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Toxicity Test Pediocin N6 Powder Produced from Isolates Pediococcus Pentosaceus Strain N6 on White Mice Ketaren, Nurjama'yah Br.; Marlida, Yetti; Arnim, Arnim; Yuherman, Yuherman; Rusmarilin, Herla
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences Vol 4, No 1 (2016): J. Food Pharm. Sci (January-April)
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.941 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/jfps

Abstract

Pediocin N6 powder is a bacteriocin the heat resistant derived from isolates Pediococcus pentosaceus strain N6. These were isolated from water source heat Rimbo Panti West Sumatra. Pediocin N6 powder has high antimicrobial activity, so the potential to be used as biopreservatif on meat and food processing industry which involves heating. Toxicity test was conducted to determine the effects of the toxic effect of a single dose of oral Pediocin N6 powder in test animals male white mice to determine the LD50 and see changes in body weight of mice for 15 days of treatment. Changes in body weight of mice was determined by using non factorial experiment in a completely randomized design consists of 4 treatments and 5 replications. The test animals were divided into 4 groups and each treatment consisted of 5 mice. The treatments tested consisted of Pediocin N6 powder 5000 mg/kg body weight, 10,000 mg/kg body weight, 15,000 mg /kg and 20,000 mg /kg body weight of mice. The test results showed that the Pediocin N6 powder up to a dose of 20 000 mg/kg in a single oral dose administration, there are no death of mice to 15 days of treatment. Based on the LD50 value of a single oral dose can not be calculated, based on it can be stated LD50 value pseudo Pediocin N6 powder greater than 20,000 mg /kg in male mice. The average changes in body weight of mice at a dose of Pediocin N6 powder treatment of up to 20,000 mg/kg every 2 days weighing from day 1 to day 15 of 2.1 gr. Based on these tests Pediocin N6 powder safe used as industry biopreservatif on meat and food processing involves heating.Key word: Toxicity Test, Pediocin N6 Powder, White Mice, Biopreservatif on Meat
Studi Tentang Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Di Kecamatan Kinali Kabupaten Pasaman Barat Ayusni, Ayusni; Hermon, Dedi; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This research aimed to know the land characteristic for the plantation of palm (elevation, elongation, effective depth, drainage, texture, soil acidity, soil salinity, rainy rate, temperature, rock surface, dept rock layer, cation of soil) on each the form of existing area at the Kinali district of West Pasaman Regency. The unity of form of existing area which is observed consisted of six units of land form and the sample for this research was just five units of land form.Technique of taking the sample was random sampling strategy that is a technique of taking sample by using strata of land form. The analysis of data in this research used descriptive analysis, it an analysis of contrastive tables between land characteristic (elevation, elongation, effective depth, drainage, texture, soil acidity, soil salinity, rainy rate, temperature, rock surface, cation of soil) compared with the feasibility level of the land for the plantation of palm.The result of research showed that: 1) there were support factors and barrier factors. Some support factors are: temperature, texture of soil, elevation, surface of rock, dept rock layer, soil acidity and cation of soil) while the barrier factors are rainy rate, drainage, curve elongation and salinity). 2) there were a feasibility level of the land for the plantation of palm at Kinali District showed that the level of the land came into feasible category to plant the palm which occupied in the form unit of the land, those are, Fluvial layer, Volcanic line, volcanic hill, under and middle elongation of  mountain area.
OPTIMALISASI PEMANFAATAN LAHAN PEKARANGAN RUMAH DI NAGARI KOTO BARU KECAMATAN LUHAK NAN DUO KABUPATEN PASAMAN BARAT Rahmah, Softi Nur; Edial, Helfia; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This research aimed to obtain information, analyze and discuss data on the optimization the utilization of homestead land in Luhak Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency. Type of research was descriptive correlational. The research population was a whole head of the family/ homemakers who has a homestead in Luhak Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency. Samples from this research area is a residential region in Nagari Koto Baru by taken three were deemed to represent the ellipse is Jorong Sei. Talang, Jorong Jambak, and Jorong Ophir. Respondent sampling done by used proportional random sampling technigue by taken a sample of 80 respondents and data collection through questionnaire distribution. Based on a simple linear regression analysis, double (multiple) and the correlation it can be concluded as follows: (1) Found the influence of education on the level of optimization the utilization of homestead land in Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency because t count > t table ( 6.936 > 2.00), power relations were high (r = 0.618) and the contributions gave 38.1%, (2) Found the spacious homestead land influence toward optimization the utilization of homestead land in Luhak Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency because t count > t table (6.809 > 2.00), power relations were high (r = 0.611) and the contributions gave 37.3%, (3) Found the influence of free time toward optimization the utilization of homestead land in Luhak Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency because t count > t table (4.685 > 2.00), the strength of the relationship enough category (r = 0.469) and the contributions gave 22% and (4) Found the influence of the level of public education, spacious homestead and free time together toward optimize the utilization of homestead land in Luhak Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency because F count > F table (42.778 > 3.96), the strength of the relationship between three variables toward optimize the utilization of homestead in Luhak Nan Duo District Nagari Koto Baru West Pasaman Regency included were high (r = 0.793) and higher contributions gave 62.8%.
BUDIDAYA IKAN AIR TAWAR SEBAGAI PENDORONG PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DI KANAGARIAN KOTO BARU KECAMATAN BAYANG KABUPATEN PESISIR SELATAN Kasmuni, Cici; Suarto, Edi; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This study aimed to obtain information, analyze and describe data on the cultivation of Freshwater Fish Resources For Drivers of Regional Economic Development in Koto Baru village Bayang district Pesisir Selatan region view of: 1) Capital cultivation of Freshwater Fish, 2) fish farming Income Level fresh water, 3) Marketing shape freshwater Fish Culture in Koto Baru village Bayang district Pesisir Selatan region.This research is a descriptive qualitative study using interview techniques. To answer this problem in the use of primary data and secondary data, primary data was collected through observation, interviews, discussions with informants and photographs taken in the field, while the secondary data got from the relevant parties.The results showed: 1) Capital freshwater fish farming on his own can of capital and there is also in the capital can be of assistance from others, the initial capital used in the cultivation of freshwater fish is around 30-50 million depending on the area of land which is managed, 2) the income level of freshwater fish farming in 1 year more than 96 million depending on the area of land that is managed, if the land is managed is not too large then the revenue was less than 96 million, 3) form of marketing of freshwater fish farming is on the market itself there are also traders who come to markets for freshwater fish culture
THE MOTIVATIONS OF FARMER (RICE) TO CHANGED WITH GADING COCONUT ON SIMALIDU KOTO SALAK DHARMASRAYA Yulirman, Yulirman; Suarto, Edi; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

