Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 30 Documents
Search

Insentif Ekonomi dalam Penggunaan Lahan (Land Use) Kawasan Lindung di Kawasan Bandung Utara (Incentive of Economy for Land Use in The North Bandung Area) Endang Hernawan; Hariadi Kartodiharjo; Dudung Darusman; Sudarsono Soedomo
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 15 No. 2 (2009)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.697 KB)

Abstract

West Javanese Province Goverment has decided to provide 45% of West Java area as conservation and protection area. One of  the area is North Bandung Area (KBU: Kawasan Bandung Utara). This paper proposed the used of two economic instrument, namely PDR (purchase development right) and PES (payment environment service) in managing  the KBU. The paper shows that the use of PDR by  ignoring the price of the land would give a hydrological benefit to the people in urban fringe area, rural fringe area, and rural area in the netx 20 years.  Meanwhile, the use of PES intruments with incentive application to plant out tree at estate conservation (both forest and non forest land) would provide benefit for minimum 24 years renting period. Further, the analysis shows that the PDR and PES implementation at 4 regencies/city government at KBU should be considered as a good prospect, even though seeing from the finances aspect of APBD, the prospect was still less than the target.  Therefore, continous finance policy support at the regencies/city government at that KBU which aimed to provide environmental protection and agricultural farm (pro-environmental budgeting policy) should be considered as emergency needs.Keywords: conservation area, land use, economic incentive, PDR, PESs
SISTEM INSENTIF KEGIATAN REHABILITASI HUTAN DAN LAHAN BERBASIS MASYARAKAT: STUDI KASUS PROYEK RHL KECAMATAN NGLIPAR KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Fitri Nurfatriani; Dudung Darusman; Hendrayanto Hendrayanto
Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan Vol 3, No 1 (2006): JURNAL ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN KEHUTANAN
Publisher : Centre for Research and Development on Social, Economy, Policy and Climate Change

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7964.198 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jakk.2006.3.1.43-60

Abstract

Masyarakat di Kecamatan Nglipar Kabupaten Gunung Kidul memiliki persepsi yang positif terhadap kegiatan RHL yang ditunjukan dengan tingkat kepentingan yang tinggi terhadap kegiatan RHL berdasarkan persepsi masyarakat. Hal tersbut disebabkan karena masyarakat menerima manfaat berupa manfaat ekonomi dan ekologi. Berbagai manfaat yang dirasakan masyarakat tersebut menunjukkan bahwa masayarak di Kecamatan Nglipar telah memiliki inisiatif yang tinggi dalam kegiatan RHL sehingga perlu disusun suatu sistem insentif RHL sebagai suatu penghargaan bagi masyarakat. Penyusunan rancangan sistem insentif berdasarkan pada tahapan-tahapan:1). Pengumpulan informasi yang melatar belakangi mata pencaharian masyarakat dan karakteristik sumberdaya alam,2) Analisis pengaruh ekonomi masyarakat terhadap sumberdaya alam,3) Identifikasi kebutuhan dan relung insentif,4) Memilih insentif ekonomi untuk rehabilitasi hutan dan lahan berbasis masyarakat. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan analisa data dilakukan secara deskriftif disertai perhitungan statistik deskriftif.Tindakan insentif ekonomu untuk RHL yang diplih berdasarkan persepsi masyarakat yaitu:1) insnentif mata pencaharian berupa pelatihan pemanfaatan SDA berkelanjutan, pelatihan teknik pemanenan yang efisien , pelwtihan pengolahan hasil komoditas RHL (44%) ,2) tindakan finansial berupa dana bantuan pengembangan RHL, target hadiah untuk aktivitas RHL, kompensasi atas aktivitas RHL, kredit lunak untuk kegiatan RHL (43%),3) hak kepemlikan berupa hak pengelolaan, hak milik (10%),4) tindakan pasar berupa peningkatan saluran an informasi pemasaran (2%) dan5) tindakan fiskal berupa subsidi untuk teknologi RHL (1%)
INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF MANGROVES ECOSYSTEM IN LAMPUNG MANGROVE CENTER (LMC) EAST LAMPUNG REGENCY, INDONESIA Asihing Kustanti; Bramasto Nugroho; Dudung Darusman; Cecep Kusmana
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 15, No 2 (2012): Volume 15, Number 2, Year 2012
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.339 KB)

