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INDONESIA
Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
ISSN : 27744876     EISSN : 27744868     DOI : https://doi.org/10.30998/je.v1i1
Publishes articles in provides space for academic debate and critical thinking to explore: 1. History Education ; from all areas such as formal and informal education systems, comparative education, and policy in a range of settings. 2. History ; from all areas and periods and has played an important role in integrating work in Indonesia history with historical analysis. 3. Culture ; from all areas with ethnography approach. 4. Social Science ; from all areas such as philosophy, politics, sociology and other fields of inquiry. 5. Humanities ; from all fields such as archeology, philosophy and anthropology.
Articles 20 Documents
PEMANFAATAN FUNGSI MUSEUM SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR SEJARAH DALAM MENGEMBANGKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS Okta Evitasari; Lelly Qodariah; Rudy Gunawan
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (636.894 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v1i1.462

Abstract

This research uses a descriptive qualitative method with a case study approach where the researcher searches and collects resources in the form of informationand data about the use of museums as a source of historical learning, which inturn provides descriptive data in the form of words, writing of objects observedby researchers. The data used in this study comes from sources, places (museum buildings and collections) and documents. Data collection techniques used in this study were interviews, observation and document analysis. In this study, researchers used source triangle measurement by searching data through more than one informant related to the use of the museum's role as a source of historical learning. The results showed that the museum can motivate students and make students easy in the learning history process. The visit to the museum is something that deserves to be considered as a source of visual learning forstudents. A visit to the history object is expected to change the assumption thatstudents studying history are not boring and satiating, but something interestingand fun. On the basis of the findings in the field of SMA Negeri 5 Depok, the useof the museum as a learning source is indeed not yet optimal, due to variousfactors such as the lack of broad socialization to schools and the limited reach ofthe museum, which is an obstacle to National Awakening Museum in an effort tomake the museum as a means to study history.Keywords: learning materials, students, museums
The Wahid Institute dan Pluralisme di Indonesia (2004-2008) Syifa Ainun Lutfiana; Kurniawati Kurniawati; R Wisnubroto; Reni Wulandari
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.41 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v2i1.600

Abstract

This study discusses the birth and development of The Wahid Institute from 2004 to 2008. The method used in this study is the historical method and the presentation of research results is carried out in the form of descriptive narrative. The results of this thesis study explained that the birth of The Wahid Institute in 2004 was inseparable from Abdurrahman Wahid, Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh Wahid, Greg Barton, and Ahmad Suaedy who were the initiators of The Wahid Institute. Then there are the founding factors of The Wahid Institute such as social and religious conditions in the post-New Order era, because they were released from the New Order era. because of differences in views, beliefs, culture, and ethnicity. This is due to the lack of pluralism in society, so The Wahid Institute was designed by the initiators to fight for pluralism as expected by Gus Dur. 
Sejarah Pemikiran Ekonomi Islam Pada Masa Daulah Bani Umayyah dan Bani Abbasiyah Muhammad Nurul Huda
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 1, No 2 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.069 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v1i1.466

Abstract

This article is the result of an analysis of economic history in the past which is to answer economic problems during the Umayyad and Abasiyyah Daulah,economic activities carried out during the Daulah Bani Umayyah and BaniAbasiyyah. This research uses the Historical Method by using secondarysources originating from December. which literature has been previouslyreviewed and analyzed. While in the approach the writer uses a historicalapproach. This approach is used by the author in order to reveal the economicproblems of the Umayyad and Abasiyyah Bani. From the research results, itcan be seen that the development of Islamic economics in the Umayyad andAbbasid dynasties was an economic policy formed based on the ijtihad of thefuqoha and ulama as a consequence of the increasingly distant time spanbetween the Prophet's life and the reign. The abbasiyah caliph or the dynasty ofthe children of the abbot, as said to continue the rule of the Umayyad dynasty.His power lasted a long time. During the Abbasiyah dynasty in power wherethe patterns of government applied varied according to political, social andcultural changes. Keywords: Economy, Caliph, Islam
PERKEMBANGAN JASA TRANSPORTASI PO RUDI DI LEBAK BANTEN TAHUN 1986-1998 (PENGARUH TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL-EKONOMI MASYARAKAT KABUPATEN LEBAK BANTEN) Eko Ribawati; Nashar Nashar; Donita Kirana
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.218 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v1i1.459

