan Ki-67 pada Neoplasma Kelenjar Liur Meyta Riniastuti; Dyah Fauziah; Alphania Rahniayu
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 26 No 2 (2017): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

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Abstract

BackgroundBroad spectrum tumors can arise in salivary glands, giving diagnostic difficulties in some subtypes due to morphological similarities. Immunohistochemistry studies done to differentiate between benign and malignant neoplasms of salivary glands are very few, including Cdk6 and Ki-67. Cdk6’s role in tumorigenesis is halting cellular proliferation and differentiation. Ki-67 is actively expressed in proliferating cells, particularly neoplasms. The objectives are to analyze differences of Cdk6 and Ki-67 expression in benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms and to analyze the correlation between those two proteins.MethodsThis is an analitic observational study with cross sectional design. Samples were taken proportionally, each 15 samples of benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms, derived from pathological archives during 1 January 2011-30 June 2013 period. Immunohistochemical staining with Cdk6 and Ki-67 monoclonal antibody were performed. Differences in Cdk6 and Ki-67 expression of both groups were analyzed using Mann Whitney. The correlation between the Ki-67 and Cdk6 expression were analyzed using Spearman.ResultsThere were significant differences in the Cdk6 and Ki-67 expression between benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms.The expressions of Ki-67 have a cut-off point of 6.50%. There was a significant correlation between Cdk6 and Ki-67 expression in the salivary gland neoplasms.ConclusionExpression of Cdk6 and Ki-67 were low at benign salivary gland neoplasms and high at malignant salivary glands neoplasms. There was significant correlation between Cdk6 expression and Ki-67 expression at benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms. Although both could differentiate the behavior of neoplasms, Ki-67 was more reliable and applicable.
Ovarian Malignant Brenner Tumor Romi Alfianto; Alphania Rahniayu; Indra Yuliati
Majalah Obstetri dan Ginekologi Vol. 26 No. 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.173 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.135-142

Abstract

Objectives: To report one malignant Brenner tumor (MBT) case in Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, that underwent therapy from August 2016 to August 2017.Case report: A woman aged 62 years underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salphingo-oophorectomy surgery with histopathologic results of malignant Brenner Tumor. From immunohistochemical examination the expression of p63 was positive. The patient had been treated with Paclitaxel carboplatin chemotherapy for 5-cycles, with the results of the last post-chemotherapy evaluation showing no recidive mass.Conclusion:There was only one case of malignant ovarian Brenner Tumor in Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, in 2014- 2016. The diagnosis can only be based on anatomic pathology examination. The specific tumor markers for malignant Brenner tumors have so far not been found.  
HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS INVASI MIOMETRIUM DENGAN EKSPRESI CLAUDIN-4 DAN MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE-2 PADA KARSINOMA ENDOMETRIOID ENDOMETRIUM Lestari, Neviana Fitri; Joewarini, Endang; Rahniayu, Alphania
Majalah Kesehatan FKUB Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Majalah Kesehatan
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (541.838 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.majalahkesehatan.006.01.2

Abstract

  Karsinoma endometrium merupakan keganasan terbanyak kelima pada organ reproduksi wanita dengan jenis subtipe terbanyak adalah tipe endometrioid. Salah satu parameter penentuan stadium adalah kedalaman invasi miometrium yang menentukan peningkatan agresifitas dan progresifitas tumor yang berhubungan dengan luas tindakan operasi. Protein claudin-4 dan matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) adalah protein penentu dalam invasi karsinoma. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap peran claudin-4 dan MMP-2 dalam invasi myometrium karsinoma endometrioid endometrium. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional menggunakan sampel 44 blok parafin sampel karsinoma endometrioid endometrium di RSUD Dr. Soetomo periode 1 Januari-31 Desember 2017. Sampel dibagi menjadi kelompok status invasi kurang dan lebih dari separuh tebal miometrium. Pulasan imununohistokimia menggunakan antibodi monoklonal claudin-4 dan MMP-2, ekspresi dinilai berdasarkan nilai scoring semikuantitatif. Hubungan berbagai variabel dianalisis menggunakan tes korelasi Spearman rho. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hubungan yang bermakna antara status invasi miometrium dengan ekspresi claudin-4 (p = 0,005). Tidak didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna antara status invasi miometrium dengan ekspresi MMP-2 (p = 0,549). Didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna antara ekspresi claudin-4 dengan ekspresi MMP-2 (p = 0,001). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah ekspresi claudin-4 berhubungan dengan status invasi miometrium karsinoma endometrioid endometrium, ekspresi MMP-2 tidak berhubungan dengan status invasi miometrium karsinoma endometrioid endometrium serta terdapat hubungan bermakna antara ekspresi claudin-4 dan MMP-2 pada karsinoma endometrioid endometrium.
KORELASI ANTARA STATUS METASTATIK KELENJAR GETAH BENING AKSILA DENGAN EKSPRESI CD44 DAN CXCR4 PADA KARSINOMA PAYUDARA Trianto, Heru Fajar; Joewarini, Endang; Rahniayu, Alphania
Majalah Kesehatan FKUB Vol 6, No 2 (2019): Majalah Kesehatan
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (620.673 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.majalahkesehatan.006.02.7

