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Biodiversity of Bali Banana (Musaceae) and its Usefulness I Nyoman Rai; Fenny M. Dwivany; Agus Sutanto; Karlia Meitha; I Made Sukewijaya; I Nyoman Gede Ustriyana
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 25 No. 2 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (323.098 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.25.2.47

Abstract

Banana (Musa spp.) is one the most important agriculture commodities in Indonesia. Archeological and molecular evidences suggest that speciation of this herb occurred in Indonesia, leading to the high diversity in the archipelago. In Bali Island, banana is not only sought for food but as well as for their symbolic role in religious and cultural ceremonies. However, the high demand for bananas in Bali is not yet supported by the adequate production of local farms. This presented study aimed to investigate the diversity of banana cultivars or sub-species in Bali and its usefulness to determine preferable cultivars to cultivate. We recorded and characterized 43 banana cultivars in 10 villages that represent the 8 regencies and 1 city of Bali province. Out of the 43 cultivars, 7 were highly used and at least one cultivar was discovered in each of the studied village.  The presence of these cultivars in the study areas were confirmed by site visit and characterization of the fruits. Among the highly ranked cultivars or species, only biu kayu is unique to Bali as it was not found in the closest provinces of East Java and Madura. Hence, the results suggested that to improve the cultivation and production of these 7 highly used cultivars could be an appropriate solution to meet Bali demand of bananas. Furthermore, cultivating biu kayu would also help conservation effort since this cultivar is also currently listed as a rare genetic resource.
MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS AND GENETIC VARIABILITY OF CHAMPACA IN BALI I Made Sukewijaya; Made Sudiana Mahendra; I Nyoman Rai; I Gede Rai Maya Temaja
International Journal of Biosciences and Biotechnology Vol 4 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Central Laboratory for Genetic Resource and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University in cooperation with Asia-Oceania Bioscience and Biotechnology Consortium (AOBBC)

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Abstract

Bali community utilize champaca flower for offering materials and worship, besides beauty salon purposes, the SPA aromatic ingredients, essential oils, perfumes, cosmetics, and drugs. Various champaca plants in Indonesia have not been studied as one of Indonesia's biodiversity that can be used as excellent genetic resources (germplasm). The objective of the study was to determine the genetic diversity of champaca in Bali. The results revealed that 12 (twelve) champaca accession morphologically was characterized. All of accessions obtained from cultivation centers champaca in Bali. Based on the characteristic was observed by morphological characters i.e.: (a) Cempaka Putih Wilis (b) Cempaka Putih Pateh, (c) Cempaka Putih Patemon, (d) Cempaka Putih Sibang, (e) Cempaka Kuning Muda Petemon, (f) Cempaka Kuning Kecil Patemon, (g) Cempaka Kuning Besar Patemon, (h) (i) Cempaka Kuning Kecil Sibang, (j) Cempaka Kuning Tua Sibang, (k) Cempaka Kuning Muda Sibang, and (l) Cempaka Kuning Punah Sibang. Morphologically, champaca in Bali can be grouped into 4 clusters and therefore, and based on RAPD analysis champaca in Bali could be grouped into 5 clusters.
PELATIHAN BUDIDAYA JAMUR TIRAM DI DESA BELANGA KINTAMANI SUKEWIJAYA SUKEWIJAYA; I M., RINDANG DWIYANI; I.A. MAYUN; N.N. ARI MAYADEWI; COK. G.A. SEMARAJAYA
Buletin Udayana Mengabdi Vol 7 No 2 (2008): Volume 7 No.2 – September 2008
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Nowadays, demand of mushroom increase along with the changing of consume pattern which concerning on various and the quality of food, however, their supply relatively low. Low knowledge and skill of mushroom producer is one of limitation. Belanga rural community potentially develop cause of their natural resources, hence the knowledge and skill need to be improved by workshop. The workshop was covered the member farmer’s organization of Belanga (Subak Abian) by planting method and postharvest including their marketing. Field trip to mushroom producer and by monitoring and evaluating of workshop topic included to this workshop. At the present, the farmer was produced the oyster mushroom even if on small scale area. Confidently, by their improved skill of oyster mushroom farmers financial in Belanga may perhaps be enhanced.
OPTIMALISASI LAHAN PEKARANGAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN MASYARAKAT DI LINGKUNGAN PENGUBENGAN KAUH KELURAHAN KEROBOKAN KELOD KABUPATEN BADUNG N.N.A. Mayadewi; I.M. Sukewijaya
Buletin Udayana Mengabdi Vol 18 No 4 (2019): Buletin Udayana Mengabdi
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (334.783 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/BUM.2019.v18.i04.p07