Abstract

This research is to f ind out the history, development and influence of PO Rudi’s transportation service in Lebak Regency in 1986-1998. The problems examinedin this study are about the existence of PO Rudi transportation services in LebakRegency in terms of history starting from the initial history of the establishment,the development of the PO Rudi transportation service company and the influenceon the socio-economic life of the Lebak community. This research study is morefocused in the 1986-1998 timeframe because of the dynamics in thetransportation services company that initially succeeded in being setback. Themethod used in this study is the historical method which includes: Heuristics,Source Critism, Interpretation and Historiography. The results of this studyindicate that the geographical general description of Lebak Regency consistmostly of agricultural areas so that the majorty of the community works asfarmers. Lebak community agricultural output has increased every year so itrequires adequate transportation to sell agricultural products. The distancebetween Lebak Regency and other regencies is quite far, Lebak people usually doactivities using traditional transportation or on foot. This is the background of theestablishment of the PO Rudi transportation service company. PO Rudi’stransportation services company underwent a good development in 1986-1998.In the development of this company had suffered a setback due to the monetary crisis and the development of other public transportation. Evidenced by theincrease in ticket prices and there are people who switch to using othertransportation services such as Mulyawan and Mulyana Jaya in Lebak Regency.But this company is able to survive and maintain its exsistence until now. Thiscompany provides direct and indirect influence on the socio-economic life of thepeople of Lebak Regency. Evidenced by the development of small businessesbecause of the availability of supply of goods from certain regions.Keywords: Transporation Service, PO Rudi, Lebak Regency.
Perjuangan PGRI Dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Guru di Era Reformasi (1999-2003) (Studi Kasus PGRI DKI Jakarta dan Depok) Akhmad Syaekhu Rakhman
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (33.116 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v2i1.757

Abstract

Terbentuknya organisasi Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia adalah hasil dari perjuangan guru-guru Indonesia. Dilihat dari perjalan sejarahnya, perjuangan kaum Guru telah dimulai dari masa Hindia Belanda. PGRI merupakan suatu wadah tempat berhimpunnya para guru-guru dan tenaga kependidikan sebagai organisasi profesi, perjuangan dan ketenagakerjaan yang selalu memperjuangkan kesejahteraan guru, memberikan perlindungan terhadap guru, dan meningkatkan sumber daya manusia guru. Sebagai wadah persatuan guru, PGRI diharapkan salah satu tujuannya sebagai alat perjuangan dalam menuntut kesejahteraan guru yang masih menjadi PR besar dari PGRI di seluruh cabang di Indonesia. Dengan adanya undang - undang sistem pendidikan nasional dan undang – undang guru dan dosen setidaknya semakin menguatkan peran organisasi ini dari mulai tingkat nasional, propinsi, kabupaten, dan kecamatan. Dengan jaringannya yang begitu luas dan banyak, menjadikan organisasi PGRI mengakar di Indonesia. Perjuangan PGRI dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan guru diteliti lebih lanjut khususnya studi kasus PGRI DKI Jakarta dan Depok dengan menggunakan metode sejarah. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa PGRI di era reformasi khususnya mengenai peningkatan kesejahteraan guru terus diperjuangkan walaupun di awal masa ini belum terlihat hasil yang signifikan tetapi lambat laun secara perlahan akhirnya pemerintah memenuhi tuntutan PGRI tersebut.  
Pemanfaatan Situs Sejarah Buddhisme di Palembang sebagai Suplemen Materi Pembelajaran Sejarah Suswandari Suswandari; Nur Fajar Absor; Desyanti Aprilia; Lutfi Nurahman; Andre Noviansyah
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 1, No 2 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.319 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v1i2.599

