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RANCANG BANGUN TRAINER WATER LEVEL TANK BERBASIS PLC OMRON CP1H-X40DRA DWI KURNIAWAN, WAHYU; RIZAL, MUHAMMAD
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin

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Abstract

Kemajuan dibidang teknologi informasi pada saat ini telah berkembang sangat pesat. Setiap harinya muncul teknologi - teknologi baru dibidang teknologi informasi yang sangat membantu, baik itu pada dunia industri maupun rumah tangga. Berbagai macam peralatan dengan sistem pengoperasian secara manual semakin ditinggalkan beralih pada peralatan yang serba otomatis, sehingga peralatan otomatis lebih mendominasi dalam kehidupan manusia. Trainer Water Level Tank Secara Otomatis Pada Bak Penampungan Air Mengunakan Sensor WLC Electrode Berbasis PLC OMRON CP1H-X40DRA didesain dengan operasional yang sederhana sehingga mudah pengoperasiannya. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mendesain trainer water level tank, menganalisa tegangan pada rangka trainer water level tank, merencanakan kebutuhan pompa air yang dibutuhkan trainer water level tank, dan untuk mengetahui performa trainer water level tank. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu menggunakan teknik studi literatur dan pengukuran, yaitu mencari kekurangan alat water level tank otomatis yang masih menggunakan saklar pelampung mekanis dan mengukur tiap-tiap variabel penelitian pada water level tank otomatis menggunakan sensor WLC Electrode. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pembahasan maka kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini yaitu dimensi rangka trainer berukuran 785 x 454 x 520 mm dan bahan yang digunakan adalah besi siku, tandon air masing masing berukuran 300 x 300 x 505 mm dan 450 x 450 x 225 mm, controller yang digunakan yaitu PLC Omron CP1H-X40DRA, pada tiap titik lasan menerima tekanan sebesar 8,475 psi, dan pompa air yang digunakan yaitu merk RESUN model SP-2500, dengan : V= 220 VAc, P= 18 Watt, Hmax= 1,5 M, Q= 1400 L/H. Kata kunci : Water Level Tank, PLC OMRON CP1H-X40DRA, sensor air (elektroda)
KONTRIBUSI KEKUATAN OTOT BAHU, KEKUATAN OTOT LENGAN, KEKUATAN OTOT PERUT, DAN KONSENTRASI TERHADAP KETEPATAN TEMBAKAN PEMANAH JARAK 50 METER RONDE RECURVE JATMIKO, TUTUR; RIZAL, MUHAMMAD
Jurnal Prestasi Olahraga Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Prestasi Olahraga

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Abstract

ABSTRAKCabang olahraga panahan bisa dilakukan perorangan maupun sendiri menggunakan anak panah,busur, dan sebuah target untuk sasaran dalam memanah. Tetapi dalam prosesnya cabang olahraga panahan untuk mencetak score tinggi tersebut tidaklah menjadi hal yang mudah, banyak beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi yaitu kekuatan dan konsentrasi yang tinggi. Untuk mendapatkan hasil melepaskan anak panah tepat pada titik target face dibutuhkan beberapa komponen kondisi fisik seperti: kekuatan otot bahu, kekuatan otot lengan, kekuatan otot perut, dan konsentrasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui; kontribusi kekuatan otot bahu, kekuatan otot lengan, kekuatan otot perut, dan konsentrasi terhadap ketepatan memanah jarak 50 meter pada ronde recurve baik secara individual maupun secara serentak (bersama-sama). Sasaran penelitian ini adalah atlet klub panahan Surabaya sebanyak 10 atlet. Metode dalam analisa ini menggunakan metode statistik korelasional, sedangkan proses pengambilan data dilakukan dengan melakukan tes kekuatan otot bahu (expanding dynamometer test), kekuatan otot lengan (push-up test), kekuatan otot perut (sit-up test), dan konsentrasi (excercise grid concentration test). Kesimpulan: 1). Variabel kekuatan otot bahu (X1) memberikan kontribusi sebesar 3,42%. 2). Variabel kekuatan otot lengan (X2) memberikan kontribusi sebesar 4,33%. 3). Variabel kekuatan otot perut (X3) hanya memberikan kontribusi sebesar 12,64%. 4). Variabel konsentrasi (X4) hanya memberikan kontribusi sebesar 1,14%. 5). Keempat variabel secara bersama-sama memberikan kontibusi sebesar 21,53% terhadap ketepatan memanah (Y). Masing ? masing variabel tidak memiliki kontribusi yang signifikan dan secara keseluruhan juga tidak terdapat kontribusi signifikan, jadi tidak dapat digeneralisasikan ke dalam populasi. Kata Kunci : Kekuatan Otot Bahu, Kekuatan Otot Lengan, Kekuatan Otot Perut, Konsentrasi, dan Ketepatan Memanah Jarak 50 meter pada Ronde Recurve.
Utilization of Epididymal Sperm in Reproductive Technology Rizal, Muhammad; ., Nasrullah
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (767.619 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v14i1.812