Abstract

Karsinoma payudara merupakan salah satu keganasan terbanyak yang menyerang wanita di dunia.  Salah satu faktor prognosis karsinoma payudara adalah metastasis pada  kelenjar getah bening aksila. CD44 merupakan protein transmembran dan penanda sel punca kanker yang memiliki pengaruh pada pertumbuhan tumor, metastasis, dan rekurensi. CXCR4 merupakan reseptor kemokin yang terekspresi pada beberapa sel tumor salah satunya karsinoma payudara. Penelitian ini bertujuan membuktikan adanya korelasi antara status metastatik kelenjar getah bening aksila dengan ekspresi CD44 dan CXCR4 pada karsinoma payudara. Sebanyak 46 sampel  blok parafin pasien karsinoma payudara diperoleh dari Instalasi Patologi Anatomik RSUD Dr.Soetomo Surabaya periode Januari- Desember 2017. Blok parafin dipotong dan dilakukan pulasan immunohistokimia dengan antibodi monoklonal CD44 dan CXCR4. Ekspresi CD44 dan CXCR4 dinilai menggunakan skor imunoreaktif (Immunoreactive score (IRS)). Hasil menunjukkan ekspresi CD44 dan CXCR lebih kuat pada karsinoma payudara dengan metastasis kelenjar getah bening aksila dibandingkan tanpa metastasis kelenjar getah bening aksila (p = 0,001 dan  p = 0,005). Terdapat korelasi positif yang signifikan antara status metastatik kelenjar getah bening aksila dengan ekspresi CD44 dan CXCR4 (p = 0,001 dan p = 0,004). Kesimpulannya adalah terdapat korelasi yang signifikan antara ekspresi CD44 dan CXCR4 dengan kejadian metastasis kelenjar getah bening pada karsinoma payudara. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa CD44 dan CXCR4  memiliki peran penting dalam kejadian metastasis kelenjar getah bening pada karsinoma payudara. 
EARLY DETECTION OF BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER OF THE RESIDENTS OF PROPPO PAMEKASAN DISTRICT Dyah Fauziah; Alphania Rahniayu; Nila Kurniasari; Anny Setijo Rahaju; Etty Hary Kusumastuti; Gondo Mastutik; I Ketut Sudiana
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Dalam Kesehatan Vol. 3 No. 1 (2021): APRIL 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jpmk.v3i1.21584

Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer and cervical cancer are common cancers in females. Both of these cancers can be detected early. Early detect vion can reduce cancer morbidity and mortality. The community outreach activities are required to increase knowledge about breast cancer and cervical cancer, in addition to screening as preventive efforts for these two cancers.Methods: The activity of raising knowledge about the prevention and early detection of breast cancer and cervical cancer was carried out through community counseling to 94 females who were members of the PKK and young females in the Kecamatan Proppo, Kabupaten Pamekasan. Pre and post tests were given before and after the community counseling. After the community counseling, 86 participants were screened for breast cancer by clinical palpation and 46 participants were screened for cervical cancer using the pap smear method.Results: The result of the post test showed a 27.53% increase in knowledge. The results of the pap smear examination on participants showed 96% concluded as Papanicolau Class II, 2% Class I, and 2% Class IV. The patient with class IV results was referred to an obstetrician.Conclusion: Community counseling about breast self examination (BSE) and Pap smear can increase people's knowledge about early detection of breast cancer and cervical cancer.
The Expression of E6 HPV, P53 and P16ink4a at Well, Moderately, and Poorly Differentiated Cervical Adenocarcinoma Gondo Mastutik; Alphania Rahniayu; Nila Kurniasari; Anny Setijo Rahaju; Rahmi Alia; Sjahjenny Mustokoweni
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol. 55 No. 4 (2019): December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v55i4.24468

Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyze the expression of E6 Humanpapilloma virus (HPV), p53, and p16INK4A in cervical adenocarcinoma grade well differentiated (WD), moderately differentiated (MD), and poorly differentiated (PD). A cross sectional study conducted at Department of Anatomic Pathology, Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital Surabaya Indonesia using formalin fix paraffin embedded (FFPE) from cervical normal and cervical adenocarcioma grade WD, MD, and PD. The expression of E6 HPV, p53, and p16INK4A was performed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. Data were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and continued with Mann-Withney test. The expression of E6 HPV in the cervical adenocarcinoma showed 35.9% specimens represented negative and 64.1% specimens represented positive. There was no significant difference in the expression of E6 HPV and p53 in cervical adenocarcinoma between grade WD, MD, and PD. The p16INK4A was overexpressed, shown as diffuse appearance in 89.7% of the specimens. There was a significant difference in the expression of p16INK4A between grade WD and MD with PD. In conclusion, some of cervical adecarcinoma were not caused by infection of HPV type 16 or 18 and the expression of p16INK4A might take a role in the developing of malignancy that caused by infection of HPV.
Distribution Genotype High Risk (HR) And Low Risk (LR) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) at Condyloma Acuminata Gondo Mastutik; Alphania Rahniayu; Dwi Murtiastutik; Afria Arista; Trisniartami Setyaningrum; Nabiha Missaoui; Suhartono Taat Putra
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): Biomolecular and Health Science Journal
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/bhsj.v4i1.26250

Abstract

Introduction: Condyloma acuminata that is also known as genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted that caused by infection of Human papillomavirus (HPV). Persistent infection of Low Risk (LR) or High risk (HR) HPV is a risk factor for progress into benign or malignant cancer. The objective is to analyze distribution of genotype LR-HPV and HR-HPV at condyloma acuminata in anogenital region. Methods: A cross sectional study using were 36 lesions from men and women of condyloma acuminata patients. All subject signed the informed consent and ethic obtained from our institution, number 382/Panke.KKE/V/2016. The specimen was used to histopathological examination and to identified 40 genotypes of HPV using a reverse line blot assay.Results: The All patients were diagnosed as condyloma acuminata, some with focus dysplasia and koilocytosis. All patients were positive for HPV, including LR-HPV were HPV 6, 11, 42, 54, 61, 81,87,89 and HR-HPV were HPV 18, 26, 45, 51, 52, 66, 67, 68B, 69, 82. The single infection of LR-HPV was 44.4%, multiple infection LR/LR-HPV was 13,9% and the multiple infection of LR/HR-HPV was 41.7%. The LR-HPV infected 70,6% and HR-HPV infected 29,4%.  Conclusion: LR-HPV is the major infection of condyloma acuminata, in single infection or multiple infection with HR-HPV. The most common infections were HPV 11, followed by HPV 6, HPV 18, HPV 51, and HPV 82. The determination of genotype of HPV can be used to predict the malignant transformation.
THE MUTATION STATUS OF KRAS GENE CODON 12 AND 13 IN COLORECTAL ADENOCARCINOMA (Status Mutasi Gen Kras Kodon 12 dan 13 di Adenocarcinoma Kolorektal) Gondo Mastutik; Alphania Rahniayu; Anny Setijo Rahaju; Nila Kurniasari; Reny I’tishom
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY AND MEDICAL LABORATORY Vol 23, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Association of Clinical Pathologist and Medical laboratory

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24293/ijcpml.v23i1.1177

Abstract

Kanker kolorektum merupakan salah satu kanker yang tersering di dunia. Target molekuler untuk pengobatan kanker kolorektumyaitu Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) dengan pemberian antibodi monoklonal anti-EGFR. Pemberian pengobatan ini tidakdapat memberikan efek dampak di pasien dengan status gen KRAS bentuk mutan, sehingga perlu dilakukan pemeriksaan status mutasigen KRAS. Telitian berupa deskriptif dengan pendekatan potong lintang yang bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data status mutasi genKRAS kodon 12 dan 13 di pasien adenocarcinoma colorectal. Deteksi mutasi KRAS dilakukan dengan teknik Polymerase Chain ReactionRestriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR RFLP) yang dikonfirmasi dengan sekuensing. Sampel telitian adalah 30 blok parafinyang diperoleh dari Rumah Sakit Dr.Soetomo Surabaya masa waktu Januari-Desember 2013. Setelah dilakukan ekstraksi DNA terdapat21 sampel yang dapat digunakan untuk pemeriksaan lanjutan. Hasil PCR RFLP menunjukkan terdapat 7/21 mutasi pada kodon12 dan tidak terdapat mutasi gen KRAS pada kodon 13. Mutasi pada kodon 12 yaitu GGT>GCT, GGT>GGA dan GGT>GAT yangmenyebabkan perubahan asam amino Gly12Ala, Gly12Gly dan Gly12Asp. Simpulan telitian ini adalah mutasi gen KRAS kodon 12 padaadenocarcinoma colorectal di Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetomo Surabaya sebanyak 33%.