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Inbreeding marriage related to stunting in children aged 24-59 months Kalsum, Ummi; Julita, Krista; Pertiwi, Diah Restu
Jurnal Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak Vol 13 No 1 (2019): July
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29238/kia.v13i1.383

Abstract

Stunting is a nutritional problem that often occurs in toddlers in Indonesia, as well as in Jambi. Kerinci is the highest incidence of stunting among regencies in Jambi. Inbreeding marriages are common in Kerinci Regency compared to other regencies. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of inbreeding marriage and other factors to the occurrence of stunting in Semurup Kerinci Regency, Jambi. This study was a cross-sectional design. Population studies were under-five children aged 24-59 months. The sampling technique was multistage random by the number of samples as much as 158 calculated by sample size determination in health studies from WHO. Primary data collection in March-April 2019. Research variables were inbreeding marriage, father’s height, mother’s height, father’s education, mother’s education, mother’s knowledge, mother’s job, family size and family socio-economic. Data collected by interviews and height measurements. Data analysis used Chi-square and Multiple Logistic Regression. The proportion of stunting was 57.6% and inbreeding marriage was 42.4%. There were a significant relationship between inbreeding marriage (Prevalence Ratio (PR) = 1.81; 95% CI = 1,38-2,37; P = 0,000); father’s height (PR = 1.49; 95% CI = 1.09-2.04; P = 0.010) and mother’s height (PR = 2.54; 95% CI = 1,78-3,62; P = 0,000) to the occurrence of stunting. The dominant factor was inbreeding marriage (PR= 3,45; 95% CI = 1,60-7,45; P = 0,002) after controlling by mother’s height and mother’s knowledge. The conclusion is inbreeding marriage of parent related to stunting in children.
perbandingan pengolahan limbah cair rumah makan menggunakan berbagai tanaman fitoremediasi (eceng gondok, kangkung air dan kiambang) Flora Resti Utami; Jalius; Ummi kalsum
Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jpb.v4i1.11973

Abstract

ABSTRAK Limbah cair rumah makan di Kecamatan Sarolangun belum dilakukan pengolahan, Tinggi nya nilai konsentrasi parameter pencemar pada limbah cair rumah makan dapat menimbulkan dampak negatif bagi lingkungan, maka diperlukan alternatif pengolahan yaitu fitoremediasi menggunakan tanaman eceng gondok, kangkung air dan kiambang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persentase efisiensi tanaman fitoremediasi terhadap konsentrasi parameter BOD, COD, TSS dan pH dan menganalisis perbandingan kemampuan tanaman fitoremediasi terhadap peningkatan kualitas limbah cair dengan indikator parameter BOD, COD, TSS dan pH. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen menggunakan pengolahan constructed werland dengan desain penelitian rancangan acak lengkap dan analisis ANOVA. Diperoleh hasil penelitian tanaman kiambang mampu menurunkan konsentrasi parameter BOD, COD dan TSS masing-masing 17%, 83% dan 96%, sedangkan untuk parameter pH tanaman kiambang mampu menaikkan nilai pH menjadi 6,60. Analisis ANOVA menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan kemampuan yang signifikan pada tanaman fitoremediasi terhadap penurunan konsentrasi parameter BOD, COD, TSS dan pH sedangkan uji LSD parameter TSS menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan makna yang signifikan pada tanaman kangkung air dan kiambang. Tanaman kiambang direkomendasikan sebagai tanaman agen fitoremediasi pada limbah cair rumah makan. Kata Kunci : Fitoremediasi, Constructed wetland, Pengolahan limbah cair ABSTRACT Restaurant waste water in Sarolangun subdistrict has not been treatment yet, it has negative impact to environment. Alternative treatment is needed, in this study using phytoremediation by constructed wetland for restaurant waste water treatment that use various plants (eichhornia crassipes, ipomoea aquatica and salvinia). This study aims to analyze removal efficiency of phytoremediation plants to BOD, COD, TSS and pH consentration in restaurant waste water and analyze comparison of ability phytoremediation plants to increase restaurant waste water quality in BOD, COD, TSS and pH. The research method used is an experimental method with completely randomized design and ANOVA analysis. Result of the study, Salvinia has ability to decrease BOD, COD dan TSS consentration by 17 %, 83% and 96%, and Salvinia able to increase pH value to 6.60. Anova showed that there is a significant difference in the ability of phytoremediation plants to BOD, COD and pH and there is no significant difference between ipomoea aquatica and salvinia for TSS. Salvinia recommended as phytoremediation agen plant for restaurant wastewater treatment. Keywords : Phytoremediation, Constructed wetland, waste water treatment
PERAN DUKUN DAN TUO TENGGANAI SEBAGAI MEDIATOR PESAN IMUNISASI MELALUI TRADISI “NGERAWI” DI KECAMATAN BATANG ASAI, SAROLANGUN JAMBI : PERAN DUKUN DAN TUO TENGGANAI SEBAGAI MEDIATOR PESAN IMUNISASI MELALUI TRADISI “NGERAWI” DI KECAMATAN BATANG ASAI, SAROLANGUN JAMBI Ummi Kalsum; Raden Halim; M.Ridwan
Khazanah Intelektual Vol. 2 No. 3 (2018): Khazanah Intelektual
Publisher : Balitbangda Provinsi Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37250/newkiki.v2i3.27

