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PRODUKSI BIOGAS DARI CAMPURAN KOTORAN SAPI DENGAN RUMPUT GAJAH (Pennisetum Purpureum) Afrian, Chandra; Haryanto, Agus; Hasanudin, Udin; Zulkarnain, Iskandar
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering) Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : The University of Lampung

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui produksi biogas dari campuran rumput gajah dan kotoran sapi.  Rumput gajah (25 kg), diperoleh dari petani di Gedong Tataan (Pesawaran) dan berumur 2 bulan saat dipotong, dicacah dengan panjang maksimum 5 cm. Kotoran sapi segar (25 kg) diambil dari Laboratorium di Jurusan Peternakan, Universitas Lampung diencerkan dengan air pada tiga level, yaitu 50 ℓ (P1), 75 ℓ (P2), dan 100 ℓ (P3). Rumput gajah dicampur dengan kotoran sapi dan diaduk rata. Campuran dimasukkan ke dalam digester batch dari drum plastik dengan volume 220 liter. Untuk kontrol hanya digunakan 25 kg kotoran sapi yang diencerkan dengan 25 l air. Semua perlakukan dilakukan dengan dua ulangan. Parameter yang diamati pada penelitian ini meliputi temperatur harian, pH awal dan akhir substrat, kandungan TS dan VS, volume biogas, produktivitas biogas dan komposisi biogas.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa nilai pH awal semua perlakuan berada pada kisaran normal yaitu 7,73, 8,08, 8,00, 7,20 berturut-turut untuk P1, P2, P3 dan kontrol; sedangkan pH akhir berturut-turut adalah 4,50, 4,62, 6,82, 7,30. Suhu harian rata-rata hampir sama untuk semua perlakuan yaitu 33,15 oC, 29,60 oC, 31,17 oC, dan 30,23 oC. Total dari produksi biogas adalah 439,42 l, 353,02 l, 524.32 l dan 519,27 l berturut-turut untuk P1, P2, P3, dan kontrol dengan produktivitas biogas secara berurutan adalah 42.20 ℓ/kgTS, 33.91 ℓ/kgTS, 50.38 ℓ/kgTS, 72.42 ℓ/kgTS dan produktivitas metana 6,85ℓ/kgVS, 13,38ℓ/kgVS, 69,62ℓ/kgVS dan 102,86ℓ/kgVS.Kata kunci : Biogas, kotoran sapi, rumput gajah, batch, produktivitas
TECHNICAL AND COST PERFORMANCE OF MICROHYDRO POWER PLANT Haryanto, Agus; Fauzan, Muhamad Inu; Lanya, Budianto
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering) Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : The University of Lampung

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Abstract

The increase in electricity consumption in one side and the depletion of fossil fuel sources in the other side have triggered Indonesia to support any development of renewable-based electricity generation, including microhydro-based power plant. The objective of this research was to investigate technical and cost performance of microhydro power plant. Observation was conducted on four microhydro power plants located in Bogorejo village, Sub district of Gedong Tataan, Pesawaran District, Lampung Province. The plants were developed and self-managed by the community. Parameters to be measured or recorded included head of water, voltage and electrical current produced from the generator, number of family serviced by the plant, and electricity price that community should pay. Results showed that power output of the plants was ranging from 314 to 1805 W with 2 to 20 families were serviced for each unit. The research revealed that output power was related to the combination factor of head, the diameter of base penstock pipe, and inverse of generator’s pulley size. The output power was also linearly related to installation cost. With an installation cost of 8 to 40 million rupiahs per unit, the electric energy price was in the window of 633 to 973 rupiahs per kWh. It was concluded that Rohman’s microhydro, with power output of 1805 W and energy price of Rp.633/kWh, was the best compared to the others. Keywords: microhydro, performance, energy price, power
KARAKTERISTIK PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR PABRIK MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT DALAM BIOREAKTOR CIGAR SEMI KONTINU Shintawati, Shintawati; Hasanudin, Udin; Haryanto, Agus
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering) Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : The University of Lampung

