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The Concept of Tarkib Isnadi In Arabic Grammatical Thought and Its Equivalence In Indonesian: A Contrastive Analysis Muhammad Lukman Arifianto
Lughawiyyat: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): Lughowiyyat: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Arab
Publisher : Fakultas Tarbiyah Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Institut Agama Islam Darullughah Wadda'wah Pasuruan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.38073/lughawiyyat.v3i2.254

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the concept of Tarkib Isnadi in Arabic grammar and describe the equivalent concept and its components in Indonesian grammar. In the realm of Arabic grammar, Tarkib Isnadi is a core component in the structure of clauses or sentences in Arabic. A good understanding of Tarkib Isnadi in Arabic and its equivalent in Indonesian will make it easier for Arabic learners (L2) who come from native Indonesian speakers (L1) to identify clause and sentence structures in various Arabic discourses. The methods used in data analysis in this study are distribution and identity-referential methods. Based on observations, it is found that the concept of Tarkib Isnadi in Arabic has a concept equivalent to a clause in Indonesian because both have the core constituents or pillars of the sentence. On the other hand, there are also some differences in the concept of Tarkib Isnadi in Arabic with the concept of clauses in Indonesian. The difference mainly lies in terms of the formation of the concept and the filling components of their syntactic functions.
VALUABLE MORAL MESSAGES IN THE CLASSICAL ARABIC POETRY: SEMIOTIC STUDY OF THE IMAM ALI’S POEMS Muhammad Lukman Arifianto
Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies | Vol. 5 No. 2 December 2020
Publisher : IMLA (Arabic Teacher and Lecturer Association of Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24865/ajas.v5i2.240

Abstract

This paper discusses the moral messages implied in the Imam Ali’s poems. As stated by some experts, poetry is a set of signs that need to be sought for its meaning and significance. This set of signs is mostly difficult to be realized directly by ordinary people. In consequence, Imam Ali’s poems need to be explored by semiotic analysis so that the meanings implied in these poems can be elaborated in detail, and hopefully, it can be well understood by the public. The method used is descriptive-analytical framework that emphasizes systematic interpretation from of the individual point of view or population being studied to generate new concepts. Based on the result, it is found that Imam Ali’s poems imply many valuable and important moral messages that were in line with Islamic teachings and they are very important to be known, studied, and used as the guidelines in everyday life. The moral messages implied in these poems they are about the primacy of seeking knowledge and science, the primacy of reasoning, the primacy of silence, keeping away from greedy, and patient with all kinds of insult.
MODALITAS DALAM BAHASA ARAB; PENGUNGKAPAN DAN FUNGSINYA PADA TAJUK RENCANA SURAT KABAR AL-AHRAM Muhammad Lukman Arifianto
Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab No 5 (2019): Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab V
Publisher : Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab

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Abstract

Abstrak: Penelitian ini membahas tentang modalitas dalam bahasa Arab dari segi pengungkapan dan fungsinya pada tajuk rencana surat kabar Al-Ahram dalam kerangka analisis tata bahasa fungsional. Sebagaimana diketahui bahwa modalitas merupakan salah satu fenomena kesemestaan bahasa, sehingga setiap bahasa, termasuk bahasa Arab, memiliki unsur-unsur kebahasaan tertentu yang dapat digunakan untuk mengungkapkan modalitas atau menggambarkan sikap pembicara terhadap proposisi tuturannya. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa modalitas dalam bahasa Arab pada tajuk rencana surat kabar al-Ahram ini diungkapkan secara leksikal melalui beberapa satuan kebahasaan berupa kata, frasa, maupun klausa dan juga secara gramatikal melalui makna-makna gramatikal khusus yang dihasilkan oleh gabungan partikel baik dengan verba maupun nomina. Sementara itu, hasil analisis pada fungsi modalitas dalam bahasa Arab pada tajuk rencana ini menunjukkan bahwa modalitas dapat berfungsi untuk merepresentasikan sikap atau penilaian penutur, baik terhadap kebenaran proposisi tuturannya, maupun terhadap peristiwa non-aktual yang dibicarakannya.Kata Kunci: Modalitas, bahasa Arab, Tajuk Rencana, Surat Kabar Al-Ahram
حرف أنْ في دراسة النحو العربي: مفهومه ووظائفه Muhammad Lukman Arifianto
Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab No 6 (2020): Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab VI
Publisher : Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab

