This article presents a part of a study conducted to develop multimedia based teaching material for Grammar 3. It aims at describing needs and problems of students in learning Grammar 3 through a descriptive study. The data were gathered from the questionnaires distributed to the students who have taken Grammar 3 course. The result of the research conveys that 1) there is a gap between the objective of Grammar 3 course and the studentsâ€™ achievement in the class, 2) students get the problems in understanding Grammar 3 due to inappropriate teaching materials used in teaching and learning process, and 3) the students need a multimedia based teaching materials to improve their understanding and achievement in Grammar 3 course.Key words/phrases:teaching material development, multimedia, need analysis, Grammar 3Â APAKAH MAHASISWA MEMBUTUHKAN MATERI AJAR GRAMMAR 3 BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA?AbstrakArtikel ini merupakan salah satu bagian dari rangkaian penelitian pengembangan materi ajar Grammar 3 berbasis multimedia. Penelitian deskrptif ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan masalah dan kebutuhan mahasiswa terhadap materi Grammar 3. Oleh karena itu, data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner yang disebar kepada seluruh mahasiswa yang telah mengambil mata kuliah Grammar 3. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa 1) adanya ketimpangan antara tujuan pembelajaran Grammar 3 dan kemampuan yang dikuasai mahasiswa; 2) mahasiswa mengalami kesulitan dalam memahami materi Grammar 3 karena kurang memadainya materi yang digunakan dalam proses belajar dan mengajar; dan 3) mahasiswa membutuhkan materi ajar berbasis multimedia yang dapat membantu meningkatkan pemahaman dan kemampuan mereka pada materi Grammar 3.Kata Kunci/frase: pengembangan materi ajar, multimedia, analisis kebutuhan, Grammar 3
This article discusses on how teachers build and establish the harmonious environment between them and their students. This term is called as rapport. The writer has collected some theories from some experts about how to establish rapport in the language classroom. In the line with the experts opinions, it is very important for teachers to maintan the rapport in their classroom. Understanding rapport in more depth, it can be said that it has to do with appreciating where other people are coming from, understanding their point of view and seeking to develop and maintain a connection with them. It is suggested that teachers can apply the strategies given in this articles because by doing so teachers can take benefit of establishing rapport from their class room. The strategies to establish rapport in language classroom are: getting to know the students both inside and outside of the classroom, learning student names as quickly as possible, considering non-verbal factors such as body language, developing a relationship built on trust, having a sense of humor and having fun with students
This study aimed to examinethe effect of Simultaneous and partial clarity budgetary targets and internal control system toward the accountability of Government Performance. Population and sample of the study was 35 SKPD in Parigi Moutong District. The research data collection using questionnaire survey. The technique of data analysis used multiple regression analysis by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) program. The results of this study indicate that the budget goal clarity and internal control system effect of the performance accountability of government agencies. Partially, clarity of budget targets and internal control system positively and significantly influence officials performance accountability.
Nowadays, the use of media in language learning is very important. It will make the teaching and learning process be more attractive and effective. Instructional media is an aid which is able to help teacher in their teaching activity. There are many kinds of media that can be used in teaching and learning process, especially in teaching speaking. This article will discuss the use of video as one of instructional medias to teach speaking for advanced learners. A video can be used for presenting the content, starting conversation and providing illustration for concept. By applying the steps of using video in teaching speaking, hopefully, teachers can take benefit from it. There are three steps of using video in speaking activities; namely: choosing the video, preparing the viewing guide and speaking task.Key word: instructional media, video, teaching speaking
Students of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) are expected to master the fundamental of grammar so they can produce good essays. However, despite having learnt English at secondary or university level, students tend to make many grammatical errors in their writing. This study presents the grammatical errors made by college EFL students in their essays and the pedagogical implications viewed from those errors. This is a descriptive research with 30 second-year students who enrolled Essay Writing class as participants. Thirty written essays produced by the students were analyzed for the grammatical errors. The findings revealed that there were 368 grammatical errors found in the studentsâ€™ essays. The most common one was in verb use (48%). Besides, the errors were also found in nouns (12%), prepositions (8%), determiners (8%), pronouns (8%), adverbials (6), adjectives (5%), and conjunctions (5%). If teachers do not assist students to comprehend the concept of parts of speech, and essential and nonessential clauses, these students will continue to make errors in their more advanced writing. The findings may have useful pedagogical implications for English language teachers, syllabus designers, and test developers. Understanding studentsâ€™ difficulties and providing appropriate grammar instructions are the keys to teach grammar.
