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Perdebatan Teori Rasionalitas dalam Menjelaskan Terbentuknya Biaya Transaksi Ilegal Firmansyah, M.; Suman, Agus; Manzilati, Asfi; Susilo, Susilo
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2012): July
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

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Artikel ini mendiskusikan berbagai bentuk pedebatan konsep perilaku rasional dalam ilmu ekonomi, selanjutnya dari pedebatan itu dihubungkan dengan terbentuknya biaya transaksi ilegal masuk pegawai negeri. Konsep rasionalitas diawali dengan pemikiran neo-klasik yang menganggap manusia selalu rasional dalam setiap tindakannya, dalam arti setiap tindakan selalu dilalui dengan kalkulasi benefit dan cost. Sementara itu, Keynes menganggap perilaku rasional terbangun lewat apa yang disebutnya sebagai direct acquitance, yang terdiri dari tiga komponen experience, understanding dan perception. Pemikir ekonomi kelembagaan lama (old institutional economics) memiliki dasar konsep yang  bertentangan dengan neo-klasik, dengan menganggap bahwa rasionalitas perilaku didasari oleh habits (kebiasaan) dan routins (rutinitas), sementara itu Herbert Simon salah satu tokoh new institutional economics menganggap rasionalitas sebagai bounded rationality (rasionalitas terbatas) karena keterbatasan kognitif dan informasi yang tidak sempurna. Ekonomi sosiologi dan psikologi juga memiliki garis pemikiran sendiri, dimana rasionalitas dimodelkan sebagai RREEMM, yaitu Recourserfull, Restricted, Expecting, Evaluating, Motivated dan Meaning. Dalam konteks psikologi, perilaku ekonomi dipengaruhi juga oleh sikap, keyakinan dan kepribadian, kadang-kadang juga dipengaruhi oleh delusi dan gangguan kepribadian. Dalam menjelaskan terbentuknya biaya transaksi ilegal, masing-masing teori di atas memiliki kelebihan dan kekurangan. Namun, yang diabaikan, dan yang terpenting dalam mempengaruhi rasionalitas perilaku adalah keimanan dalam hal ini kita sebut sebagai rasionalitas derajat keimanan.   This article discusses the forms of debating rational activity concepts in economics and then linked by formating civil servants’ illegal enter cost of transaction. Rationality concept started by neoclassical thought assuming that human must be rational in activity, in terms of every activities always do with benefit and cost calculations. Otherwise, Keynes assumes that rational activity formed by direct acquitance, followed by three components such as experience, understanding and perception. Old institutional economists had some basic concepts contrary to neoclassic thinkers, assuming that rational activity formed by habits and routins, on the other side, Herbert Simon, one of the new institutional economists, assuming that rationality works as a bounded rationality because of cognitive limitation and assymetric information. Sociology economic and psychology have also some line of thoughts, whereby rationality modeled as a RREEMM (Recourserfull, Restricted, Expecting, Evaluating, Motivated and Meaning). In psychology context, economic activities influenced by attitude, believe and personality, sometimes influenced by delution and personality disorder. In explaining the formation of illegal cost of transaction, each theory above have an excess and insufficiency. However, mostly ignored, the most important factor in affecting rational activity is the faith, in this analogy we called the rational degree of faith (Rasionalitas Derajat Keimanan).