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Abstract

تُهدف هذه المقالة إلى الشرح والبحث على حرف "أنْ" شرحا واضحا من ناحية مفهومه ووظائفه في النحو العربي. وبشكل عام، قد يُفهم هذا الحرف كأداةٍ من أدوات النصب (النواصب) عند كثير من طلبة اللغة العربية (كلغة ثانية). ومن ناحية، كان هذا الفهم صحيحا على أنّه أكثر استخداما كأداة النصب التي تنصب الفعل المضارع، ولكنّ في الواقع، لا يقتصر استخدامه بهذه الوظيفة فحسب، بل يستعمل أيضا في عديد من الوظائف النحوية، منها: للمفسرة أو للمخففة من "أنّ" الثقيلة أو للزائدة والتوكيدية أو بمعنى "إذا". ومن المتوقع أنّ هذا الشرح سيزيد من معرفة وفهم الطلبة عن هذا الحرف البسيط في دراسة النحو العربي. الكلمات المفتاحية: حرف أنْ؛ النواصب؛ الوظيفة النحوية؛ النحو العربي This article is aimed to discuss and explain about the letter (particle) “An” in Arabic grammatical thought. In general, this letter may be understood by many Arabic language students (as a second language) as only one of subjunctive particles (an-nawashib). On the one side, this understanding is correct due to this particle is widely used as the subjunctive particle that could change the indicative mood of imperfect verb (al-fi’l al-mudhari’ al-marfu’) into the subjunctive one (al-fi’l al-mudhari’ al-manshub). However, on the other side, this particle is also actually used in other grammatical functions, including: as a particle of explanation (interpretation), as the reduced form of “Anna”, as an additional particle (which is has an affirmative meaning), or as a particle in the sense of “Idza”. It is expected that this explanation will increase students' knowledge and understanding of this simple particle in the study of Arabic grammar.Keywords: Letter (Charf) “An”; Particle of Subjunctive; Grammatical Function; Arabic Grammar
PENERAPAN BERBAGAI MODEL TES INTERAKTIF DALAM EVALUASI PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB Muhammad Lukman Arifianto
Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab No 7 (2021): Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab VII
Publisher : Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab

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Abstract

Pada era pembelajaran daring saat ini, para guru, dosen, dan instruktur pembelajaran bahasa Arab diharapkan mampu memanfaatkan dan mendayagunakan kemajuan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi untuk kepentingan pembelajaran mereka. Dengan memanfaatkan hal tersebut, diharapkan proses pembelajaran bahasa Arab akan menjadi lebih interkatif, mudah, dan menyenangkan. Sejalan dengan hal tersebut, tulisan ini mencoba mengulas terkait penerapan berbagai model tes interaktif dalam konteks evaluasi pembelajaran bahasa Arab. Sebagaimana telah diketahui bahwa tes merupakan sebuah instumen untuk mengukur kemampuan dan pemahaman seseorang terhadap materi yang telah diajarkan. Dengan demikian, maka kiranya para guru, dosen, maupun instruktur pembelajaran bahasa Arab diharapkan mampu mengembangkan berbagai model tes interaktif bahasa Arab sehingga pembelajaran bahasa Arab akan menjadi lebih interaktif dan tidak membosankan.Kata Kunci: Tes Interaktif; Evaluasi; Bahasa Arab
Analyzing Errors in Lesson Plans of Arabic Teacher Professional Education Participants During the Teaching Practise at Schools Moh. Ainin; Mohammad Ahsanuddin; Irhamni Irhamni; Muhammad Lukman Arifianto; Moch. Wahib Dariyadi; Faishol Mahmud Adam Ibrahim
AL-TA'RIB : Jurnal Ilmiah Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Arab IAIN Palangka Raya Vol 9, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palangka Raya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23971/altarib.v9i2.3043