Abstract

Sayuran adalah tanaman hortikultura, berumur kurang dari setahun, merupakan sumber mineral, vitamin, protein, dan serat. Guna memenuhi kebutuhan akan sayuran, salah satu jalan yang bisa ditempuh adalah dengan mengoptimalkan penggunaan lahan pekarangan untuk budidaya sayuran. Budidaya sayuran yang bisa dilakukan diantaranya dengan menggunakan polibag, pot, pemanfaatan barang bekas, maupun dengan cara vertikultur. Cara budidaya sayuran ini sangat penting diperkenalkan kepada masyarakat, khususnya ibu rumah tangga yang memiliki waktu lebih banyak di rumah, sehingga waktu yang tersisa setelah mengurus keluarga bisa diisi dengan hal-hal yang bermanfaat. Pelatihan budidaya tanaman sayuran kepada ibu-ibu PKK yang berada di Lingkungan Pengubengan Kauh, Kuta Utara, Badung sangat tepat dilakukan, karena wilayah ini merupakan daerah pariwisata dimana lahan merupakan faktor pembatas dalam budidaya tanaman. Budidaya sayuran di pekarangan ini bisa memenuhi kebutuhan anggota keluarga, bahkan bisa dijual sebagai tambahan pendapatan. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode ceramah dan praktik langsung. Tujuan dilaksanakannya kegiatan ini adalah untuk memotivasi dan meningkatkan ketrampilan ibu-ibu PKK dalam budidaya tanaman sayuran. Output dari pelatihan ini adalah keterampilan sederhana dan bangkitnya minat ibu-ibu PKK dalam pembudidayaan sayuran. Sebulan setelah pelatihan, ketika dipantau ternyata semakin banyak ibu-ibu PKK yang tertarik untuk membudidayakan sayuran di pekarangan. Kata kunci : sayuran, budidaya, pekarangan
PELATIHAN PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI IRIGASI TETES SEDERHANA UNTUK MEMPRODUKSI BUAH SALAK GULA PASIR DI LUAR MUSIM IN RAI; IW WIRAATMAJA; CGA SEMARAJAYA; ING ASTAWA; IM SUKEWIJAYA; N ARI MAYADEWI; G WIJANA
Buletin Udayana Mengabdi Vol 14 No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat

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Abstract

Natural flowering of “Salak Gula Pasir” occures once every three months or 4 times a year, however, only oneto two of flower season succeeds to become fruit. Failure fruit-set causes the fruit harvest seasonally; partly due tothe internal water content of leaf is low. The situation is not favorable in terms of agribusiness because productionquantities accumulate only during the harvest time (on-season). Off-season flowering technology of “Salak GulaPasir” by simple dripping irrigation has been founded, gardeners, however have not yet recognised. The aim ofthis community service is to introduce that technology by means of training to the gardeners. The participantsattended the training seriously because the subject was really expected by them. After training, participants wereconvinced that they can do how to make off-season production of “Salak Gula Pasir”, moreover they expect thelocal government would provide rainwater harvesting and the required dripping irrigation installations.Keywords: salak Gula Pasir, drip, irrigation, off-season, training.
Konservasi Plasma Nutfah Salak sebagai Kebun Botani untuk Mendukung Desa Sibetan Sebagai Desa Sentra Agrowisata Berbasis Salak I N. Rai; I P. Sudana; W. Wiraatmaja; Made Sukewijaya
Buletin Udayana Mengabdi Vol 18 No 3 (2019): Buletin Udayana Mengabdi
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (573.774 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/BUM.2019.v18.i03.p21