Abstract

Cauda epididymal sperm could be used as an alternative of male gamete source for application in reproductive technology, because the sperm is motile and has ability for fertilizing oocyte. This sperm could be collected from life or death animal, then it might be processed for chilling or freezing. Epididymis from death animal could also be preserved at 5°C for several days before collecting and processing. Cauda epididymal sperm which has motility more than 40% can be applied for artificial insemination (AI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) programs. Key words: Cauda epididymal spermatozoa, Al, IVF
The Role of Antioxidant for Improving The Quality of Frozen Semen Rizal, Muhammad; ., Herdis
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 20, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.838 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v20i3.937

Abstract

The quality of frozen semen will be reduced if high oxidative metabolism activity in semen occurs, due to the formation of free radical compounds causing lipid peroxidation reaction on sperm plasma membrane. Lipid peroxidation occurs due to the exposure of semen to the oxygen during handling. Lipid peroxidation can be prevented by the addition of antioxidant compounds such as vitamin C, vitamin E, glutathione, and b-carotene, in the semen extender. Results of some researches showed that the addition of various antioxidans in extender can improve the quality of frozen semen of various animals. Key words: Antioxidant, free radical, lipid peroxidation, frozen semen
Viability of Bali bull epididymal spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC in Tris extender with different lactose concentrations Rizal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.24 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i2.355

Abstract

Cauda epididymal spermatozoa could be used as an alternative source of gamete in the application of various reproductive technologies, because the spermatozoa is motile and has ability for fertilizing the oocyte. The objective of this research was to examine the effectivity of lactose in maintaining viability of Bali bull epididymal spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC. Five testis with epididymides of Bali bulls were obtained from slaughterhouse. Epididymal spermatozoa was collected by the combination of slicing, flushing and tissues pressure of cauda epididymides with physiological saline (0.9% NaCl). Collected-spermatozoa was divided in equal volume into three tubes and diluted with Tris extender containing 20% egg yolk (control), Tris extender + 0.3 g lactose/100 ml (L0.3), and Tris extender + 0.6 g lactose/100 ml (L0.6), respectively. Diluted-spermatozoa was stored in refrigerator at 3–5oC. Quality of diluted-spermatozoa including percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS), live spermatozoa (LS), and intact plasma membrane (IPM) were evaluated every day during storage at 3–5oC for six days. Data were analyzed using completely randomized design with three treatments and five replications. Results of this study showed that mean spermatozoa concentration, percentage of MS, percentage of LS, percentage of abnormal spermatozoa, percentage of cytoplasmic droplet, and percentage of IPM of Bali bull fresh epididymal spermatozoa were 11,222.5 million cell/ml, 75, 86.75, 10.5, 14, and 86.75%, respectively. At day-7 storage, percentages of MS, LS, and IPM for L0.3 (39, 50.6, and 51.6%) and L0.6 (39, 51.4, and 51.8%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than control (29, 41.8, and 42.4%). In conclusion, addition of lactose in Tris extender extended viability of Bali bull epididymal spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC. Key Words: Lactose, Preservation, Epididymal Spermatozoa, Bali Bull
Quality of Garut ram frozen semen in various glycerol concentrations Situmorang, P; Purwantara, B; Yusuf, T.L; Toelihere, M.R; Rizal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 7, No 3 (2002)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.127 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v7i3.294