Abstract

One of the government’s efforts to improve the quality and professionalism of teachers, especially Arabic teachers, is the implementation of an in-service Teacher Professional Education Program (Pendidikan Profesi Guru – PPG). During the program, teachers also learn to develop lesson plans (Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran – RPP). Errors were reported in the lesson plans prepared by teachers of Arabic Language as PPG participants during the teaching practice at schools. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe those errors. By using a descriptive-qualitative design, this study revealed eight types of errors in the lesson plans, namely (1) ambiguity in the basic competence formulation, (2) GPA formulation that focused more on the process and not competence, (3) invalidity of the assessment instrument, (4) unspecific, non-operational, and unmeasurable formulation of GPA, (5) GPA formulation asynchronous with teaching and learning activities, (6) unclear formulation of teaching and learning activities, (7) unclear measurement of competence, and (8) domain misconceptions in the assessment.
MENINJAU ULANG ISTILAH BID’AH HASANAH SEBAGAI KONTRA WACANA TERHADAP BID’AH DHALALAH DI RUANG PUBLIK DAN AKADEMIK Muhammad Lukman Arifianto Arifianto; Yusuf Hanafi; Faris Khoirul Anam
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
Publisher : LIPI Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v23i2.1098

Abstract

Abstract: This paper is aimed to revisit the existence terminology of Bid’ah Hasanah (Good Innovation) in the public and academic sphere as a counter discourse against the dominance of established meaning of Bid’ah which in terms of Islamic Sharia is interpreted as an act of misguidance (Bid’ah Dalalah). Counter discourse is a way of thinking that opposes an institutionalized discourse. In this context, we try to investigate the emergence of this term and describe how it is expressed as an opposing thought against the negative meaning of Bid'ah which was discursively long-established in the public and academic sphere by conducting the grounded approach. The data collected is taken from a mini survey and some specific discourses related to this topic such as the discussions in some chapters of the Islamic teaching textbook, and discourses from the online sources including social media and some websites affiliated with certain religious groups. The result shows that the terminology of Bid’ah Hasanah is emerged and echoed by traditional religious groups to label the non-exclusive worships (Ghairu Mahdhah) that originally don’t require any special rules in its implementation. According to them, this term is retrieved and interpreted from several Hadiths and the words of the Prophet’s companions. In the public and academic sphere, this term is still being roughly debated by some religious groups, mainly the Salafis and the traditionals, due to their differences in the methodology of meaning to this term. The Salafis prioritize the textual rigorous Sharia meaning contained in this term, whereas traditional parties put forward the literal and original meaning in understanding this term.
He Dynamics of Relation between the State and Local Religions in Indonesia: Between Idealism and Reality Adib ‘Aunillah Fasya; Alif Al Hilal Ahmad; Muhammad Lukman Arifianto; Zainurrakhmah Zainurrakhmah
Al-Albab Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1845.522 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v4i2.292

Abstract

This paper, in general, discusses the relation between the state and local religions in Indonesia. There is no doubt that Indonesia is one of the countries which has local religions or beliefs with a considerable number of followers, so that the state needs to protect of the followers of these religions. However, after the passing of the government regulation on the recognition of particular official religions in the country, various issues related to formally unrecognized religions began to emerge, including discrimination by the government, especially in administrative matters, as well as social discrimination by the community that denies their existence. Various methods are used by the state to minimize the discriminatory attitudes by issuing multiple regulations and policies, but still it is not considered satisfactory to satisfy all parties, especially those who have been discriminated.
Investigating Learners’ Experiences and Perspectives Towards the Distance Academic Interaction in Arabic Webinars Muhammad Lukman Arifianto; Hanik Mahliatussikah; Wildana Wargadinata; Muh. Fuad Achsan
Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning Vol 5, No 2 (2022): Ijaz Arabi: Journal Of Arabic Learning
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/ijazarabi.v5i2.15686