Abstract

Mangroves forest ecosystem along the east coastal in Lampung Mangrove Center (LMC) Margasari Village is a renewable resources. It is a border between two ecosystem. Because of that situation, more than one stakeholders involved. There are department involues, Forestry Fisheries and Marine, and Agriculture Department in East Lampung District. Often, the policy of each department is not efficient and effective.  Based on that situation, on 2006, the mangroves management try to make an integrated model between the stakeholders.  In this research, It want to know the effectiveness of that model.  The samples in this research used Simple Random Sampling which they were 25 the people and the team of integrated management of University of Lampung and the East Lampung Regency government. The datas will be described and analysis with SWOT Analizing (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats). The strategy of the integrated management will be defined after that.  Integrated management of mangroves ecosystem in Margasari Village have in good management of sustainability approach and increase the welfare of the people.  The position of the analzing of the integrated management is on the aggressive curve.  It is indicated that the integrated management has been done since 2006 have progressive development, between the people, government, and  University of Lampung. The strategies of management plan are education for the people on mangroves ecosystem functions and benefits, human resources development, law enforcement in break the rule in mangroves management (illegal loging and wild harvesting), development in international and national net working,  science and technology development, and  community empowerment and economyc increase. 
The Effectiveness of Policy Implementation of Sultan Syarif Hasyim Forest Park in Riau Province Nur Suhada; Hariadi Kartodihardjo; Dudung Darusman
Media Konservasi Vol 24 No 1 (2019): Media Konservasi Vol. 24 No. 1 April 2019
Publisher : Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.661 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.24.1.77-84

Abstract

Since it was established as the Sultan Syarif Hasyim Forest Park in 1999, the implementation of policies management has not been effective due to increase of land tenure issue which has caused deforestation to become oil palm planation. The objective of this study was to formulate a strategy to increase the effectiveness of SSH Forest Park policies management. The SSH Forest Park policy management incapability of facts and implementation were influenced by high political and economic interests, participation and low level of community empowerment, human resources competencies and the low responsiveness of target groups. Those are due to the ineffectiveness of the policy content and policy environment implementation so to improve the implementation of the policy the government needs to streamline the contents of the policy and policy environment implementation. This also needs to be supported by reforms and governance arrangements to address policy gaps and implementation in the field such as strengthening and optimizing protection, agroforestry and ecotourism partnerships, zoning integration, improving communication for targeted groups in terms of implementation effectiveness of SSH management policies. Keywords: effectiveness, forest park SSH, implementation, land tenure, policy
Academic Community Perception on the Quality of Nature-based Tourism Promotion Materials in Indonesia Rini Untari; Ricky Avenzora; Dudung Darusman; Tutut Sunarminto
Media Konservasi Vol 24 No 2 (2019): Media Konservasi Vol. 24 No. 2 Agustus 2019
Publisher : Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.361 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.24.2.186-199

Abstract

The use of technology in the search and delivery of tourism information is growing, although, on the one hand, the conventional tourism information media in the form of printed materials and audio-visual is still a popular source of information for tourists. The decision to visit a tourist destination can be influenced by various factors, one of which is the influence of stimulus from promotional media. Problems that occur, the study of the role of promotion from a comprehensive and integrated perspective has not been done much. Many promotions are interpreted as an effort to convey information to the stage of carrying out purchasing/travel activities. The purpose of this article is to analyze the perceptions of the academic community regarding the meaning of promotion through printed and audio-visual material for nature-based tourism in a comprehensive and integrated manner, as well as to determine the factors that influence decision-making by the academic community to actually visit nature-based tourism destinations. The distribution of questionnaires was conducted using a sample of academic community consisting of three categories, namely, lecturers, ecotourism students, and communication students with a total of 270 respondents to assess printed and audio-visual material. Data analysis was performed using One Score One Indicator Scoring System, Kruskal Wallis Test, and Dunn test. The results of the study show that tourism promotion can be effective and needs to implement seven phases of comprehensive and integrated promotion meaning. The opinions of the respondents of the academic community are not polar and illustrated the factors that influence the decision to do an actual visit. Factors that influence the form of psychological factors (motivation, the intensity of exposure to information about natural tourism), besides personal factors and demographic characteristics of respondents. The implications of this study regarding the promotion of effective nature-based tourism need to pay attention to tourist segmentation from various perspectives, both psychological, personal, environment and demographic, especially the promotion of nature-based tourism, besides implementing promotion in the context of more comprehensive and integrated meaning to run more effectively. Keywords: material promotion, natural based tourism, perception, promotion
Sericulture has been long time in South Sulawesi become one of agriculture activities.  Silk clothes is a tradition in South Sulawesi culture.  South Sulawesi is the main producer of cocoon and raw silk in Indonesia.  In recent years, the production of cocoon and raw silk was decreasing because of many factors, while demand of raw silk for weaving industry was increasing.  The purpose of this study are to find the relation among institution, conduct and performance of sericulture activity, to fi Andi Sadapotto; Hariadi Kartodihardjo; Hermanu Triwidodo; Dudung Darusman; Mappatoba Sila
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 2 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sericulture has been long time in South Sulawesi become one of agriculture activities.  Silk clothes is a tradition in South Sulawesi culture.  South Sulawesi is the main producer of cocoon and raw silk in Indonesia.  In recent years, the production of cocoon and raw silk was decreasing because of many factors, while demand of raw silk for weaving industry was increasing.  The purpose of this study are to find the relation among institution, conduct and performance of sericulture activity, to find institutional arrangement of sericulture, to find incentive that can improve efficiency and performance of sericulture.  The study was carried out in Enrekang and Soppeng of South Sulawesi and Luoding City of Guangdong Province, China.  Data were collected using structured interviews, direct observation and documentations.  The sample was consisted of 84 farmers, 3 civil servants, 2 sericulture experts, 2 egg producers,  drawn using combination of random sampling and purposive sampling.  The result of the study show that the difference in performance of sericulture in South Sulawesi and Guangdong because the difference in contract agreement between farmer and cocoon buyer, which make the the conduct of the farmer in Guangdong more consistent in their farming.  Sericulture in South Sulawesi need to arrange their economic institution to improve their performance.   Key words: institutional arrangement, sericulture, performance, South Sulawesi
DINAMIKA SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT SEKITAR HUTAN DALAM HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN MODEL PENGELOLAAN HUTAN PRODUKSI DAN SISTEM TPTII DALAM KERANGKA REDD Gusti Hardiansyah; Rizaldi Boer; Cecep Kusmana; Dudung Darusman
PERENNIAL Vol. 5 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v5i1.189