Abstract

Wilayah Palembang dikenal kental dengan nuansa agama Buddha, karena di wilayah tersebut pernah berkuasa Kerajaan Sriwijaya. Oleh karena itu, menarik untuk dikaji lebih lanjut terkait dengan situs-situs Buddhisme yang ada di Palembang, terutama pada masa Kerajaan Sriwijaya yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai suplemen pembelajaran sejarah. Sehingga, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan situs-situs sejarah Buddhisme yang ada di Palembang sebagai suplemen pembelajaran sejarah di kelas X SMA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian sejarah dengan empat langkahnya ialah heuristis, kritik, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 12 peninggalan situs Buddhisme yang ada di Palembang, yang terdiri dari masa sebelum Kerajaan Sriwijaya dengan adanya peninggalan-peninggalan di kawasan Bukit Siguntang pada abad ke 6 dan masa Kerajaan Sriwijaya berkuasa mulai abad ke 7. Hal ini dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai suplemen materi pembelajaran sejarah di kelas X SMA.
Masa Kepemimpinan Raden Fatah 1478-1518 Silvia Eka Sari
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.529 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v2i1.596

Abstract

Perkembangan Agama Islam di tanah Jawa tidak terlepas dari peranan para wali dan kesultanan-kesultanan Islam pada masa itu. Salah satu kesultanan yang berperan besar dalam penyebaran Agama Islam di Jawa adalah Kesultanan Demak. Kesultanan Demak adalah kesultanan pertama di Pulau Jawa yang sangat berpengaruh bukan hanya dalam menyebarkan agama Islam sampai ke daerah-daerah pedalaman, tetapi Demak juga menjadi tempat transitnya para pedagang Islam yang datang dari timur dan barat, di tangan Demak daerah-daerah yang sebelumya dibawah kekuasaan Hindu-Buddha ditaklukkan lalu di-Islamkan. Namun dibalik itu semua, terdapat seseorang yang sangat berperan besar yaitu Raden Fatah. Raden Fatah adalah pendiri sekaligus penguasa pertama Kesultanan Demak. Di tangan beliau Demak berdiri dan berkembang pesat menyaingi kerajaan-kerajaan lain pada masa itu. Berbagai macam cara diterapkan Raden Fatah untuk terus mengembangkan Demak. Selama 40 tahun beliau mengabdikan diri untuk Demak, lalu setelah beliau wafat perannya itu digantikan oleh anaknya.The development of Islam in Java was inseparable from the role of the Wali and Islamic Sultanates at that time. One of the sultanates that played a major role in the spread of Islam in Java was the Demak Sultanate. The sultanate of Demak was the first sultanate on the island of Java which was very influential not only in spreading Islam to the interior areas,but Demak was also a transit point for Islamic traders who came from east and west. It was in the hands of Demak that the areas that had previously been under Hindu-Buddhist rule were conquered and then converted to Islam. But behind all that, there is someone who plays a big role, namely Raden Fatah. Raden Fatah is the founder and first ruler of the Sultanate of Demak in his hands Demak stood and grew rapidly to rival other kingdoms at that time. Raden Fatah applied various kinds of efforts to continue to develop Demak. For 40 years, he devoted himself to Demak, then after he died his role was replaced by his son.
KEBIJAKAN DEREGULASI DALAM BIDANG PERBANKAN DI INDONESIA TAHUN 1983-1997 Ramadan Putra; Kurniawati Kurniawati; Nur’aeni Martha
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (661.612 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v1i1.460

