Tjetjep Rohendi Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 38 Documents Claim Missing Document
Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 38 Documents
Search

CERAMICS ENCULTURATION OF ARTISANS’ COMMUNITY IN MAYONG LOR VILLAGE: ADAPTATION STRATEGIES IN THE PRESERVATION AND CONTINUATION OF LOCAL CULTURE CREATIVE POTENTIAL -, Triyanto; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Sumaryanto, Totok; Thohir, Mudjahirin
The Journal of Educational Development Vol 3 No 2 (2015): November 2015
Publisher : The Journal of Educational Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The facts showed that traditional ceramic arts are one of the local cultural heritages in which their existence is not easily maintained and continued because of competition with modern industrial products in market. The opposite condition occurs in Mayong Lor village that this local cultural heritage is still well maintained and developed from generation to generation for about six centuries in communities. Thus, a fundamental question arises why and how this phenomenon occurs. This study examines ceramics enculturation problems of crafters in Mayong Lor village communities, Jepara as the manifestation of adaptation strategies in the preservation and continuation of local culture creative potential. Two approaches used as the basis of assessment strategies. First, the theoretical approach was applied through the approach of culture, aesthetics, structural functionalism, adaptation, and education. Next, the methodological approach was used through anthropological research approach operated by using qualitative research method. The results show that the ceramics enculturation of artisans’ in Mayong Lor village communities naturally appear to function as a cultural mechanism of ceramics traditional activities in the environment of crafter families. This cultural mechanism is the form of informal education as the manifestation of adaptation strategies in maintaining and continuing creative potential of ceramics culture in the community, across generations since 15th to 21th century. The local culture stakeholders are recommended to adopt or adapt the findings of this study as a model in determining policies for the development of conservation programs and local culture potential in their respective regions.
YEN ING TAWANG ANA LINTANG: KASUS BENTUK MUSIK KERONCONG GROUP CONGROCK 17 DI SEMARANG Wuryanto, Lucky Rachmawati; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Tarwiyah, Tutik
Catharsis Vol 5 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Catharsis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Group Congrock 17 merupakan sebuah group musik yang mengembangkan musik keroncong menjadi sebuah karya musik kontemporer. Sejak tahun 1983, Congrock 17 telah melakukan inovasi-inovasi baru terhadap musik keroncong, yaitu dengan mengembangkan alat musik yang digunakan, harmonisasi atau progresi akord yang pastinya semua keluar dari pakemnya keroncong. Permasalah penelitian, yaitu: (1) bagiamana profil group Congrock 17 di Semarang?; (2) bagaimana bentuk musik keroncong Yen Ing Tawang Ana Lintang group Congrock 17 di Semarang? Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan kritik seni holistic. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan: wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi. Teknik analisis data ini diarahkan untuk: mendapatkan informasi secara menyeluruh tentang bentuk musik keroncong yang dikembangkan oleh group Congrock 17. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa: pengembangan musik keroncong yang dilakukan oleh Congrock 17 ini berhasil menghasilkan suatu permainan keroncong yang nge-beat dan dinamis, sehingga tidak monoton dan melodi lagu menjadi lebih variatif dengan rentangan nada atau range yang sangat luas. Dan Bentuk lagu Yen Ing Tawang adalah A-A’-B’A’. Group Congrock 17 telah melakukan pengembangan pada iringan musik langgam Yen Ing Tawang Ana Lintang, hal itu dapat dilihat dari melodi, sistem nada, interval, harmonisasi atau progresi akornya, dan motif asimetris. Musik keroncong memiliki potensi yang cukup besar untuk beradaptasi dengan dinamika zaman. Saran yang dikemukakan peneliti adalah hendak adanya suatu campur tangan dari pemerintah dalam mendukung segala kegiatan seniman keroncong (HAMKRI) sebagai bentuk kerjasama dalam melestarikan keroncong. Melakukan pembelajaran keroncong di sekolah sebagai bentuk pemahaman akan pelestarian keroncong kepada generasi muda.
Makna Simbolis dan Fungsi Tenun Songket Bermotif Naga pada Masyarakat Melayu di Palembang Sumatera Selatan Tahrir, Romas; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Iswidayati, Sri
Catharsis Vol 6 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Catharsis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/catharsis.v6i1.17020