Abstract

Peran Dukun bayi dan Tuo Tengganai yang mempunyai kedudukan yang dihormati dan didengar dapat dijadikan mediator penyampai pesan yang sangat baik khususnya untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat terutama ibu dalam melaksanakan imunisasi dasar lengkap bagi bayinya. Pelatihan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dukun dan tuo tengganai penting sebagai langkah awal untuk pemberdayaan. Tujuan studi ini untuk menilai perubahan pengetahuan, sikap dan komitmen Dukun dan Tuo Tengganai sebagai mediator pesan imunisasi kepada ibu hamil dan suami sebelum dan setelah diberi pelatihan serta penyebab rendahnya cakupan imunisasi. Metode penelitian adalah intervensi dengan disain quasi eksperiment menggunakan one group pre-post test design terhadap 5 orang dukun dan 29 orang Tuo Tengganai. Lokasi penelitian di Desa Kasiro, Bukit Sulah dan Datuk Nan Duo Kecamatan Batang Asai Kabupaten Sarolangun Jambi. Ada peningkatan pengetahuan yang bermakna setelah diberikan intervensi berupa pelatihan tentang imunisasi kepada Dukun dan Tuo Tengganai, meskipun sikap dan komitmen (dukungan) tidak ada perbedaan yang bermakna setelah diberi intervensi karena sikap dan komitmen mereka relatif sudah baik terhadap program imunisasi. Perlu peningkatan pengetahuan dengan pemberian pelatihan atau penyuluhan tentang imunisasi untuk lebih meningkatkan peran dukun dan tuo tengganai sebagai mediator penyampai pesan imunisasi melalui tradisi “ngerawi”agar cakupan imunisasi bayi dan balita meningkat.
Pola Penyakit Tidak Menular dan Faktor Risikonya pada Suku Anak Dalam di Desa Nyogan Provinsi Jambi Ummi Kalsum; Oka Lesmana; Diah Restu Pertiwi
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 4: DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.502 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i4.7062

Abstract

Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) are increasingly prevalent and the main cause of deathin Indonesia, this also happened in Jambi. The environmental and social transition that occurred in AnakDalam Ethnic Group in Nyogan Village since 2004 has resulted to lifestyle changes and has an impact onchanging patterns of disease. The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors related to hypertensionand DM in SAD Nyogan Village. The research design was cross sectional used a total sample of 193 SAD,aged ≥18 years-old, living in the SAD residential area of Nyogan Village. Time of data collection duringApril 2019. Research variables were age, gender, family history, diet, smoking and physical activity obtainedby interviews, blood pressure measurements and glucose checks. Data analysis using chi-square and multiplelogistic regression. The study found the prevalence of hypertension in SAD 4,32% and DM were 0,72%. Riskfactors of hypertension were age and diet, while DM were age, sex, family history, diet and physical activity.The most dominant factor related to hypertension was age (Odds Ratio (OR=4,632; 95% Confidence Interval(CI)=1,579-13,675) and the most dominant factor of DM was a diet (OR=11,23; 95% CI=0,84-150,57). TheSAD needs to regulate their diet, especially when they are >40 years-old and also carry out a healthy lifestyle.
Pizza and Hamburger Consumption to Overweight among Adolescents in Jambi City Ummi Kalsum; Sahridayanti Nainggolan; Nawi Ng
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 13, Issue 2, November 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (119.828 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v13i2.1694

