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Variasi Leksikal Bahasa Bali Dialek Kuta Selatan Maharani, Putu Devi; Candra, Komang Dian Puspita
Mudra Jurnal Seni Budaya Vol. 33 No. 1 (2018): Februari
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Denpasar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31091/mudra.v33i1.196

Abstract

Bahasa daerah merupakan kekayaan budaya yang perlu dilestarikan. Bahasa Bali menjadi salah satu bahasa daerah di Indonesia yang sangat kaya dengan kosakata. Untuk menyebutkan satu entitas seringkali kita temui berbagai variasi penyebutannya di masyarakat yang tinggal pada wilayah yang berbeda di Bali padahal mereka menggunakan bahasa yang sama yaitu bahasa Bali. Variasi penyebutan suatu entitas ini terkadang menjadi sesuatu yang terdengar aneh atau kurang dimengerti oleh penutur bahasa Bali yang berasal dari daerah yang berbeda namun menjadi ciri dan identitas daerah mereka yang dapat menghasilkan atmosfer kekeluargaan dan keakraban saat dipergunakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan variasi leksikal bahasa Bali di daerah Kuta bagian Selatan khususnya daerah Ungasan, Jimbaran dan Kedonganan yang saat ini menjadi salah satu tempat tujuan wisata di Bali serta untuk memetakan bagaimana perkembangan variasi pilihan kata masyarakat lokal daerah tersebut setelah banyaknya interaksi dengan wisatawan asing dan lokal yang datang ke daerah Kuta bagian Selatan ini, sehingga rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah a) Bagaimana penggunaan variasi leksikal bahasa Bali di daerah Jimbaran, Ungasan dan Kedonganan dan b) Pada kelas kata apa  saja variasi leksikal yang terjadi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode simak dengan teknik sadap, teknik libat cakap, teknik bebas libat cakap, teknik rekam dan teknik catat serta metode cakap dengan teknik pancing yang menjadi acuan dalam menemukan tujuan penelitian. Dari hasil analisis tiga dialek bahasa Bali daerah Kuta bagian Selatan ini, ditemukan beberapa variasi leksikal dalam kelas kata pronominal, nomina, kata sifat, kata kerja dan kata keterangan. Kemunculan variasi leksikal untuk kelas kata nomina muncul paling dominan. Pada dialek Jimbaran dan Kedonganan banyak ditemukan penggunaan leksikal yang sama. Pada dialek Ungasan ditemukan lebih banyak perbedaan leksikal yang digunakan untuk merujuk suatu yang sama.Language describes the culture of local society because in the culture activity, the community has not off from the language as a tool of interaction. Balinese language is a traditional language spoken by the local people of Bali. Differences or variations in the use of Balinese language can be observed in each district at the level of sound, morphological, syntactic and lexical. The variation in Balinese language raises particular dialect in each region. This aims of this study is to find out the lexical variations in the three different area those are Jimbaran, Kedonganan and Unggasan. The method of collecting the data in this research are close observation method with refers to the technique of tapping, face-to-face interview technique, eave-dropping technique, recording and note-taking technique. Generally found there are some lexical variations found in these three areas used to mention the same things. The lexical variation found are in class of pronoun, noun, verb, adjective, and adverbial. The dominant variation is noun. In Jimbaran and Kedonganan has a similarity in lexical choice. Unggasan has many differences than the other areas because the location of this village is in highlands position.
Balinese Arts And Culture As Tourism Commodity In Bali Tourism Promotion Videos Pratiwi, Desak Putu Eka; Ayomi, Putu Nur; Candra, Komang Dian Puspita
Mudra Jurnal Seni Budaya Vol. 32 No. 3 (2017): September
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Denpasar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31091/mudra.v32i3.178