Abstract

Desa Sibetan yang terletak di Kecamatan Bebandem Karangasem, telah terkenal sebagai sentra penghasil salak di Bali. Tanaman salak sudah diusahakan secara turun-temurun oleh hampir semua penduduk dan sudah tentu telah menjadi bagian penting bagi perekonomian dan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Disamping terkenal dengan ikon salaknya, Desa Sibetan juga memiliki panorama alam yang indah, udara sejuk dan segar, aksesibilitasnya mudah dicapai, dan memiliki berbagai jenis keanekaragaman hayati salak sehingga sangat potensial dikembangkan sebagai obyek agrowisata berbasis salak. Kegiatan pengabdian dengan skim Program Pengembangan Desa Mitra (PPDM) ini dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi dan mengkoleksi plasma nutfah salak yang ada di Desa Sibetan, kemudian dikonservasi menjadi Kebun Botani plasma nutfah untuk mendukung Desa Sibetan sebagai obyek agrowisata berbasis salak. Kegiatan dilakukan dari April 2017-September 2018, menggunakan pendekatan masyarakat sasaran diajak berkerja bersama-sama (working with community) dan bekerja sambil belajar (learning by doing) melalui penerapan metode Entrepreneurship Capacity Building (ECB) dan Technology Transfer (TT). Jenis kegiatan yang dilakukan yaitu identifikasi dan koleksi keragaman kultivar plasma nutfah salak, pelatihan dan transfer teknologi pembuatan bibit, penanaman hasil koleksi menjadi kebun botani plasma nutfah (arboretum), dan pemeliharaan arboretum dengan menerapkan Good Agricultural Practices/GAP. Dari kegiatan telah berhasil diidentifikasi dan dikoleksi 12 jenis plasma nutfah salak yang ada Desa Sibetan, yaitu Salak Bingin, Gondok, Getih/Merah, Gula Pasir, Injin, Kelapa, Nangka, Nenas, Pade, Penyalin, Turis/Mangku, dan Sudamala. Bibit salak hasil koleksi dikonservasi dalam satu areal khusus menjadi kebun botani plasma nutfah atau arboretum, kemudian dipelihara dengan menerapkan cara budidaya yang baik dan benar bersama peserta. Kata kunci: agrowisata, arboretum, PPDM, salak, Sibetan.
DIVERSITAS FLORA DI BUKIT ABAH, KABUPATEN KLUNGKUNG UNTUK MENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA I.N. Rai; I Made Sukewijaya; I Gusti Alit Gunadi
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 9 No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Abstract

Goverment of Klungkung Regency, Bali province has a plan to develop an ecotourism area at Bukit Abah. The area is located within Besan Village, District of Dawan. In associated with this plan, a study has been conducted to identify the availability of diversity of flora in this site. The study was conducted by plant type stocktaking and analysis of vegetation methods. Results of plant type stocktaking shown that there were 126 plant species in the area, which were classified into 54 families. In addition, the analysis of vegetation indicated that there were a wide diversity of plants identified in Bukit Abah, with a diversity index (H) of >1.5. The high diversity of flora on the site had made a potential of attractive attention for developing of ecotourism in this area. It is suggested to accomplish an informative plantation labeling and vegetation conservation in associated with the development of the ecotourism plan
STUDI KARAKTERISTIK TANAMAN GUMI BANTEN UNTUK LANSEKAP POHON TEPI JALAN I Made Sukewijaya; Naniek Kohdrata
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 15 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Abstract

Gumi Banten plants are Balinese local plants that have social-religius function and apotential for roadside tree planting as well. Combining the roadside landscape plantingcriteria with the concept of Gumi Banten plants conservation is an effort to maintain thegenius loci of the Balinese culture within the human functionality living context of presentand future. The trees selection is done in two stages. The first focuses on trees structure andcharacteristics that safe for the use of roadside landscape planting. This first stage resultedin 13 trees out of 72 types of trees that had been identified in the book of EnsiklopediTanaman Gumi Banten. The second stage is for analysing the trees potential from the spatialfunction perspective on which a road is located. There are three aspects of roadside treelandscaping potential for this study that are ornamental, view guiding, and shelter.
PEMETAAN POHON BERNILAI BUDAYA BALI YANG LANGKA DI KOTA DENPASAR Made Sudiana Mahendra; I Made Sukewijaya; I G. A.A. Rai Asmiwyati
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 11 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Abstract

Plant has highly visible socio cultural role for Hindu people in Bali. Even though these plants were existed in the field, it was difficult to identify, monitor and update their existences. The objectives of this research are to identify the endangered socio cultural trees and to make a mapping system of the endangered socio cultural trees in Denpasar based on web. Mapping system was made using MySQL, PhP, Mapserver, Macromedia Dreamweaver and Mozila Firefox. As many as 39 species of socio cultural trees were categorized in endangered risk. The data inventory of cultural trees in Denpasar can be quickly accessed and effectively managed by Mapping Program.
Integrasi Teknologi Pengideraan Jauh dan Sistem Informasi Geografis untuk Estimasi Serapan dan Emisi CO2 di Kota Denpasar I Wayan Nuarsa; Abd. Rahman As-syakur; I Gusti Alit Gunadi; I Made Sukewijaya
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 12 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1104.811 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2018.v12.i02.p12