Abstract

Junk food is unhealthy and poor in nutrient quality, and may result in weight gain, obesity, and coronary heart disease, if consumed regularly. The prevalence of overweight in adolescents is 5-10% higher in urban areas. Adolescents undergo lifestyle changes, including in food consumption behavior. This study aimed to determine relation between junk food consumption patterns and overweight in adolescents. This study was conducted based on a cross-sectional design. A total of 137 high school students in Jambi City were involved in this study. Patterns of junk food consumption were assessed using food frequency questionnaires that examined the eating habits of study subjects. The variables were sex, maternal education, parents’s occupation, and family’s socio-economiclevel. Analysis was conducted using the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. Nutritional status was measured using body mass index-foragewith WHO Antro software. The results of this study indicated a 23.4% prevalence of overweight in adolescents. After controlling for maternal education, father’s occupation, instant noodle eating habits, and tea, coffee and cookies consumption, final model showed that consumption of pizza and hamburgers among adolescents was the dominant determinant for overweight (OR=3.55). Consumption of pizza and hamburger was related to overweight among adolescents in Jambi City.
Reasons for Unwanted Pregnancy among Women of Childbearing Age (15-19 Years) in Jambi Province Ummi Kalsum; Renny Listiawaty; Dato Noor Aziah Mohd Awal
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 16, No 3 (2021): Volume 16, Issue 3, August 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (452.839 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v16i3.4771

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The occurrence of unwanted pregnancy (UP) among women of childbearing age (WCA) has been reported to be increasing in various regions, however, this incidence has not been assessed among the adolescents of 15-19 years age group, in Jambi City. The factors influencing this occurrence includes individual, family, and environmental determinants. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of UP among WCA (15-19 years) in Jambi Province. A cross-sectional design was used, while the participants (307 women aged 15-19 years) were selected in Jambi City and West Tanjung Jabung District, using the Multistage Random Sampling. The analytical method used was the Multiple Logistic Regression of alpha 5%. The results showed that the prevalence of UP among WCA (age 15-19 years) was 1.6%, compared to 50% of those that were married. The dominant factor of UP includes the use of contraceptives with an adjusted-odds ratio of 74.5 (95% CI = 3.58-1,549.02), while the control used were the job of WCA, knowledge, dating behaviour, accesses to information media and health facilities, as well as family education. Therefore, it is suggested that creative, innovative, informative promotions, and education were needed via the social media. Besides, the optimization and strengthening of the Gen-Re go to school program should be carried out, as well as synergizing the cross-sectoral activities, government, private sector, and the community (especially parents).
PENGARUH PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT, KUALITAS PELAYANAN PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DOMESTIK DAN SOSIODEMOGRAFI TERHADAP TIMBULAN SAMPAH DI KECAMATAN MUARA SABAK BARAT KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR Donal Ade Putra; Ilham Ilham; Ummi Kalsum
Jurnal Teknologi Vol 14, No 1 (2022): Jurnal Teknologi
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24853/jurtek.14.1.101-110

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Trash is one of the problems that are difficult to solve, trash is considered things that have been not to used again, the purpose of this analysis research factors that predispose level public participation with 3R concept, service quality, and sociodemography characteristics to lumps of trash, a dominant factor that predispose waste generation, and also a state of strategy trash management in districts of Muara Sabak Barat Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur, the benefit of this research is as a suggestion and input for the public and trash managements. This Research uses the mix method sample of 193 respondents, this data analysis make measurements waste generation use of multiple linear regression. The number of trash generation in district Muara Sabak Barat on a day off ranges between 978–1.408 gr/day/KK, in weekdays ranging between 1.275-1.705 gr/day/KK, a while the average number of lumps on weekdays is 1.229 gr/day/people, on a day off between 1.558 gram/day/people. Generation rate district Muara Sabak Barat between 525 gr/day/people. The result Analysis multiple linear regression that is public participant  (-0,07 gr/day/people), service quality     (-6,29 gr/day/people), income (-194,91 gr/day/people) large of page (0.01 gr/day/people) and perception (9,91 gr/day/people). The dominant factor in domestic trash management to lumps of trash is income which is negatively worth 194,91 gr. This point shows that by assuming neglected other independent variables If every increase in income 1 (one) level then the lumps of trash will decrease by 194.91 gr.
IDENTIFYING UNHEALTHY HOUSES IN KERINCI DISTRICT, INDONESIA Yudha Gusti Wibowo; Bimasatyaji Surya Ramadhan; Ummi Kalsum
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol. 8 No. 2 (2020): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi (Periodic Epidemiology Journal)
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V8I22020.190-199