Abstract

Tourism industry in Bali has increased significantly since 1970’s.  It is supported not only by its stunning nature of Bali but also its fascinating arts and culture. Bali has incredible arts, vibrant culture and unique traditions which have been very famous all over the world.  Many people especially foreigners want to see Balinese’s artistic artworks and experience their culture.   It motives them to travel to the island which also well known as the island of paradise.  Culture has a compelling role in tourism functioning as an internationally promoted commodity, a role that has often been the subject of disputes among academics. Some people consider that the changing of culture become tourist attractions will cause the loss of culture’s authenticity through modification.  Many scholars say that cultures that are performed as tourist attraction will lose its originality to adjust the tourist demand. This study aims at analyzing how Balinese arts and culture are packaged as tourism commodity in Bali tourism promotion videos which internationally published by Bali tourism board. The data were collected through observation method and note taking technique. The data were analyzed by using levels of product theory by Kotler and Armstrong (2008). The findings and discussions were presented through formal and informal methods. Our findings show that Bali tourism promotion videos consist of four dimensions: (1) essence of product, (2) real product, (3) processed real product and (4) additional product, as described in the discussion.Industri pariwisata di Bali terus meningkat sejak tahun 1970. Hal ini didukung tidak hanya oleh keindahan alam pulau Bali tetapi juga seni dan budaya Bali yang begitu memukau. Bali memiliki kekayaan seni yang menakjubkan, budaya yang dinamis dan berbagai tradisi unik yang begitu terkenal di seluruh dunia. Banyak orang, khusunya orang asing, yang ingin melihat karya seni Bali yang artistik dan mengalami sendiri budaya masyarakat Bali. Hal tersebut mendorong mereka untuk berwisata ke pulau Bali yang juga dikenal sebagai pulau surga. Budaya memiliki memiliki peran yang kuat dalam dunia pariwisata yang berfungsi sebagai alat promosi secara internasional, sebuah peran yang sering menjadi bahan perdebatan para ahli. Beberapa ahli berpikir bahwa dengan berubahnya fungsi budaya sebagai atraksi wisata dapat mengakibatkan hilangnya keaslian atau originalitasnya karena mengalami modifikasi untuk menyesuaikan dengan kebutuhan wisatawan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis bagaimana seni dan budaya Bali dikemas sebagai komoditas pariwisata dalam video promosi pariwisata Bali yang telah dipublikasikan secara internasional oleh Dinas Pariwisata Bali. Data dikumpulkan dengan metode observasi dan kemudian dianalisis menggunakan teori dari Kotler and Armstrong (2008). Temuan dan pembahasan dipaparkan dengan metode formal dan informal. Seara umum temuan kami menunjukkan bahwa video pariwisata Bali terdiri dari empat dimensi, yaitu: (1) essence of product, (2) real product, (3) processed real product and (4) additional product, yang dijelaskan dalam sub bab pembahasan.
THE APPLICATION OF PICTURES AND PEER ASSESSMENT FOR TEACHING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT IN WRITING CLASS Komang Dian Puspita Candra
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 3 No. 2 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.3.2.342.271-280