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) waste water contains high consentration of organic pollutants. Anaerobic treatment is suitable to reduce the pollutans and also produce methane as one of renewable energy sources. Anaerobic degradation is complicated and sensitive process to the environtment, such as temperature and organic consentration. This study aims to determine characteristic of palm oil mill waste water treatment using semicontinue anaerobic CIGAR bioreactor. The seed was collected from sludge of anaerobic pond at POME treatment facility of PTPN VII Bekri. The substrat used in this experiment was fresh POME from the same mill. Initially, 4,375m3 of sludge was introduced into the bioreactor. The seed was acclimatized at a loading rate of 50 l/day for about a week. Anaerobic treatment was conducted at room temperature and the substrat was fed semicontinuelly at a loading rate of 100 to 350 liter/day. Results showed, that the stability of anaerobic degradation was achieved at an organic loading rate (OLR) of 0,9-3,11 kg/m3/day with COD removal more than 90% and maximum biogas production of 2,59 m3/day. Keywords : palm oil mill effluent, anaerobic bioreactor, COD removal, biogas.
Application of Artificial Neural Network to Predict Biodiesel Yield from Waste Frying Oil Transesterification Haryanto, Agus; Saputra, Tri Wahyu; Telaumbanua, Mareli; Gita, Amiera Citra
Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology Vol 5, No 1 (2020): IJOST: VOLUME 5, ISSUE 1, 2020
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ijost.v5i1.23099

Abstract

Used frying oil (UFO) has a great potential as feedstock for biodiesel production. This study aims to develop an artificial neural  network  (ANN)  model  to  predict  biodiesel  yield produced from base-catalyzed transesterification of UFO. The experiment  was  performed  with  100  mL  of  UFO  at  three different  molar  ratios  (oil:methanol) (namely 1:4,  1:5,  and 1:6), conducted with reaction temperatures of  30 to 55oC (raised by 5oC), and reaction time of 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, and 10 minutes. Prediction model was based on ANN model consisting  of  three  layers  with  27  combinations  of  three activation  functions  (tansig,  logsig,  purelin).  All  activation function  architectures  were  trained  using  Levenberg- Marquardt train type with 126 data set (87.5%) and learning rate  of  0.001.  Model  validation  used  18  data  set  (12.5%) measured at reaction time of 8 min. Results showed that two ANN models with activation function of logsig-purelin-logsig and purelin-logsig-tansig be the best with RRMSE of 2.41% and  2.44%  with  R2  of  0.9355  and  0.9391,  respectively. Predictions   of   biodiesel   yield   using   ANN   models   are significantly better than those of first-order kinetics.
PERUBAHAN SIFAT FISIS PELET TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT HASIL TOREFAKSI yulianto, tri; Febryano, Indra Gumay; Iryani, Dewi Agustina; Haryanto, Agus; Hasanudin, Udin; Hidayat, Wahyu
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering) Vol 9, No 2 (2020): Juni 2020
Publisher : The University of Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jtep-l.v9i2.104-111