Abstract

This study was conducted in the area of Intensive Silviculture/ TPTII of PT Sari Bumi Kusuma in Central Kalimantan. Research purposes to analyze the impact and build social economic activities from TPTII silvicultural systems in the scope of carbon trading. The results of the analysis showed that the increase of TPTII activities lead to the increasing recognition of indigenous people and make condusive certainty of the business. However, the employment negatively correlated to the size of planting area, the minimum life needs are still at least low compared with the poverty standard of the World Bank. Based on the results of the analysis and projections indicate that scenario increasing community development/ PMDH and implementation of a continuous TPTII can press shifting cultivation growing rate of deforestation and degradation in the year to 50, as compared to no guidance of other parties and TPTII activities. In term of Carbon Conservation that community love to plant attractively is rubber, meranti and tengkawang. Compensation value for carbon conservation feasible for the community of Rp. 380.000/month/family. To involve the community directly in conservation activities in the carbon framework of REDD, then suggested to the program within the community, increasing the number and skills of communities and local labor, desimination activities of TPTII to the community, and providing a compensation fund can be derived from the DR/Reforestation Fee or other source of funds. Key words: Customary recognition, conflict, business certainty, carbon conservation, compensation
Para Rimbo (Jungle Rubber): Cultural Core Jambi Farmers and Oppotunities for Integration with Forestry Development Marwoto Marwoto; Hariadi Kartodihardjo; Dudung Darusman; Soeryo Adiwibowo
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2017): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.291 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v5i3.19401

Abstract

ABSTRACTPara Rimbo (Jungle rubber) is a system of local culture Jambi in agriculture and plantations dominated by rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis),adopted and developed by the community with traditional management (mix-shaped rubber plantation). With this system still allows other vegetation co-exist Rubber plants so that the existing biodiversity in Para Rimbo still high. Ecosystem conditions have remained high biodiversity of the ecological role of maintaining the stability of the ecosystem in soil nutrient cycling, hydro-orologis system, a place to live for flora and fauna habitat loss due to forest degradation. This study was conducted aimed to describe Para Rimbo as a form of community process farmers to adapt to environment, with a focus on demography, technology and economics. The research was conducted with a qualitative prescriptive approach. The research findings show that Para Rimbo a farming system in accordance with the characteristics Jambi ecosystem based.Until now, Para Rimbo still cultivated by farmers in Jambi with various pressures by other farming systems monocultures that tend to be incompatible with the nature of Jambi ecosystems. We suggest that forest conservation policies in the area of Jambi adopt the Rimbo as part of the constituent structure of forest vegetation.Keyword: Jungle rubber, agroforestry, cultural core, adaptationABSTRAKPara Rimbo adalah sebuah sistem budaya masyarakat lokal (Jambi) dalam bidang pertanian dan perkebunan yang didominasi oleh tanaman karet (Havea brasiliensis), diadopsi dan dikembangkan oleh masyarakat dengan pengelolaan tradisional berbentuk kebun karet campuran. Dengan sistem ini masih memungkinkan vegetasi lain hidup bersama tanaman Karet yang dibudidayakan sehingga keanekaragaman hayati yang ada dalam Para Rimbo masih cukup tinggi. Kondisi ekosistem yang mempunyai keanekaragaman hayati yang masih tinggi tersebut secara ekologis berperan menjaga stabilitas ekosistem dalam siklus hara tanah, mempertahankan sistem hidro-orologis tetap baik, merupakan tempat hidup bagi flora dan fauna yang kehilangan habitatnya karena berkurangnya luasan hutan. Penelitian ini dilakukan bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan Para Rimbo sebagai bentuk dari proses masyarakat petani Jambi untuk beradaptasidengan lingkungannya, dengan fokus pada aspek demografi, teknologi dan ekonomi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan preskriptif. Temuan penelitian menunjukan bahwa Para Rimbo merupakan sistem pertanian yang sesuai dengan karakteristik ekosistem Jambi berdasarkan demografi, teknologi dan ekonomi. Sampai saat ini, Para Rimbo masih tetap dibudidayakan oleh petani Jambi dengan berbagai tekanan oleh sistem pertanian lain yang bersifat monokultur dan tidak sesuai dengan sifat ekosistem daerah Jambi. Kami menyarankan agar kebijakan konservasi hutan di daerah Jambi mengadopsi Para Rimbo sebagai bagian dari penyusun struktur vegetasi hutannya.Kata kunci: Para Rimbo, agroforestry, inti budaya, adaptasi
FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENENTU TARIF MASUK PENGUNJUNG TAMAN NASIONAL (Studi Kasus Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi) Setiyawati Titi; Yanto Santosa; Dudung Darusman
Media Konservasi Vol 15 No 2 (2010): Media Konservasi Vol. 15 Nomor 2, Agustus 2010
Publisher : Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (358.358 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.15.2.%p