Abstract

English has four basic language skills those are listening, writing, reading and speaking. Teaching English at Junior high school is based on the school based curriculum. In competence based curriculum, students should be able to produce written texts based on certain genres, and one of them is descriptive text. Based on the observation, the ability of students in seventh grade of SMP Pemecutan Denpasar, in making descriptive text is lower than the other genres. Students feel bored in writing class and get stuck in describing something. Because of these difficulties, some efforts have been done to solve the problems. One of them is by teaching writing especially for descriptive text by using pictures and combined it with peer assessment. This study is intended to improve the ability of seventh grade students of SMP Pemecutan Denpasar in writing descriptive text. This study was designed in the form of classroom action research to 17 students that consists of two cycles and involving four steps in each cycle namely planning, action, observation and reflection. In order to collect the data, three instruments were used those are test, observation and questioner. The data were analyzed qualitative and quantitative based on rubric proposed by Brown (1994) and Nurgiyantoro (2010). The data analyses were presented in the table and chart as well as also in descriptive narrative sentences. The result of this study showed that the implementing of pictures and peer assessment could improve the ability of students in writing descriptive text. It can be seen from the mean score of students was 58 in pretest and after conducting the treatment in the first cycle the student’s mean score improved to 71 and become 77 in second cycle. There are 5 students (29,41%) who passed the KKM in pre test and there is a significant increasing in first cycle becomes 12 students (70,58%) and all students (100%) passed the KKM in second cycle. It can be inferred that the combination of pictures and peer assessment was very effective helping the students in writing a descriptive text and build their motivation in writing class.
VARIASI BAHASA BALI DIALEK KUTA SELATAN (KAJIAN SOSIODIALEKTOLOGI) System, Administrator; Devi Maharani, Putu; Dian Puspita Candra, Komang
Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 9 No 2 (2017): Sphota
Publisher : Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.721 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT Balinese language is a traditional language spoken by the local people of Bali. In use, there are variations that have specific characteristics in each region. Differences or variations in the use of Balinese language can be observed in each district at the level of sound, morphological, syntactic and lexical. The variation in Balinese language raises particular dialect in each region. Accordingly, this study specifically addresses the lexical and sounds or phonological variation contained in the dialect of Balinese Language, specifically in the area of Jimbaran, Kedonganan and Unggasan and also found the factors contributing those variations happened. Sociolinguistics, Dialectology and Phonology Generative approaches were applied in the analysis of this research.The method of collecting the data in this research are close observation method with refers to the technique of tapping, face-to-face interview technique, eave-dropping technique, recording and note-taking technique.Generally found there are some lexical variation found in these three areas used to mention the same things. The lexical variation found are in class of pronoun, noun, verb, adjective, and adverbial. In phonological variation found there are 7 variations in Jimbaran, 5 variations in Kedonganan, and 7 variations in Ungasan. Those phonological variations also analyzed phonological rules to find out in what environment some sound of morpheme will change in each dialect.
STRUKTUR SEMANTIK VERBA DAN NOMINA PADA KOSAKATA TARI BALI System, Administrator; -, Putu Devi Maharani; -, Komang Dian Puspita Candra
Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 8 No 1 (2016): Sphota
Publisher : Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.555 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT   This study is focused on investigating the Balinese dance lexicon, especially for the verbs and nouns, based on Natural Semantic Metalanguage. This study is a qualitative research design. The data was collected through observation, interviews, and note taking. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. For the analysis, semantic primes of natural Semantic Metalanguage theory are applied. The data analysis based on the following data classification, semantic structure analysis and components mapping to find out meaning configuration. The research result shows that semantic primes are very helpful and powerful to describe unwell-known lexicon in specific genre of language use in some lexicon in Balinese dance, especially in verb and noun. . Keywords: Natural Semantic Metalanguage, verb, noun, Balinese dancing, lexicon
Ngaba and makta of balinese action verbs, how to map their meanings? Sudipa, I Nengah; Kusuma, I Nyoman Weda; Sudipa, Made Henra Dwikarmawan; Candra, Komang Dian Puspita
International journal of social sciences and humanities Vol. 3 No. 3 (2019): December
Publisher : Universidad Tecnica de Manabi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (743.658 KB) | DOI: 10.29332/ijssh.v3n3.349

Abstract

The parts of the body is the most common location for the activity having notion to bring represented by verbs in Balinese Language. This article aims to map the meaning of the action verbs having to bring notion, represented by ngaba and makta. The oral data was collected from key-informen residing in two regencies in Bali, namely Klungkung and Karangasem. The written data are from the newspaper called Bali Orti published from March-May 2019. The method of collecting the spoken data was interviewing the key-informen in both regencies, however the written one was by observation and note-taking. Metalanguage applied to analyze the collected data, showed that there are two features found for the meaning of the action verbs to bring, namely generic and specific. The generic feature is represented by ngaba or makta mapped by ‘someone brings something in any parts of one’s body’, the specific one is characterized by the special location where the action to bring happens, e.g. nyuun ‘the activity of to bring happens on one’s head, negen ’bring something on one’s shoulder’, etc. Almost nearly all the specific data features the one’s part of body as the place of the action.
PEMAKNAAN TINDAK TUTUR DIREKTIF GURU PENUTUR ASLI DAN NON PENUTUR ASLI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS Putri, I Gusti Ayu Vina Widiadnya; Dian Puspita Candra, Komang; Devi Maharani Santika, I Dewa Ayu
Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 11 No 2 (2019): Sphota
Publisher : Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.171 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to describe the meaning of the directive illocutionary speech acts used by Native Speakers and Non-Native Speakers in teaching English at the Denpasar Children Center School. The data sources of this study are the utterance of native speaker and non-native speaker. Data obtained by using observation method with uninvolved conversation observation technique and record techniques. Data containing illocutionary speech acts then analyzed descriptively qualitatively based on theories of speech act proposed by Searle (1969) and Leech (1974) about meaning. The results showed that the directive speech acts used by native speakers and non-native speakers were requirements, requestives, questions, prohibitive, permissives and advisories. The meanings of directive speech acts spoken by native speakers and non-native speakers are analyzed from the context of the conversation. The meaning of speech acts for the native speaker tends to be connotative and sometimes contains affective meaning. Whereas the meaning of speech acts of non-native speaker tend to use a combination of connotative, denotative, and affective meanings.
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PICTURE SERIES AS AN ALTERNATIVE MEDIA FOR TEACHING PAST TENSE IN SPEAKING CLASS System, Administrator; -, Komang Dian Puspita Candra
Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 6 No 2 (2014): Sphota
Publisher : Sphota : Jurnal Linguistik dan Sastra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (371.841 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT   The purposes of this research is to find out if there is a significant difference between speaking ability of the second semester?s students in class C of STIBA Saraswati Denpasar, taught by and without picture series as an alternative media for teaching past tense in speaking class. This study was designed in the form of classroom action research to 27 students that consists of one cycle and involving four steps in it namely planning, action, observation and reflection. In order to collect the data, three instruments were used those are test, observation and questioner. The data were analyzed qualitative and quantitative based on theory proposed by Brown (2001) and Nurgiyantoro (2010). The data analyses were presented in the table and chart as well as also in descriptive narrative sentences. The result of the quantitative and qualitative data showed that the use of this media could improve the ability of students in learning simple past tense. It could be seen from the process and product result. Talking about the process, the participation of students in the class was increased. The product result have different class mean from pre test 68,18 becomes 83,88 in the first cycle. There are 17 students (62,96%) who passed the indicator remark for speaking assesment in pre test and there is a significant increasing in first cycle becomes 26 students (96,29%).   Key words: speaking, picture series, media, past tense, teaching, learning
Pelatihan Public Speaking Bagi Pemandu Wisata di Bali I Gusti Ayu Vina Widiadnya Putri; I Dewa Ayu Devi Maharani Santika; Komang Dian Puspita Candra
WIDYABHAKTI Jurnal Ilmiah Populer Vol. 2 No. 1 (2019): Nopember
Publisher : STIKOM Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.451 KB)