Abstract

Integration of Remote Sensing Technology And Geographic Information Systems for Estimation of CO2 Updake and Emissions in Denpasar City Rapid economic growth in the Denpasar City has an impact on the rate of population growth. This will lead to increasing land requirements for settlements, infrastructure, and other supporting facilities. Meanwhile, the availability of land for green open space (RTH) will decrease. Several studies show that from year to year the area of ??vegetation cover decreases, and the air temperature in Denpasar City is increasing. Therefore, research to calculate CO2 uptake by urban plants and CO2 emissions from various activities in the city of Denpasar is needed to be done. Estimates of CO2 uptake by plants are carried out using remote sensing technology and GIS. Meanwhile, the calculation of CO2 emissions is carried out by an inventory of CO2 pollutant sources from point sources, areas sources, and mobile sources. The output of this study is a distribution map of CO2 absorption and emissions. From the map it can be seen whether the CO2 emissions of Denpasar City are higher than the ability of existing plants to absorb them. The results showed that the ability of plants in Denpasar as a green open space to absorb CO2 was 235,780.63 tCO2/year, while total emissions from pollutant sources were 862,955,856 tCO2/year. The sources of CO2 emissions include from point source 37,649 tons/year, from source area 95,310 tons/year, and from mobile sources at 862,955,856 tons/year. From the movable source the biggest contributor to CO2 emissions is light vehicles, which amounted to 540,355.88 tons/year (62.63%), then followed by motorcycles at 260,187.43 tons/year (30.16%). The amount of CO2 emissions in Denpasar City is 3.66 times greater than the ability of plants to absorb CO2 in 2015 and there is a tendency for this gap to be even greater in the future. To overcome this problem, regulations are needed such as reducing the number of motorized vehicles by increasing public transportation services. The use of vehicles using energy sources other than fuel such as electricity is another alternative to consider. Finally, the increase in the number and quality of green open spaces is a conventional method that needs to be done.
Co-Authors A.A. GEDE DALEM SUDARSANA Abd. Rahman As-syakur Abdul Sholichin Adelia Apriani Agus Sutanto Aisyah Dian Anjelika Albirahman Yulianto ANAK AGUNG GEDE SUGIARTA Anak Agung Keswari Krisnandika BENITA NATHANIA Bramantyo Wahyu Anggoro Cindy Chrysilla Cokorda Gede Alit Semarajaya DEWA AYU BULAN INDRAYUNI DWI AGUS ARSANA Fenny M. Dwivany GEDE MENAKA ADNYANA Gede Wijana Gusti Ayu Diah Arya Paramita I DEWA MADE PUTRA WIRATAMA I Dewa Putu Oka Suardi I G. R. M. TEMAJA I Gusti Agung Ayu Rai Asmiwyati I GUSTI ALIT GUNADI I Gusti Ayu Purnama Dewi I Gusti Bagus Agung Dwijaksara I Gusti Gede Arya Sanjaya I GUSTI NGURAH MANIK SEDANA PUTRA I KETUT ADE SUJANA I KETUT SUMIARTHA I KOMANG ALIT ERIADI I MADE DWI DARMAYUDA I MADE PRANA JAYA I MADE SUPARTHA UTAMA I N. Rai I NYOMAN GEDE ASTAWA I NYOMAN GEDE ASTAWA I NYOMAN GEDE ASTAWA I Nyoman Gede Ustriyana I NYOMAN RAI I NYOMAN SUTEDJA I P. Sudana I PUTU DHARMA I WAYAN ADI PERMADI I WAYAN HENDRA KUSUMAYADI KUSUMAYADI I Wayan Nuarsa I WAYAN PASEK ARIMBAWA I WAYAN SAPTAYANA I WAYAN WIRAATMAJA I.A. MAYUN I.N. Rai IDA AYU MAYUN IN RAI ING ASTAWA I’in Lathifatus Sun’iyyah JEYANTHI VERINA KADEK JUNIARI Karlia Meitha Lury Sevita Yusiana M. Sudiana Mahendra MADE KAMASAN DHARMA YUDHA Made Olga Alodia Merlin F. A. Lerebulan MIRNASEN TAMPUBOLON N.N.A. Mayadewi NANIEK KOHDRATA NGAKAN MADE ADI WEDAGAMA NI KADEK KRISNA JAYANTI NI KETUT KARINA SARI NI LUH ASRI PRADNYANI Ni Luh Kartini NI LUH MADE PRADNYAWATHI Ni Luh Putu Ari Radinasuari NI NYOMAN ARI MAYADEWI NI PUTU ARYANTI NI PUTU SRI SUTARI NI WAYAN FEBRIANA UTAMI Nyoman Parining NYOMAN SEMADI ANTARA Putu Pradnya Teguh Wisesa Putu Sudiarta Rindang Dwiyani Sang Ayu Putu Gitariani Murna SANG MADE SARWADANA SUGENG RIYANTO UYUN FITRI MALINDA WAYAN LANA