Abstract

This study discusses economic policies during the New Order era, especially theDeregulation Policy in the Banking Sector in Indonesia, which began in 1983 to1997. The method used in this research is the historical method and thepresentation of the research results is carried out in a descriptive-narrativeform. The results of this study explain that the Deregulation Policy in theBanking Sector which consists of five deregulation policy packages whichinclude the June 1, 1983 Package, the 28 October 1988 Package, the 29January 1990 Package, the 28 February 1991 Package and the 29 May 1993Package are quite successful in maintaining growth and development. theIndonesian economy after the fall in the price of petroleum to remain stable inaccordance with the development plan set by the New Order Government. Keywords: Deregulation, 1 June 1983 Policy, 28 October 1988 Policy, 29January 1990 Policy, 28 February 1991 Policy and 29 May 1993 Policy.
Sejarah Gerakan Politik Pemuda di Jakarta Sekitar Proklamasi Satriono Priyo Utomo
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 1, No 2 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.075 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v1i2.602

Abstract

The history of the Indonesian youth political movement in 1928 not only inherited national politics with the ties of "imagine of Indonesia" as a homeland, nation and language, namely Indonesia. But it also gave birth to the view that youth is the core of change. This view became the belief of Indonesian youth in the 1940s to be involved in the revolutionary wave of "imagine of Indonesia" in a more critical and progressive manner in political actions. This paper aims to explain youth activism in Jakarta around a more advanced proclamation, accelerating from national politics to populist politics. There were two strongest youth node organizations in Jakarta at that time, Asrama Menteng Raya 31 and Prapatan 10. Both of them brought together young people from different ethnic and national backgrounds. But the youth political movement in the 1940s had a more populist political tone with its political activities carrying out political education work in order to mobilize people's awareness of the struggle for independence. Then the youth in Jakarta formed an organizational node called the Angkatan Pemuda Indonesia (API), which contributed to the historical events of the grand meeting at Ikada Square on September 19, 1945. Where Sukarno spoke as President of Indonesia for the first time in front of a mass mobilized by youth after the reading of the proclamation on August 17, 1945.
JALAN MENUJU KELAHIRAN KESULTANAN PALEMBANG (1675) Aulia Novemy Dhita; Salsabila Nofradatu
Estoria: Journal of Social Science and Humanities Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Estoria: Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities
Publisher : Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.45 KB) | DOI: 10.30998/je.v2i1.598

Abstract

The Palembang Sultanate was born as a result of the less harmonious relationship between Palembang and Mataram. This explains that in the course of its history, Palembang had a relationship with the kingdom in Java. This study aims to describe the relationship of Palembang with Java before the birth of the Palembang Sultanate (1675). This research uses historical methods in the form of heuristics, source criticism, interpretation and historiography. The results showed that the Palembang Kingdom was the forerunner to the birth of the Palembang Sultanate. After the collapse of Sriwijaya, Palembang became a royal protection area in Java, namely Majapahit, Demak, Pajang and Mataram. In 1675, Ki Mas Hindi officially adopted the title sultan. This action politically demonstrated that Ki Mas Hindi was equivalent to that of the Mataram ruler and marked the birth of the Palembang Sultanate.Key words: Kingdom, Sultanate, PalembangKesultanan Palembang lahir sebagai akibat dari hubungan yang kurang harmonis antara Palembang dan Mataram. Hal ini menerangkan bahwa dalam perjalanan sejarahnya Palembang memiliki hubungan dengan kerajaan di Jawa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan hubungan Palembang dengan Jawa sebelum lahirnya Kesultanan Palembang (1675). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode historis berupa heuristik, kritik sumber, interpretasi dan historiografi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Kerajaan Palembang merupakan cikal bakal kelahiran Kesultanan Palembang. Pasca keruntuhan Sriwijaya, Palembang menjadi wilayah protekorat kerajaan di Jawa yaitu Majapahit, Demak, Pajang dan Mataram. Pada tahun 1675, Ki Mas Hindi secara resmi menggunakan gelar sultan. Tindakan ini secara politik menunjukkan bahwa status Ki Mas Hindi setara dengan penguasa Mataram dan menandai kelahiran Kesultanan Palembang. Kata Kunci: Kerajaan, Kesultanan, Palembang

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