Abstract

Pengabdian masyarakat ini dilakukan di Desa Guwang, Kecamatan Sukawati, Kabupaten Gianyar. Dari hasil analisis situasi dan permasalahan yang dihadapi mitra, tim pengabdi memberi solusi guna memperbesar kesempatan bagi para komunitas pemandu wisata freelance di daerah sasaran untuk meningkatkan kompetensi dalam berkomunikasi di depan umum. Solusi yang ditawarkan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan mitra dalam berbicara di depan umum adalah dengan pelatihan public speaking. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah: (1) Respon positif dan antusias dari peserta pelatihan, (2) Meningkatnya kemampuan dalam melakukan komunikasi di depan umum sebagai pemandu wisata, (3) Meningkatknya rasa percaya diri dan bersedia mengambil resiko dalam berpartisipasi kepada wisatawan. (4) Meningkatnya kosakata, tatabahasa, pengucapan dan pelafalan. (5) Bertambahnya kemampuan peserta pelatihan dalam berkomunikasi secara lisan baik secara individu/monolog maupun secara berpasangan (6) Meningkatkanya kemampuan peserta pelatihan dalam berkomunikasi dengan mitra tutur dalam situasi yang dinamis dan menyenangkan/ tidak membosankan. (7) Tersedianya media belajar yang menyenangkan
Pelatihan Bahasa Inggris Untuk Kelompok Pemahat Patung Kayu Di Desa Batubulan I Gusti Ayu Vina Widiadnya Putri; Komang Dian Puspita Candra
WIDYABHAKTI Jurnal Ilmiah Populer Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018): Nopember
Publisher : STIKOM Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.366 KB)

Abstract

Gianyar merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Bali yang menjadi pusatnya kesenian Salah satu desa di Kabupaten Gianyar yaitu desa Batubulan, terkenal dengan desa produksi seni patung kayu, namun kemampuan ini tidak dapat digunakan secara maksimal karena tidak didukung oleh kemampuan berkomunikasi Bahasa Inggris yang baik. Melihat fenomena tersebut, kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini menyasar kelompok pemahat patung kayu di desa Batu Bulan Gianyar dengan memberikan pelatihan bahasa Inggris. Pelatihan dilakukan selama delapan kali pertemuan. Materi ajar yang diberikan adalah memberikan saran, memberikan pujian, mendeskripsikan benda (patung), memberikan penawaran. Materi ajar yang telah disusun kemudian diaplikasikan dalam kegiatan pealtihan bahasa dan untuk megetahui keefektivannya dilakukan evaluasi di akhir pelatihan. Hasil evaluasi peserta pelatihan sangat baik karena peserta mampu meraih nilai dengan nilai rata-rata 87. Metode pengajaran yang tepat merupakan salah satu tolak ukur dalam memotivasi peserta pelatihan untuk mengikuti kegiatan pelatihan bahasa Inggris yang dilaksanakan. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah direct Method yang dikombinasikan dengan drill.