Abstract

Tenun Songket Palembang Sumatera Selatan merupakan salah satu songket terbaik di Indonesia. Motif naga divisualkan kedalam tenun songket karena diyakini memiliki makna simbolis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) ingin mengetahui motif naga dijadikan unsur utama dalam kerajinan tenun songket (2) ingin menganalisis visualisasi naga dalam tenun songket, (3) ingin memahami makna simbolis dan fungsi tenun songket bermotif naga pada masyarakat Melayu di Palembang Sumatera Selatan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan metode kualitatif. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui, observasi, wawancara, dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data dan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa: Pertama, Tenun songket bermotif naga dijadikan sebagai motif utama karena motif tersebut yang pertama dibuat oleh Gede Munyang masa dulu (nenek moyang) sebelum adanya motif-motif tiga negeri dan kenanga dimakan ulat; Kedua, bentuk visual naga yang ada pada tenun songket merupakan visualisasi pengaruh naga Cina; Ketiga, makna simbolis tenun songket bermotif naga merupakan unsur kepercayaan masyarakat Sumatera Selatan yang terkandung pemahaman kehidupan dilihat dari makna unsur satu kesatuan dan merujuk pada tatanan dalam berkehidupan yang berisi pemahaman terhadap konsep pengharapan, kesucian, perlindungan, kemakmuran, jati diri, dan ajaran dalam ruang lingkup kehidupan sosial. Berkaitan dengan fungsinya, masyarakat Palembang menggunakan tenun songket bermotif naga dalam tradisi pernikahan. Weaving Songket Palembang South Sumatra is one of the best songket in Indonesia. Visualize them into a dragon motif on songket as it is believed to have symbolic significance. Problems examined in this study are: (1) want to know the dragon motif used as a key element in the craft of weaving songket (2) wants to analyze the visualization of a dragon in songket, (3) to understand the symbolic meaning and function of songket weaving patterned dragon on the Malay community in Palembang in South Sumatra. The method used qualitative methods. The data source is the people of Palembang in South Sumatra and patterned songket weaving dragon. Analysis technique used is data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. The research shows. First, patterned songket weaving dragon serve as the main motive for the first motif created by Gede Munyang first period (ancestor) before any other motives. Second, the visual form of the dragon that is in the weaving songket is a visualization of the influence of the Chinese dragon. Third, the symbolic meaning of the dragon patterned songket is an element of public confidence in South Sumatra. Contained in the understanding of the meaning of the elements of life seen a whole and refers to the order in life which provides an understanding of the concept of hope, purity, protection, prosperity, identity, and the teachings within the scope of social life. In connection with the public function Palembang songket weaving patterned using dragon in their marriage tradition.
Proses Kreasi Tari Alusu’ sebagai Tari Penyambutan di Kabupaten Bone Imran, Fitrya Ali; Cahyono, Agus; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi
Catharsis Vol 6 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Catharsis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/catharsis.v6i1.17033

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  menggambarkan proses kreasi sebagai tari penyambutan di Kabupaten Bone. Metode penelitian menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan studi dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data secara menyeluruh menggunakan prosedur analisis Miles dan Huberman yang dimulai dari pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data dan verifikasi data atau penarikan kesimpulan, untuk teknik analisis tari menggunakan prosedur Jannet Adshead yaitu Discerning dan Describing. Hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa proses kreasi dilakukan pada tahun 2005 oleh koreografer Abdul Muin, dan dibantu oleh Andi Youshand selaku budayawan dan Andi Mappasissi selaku pemangku adat dalam hal menemukan ide. Melalui proses kreasi yakni eksplorasi, improvisasi dan komposisi, tari Alusu’ terbentuk menjadi delapan ragam gerak di antaranya, Mappakaraja, Sere Alusu’, Sere Bibbi’, Sere Mangkok, Sere Massampeang, Sere Maloku, Sere batita, dan Pabbitte. Gerakan yang dihasilkan dengan karakter gaya gerak Abdul Muin sebagai penari Bissu, dan dipengaruhi oleh keadaan geografis Kabupaten Bone, sehingga menghasilkan gerak yang lebih dinamis. Di sisi lain, elemen pendukung tari Alusu’ seperti musik iringan, kostum, tata rias, properti, dan desain lantai disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan masyarakat saat ini. This study aims at describing creation process as a welcoming dance in Bone Subdistrict. This study is qualitative in nature. The data are collected through observations, interviews, and documentations study. The data analysis techniques apply Miles and Huberman’s procedures, starting from data collection; data reduction; data presentation; and data verification or drawing conclusion. Meanwhile, dance analysis techniques utilize Jannet Adshead’s ones which are discerning and describing. The results show that creation process was done in 2005 by Abdul Muin as the choreographer, collaborated with Andi Youshand as cultural observer and Andi Mappasissi as local custom leader in finding ideas. Through the creation process covering exploration, improvisation, and composition, Alusu’ dance was formed in eight moves that are Mappakaraja, Sere Alusu’, Sere Bibbi’, Sere Mangkok, Sere Massampeang, Sere Maloku, Sere batita, and Pabbitte. The moves are characterised by the style of Abdul Muin’s as Bissu dancer, also influenced by Bone’s geographical condition, which finally make those more dynamic. Besides, some other additional elements such as music, costume, make up, properties, and floor design are adjusted by current people’s need.
Extracurricular Learning of Dance with Local Wisdom Basis Muhammad, Fan Naa Na; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Hartono, Hartono
Catharsis Vol 6 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Catharsis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/catharsis.v6i2.19284