Abstract

 Penggunaan sumber energi dari fosil secara terus menerus mengakibatkan pasokan minyak bumi menjadi terbatas, sehingga dibutuhkan inovasi energi terbarukan. Tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS) merupakan salah satu limbah padat dari industri minyak sawit yang potensial untuk digunakan sebagai energi terbarukan karena ketersediaannya yang melimpah dan harga bahan baku yang relatif murah. Sifat-sifat TKKS dapat ditingkatkan menggunakan metode torefaksi. Torefaksi adalah perlakuan termokimia pada kisaran  suhu 200-300°C dengan kondisi inert (oksigen terbatas).  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perubahan sifat fisis pelet TKKS melalui torefaksi dengan menggunakan electric furnace (EF). Torefaksi pelet TKKS pada penelitian ini menggunakan suhu 280°C dengan durasi 20 menit.  Pengujian pelet TKKS meliputi perubahan warna, kerapatan, kadar air, dan ketahanan terhadap perendaman air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa warna pelet tandan kosong kelapa sawit berubah total setelah torefaksi dengan nilai perubahan warna (ΔE*) sebesar 14,97. Kerapatan awal pelet sebesar 0,58% g/cm3 menurun dan setelah torefaksi menjadi 0,48 g/cm3. Kadar air awal pelet tandan kosong kelapa sawit sebesar 11,54% menurun setelah torefaksi menjadi 6,66%. Uji ketahanan terhadap air menunjukkan bahwa pelet yang ditorefaksi lebih tahan terhadap air dibandingkan pelet yang belum ditorefaksi, sehingga akan sangat menguntungkan ketika pelet disimpan dalam waktu yang lama dan pada kondisi lembab. Kata kunci: sifat fisis, tandan kosong kelapa sawit, torefaksi, warna.
PENGARUH TOREFAKSI TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA PELET TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT Rani, Irma Tya; Hidayat, Wahyu; Febryanto, Indra Gumay; Iryani, Dewi Agustina; Haryanto, Agus; Hasanudin, Udin
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering) Vol 9, No 2 (2020): Juni 2020
Publisher : The University of Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (580.403 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jtep-l.v9i2.%p

Abstract

Corrigendum to: PENGARUH TOREFAKSI TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA PELET TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT
Economic Benefit and Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of A Family-Scale Cowdung Anaerobic Biogas Digester Haryanto, Agus; Cahyani, Dwi; Triyono, Sugeng; Murdapa, Fauzan; Haryono, Dwi
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development Vol 6, No 1 (2017): February 2017
Publisher : Center of Biomass & Renewable Energy, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ijred.6.1.29-36

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The objective of this research was to evaluate economic benefit and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction potential of a family-scale anaerobic cowdung biogas digester. Research was conducted at two villages in Lampung Province, namely Marga Lestari, District of South Lampung and Pesawaran Indah, District of Pesawaran. Economic benefit and GHG emission reduction potential were evaluated from LPG saving due to biogas utilisation for cooking and fertilizer substitution by slurry digestate. Results showed that a family-scale anaerobic cowdung biogas digester demonstrated a good potential to reduce GHG emission, but not in economic. A digester with 4 heads of cow produced biogas at a rate of 1582 L/day. With average methane content of 53.6%, energy value of the biogas was equivalent to 167 kg LPG and able to substitute 52 bottles LPG annually. A family-scale biogas contributed 108.1 USD/year and potentially reduced GHG emission by 5292.5 kg CO2e/year resulted from biomethane potential, LPG, and fertilizer savings.Article History: Received November 15th 2016; Received in revised form January 16th 2017; Accepted February 2nd 2017; Available onlineHow to Cite This Article: Haryanto, A., Cahyani, D., Triyono, S., Murdapa, F., and Haryono, D. (2017) Economic Benefit and Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of A Family-Scale Cowdung Anaerobic Biogas Digester. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development 6(1), 29-36.http://dx.doi.org/10.14710/ijred.6.1.29-36
Characterization of Traditional Market Solid Waste (TMSW) and Its Recycling Potential (Case Study : Traditional Markets in Bandar Lampung) Haviz, Muhammad; Iryani, Dewi Agustina; Yuliandari, Puspita; Hasanudin, Udin; Amien, Elhamida Rezkia; Haryanto, Agus
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering) Vol 11, No 1 (2022): March
Publisher : The University of Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jtep-l.v11i1.70-78