The aims of this research is to got information, to analize, and to describing data about motivation of changes farmer (rice) to progres gading coconut on simalidu koto salak dharmasraya can see from : 1) because of the less rice production so the farmer have motivations to changes to progress gading coconut. 2) the high gading coconut prices so the farmer have motivations to progress gading coconut. 3) also, because the farmer more easy to organize it. The kids of the qualitative research with using interview tehnique. Beause the problems solving the researcher use sekunder of data and primer of data to answer og the questions. The primer of data collected by observation, interview, discussion process informant, and take of images on the outside area, than of sekunder got from informant people apropriate with his/her specialist. The result of this research explains that 1) less of rie production, so the farmer have motivations to cange with gading coconut on simalidu koto salak damasraya the public perfoman beause goose farmer cange wet rice field land became to progress gading coconut. 2) the high gading coconut prices so the farmer have motivations to canges to progress gading coconut on simalidu koto salak damasraya general achieve because high gading coconut on the  farmer hope economy moun from before now. 3) also, because the farmer more easy to organize it on simalidu koto salak damasraya general achieve because  simple prepation cultivation gading coconut comparation wet rice fiel plant.
PERANAN SANTRI DALAM MENGELOLA KEBERSIHAN LINGKUNGAN ASRAMA DI PONDOK PESANTREN DR.M.NATSIR ALAHAN PANJANG KABUPATEN SOLOK fitrina, Leli; Ahmad, Ridwan; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