Abstract

Semen was collected once a week using artificial vagina from four mature Garut rams. Immediately after initial evaluation, semen was divided into three parts and diluted with tris extender containing 3% (G3), 5% (G5), and 7% (G7) glycerol, respectively, each with the concentration of 100 million motile sperm 0.25 ml-1. Semen was loaded in 0.25 ml mini straws, and equilibrated at 50C for three hours, then frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen container. Results indicated that percentages of post thawing motility and live sperm for G5 (40 and 50.50%) were significantly higher than G3 (32.50 and 45.33%) (P<0.05), but not significantly different with G7 (39.17 and 47.67%) (P>0.05). Percentages of post thawing intact acrosomal and plasma membrane for G5 (42.67 and 43.17%) were significantly higher than G3 (36.17 and 38.17%) (P<0.05), but not significantly different with G7 (38 and 39.83%) (P>0.05). In conclusion, concentration of 5% glycerol is the optimal dose in maintaining frozen semen quality of Garut rams.   Key words: Glycerol concentrations, frozen semen, Garut ram
Characteristics of reproductive performance of Garut rams Purwantara, B; Yusuf, T.L; Toelihere, M.R; Rizal, Muhammad; Situmorang, P
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.46 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.383

Abstract

Basic information on reproductive potency of Garut rams is necessary in order to identify the capacity of rams in producing chilled or frozen semen. Eight Garut rams (three to five years old) were used in this study. The male sexual behaviors were observed and semen was collected once a week using artificial vagina. Semen quality was evaluated and its potency to produce frozen semen was calculated. Results of this study indicated that first, second, and third ejaculations were at the 29, 87 and 176th seconds, respectively. Fresh semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, intact acrosomal cap, and intact plasma membrane were 0.99 ml, 3224 million/ml; 76.67; 86.13 and 87.73%, respectively. Protein value, fructose, vitamin C, vitamin E, sodiu, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphor, chloride, and mangan in seminal plasma of fresh semen were 4140, 180, 3.2, 24, 180, 117, 9, 6.12, 60, 104, and 5 mg/ml, respectively. Measurement of head length, width, and length of sperm tail were 6.59, 3.99, and 42.65 μm, respectively. Length and width measurement of right and left testes, and scrotal circumference were 12.71, 6.5, and 32.36 cm, respectively. Capacity of each Garut rams to produce frozen semen from three consecutive ejaculations are 35.88 mini straw with the cencentration of 200 million motile sperm per 0.25 ml.   Key words: Reproductive characteristics, Garut rams  
Role of various sugars in improving frozen semen quality of Garut ram Rizal, Muhammad; ., Herdis; Boediono, Arief; Aku, Achmad Selamet; ., Yulnawati
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.223 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i2.516

Abstract

Ram spermatozoa are sensitive to extreme changes in temperature during the freeze-thawed process. The present study was conducted to examine the effects of addition of various sugars in Tris extender on sperm cryosurvival of Garut ram. Semen was collected using an artificial vagina from three mature rams once a week. Immediately after initial evaluation, semen was divided into five parts and diluted with Tris extender (control), Tris extender + 0.4% dextrose, Tris extender + 0.4% raffinose, Tris extender + 0.4% trehalose, and Tris extender + 0.4% sucrose, respectively. Semen was loaded in to 0.25 ml mini straw with the concentration of 200 million or 800 million motile spermatozoa per ml. Semen was equilibrated at 5oC for three hours, then frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen for seven days. Quality of processed-semen including percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS), live spermatozoa (LS), intact acrosome cap (IAC), and intact plasma membrane (IPM) were evaluated after dilution, equilibration, and thawing, respectively. Data were analyzed using completely randomized design with five treatments and six replicates. Means were compared significant difference test at 0.05 significant level. Results of this research showed that there was no significantly difference (P>0.05) between treatments for all sperm quality parameters after dilution and equilibration. Mean percentages of post thawing MS, LS, IAC, and IPM for dextrose (54.00; 68.00; 66.60, and 57.83%), raffinose (50.00; 64.33; 61.80, and 61.75%), trehalose (50.83; 65.67; 61.40 and 57.75%), and sucrose (49.00; 66.80; 58.50 and 58.50%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than control (40.83; 52.67; 54.60, and 49.40%) respectively. In conclusion, addition of 0.4% dextrose, raffinose, trehalose or sucrose in Tris extender are effective in improving frozen semen quality of Garut ram. Key Words: Sugars, Tris extender, Frozen Semen Quality, Garut Ram
Role of seminal plasma in maintaining quality of ram epididymal spermatozoa preserved at low temperature (3–5oC) Rizal, Muhammad; Surachman, Maman; ., Herdis; Aku, Achmad Selamet
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 4 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.72 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i4.539