Abstract

Solid waste has always been a problem for developing countries. In Bandar Lampung, the traditional market is the second largest contributor of solid waste, after households. Data for Traditional Market Solid Waste (TMSW) composition and generation rate in Bandar Lampung is rarely found, even though, data is needed to write the policy for TMSW management and its recycling potential. This research aims to provide data on TMSW composition, generation rate and chararacteristic in Bandar Lampung, also its recycling potential. The sample from 10 of 31 traditional markets in Bandar Lampung is collected for 8 consecutive days in morning and afternoon. Then, the sample was processed to obtain its composition, generation and density. 48.06% of TMSW compositions is donated by vegetable. Meanwhile, metal is rarely found in traditional markets, with only 0.37%. The average density of TMSW is 180.11 kg/m3, while Kangkung Market has the highest density with 237.84 kg/m3 and Cimeng Market has the lowest TMSW density with 123.07 kg/m3. The generation rate of TMSW is 53,602.35 kg/day. Biodegradable wastes from traditional markets in Bandar Lampung, with 53% water contents, can be potentially recycled by composting and/or anaerobic digester because of its economic value and characteristic. Keywords:   Recycling, Solid Waste Management, Traditional Market Solid Waste, Waste Characterization
Pengaruh Kombinasi Biochar Sekam Padi dan Pupuk Organik Berbasis Mikroba Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Sayuran Siti Suharyatun; Warji Warji; Agus Haryanto; Khoiril Anam
Teknotan: Jurnal Industri Teknologi Pertanian Vol 15, No 1 (2021): TEKNOTAN, Agustus 2021
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Industri Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jt.vol15n1.4

Abstract

Pemanfaatan biochar sekam padi merupakan salah satu upaya pengelolaan limbah pertanian untuk memperbaiki karakteristik dan kesuburan tanah. Penelitian penggunaan biochar sekam padi sebagai bahan pembenah tanah sudah banyak dilakukan, tetapi penggunaan biochar sekam padi yang dikombinasikan dengan pupuk organik berbasis mikroba belum banyak dilakukan. Biochar sekam padi dapat menyediakan habitat bagi mikroba tanah, kombinasi biochar sekam padi dengan pupuk organik berbasis mikroba diharapkan dapat memperbaiki karakteristik fisik dan kimia tanah, serta meningkatkan kesuburan tanah sekaligus mengurangi penggunaan pupuk anorganik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kombinasi penggunaan biochar dan pupuk organik berbasis mikroba terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil produksi sayuran. Penelitian ini menggunakan 4 perlakuan, yaitu (1) tanpa biochar tanpa pupuk, (2) menggunakan pupuk organik berbasis mikroba, (3) menggunakan biochar dan (4) menggunakan biochar dan pupuk organik berbasis mikroba. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian adalah pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman, serta karakteristik fisik dan kima tanah sebagai pendukung. Pengukuran parameter pertumbuhan tanaman dilakukan secara periodik selama pertumbuhan tanaman, produksi tanaman diukur setelah panen. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa pemberian pupuk organik berbasis mikroba atau biochar pada tanah subsoil berpengaruh meningkatkan tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, luas kanopi dan total brangkasan tanaman sawi. Kombinasi pupuk berbasis mikroba dan biochar arang sekam menghasilkan rata-rata tinggi tanaman dan total brangkasan lebih besar dibanding pemberian pupuk organik berbasis mikroba saja atau biochar saja.
Anaerobic Treatment for Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Covered In-the Ground Anaerobic Reactor (CIGAR) Agus Haryanto; Shintawati Shintawati; Udin Hasanudin
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences Vol. 53 No. 6 (2021)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Services, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2021.53.6.9