ANALISIS SIKAP KONSUMEN TERHADAP ATRIBUT SABUN MANDI BIASA DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA -, Ibrahim -; Suman, Agus -; Salim, Ubud -
WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 13, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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ABSTRACT   The study has as its rationale the fact that there are numerous brands of bath soap in the market. The changes of consumer behavior, which influenced by the economy crisis occurred in Indonesia, has suppressed the producers to readjust their marketing programs. It is crucial for the firms to recognize  the consumer attitudes on their products in making their marketing programs. The study was aimed at understanding: (1) the consumer attitudes on the bath soaps’ (i.e., Lux and Giv brands) attributes, (2) the influence of the consumer’s social environment toward the subjective norm in making the purchasing decision on the Lux and Giv, (3) the differential of consumers attitudes on the Lux and Giv. Interview and questionnaire were used to collect data, by using the semantic differential scale method. Fishbein model and Wilcoxon’s signed rank test were applied to test the study’s results. Results of the study showed that: (1) there was a positive attitude of consumer on both the Lux and Giv. “Aroma”, whereas “prestige” had the lowest positive score for the Giv; (2) the consumer’s social environment influenced the subjective norms of consumer in making the purchasing decision of the Lux and Giv. “Family members” was the dominant variable of both the Lux and Giv; (3) there were the differences in the consumer attitude between the Lux and Giv brands. By the differential test for each attribute, then, it was showed that there were the significant differences in the consumer attitude on the product’s attributes,  except for the “packaging”. Based on the study results and empirical evidences supported by the statistical testing,  it is showed that the two bath soap brands have dominate the consumer’s mind. Nevertheless, in making their purchasing decision, the consumers have the difference attitudes in assesing those two brands depends on their desires. Keywords : consumer behavior, bath soap attributes
Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan pada Lembaga Keuangan Syariah Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil Hamidah, Siti; Troena, Eka Afnan; Suman, Agus
TEMA Vol 2, No 2 (2001)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18202/tema.v2i2.113

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Based on functions of organizational culture this study was run with Syari’ah Finance Institution Baitul Maal wat Tamwil which has “Is­lamic” feature. This study was aimed at finding out the effect of organizational culture on staffs job satisfaction and to describe the biggest organizational culture factor which contributes to staffs job satisfaction. The extraction of 13 syari’ah organizational culture variables results in 3 factors: (1) organizational assumption of the nature of human and human actiinty; (2) the organization's relationship with its environment; and (3) the organizational assumption of the nature of reality and truth. These factors significantly show positive effect to staffs job satisfaction, both simultanously and partially, and the big­gest effect to staff’s job satisfaction was given by second factor. Re­lationship with the environment extremely affected by national (local) culture where was study conducted explains the phenomenon hap­pened. Katakunci: Budaya Organisasi, Kepuasan Kerja, Lembaga Keuangan Syariah, Baitul Maal Wattamwil
SELF EMPOWERMENT MODEL OF THE POOR IN IMPROVING SOCIAL WELFARE (Studies in the District of Alang-Alang Lebar Palembang, Indonesia) Rohima, Siti; Suman, Agus; Manzilati, Asfi; Ashar, Khusnul
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Poverty is a very complex problem. So many ways that has been done by the Governmentbut not yet provide optimal results. Any measures taken to overcome poverty oftenonly temporary. There needs to be alternative measures to alleviate poverty through theempowerment one. Self-empowerment for the poor in improving the standard of living andwelfareResearch studies conducted in the District of Alang-Alang Palembang. This study is aqualitative study using interaksionime symbolic approach. In interaksionime symbolic ofhuman behavior and interaction shown by the symbol and meaning, and should be able totranslate the meaning and significance of the symbol.This research suggests a model of self-empowerment of the poor through social capitaland internal self. In the self-empowerment, poor individuals may act as subjects ratherthan just the object of poverty reduction. Self-empowerment model in addition supportedby a good social capital is also supported by internal self. Internal to include prayer,effort, initiative and tawakal. Self-empowerment is done individually capable of affectingevery movement of the poor themselves are to change for improving the living standardsand the shackles of poverty, but it can provide motivation to work harder and improve theethical attitudes and work for productivity increases and is thus able to increase revenue.Empowerment supported by internal social capital and good self will bring individualcreativity in doing self-empowerment. This condition can increase income and improve thelives of poor and better than ever before so that poor people more prosperous and achievethe expected welfare.Keywords: Model, Self empowerment, poverty, social capital, internal self, welfare
SOCIAL CAPITAL IN NON-BARTER TRANSACTION CHAIN IN PASAR BLANTE KAWANGKOAN, NORTH SULAWESI PROVINCE Kimbal, Rahel Widiawati; Suman, Agus; Ashar, Khusnul; Manzilati, Asfi
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 27, No 3 (2012): September
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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The research aims to find out the forms as well as the function of social capital in the chain of economic activity in Pasar Blante (Blante market), one of the traditional markets in Kawangkoan, North Sulawesi, particularly its non-barter transaction. This research employs phenomenology-qualitative research method by involving triangulation as the method of data gathering. Spradley Model is chosen to analyze data. The results of the research highlight kinds of social capital embodied in non-barter transaction in Pasar Blante which comprises trust, network, norms. These important factors are reflected in transaction chain involving many agents such as (1) the cattle’s owner; (2) maantung; (3) tukang blante; (4) cukong; and (5) the buyers.The contribution of social capital on non-barter transaction among people involving in economic activity are embodied in (1) The transparent transaction resulting in lower informationcost among people taking part in that activity; (2) Free information access which enables them to obtain credible information on getting qualified cattles with highly economical value; (3) Appreciation on someone’s ownership shown in high-sense of belonging and responsibility ontaking care all cattles in Pasar Blante without additional charge; (4) Commitment on contact agreement which minimizes the cancellation on transaction; (5) The transaction needs no written document which legalizes the ownership of the buyer; (6) The availability of cattle’s food which in turn reduces the cattle’s food consumption cost; (7) Fast access on marketing which is supported by all parties involving in the transaction as well as all elements of society. Moreover, this research elucidates that non-barter transaction also support other transactions such as barter transaction and trade-in transaction. Finally, this non-barter transaction proves to be contributive to increase the local revenues and generates the economic activity in the area.Keywords: social capital, traditional market, transaction, chain, non-barter.