Abstract

Indonesia’s education system directs that the curriculum of every education level should insert local wisdom education, especially in arts subject. Every area in Indonesia has various performing arts. One of the arts in Kendal is Barongan dance which is able to be used as the learning source. This research aims to analyse the extracurricular learning process with local wisdom materials in SMA PGRI 1 Kendal. This research was a qualitative research. The technique of data collection consists of observation, interview, and documentation. The technique of data analysis used data reduction, data delivery, and data verification. The result of the research showed that the learning consisted of three stages, the beginning, main materials, and closing. The steps were in line to Gagne’s theory of learning phases motivation, introduction, acquisition, performance, and feedback. The beginning consisted of motivation and performance. The main part included the knowledge and the performance. Meanwhile, the closing dealt with the performance and feedback. The learning process also involved interaction. The learning of extracurricular in SMA PGRI 1 Kendal used local wisdom of Barongan with materials focusing on developing the arts. The formation of the dance consisted of lampah seblak, sembahan, jengkeng manggut,menthang tangan, and loncat jaran.
PATTERNS OF PUBLIC SPACES BASED ON ‘SPORT FOR ALL’ AND PEOPLE’S ADAPTATION PROCESS IN SEMARANG CITY Priyono, Bambang; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Soesilowati, Etty
The Journal of Educational Development Vol 5 No 1 (2017): February 2017
Publisher : The Journal of Educational Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jed.v5i1.12997

Abstract

As part of the culture, sport has a variety of forms and meaning that undergo changes from time to time and from society to society. This study is intended to describe the accessability of public spaces, the adaptation patterns of the use of public spaces by participants of ‘sport for all’, forms of interaction, communication and image of “sport for all”, and sociocultural factors that support “sport for all” within the car free day program in Simpang Lima Complex. A phenomenologic naturalistic approach by using a multi-site design was used. The subjects consisted of heads of Semarang City Services, and users of car free day activities. The data were collected by using observation, documents, and interviews.The results show that first, public spaces are external and accessible by all people and consist of parks, city square, roads, and sidewalks. Second, the users of “sport for all” adapt to the available spaces through car free day activities. Third, the symbols of interaction, communication and image of “sport for all” are similar including accessories, fashion and identities to visually demonstrate their community or group existence. Fourth, physical, social, ecologic, and economic aspects of the sociocultural factors support “sport for all”.
Background of the Creation of Heri Dono’s Wayang Legenda as a Basis of Developing Local Resource-Based Creativity Widiyastuti, Endang; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Florentinus, Totok Sumaryanto
The Journal of Educational Development Vol 6 No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jed.v6i2.22138