Abstract

Wastewater from crude palm oil mills contains high organic matter, which potentially produces biogas through anaerobic digestion processes. The design and operation of an anaerobic bioreactor require a good understanding of the reaction kinetic in the bioreactor. This study aimed to evaluate the biogas production from POME and to determine the kinetic parameters of microbial growth and the substrate utilization rates in a CIGAR. An experiment was conducted using a 5-m3 bioreactor with a working volume of 4.4 m3. Wastewater from the Bekri palm oil mill was stored in a 5-m3 tank. After stabilization, the wastewater was loaded into the reactor at a rate of 100 to 250 L/d, corresponding to a COD loading rate of 1.373-3.097 kg·m-3.d-1, and an HRT of 18-44 days. Monod, Contois, Moser, and Shuler kinetic models were evaluated. The results showed that the Shuler model performed best for microbial activities, while the first order reaction model performed best for the substrate utilization kinetic. The maximum specific growth rate (μmax) for the Shuler model was 0.052 d-1 and the saturation constant (Kso) was 0.119. The maximum substrate utilization rate constant (ks) was 2.183 d-1 and biomass yield (Yx/s) 0.024 kg/kg. The maximum average efficiency of anaerobic degradation (34.4%) occurred at a feeding rate of 100 L/d with methane yield of 0.120 Nm3/kg of removed COD. This value is relatively low compared to the maximum potential of 0.350 Nm3/kg CODr.
Co-Authors Afrian, Chandra Agata Desinta Yoanma Aldi Saputra Alim Fadila Rahman Amieria Citra Gita Amieria Citra Gita Anak Agung Gede Sugianthara Bagus Saputra Budianto Lanya Budianto Lanya David SS Marpaung Dea Permatasari Dermiyati Dermiyati Dewi Agustina Iryani Dewi Agustina Iryani, Dewi Agustina Disca Anggi Pratiwi Dwi Cahyani Dwi Cahyani Dwi Dian Novita Dwi Haryono Dyah Isworo Eka Noer Soe'mah Eka Noer Soe'mah Eka Oktaviani Elhamida Rezkia Amien Eza Yolan Yuswansyah Fajar Agustus Simanjuntak Febrian Kusuma Wisnu Febryan Kusuma Wisnu Febryanto, Indra Gumay Gita, Amiera Citra Gusri Akhyar Ibrahim Hizami Ch Anwar Indah Kusmindarti Indra Gumay Febryano Irma Thya Rani Irwan Sukri Banuwa Iskandar Zulkarnain Jamalam Lumbanraja Jiho Yoo Karina Gracia Agatha Tambunan Khoiril Anam Kusuma Adhianto Laily Rahmadani Putri Liman Liman Lutfi Wahyuni Mareli Telaumbanua Marisa Marisa Melya Riniarti Mirwan Saputro Mochamad Zakky Muhamad Inu Fauzan Muhammad Agus Windra Muhammad Amin Muhammad Haviz Muhtarudin muhtarudin Mulyani, Yessi Murdapa, Fauzan Nabila Dea Fadila Nomi Setyowati Oktafri Oktafri Ovita Yozana Rahmi Adi Bazenet Raizummi Fil’aini Rani, Irma Tya Reza Aprilliandi Ristanti Ristanti Rivan Okfrianas Rizza Wijaya Sandi Asmara Sangdo Kim Sapto Kuncoro Satya Muhammad Sutra Sekar Kinanti Seldi Prayoga Shilvia Vera Sinaga Shintawati Shintawati Shintawati, Shintawati Sigit Prabawa Sihyun Lee Sisi Agustin Siti Asfiatul Mukaromah Siti Mutiara Ridjayanti Siti Suharyatun Sri Hidayati Sri Rahayoe Sri Waluyo Sugeng Triyono Suharyadi Suharyadi Tamrin Tamrin Tamrin, Tamrin Titin Yulianti Tri Wahyu Saputra Tri Wahyu Saputra Tri Yulianto Tri Yulianto Ucok Hasiholan Udin Hasanudin Udin Hasanudin Udin Hasanudin Udin Hasanudin Ully Silviana Viffit Desiyana Wahyu Hidayat Wahyu Ratnaningsih Warji Warji Winda Rahmawati Winda Rahmawati Winda Rahmawati Winda Rahmawati Winda Rahmawati Winda Rahmawati Yuko Armandho Pratama Yuliandari, Puspita Zelzha Arinnesia Varanita