Labor Absorption and Its Impact on Gross Regional Domestic Product Prastyadewi, Made Ika; Suman, Agus; Pratomo, Devanto Shasta
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 14, No 2 (2013): JEP Desember 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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The objective of this study is to examine the determinants of labor absorption in the trade, hotel and restaurant sector and its impact on Gross Regional Domestic Product/GRDP at Bali Province. This study is important due to the fact that the GRDP in this sector is the highest compared to other sector but the labor absorption is lower than the agriculture sector. This study used panel data comprising 9 regencies/cities at Bali Province in the period 2003-2009 including fixed effect model and simultaneous equation model of Two-Stage Least Square. The results showed that GRDP, working age population, and the minimum wage have positive effect on employment, while the educated unemployment has no significant effect on the employment in the trade, hotel and restaurant sector. In addition, increases in employment and workers productivity have positive and significant effects the GRDP in the trade, hotel and restaurant sector at Bali Province.
REVITALIZATION OF BIOMASS FUEL BY IMPLEMENTING UB EARTHEN FURNACE TO SUPPORT THE SOCIETY’S SUSTAINABILITY OF ENERGY: A CASE STUDY IN THE SUBDISTRICT OF DAU, MALANG Suman, Agus; Nurhuda, M.
Journal of Indonesian Applied Economics Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.401 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiae.2016.006.02.1

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The objectives of this study are to examine the likelihood of society in turning  the use of the traditional and gas furnaces to the UB earthen furnace and to examine the potential reduction of the use of firewood and gas furnaces at Dau Subdistrict of Malang. Using descriptive analysis, this study found that the use of UB earthen furnace is able to reduce the use of firewood and gas furnace up to 50% and people’s tendency in willing to turn both firewood and gas furnaces into the earthen furnace increases up to 60% dealing with its benefits and costs which have been observed by several main aspects (including economical, technical, environmental, social, and health aspects).   
PENYEBAB KEMISKINAN MASYARAKAT TANI (Studi Di Dusun Ngebrong, Desa Tawangsari, Kecamatan Pujon, Kabupaten Malang) Soesilo, Yohanes Hadi; Suman, Agus; Kaluge, David
Journal of Indonesian Applied Economics Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.001 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiae.2008.002.01.4

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East Java Province was the first province with the largest amount of poor peoplein Indonesia. Irawan and Romdiati said that in their invention, 72% of the poorfamily depend their main income on the agricultural sector and most of them livein village area. This research has been done in Ngebrong Orchard, Tawangsarivillage Pujon Sub district, Malang Regency and used phenomenology approachin order to find the true reality which is hidden in human awareness that causedthe poverty. Some significant findings are found  in this research. Firstly, somecircumscription, such as geographical Isolation, lack of water resources – dependonly on climate and rainy season - has caused them suffer in poverty. Secondly,no monetary  and government  institution  care  their need  for a  non collateralcredit and assistance which will help them to leap from their condition. Thirdly,non clear  land working agreement makes  them have no  future  stable  incomeassurance. Fourthly,  cultural boundaries,  such as buwuh culture and  povertyhereditary culture make them more powerless. And the last, Fifthly, the acceptanceof their present life is a matter of being forced to submission, there is no other wayfor them to go rather than to accept it, and in fact it will help them happier.Keywords: Poverty, Farm Household, Suistainability
Sub-National Government and the Problem of Unequal Development in ASEAN Economic Integration: Case of Indonesia Suman, Agus; Killian, Pantri Muthriana Erza; Pinatih, Ni Komang Desy Arya
JAS (Journal of ASEAN Studies) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Journal of ASEAN Studies
Publisher : Centre for Business and Diplomatic Studies (CBDS) Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/jas.v5i1.2060

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Economic integration, as a prevalent phenomenon in contemporary international relations, brings with it several problems including in the practice of development. Krapohl & Fink (2013) argue that regional integration can follow three different developmental paths which are intra-regional interdependence, extra-regional dependence and intra-regional asymmetries and hence regional integration can actually reinforce current situations rather than changing it. With regards to this, ASEAN is following the second path, creating a reliance on external actors and thus requiring member states to be highly competitive in the global level. However, this strategy ignores an important element, the intra-national development gap, since ASEAN is mostly focused in overcoming the intra-regional gap. This paper therefore seeks to elaborate the problem of increasing intra-national development gap due to regional integration by using Indonesia as a case study. The findings show that regional integration in Indonesia can actually widen the national development gap due to three main reasons. First, ASEAN integration is highly top-down in nature, thus limiting the role of Indonesia’s sub-national governments (SNGs) and private actors in the process; second, differing capacity of Indonesia’s sub-national governments to engage in IR provides higher opportunities for some while creating hindrances for others and lastly, the high transactional cost of intra-national economic activities in Indonesia causes the benefits of economic integration to be highly concentrated in one area. Therefore, there needs to be a larger role for SNGs in regional integration particularly in the most underpriviliged area of Indonesia. 