Abstract

Since mid-2020, mostly caused by the Covid-19 outbreak which forced almost all academic activities involving massive participants to be cancelled due to health and safety reasons, the webinar suddenly became a very famous activity among learners. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the learners’ experience and perspective in this type of academic interaction, especially in Arabic webinar activity. Since this kind of interaction has become an upward trend that is applied massively by almost all institutions, observing it through a cross-sectional survey could be significant research. Thus, we use mixed (quantitative and qualitative-descriptive) methods to explore not only the perspectives of the participants but also to describe their experiences. It starts by providing data from survey results, classifying, analyzing, and presenting the analysis. Based on the recorded learners’ experience, it can be noticed that the Arabic webinars held by various Arabic language academies and institutions across the world were considered quite effective and efficient. Even though there are still many obstacles and shortcomings, especially from a technical point of view, this kind of web-based seminar can be one of the promising alternatives for Arabic learning when the Covid-19 pandemic is still ongoing. Most of the participants were satisfied with the performance of the Arabic language webinars they have participated in, indicated by a high score in the general assessment.
PELATIHAN PENGEMBANGAN TES INTERAKTIF BAHASA ARAB UNTUK ALUMNI JURUSAN SASTRA ARAB FAKULTAS SASTRA UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG Muhammad Lukman Arifianto; Mohammad Ahsanuddin; Moh. Ainin; Irhamni Irhamni; Nurul Fitria; Lailana Aulia Rahmah
ABDIMAS UNWAHAS Vol 7, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/abd.v7i1.6571

Abstract

Pelatihan ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi pedagogik para alumni Jurusan Sastra Arab Fakultas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang (JSA FS UM). Dalam praktiknya, para peserta tidak hanya terbatas hanya dari alumni, namun juga dari non-alumni JSA FS UM yang merupakan guru-guru bahasa Arab dari berbagai jenjang institusi pendidikan. Dalam pelatihan ini, para alumni dibekali beberapa hal terkait hakikat dan karakteristik evaluasi, perencanaan dan pelaksanaan evaluasi, dan pengembangan tes interaktif bahasa Arab berbasis multimedia. Metode yang digunakan dalam pelatihan ini adalah metode ceramah, diskusi dan tanya jawab, serta survei interaktif. Hasil yang diharapkan dari pelatihan ini adalah para peserta memiliki pemahaman yang baik terkait hakikat dan karakteristik evaluasi dan tes dalam pembelajaran bahasa Arab, prosedur penyusunan instrumen tes dan pelaksanaan evaluasi, serta mampu mengembangkan berbagai model tes interaktif dan mengaplikasikannya untuk menunjang pembelajaran Bahasa Arab secara daring, khususnya di masa pandemi Covid-19. Melalui kegiatan ini, para peserta juga berharap agar kegiatan serupa dapat dilakukan secara rutin dan lebih banyak mengedepankan praktik dari pada penyampaian teori.Kata Kunci: Pengembangan Tes Interaktif; Evaluasi; Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab AbstractThis training aims to improve the pedagogic competence of the alumni of the Arabic Literature Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang (JSA FS UM). In practice, the participants are not only limited to alumni, but also from non-alumni JSA FS UM who are Arabic language teachers from various levels of educational institutions. In this training, the alumni were provided with several things related to the nature and characteristics of evaluation, planning and implementation of evaluations, and developing multimedia-based interactive Arabic tests. The methods used in this training are lecture methods and interactive surveys. The expected result of this training is that the participants have a good understanding of the nature and characteristics of evaluations and tests in Arabic learning, procedures for preparing test instruments and conducting evaluations, and are able to develop various interactive test models and apply them to support online Arabic learning, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. Through this activity, the participants also hoped that similar activities could be carried out on a regular basis and put more emphasis on practice rather than presenting theory.Keywords: Interactive Test Development; Evaluation; Arabic Learning