Abstract

Cauda epididymal spermatozoa could be used as an alternative source of gamete in the application of various reproductive technologies, because the spermatozoa is motile and has ability of fertilizing the oocyte. The purpose of this research was to examine the effect of addition of seminal plasma on the quality of ram cauda epididymal spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC. Collected-spermatozoa was divided into five parts then centrifuged at 3,000 rpm for 30 min and the supernatant was removed. One-fifth was diluted with Tris extender (Tris) and the remaining was added 0.5 ml ram seminal plasma then diluted with Tris extender (PS-Tris), 15% AndroMed + 85% distilled water (PS-AM15), 20% AndroMed + 80% distilled water (PS-AM20), and 25% AndroMed + 75% distilled water (PS-AM25), respectively. Quality of collected-spermatozoa including spermatozoa concentration (SC), percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS), live spermatozoa (LS), abnormal spermatozoa (AS), cytoplasmic droplet (CD), and intact plasma membrane (IPM) were evaluated. Percentages of MS, LS, and IPM of diluted-spermatozoa was evaluated every day during preserved at 3–5oC for three days. Results of this study showed that mean SC, MS, LS, AS, CD, and IPM of fresh spermatozoa were 11,660 million/ml, 65, 81, 7.6, 10.2, and 82.2%, respectively. Addition of seminal plasma in cauda epididymal spermatozoa prior to dilution could maintain the quality of spermatozoa during preserved at 3–5oC for three days. At day-4 of storage, percentages of MS, LS, and IPM for PS-Tris (43, 58, and 59.2%), PS-AM20 (40.5, 53.75, and 53.75%), and PS-AM25 (40, 54.8, and 55.2%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than Tris (21, 34.8, and 33.6%) and PS-AM15 (20, 40, and 42.2%). In conclusion, addition of seminal plasma in ram cauda epididymal spermatozoa prior to dilution with Tris or 20 and 25% AndroMed extenders could maintain the quality of spermatozoa during preserved at 3–5oC for three days, and could be used for artificial insemination or in vitro embryo production programs. Key Words: Cauda Epididymal Spermatozoa, Seminal Plasma, Tris, AndroMed, Ram
Effect of Priangan ram seminal plasma on viability of Peranakan Etawah buck spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC Rizal, Muhammad; ., Herdis; Surachman, Maman; Mesang-Nalley, W. Marlene
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.075 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.591

Abstract

In processing of buck semen, seminal plasma is a problem because it contains a phospholipase A enzime produced by the Cowper gland. If this enzime interacts with egg yolk, it causes semen coagulation, and consequently death of spermatozoa. The purpose of this research was to examine the effect of Priangan ram seminal plasma on viability of Peranakan Etawah (PE) buck spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC. Semen was collected using artificial vagina once a week. Fresh semen was divided into three tubes then centrifuged at 3,000 RPM for 30 min. Supernatant of the first tube was mixed again with Pasteur pipette (treatment A or control). Supernatant of the second tube was removed (treatment B or without seminal plasma). Supernatant of the third tube was removed and changed with Priangan ram seminal plasma in the same volume (treatment C). Semen was diluted with Tris extender containing 20% egg yolk and stored in refrigerator at 3–5oC. Quality of diluted-semen including percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS), live spermatozoa (LS), and intact plasma membrane (IPM) was evaluated every day during storage at 3–5oC for three days. Results of this study showed that mean volume, colour, consistency, pH, mass activity, spermatozoa concentration, MS, LS, spermatozoa abnormal, and IPM of PE buck fresh semen, respectively was 0.68 ml, cream, thick, 7, ++/+++, 4,148.57 million cell/ml, 70%, 83.89%, 7.12% and 84%. At day-4 of storage, percentages of MS, LS, and IPM for treatment C (40, 52.2 and 51.6%) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of: treatment B (31, 44.8 and 45.2%) and treatment A (11, 15.6 and 14.8%). In conclusion, seminal plasma of Priangan ram could maintain the quality of PE buck semen preserved at 3–5oC for three days, and it prevent semen from coagulation. Key Words: Seminal Plasma, Priangan Ram, Spermatozoa Viability, PE Buck