Abstract

Background: Healthy houses in developing countries are a critical factor in human health, as the increase in population is not balanced by improvements in local community welfare. This has negative impacts on the environment and human health. Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify unhealthy houses in Kerinci, Indonesia. Method: This research used a descriptive cross-sectional approach. A survey of 122 houses was conducted to determine the characteristics of houses in Kerinci District, Jambi Province, Indonesia. Stratified random sampling was used to obtain representative healthy house data, by using four repetitions on each single question to minimize errors. Results: The results showed that 90% of respondents had a high occupant density. A high number of diseases were already experienced by residents in the area. These diseases were an indication that the area could be classified as unhealthy and included diarrhea (20%), acute respiratory infections (ARI; 13%), malaria (10%), skin diseases (15%), and other diseases (29%). Only 12% of the total respondents reported having no diseases. Conclusion: In the Kerinci District, 98% of houses were classified as unhealthy and as having potentially negative impacts on the health of residents. We recommend the government establish regulations to improve the health of houses and increase economic growth in Kerinci District, Indonesia.
Pengaruh Faktor Sosial, Ekonomi Dan Lingkungan Terhadap Kejadian Tuberkulosis Paru Pada Anak Di Kota Jambi Arnalia Devi; Jalius; Ummi Kalsum
Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jpb.v3i2.9655

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a disease cause by Mycobakterium tuberculosis in children occurs on 0 -14 years old children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence between the social, economic  and environment factors with the incidence of tuberculosis in children. This study design was case control. Examined variables were parental knowledge, birth weight, BCG immunization, house contact, smoking, parental income, ventilation, lighting, temperature, humidity and residential density was the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. Case samples were the total number of cases recorded in the TB-03 register in Jambi City, July - December 2019. Control was taken by means of the neighborhood, age and gender matching method. The number of samples was 104 people 1:1 (52 cases and 52 controls). Data collection by interview using a questionnaire, observation and measurement. Data analyzed with chi square test and binary logistic regression at 95% CI. Case characteristics in boys (61.5%) aged over 5 years. There was a influence between smoking, house contact, and bedroom lighting with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. The social, economy and environment factors were not related to the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. The most dominant factor the incidence of tuberculosis in children is home contact with a probability of 99% supported by home lighting factors (OR = 7.35, 95% CI = 2.120 - 25.508) after being controlled by BCG immunization, smoking, bedroom temperature, house temperature and occupancy density. The research conclusion shows that Pulmonary Tuberculosis in children only happens when there is a direct contact from the grown ups who have the disease with the children and they live at the same house. This is also supported with the house lighting as the breaking factor of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis bacteria.
Analisis Faktor Risiko Lingkungan Terhadap Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur Jumati; Ummi Kalsum; Ilham
Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jpb.v3i2.9890

Abstract

Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur merupakan kabupaten endemis Filariasis. Angka Mikrofilaria rate (Mf rate) tahun 2018 adalah 1,33% dan merupakan satu-satunya kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dengan angka Mf rate > 1%, sehingga dilakukan pengobatan massal kembali selama 2 tahun (2017-2018), namun masih ditemukan kasus baru pada tahun 2019. Tujuan Penelitian adalah menganalisis hubungan lingkungan fisik, biologi, sosial dan budaya dengan kejadian filariasis dan faktor dominan terhadap kejadian filariasis. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif dengan rancangan case control. Populasi adalah kasus filariasis Tahun 2012-2018 di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 80 orang, dengan perbandingaan antara kasus dan kontrol 1:1. Instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan Chi-square test dan Independen sample t-test serta regresi logistik ganda. Hasil analisis terdapat 4 variabel yang terbukti berpengaruh terhadap kejadian filariasis yaitu: umur responden (OR=0,14 CI 95%  (0,05-0,38), pendidikan responden (OR = 4,67 CI 95% = 1,51-14,45), pekerjaan responden (OR = 4,66, CI 95% =1,76 -12,31), kepatuhan minum obat profilaksis (OR = 7,91, CI 95% = 2,92-21,43).  Kepatuhan minum obat profilaksis merupakan faktor risiko yang paling dominan untuk terjadinya penyakit filariasis (OR= 12,97 (95%CI = 3,35-50,15) setelah dikontrol variabel keberadaan resting place, pekerjaan, usia, dan ketinggian tempat tinggal (m). Faktor paling dominan terhadap kejadian filariasis adalah kepatuhan minum obat profilaksis setelah dikontrol  keberadaan resting place, pekerjaan, usia dan ketinggian tempat tinggal (m).