ANALISIS KOMODITAS UNGGULAN PERTANIAN UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI DAERAH TERTINGGAL DI KABUPATEN SUMBAWA BARAT Masniadi, Rudi; Suman, Agus; Sasongko, Sasongko
Journal of Innovation in Business and Economics Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.636 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jibe.v3i1.2228

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This research aims to knowing the leading agricultural commodities contained in each area of town left behind in the District West Sumbawa. The instrument analysis used in this study are: Analysis of Location Quotient (LQ) and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Results of the analysis of Location Quotient (LQ) indicating that:  the leading agricultural commodities consists of three commodities among other: rice, corn, and cattle (cows).Rresults showed that from the input, the factors inhibiting the development of commodity rice and corn are the scarcity of labor, while breeder lack of the capital to be a factor inhibiting. In the process of production, factors of maintenance and pest control to be a factors inhibiting the development of commodity of rice and corn, while the factor of lack of skills of the breeder to be inhibiting the development of commodity cattle
Co-Authors Agatha Christy Permata Sari Agung - Yuniarinto Ahmad Erani Yustika Ahmad Erani Yustika Alfin Faisol Muttaqin Angga Yanuar Triesmarandita Anisa Fitria Utami Antariksa Antariksa Armanu - Thoyib Asfi Manzilati Atu Bagus Wiguna Aulia Aqila Haya Bagyo Yanuwiadi BAIDOWI - - Batik, Karlina Benyamin - Parubak Bunga Hidayati DAVID KALUGE David Kaluge Davina Jeihan Zafira Devanto Shasta Pratomo Dwi Budi Santoso Eka Afnan Troena Eka Intan Kumala Putri Estifania Krisnawati Ghozali Maskie Grace Sumbung Haifa Asma Karimah HAMAMAH, M.Pd. Hendika S.L. Ibrahim - - Ida Ayu Nyoman Saskara Ikhsan Bintang Indah Dewi Nirwana Iswan Noor Jeany Mandang Jose Rizal Joesoef Kaluge, David Karlina Batik Khairani Alawiyah Matondang Khusnul Ashar Khusnul Ashar Khusnul Ashar Khusnul Ashar Killian, Pantri Muthriana Erza Kliwon Hidayat Krisnamurthi, Bayu M Pudjiharjo M Umar Burhan M. Firmansyah M. Umar - Burhan M.S. Idrus Marlina Ekawaty Muhammad Eko Purnomo Muhammad Firmansyah Neli Aida Ni Nyoman Yuliarmi Noer Soetjipto Nur Farida Nurhuda, M. Paulus Kindangen Pinatih, Ni Komang Desy Arya Pudjihardjo .. Putu Mahardika A. Saputra Putu Mahardika A.S. Rachmad Kresna Sakti Rachmad Kresna Sakti Rahel Kimbal Riniati Rizki Nufiarni, Rizki Rudi Masniadi S.M. Kiptiyah Sasongko Sasongko Sasongko Sasongko, Sasongko Satti Wagistina Setiawan, Fredy Nugroho Siti Hamidah Siti Rohima Siti Rohima Soemarno Soemarno Soesilo, Yohanes Hadi Surachman Surachman Susilo . Susilo Susilo Susilo Susilo Sutrisno - Djaja Treesye I Turang Ubud - Salim Yohana Virnanda