The study aimed to obtain information,  date analyze about the role of students in managing environment hygiene dormitory in the boarding school DR.M.Natsir. who views of how the role of students in creating and maintaining the cleanlines hostel environment.This is qualitative study using interview techniques. To answer this problem used primary date and secondary date. Primary date obtained from observation, interviews with informants they are students in boarding school DR.M.Natsir and documentation, while secondary date obtained from the relevant parties.The result showed: 1 the role of student in creating a healty environment at the school dormitory DR.M.Natsir Alahan Panjang is defined as something that should inplemented as if it hasbeen created hygiene, the environment will be healtheir, we willbespared from disease, living in the dorm would be fun, through activities which can create a cleaner environment, such as mutual cooperation, dispose of waste in place which is provide, but students knowledge about creating hygiene are not in accordance with their behaviour towarde environment cleanliness.2. the role of students in a dormitory done keeping the in environment by cleaning sewer water, obey and follow the rules of the builder, clean room as well as providing guidance to actions other students when the student keep the environment less. But in dealing with all of that, studen just do a simple manner, such as gutter cleaning water only once, obey the rules and runt it at the picket alone, clean room just by sweeping, but cleaning the room of glass and window clean only when the dust have many ar thick.
Motivasi Masyarakat Menjadi Pengojek Becak Motor di Kenagarian Barung-Barung Belantai Kecamatan Koto XI Tarusan Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Verlina, Mutia; Erita, Yeni; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This study aimed to obtain data and information are : 1) the level of income. 2) the level of knowledge. 3) previouns livelihoods. 4) culture condisions. 5) lack of transportation infarstructure. This type of research is descriptive, which became the overall study population were people who became motor tricycles di kenagarian Barung sub-Barung Belantai Koto XI Tarusan southern coastal distric, which consists of several villages : Pasa Ambacang, Lubuak Buayo, Koto Kaciak, Pasa, Palo Pasa, Kalan land, hills, terrain, Parik and Rajo Agam. The  samples were taken in total sampling number that  is equal to 51 motorcycle ricksaw. The result of this study indicate : 1) income motorcyle rickshaw, it can be seen that their avarage income is around Rp. > 500.000 – 1.000.000 2) Knowledge is not a motivation to motorcycle rickshaw, but they generally have is this knowledge it can be seen that they knew with light traffic sign in every custumer  asks about a region or place they want to go general they know, but based on interview, avarege their averege graduated from elementary school and junior high school, so that those who answer the many lack of the skill and skill. 3) provious livelihood society motor tricycle rickshaw, it can be seen that their live mediocre after being motorcycle rickshaw, sometimes they look for another job to make end meet. 4) the community of motor tricycle are not shy with their profession that can be seen in general society who are not ashamed to answer as many as 44 people (86,27%). 5) that the motivation motorcycle rickshaw society are the lack of transport infrastructure, it can be seen that a society that say yes 45 people (88,23%) of the 51 respondents who answered.
KONDISI SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA NELAYAN PUKAT CINCIN KECAMATAN SASAK RANAH PASISIE KABUPATEN PASAMAN BARAT SARI, GUSFANIA; Suarto, Edi; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This studyaims to describe, obtaininformationanddiscuss(1) purse seinefishingfamily income, (2) the livelihoods ofpurse seinefishingfamilyside, (3) the level ofpurse seinefishingfamily educationand(4) the healthcondition of familypurse seinefishing.Type ofresearchis classifiedindescriptiveresearch. Populationofthis study are allpurse seinefishermenfamiliesresiding in DistrictSasakdomainsPasisiePasaman West, wherethere are217heads ofpurse seinefishing families. Researchsamplingwithproportionalrandom samplingtechniquewith25% of respondents54respondents.Data collectedbyinstruments, interviews, recordingandobservation. The data obtained wereanalyzedwithdescriptivestatisticspercentageformula.The resultsinclude: (1) Revenuepurse seinefishing familiesin the District ofSasakdomainsPasisie45respondents(83.33%) <Rp300.000/week, 43respondents(79.63%) are lessadequate forthe needs ofdaily live, 45respondents(83.33%) forchildrens education, 32respondents(59.26%) always for futurefamily, (2) the livelihoods offishing family sidelineis37respondents(68.52%) did nothavea second job, (3) family educationlevelof fishermen30respondents(55.56%) did notcomplete elementary school, 48respondents(88.89%) did nothave anformal education, 40respondents(74.07%) childrenof fishing familiesthrough education and 14respondents(25, 93%) of the children of fishermenwhodrop out of school, (4) the health condition ofthe familypurse seinefishing30respondents(55.56%) had suffered afluandfeverlastyear, 18respondents(33.33%) midwives/paramedicstreateda familyplacefishermen, 44respondents(81.48%) by using their own expensefor treatment.
FAKTOR PENOLAKAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT MASYARAKAT DI KECAMATAN SIBERUT TENGAH KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI Nurhayati, Sri Ramdaya; Rianto, Slamet; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the rejection of oil palm plantations in the Central District of Siberut Mentawai Islands.Type of research is descriptive. The population is all the families who reside in the Central District of Siberut. Based on recent data the population of 950 inhabitants with 218 households. Respondent sample taken with the technique of random sampling proportional to the proportion of 20 % so that the sample was 68 families.The research found that : 1) cultural factors are the main causes of the rejection of oil palm plantations in the Central District of Siberut, because ownership of communal land is generally owned by indigenous elders, culture is still strong and the workers have not been able to adapt to the culture of the surrounding community, (2) livelihood factor is the cause of the oil palm rejection because people rarely get jobs related to the oil palm plantation dai Middle Siberut, (3) the level of income of the people in the Middle District of Siberut is generally low , but is able to meet the basic needs of the family, and (4) level of public education in the District of Central Siberut is low, generally graduated junior high
POTENSI WILAYAH UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN USAHASAPI POTONGTRADISIONAL DIKECAMATAN IV NAGARIKABUPATEN SIJUNJUNG Gusniati, Reni; Rianto, Slamet; Yuherman, Yuherman
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

This research is  District Of IV Nagari Sub-Province of Sijunjung, with aim to to know regional potency for the development of crosscut ox effort either from facet : ( I) Potency human resource ( SDM), ( 2) Potency natural resources ( SDA), and ( 3) Condition of institute of supporter, which there are [in] District Of IV Nagari Sub-Province of Sijunjung.This research use descriptive method that is  research to occurence which or have occurence. .Population in this research is entire/all family head breeder of crosscut ox exist in District Of IV Nagari Sub-Province of Sijunjung.Technique intake of data pass observation / direct perception of leisure and spreading of enquette, becoming sampel in occurence.Technique analyse data performed within this research with percentage analysis to potency development of crosscut ox region.Result of research find : ( 1) Evaluated from human resource aspect which is IV Nagari,Kecamatan, owning potency able to support development of ox effort .(2) While seen from natural resources aspect which consist of : availibility of water, farm potency and availability of green which is very support. ( 3) available Institute also support development of crosscut ox effort in District of IV Nagari among others is institute of Finance exploiting of institute, institute support and role of institute.