This research aims at examining the types of language style based on sentence structure in the 2020 US presidential candidate debate. The purpose of this research is to find out the types of language style based on sentence structure used by Trump and Biden in the 2020 US presidential candidate debate. The data were analyzed by using Keraf’s theory (2006). The data were the sentences that contained languages style based on sentence structure uttered by Trump and Biden, and the sources of data in this research were the two videos of US presidential candidate debate 2020 and its script. This research used qualitative-descriptive techniques and quantitative calculation because the data will be presented in statistic. The results of the study show that from 12 types of language style based on sentence structure, there were 11 types of language style based on sentence structure used by Trump, meanwhile there were 10 types of language style based on sentence structure used by biden. From a total of 241 data, as many as 105 sentences were uttered by Donald Trump and 146 sentences were uttered by Joe Biden in the two videos of 2020 US presidential candidate debate containing language style based on sentence structure.
The aim of this research is to analyse the translation quality of the English Version of West Sumatra tourism brochure 2020. It was carried by using descriptive method. Twenty-seven tourism brochures werestudied based on the translation quality assessment model which is developed by Nababan et al. (2012). After completing the analysis, it was found that that 21 texts (77.77%) are categorized in the accurate level, 6 texts (22.23%) are translated less accurately, and none of the texts is translated inaccurately. In terms of their acceptability, 17 texts (62.97%) are less acceptable, 9 texts (33.33%) are categorized in less acceptable level, and the other text (3.70%) is assessed as the unacceptable translation.In addition, 20 texts (74.08%) are readable, 5 texts (18.52%) are less readable. Meanwhile, the other 2 texts (7.4%) are not readable.The results of the translation quality show that the translation of West Sumatra tourism brochuresis mostly accurate, acceptable and readable.
This research aims to find out the types of Conversational Implicature and types of Maxims that found in movie. This analysis will be based on theory of Coorperative Principle proposed by Paul Grice. The objects of this research is a movie and the script of movie. This study is descriptive qualitative with the analyze the sentence.The result shows that types Conversational Implicature divide into two, Generalized and Particularized Implicature, which dominated is Generalized Conversational Implicature. This type more dominated because it is more effectively used in daily conversation. In daily conversation speaker and listener do not need background knowledge to understand the meaning of utterance. This research also analyze about Maxims, the researcher found types of Maxims, there are, Quantity, Quality, Relation and Manner. Maxim of Quality is more dominated because in daily conversation speaker and hearer needs the truthful information and have evidence.
This article discusses Sufism, which is a solution to the spiritual void that occurs in modern society. The purpose of this article is to explain the problem of spirituality that occurs in society due to technological developments and to explain how Sufism is a solution to the dryness of spirituality. This study aims to reintroduce the values of Sufism so that it can be applied in everyday life. Sufism values practically have benefits for human life. This study is a qualitative study based on literature data, so the thinking pattern chosen in this study is a reflective deductive-inductive pattern. By using a psychological approach. Discussing Sufism, Sufism can be defined as a science that studies the ways and ways of how a person can be as close as possible to God. while humans also have a goal in life, one of which is to get closer to God, in achieving the goal of getting closer to God, it is not enough just to carry out obligations such as praying five times a day, but also with tasawuf. Technological developments have various impacts on humans themselves, one of which is technology that makes people forget their existence and away from the life of spirituality. Spirituality is one that has an important role in building morality and directing humans to be more useful. Human spirituality will increase again by using the path of Sufism, which trains people not to put too much emphasis on lust or desire that tends to be strong for materialism
This research analyzed the form and meaning of derivational affixes in the headline articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper. The form of derivational affixes is analyzed by morphological perspective and the meaning of derivational affixes is analyzed by using Leech′s (1974). The researcher used descriptive research method. The data in this research is five texts found in Jakarta Post Newspaper. The newspaper was downloaded from internet. The result of the study found that there are 70 words and 89 meaning of the derivational process that found in Jakarta Post Newspaper.