Abstract

The education of art and culture contributes to the development goals of the Indonesian nation in the form of collective art (integrated art) of the whole art. Concretely, traditional art form in Indonesia can be found in wayang art. Globalization and the development of ICT in the show world now have a negative impact on the lack of interest of the younger generation to recognize the performance of wayang art, especially Solo cultural city. The research on the background of the creation of the Heri Dono puppet legend involves the aspect of the idea (source of ideas) that underlies the artist in the wayang puppets' way of being a new wayang. This research uses qualitative-descriptive approach. The object of research is the process of making and events Wayang Legend show. Sources of research data are informants, places, events, and documentation. Data obtained through observation techniques, interviews, and content analysis to examine existing document study, purposive sampling, and snowball sampling. The validity of the data is tested by triangulation of sources and methods. Data were analyzed using interactive analysis technique.The background of the Wayang Puppet creation Heri Dono stood on the consciousness of presenting himself, turning to tradition, and beginning in the 1980s. Experiencing puppet characters is related to understanding puppet show stories. Heri Dono reaffirms his belief that art is not separated from culture. Underlying his art making, he feels the need to develop the sensitivity to listen to the sounds and music, the sensitivity to motion and the sensitivity of telling. Heri Dono created two series of Legend Puppet: in 1988 "Si Tungkot Tunggal Panaluan" based on the legend of Batak society of North Sumatra and in 1992 "Momotaro" which raised the legend of Japanese society. The Legend Wayang Series uses vernacular as a medium for the disclosure of contemporary art; universal language is used to build communication within the sphere of the modern world, which incorporates the image of cartoons and comics.
Visual Forms and Famininity Values of Wayang Golek Purwo Typical of Kuningan West Java Hadijah, Ijah; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi; Iswidayati, Sri
The Journal of Educational Development Vol 6 No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jed.v6i2.22139

Abstract

Visual signs as a symbol and philosophical value of femininity in wayang golek purwa at this time is less understood by some Pasundan people in Kuningan regency of West Java due to the strong influence of modernization. The problems in this research is how the visual form and femininity values ​​in wayang golek purwa typical of West Java Kuningan.This study aimed at explaining the visual form and the femininity values of wayang golek Purwa typical of West Java. This research utilized a descriptive method with socio-cultural approach based on post-positivism philosophy in the semiotics theory of Roland Barthes and Ferdinand De Saussure. The findings of this research is that the visual form of female characters in wayang golek purwa typical of West Java Kuningan is a denotative sign embodiment that retains the existing visual patterns of the puppet way puppet purwa. Meanwhile, the connotative values signifies that the existing wayang golek purwa typical of Kuningan West Java gives an illustration of the noble values ​​contained in the female characters of the puppet, that is the value of wisdom, holiness, manners, and feminism.
Integrating Parent’s Contribution into Music Class to Achieve Learning Purpose of Musical Expression Haryono, Slamet; Ganap, Victorius; Sumaryanto, Totok; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi
Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education Vol 18, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Department of Drama, Dance and Music, FBS, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/harmonia.v18i1.12288

Abstract

Qualitative research has been carried out with the aim of exploring synergy between parents and school in elementary school music education in an urban area. The focus of the research is the synergy pattern of parents and school related to students’ music education. In order to derive the findings, one major attention of the research is parent’s contribution integrated into music class to gain a successful learning goal of musical expression. This paper discusses characteristic of the contribution processes in supporting the successful of music learning related to education components of learning material, facility and supporting the budget, with the topic of playing an ensemble of a particular music instrument. The school’s samples chosen were those which are located in a particular urban area in Central Java. The data were gathered using observation, interview and documentation methods and analyzed descriptively. Based on the data analysis, it was concluded that parent’s contribution is an important element for attaining a qualified students’ achievement of musical expression. It is integrated into learning sessions fulfilling the criteria stated in the used curriculum implemented by the teacher, by three major ways, those are communication, collaboration and cooperation. This becomes a significant reason for its integration into elementary school music instruction to achieve the expected students’ competence.
The Development of Ornamental Variety of Songko’ Pamiring as a Response to Market Demand Alimuddin, Alimuddin; Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi
The Journal of Educational Development Vol 6 No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jed.v6i3.25082

Abstract

Ornamentation on Songko’ Pamiring, as headgear equipment in the Bugis tradition, develops according to the demands of the times. Functionally, Songko' Pamiring is still used as a customary tool but has undergone changes especially in the form of its ornamentation. This study aims to study the design of songkok as an applied visual product that focuses on the ornamental variety of songko' pamiring made by traditional craftsmen who live in Paccing Village, Bone Regency. The study was carried out using qualitative research methods, and interdisciplinary approaches. The results show that there have been changes of orientation in making songko' pamiring. The changes include (1) the form, type, and symbolic meaning of songko' pamiring ornamentation, (2) the weaving techniques using additional media, and (3) the ornamental motifs that have become increasingly simple. In general, these changes are due to changes in orientation in working to meet market demand.