Abstract

Almost all Indonesia’s national parks (NP) faced the challenge of managing their finances. One innovative way of raising additional funds was the rate of incoming visitors. Determination of entrance fee for national park was currently based on regional allocation of market system not on conditions and potentials of the respective national parks. Fees for incoming visitors were uniform for all national parks within a single regional allocation market. Such uniformity had resulted in relatively low fees for some NP and relatively high for others. As a price, visitors entrance fee required to be assessed not only from the user side but also from the manager’s, especially in national parks with high potential number of visitors, such as Gunung Merapi (GMNP) with 165,851 visitors annually. The objectives of this study were to (1) identify the factors that affect the amount of entrance fee, (2) determine entrance fee based on GMNP annual management expenses using main cost approach, (3) determine entrance fee based on visitors using travel cost method and (4) determine entrance fee based on annual expenses for GMNP management and visitors. Results of the analysis showed that factors affecting GMNP entrance fee were: (1) based on annual management expenses were operational cost and total number of visitors, (2) based on visitors were travel cost, tourism attractions and total number of visitors per group, and (3) based on annual GMNP management expenses and visitors, were travel cost, tourism attractions, number of visitors per group, operational cost and total number of visitors. Keywords : eexpense, entrance fee, scenario, visitors 
PENDEKATAN SISTEM DALAM PENDUGAAN NILAI EKONOMI TOTAL EKOSISTEM HUTAN : NILAI GUNA HASIL HUTAN KAYU DAN NON KAYU Bahruni Bahruni; Endang Suhendang; Dudung Darusman; Hadi S. Alikodra
Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan Vol 4, No 4 (2007): Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sosial, Ekonomi, Kebijakan dan Perubahan Iklim

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jpsek.2007.4.4.369-378

Abstract

Nilai ekonomi total ekosistem hutan berasal dari berbagai jenis hasil hutan, mencakup hasil hutan kayu dan non kayu, termasuk juga jasa fungsi ekologis. Pendekatan sistem digunakan di dalam pendugaan nilai ekosistem hutan, dengan dasar pertimbangan adanya karakteristik saling keterkaitan berbagai hasil hutan tersebut. Pada umumnya, masing-masing pihak atau stakeholders mempunyai penilaian yang berbeda-beda tergantung pada persepsi dan kepentingan masing-masing pihak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menjawab pertanyaan bagaimana mengukur dinamika nilai ekonomi total ekosistem hutan, dan bagaimana cara mengharmoniskan berbagai kepentingan stakeholders itu di dalam pengelolaan hutan. Hasil simulasi dengan intensitas penebangan tegakan 0%, 50%, 76% dan 100% menunjukkan bahwa nilai ekonomi total (nilai guna kayu dan non kayu) tidaklah statis, tetapi nilai ini dipengaruhi oleh perubahan kondisi ekosistem hutan, sebagai akibat tindakan pengelolaan hutan. Harmonisasi kepentingan stakeholders di dalam pengelolaan hutan dapat dievaluasi melalui distribusi nilai ekonomi total, dan pemenuhan kriteria kelestarian sumber daya hutan, yang di dalam simulasi penelitian ini dapat dicapai pada intensitas penebangan tegakan 50%.