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Organic Fertilizer Titonia Plus and Micro Nutrients Improved Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Production in Koto Panjang and Koto Tingga, Padang City, West Sumatera, Indonesia Rozen, Nalwida; Gusnidar, Gusnidar; Hakim, Nurhajati
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.662 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jtcs.7.01.22-27

Abstract

A series of on-farm fi eld experiments were conducted in two locations in Padang, Koto Panjang and Koto Tingga, West Sumatera, Indonesia in 2015. The purpose of the experiment was to establish the formula of organic fertilizer derived from Tithonia supplied with micro nutrients, Zn and Mn, on rice. The experiments were conducted using completely-randomized block design with six treatments and three replications. The treatments were P = Tithonia Organic Fertilizer Plus (TOFP) + 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1, Q = TOFP + 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1+ 3.0 kg Zn.ha-1, R = TOFP + 4.5 kg Mn.ha-1 + 6 kg Zn.ha-1, S= TOFP + 4.5 kg Mn.ha-1+ 9 kg Zn.ha-1, T = TOFP only, U = 100% chemical fertilizer only. Treatment with micro nutrients as addition to TOFP (TOFP+ 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1 and TOFP+ 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1+3.0 kg Zn.ha-1) increased rice grain yield by 80 g per clump.
Local Rice Genetic Relationship Kuantan Singingi District Using Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP) Chairil Ezward; Irfan Suliansyah; Nalwida Rozen; Indra Dwipa
JERAMI Indonesian Journal of Crop Science Vol 4 No 1 (2021): JIJCS
Publisher : Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jijcs.4.1.1-8.2021

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important food crop that is the staple food of more than half of the world's population because it contains nutrients that the body needs. Information on the genetic diversity of local rice scattered in the Kuantan Singingi Regency is still not available. Due to this fact, the genetic diversity of local rice can be identified by DNA analysis. A DNA-based molecular marker that can be applied as a plant genetic marker is SRAP. The SRAP (Sequence Related Amplified Polymorphism) marker system is one of the powerful molecular tools for the clarification of individual sex and estimating the genetic diversity of plant species. This study aims to determine the genetic relationship of rice plants in the Kuantan Singingi Regency through SRAP markers. Twenty-four (24) local genotype samples were used in this study. Observational data were processed using Ms. software. Excel and (NTSYS-pc) version 2.02. The results obtained 17 fragments in Primer M, which resulted in a similarity analysis between 71% to 100%. There are two (2) groups at 75% similarity, then there are five (5) groups at 81% similarity and there are four (4) groups that have 100% similarity. The results of this study are expected to be taken into consideration in developing rice breeding strategies in the future.
TINGKAT NAUNGAN PADA TEGAKAN TANAMAN KARET BELUM MENGHASILKAN DAN POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN SELA TUMPANGSARI Auzar Syarif, Nalwida Rozen, Hendra Aguzaen, Irfan Suliansyah
Menara Ilmu Vol 12, No 6 (2018): vol. XII No. 6 Juli 2018
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33559/mi.v12i6.916

Abstract

Perkebuan karet rakyat secara umum masih bersifat pertanian monokultur danbelum mengembangkan teknologi pertanian polikultur pola tumpangsari.Permasalahanutama pada sistem pola tumpangsari dibawah tegakan tanaman karet adalah intensitascahaya yang rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi tingkat naungantegakan tanaman karet muda pada beberapa tingkat umur,dan jenis tanaman semusim yangpotensialsebagai tanaman sela tumpangsari.Studi literatur (reviewer journal) dilakukanuntuk mendapatkan data tanaman semusin sebagai tanaman sela. Survey (purposivesampling) untuk pengukuran lilit batang dan tingkat naungan yang dilakukan pada 9lokasi,dimana 3 lokasi untuk setiap tingkatumur tanaman karet (1-2, 2-3 dan 3-4 tahun).Penelitian ini memberikan simpulan, yaitu; Pada tingkat umur karet 1 – 2, 2 – 3, dan 3 – 4tahun memiliki rerata lilit batang karet masing-masing sebesar 15.78, 24.00, dan 31.89 cm,serta menghasilkan rerata tingkat naungan masing-masing sebesar 25.16%, 44.73%, dan68.45%; Pertanaman tanaman sela masih baik diusahakan hingga umur tanaman karet3tahun (tingkat naungan < 50%); Penggunaan varietas unggul toleran naungan beberapajenis tanaman pangan (seperti padi gogo, kedele, jagung dan lainya) dapat diusahakansebagai tanaman sela di bawah tegakan tanaman karet yang belum menghasilakan, danmenguntungkan petani.Kata kunci : naungan ,karet, tanaman sela
TINGKAT NAUNGAN PADA TEGAKAN TANAMAN KARET BELUM MENGHASILKAN DAN POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN SELA TUMPANGSARI Auzar Syarif, Nalwida Rozen, Hendra Aguzaen, Irfan Suliansyah
Menara Ilmu Vol 12, No 6 (2018): vol. XII No. 6 Juli 2018
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33559/mi.v12i6.916

Abstract

Perkebuan karet rakyat secara umum masih bersifat pertanian monokultur danbelum mengembangkan teknologi pertanian polikultur pola tumpangsari.Permasalahanutama pada sistem pola tumpangsari dibawah tegakan tanaman karet adalah intensitascahaya yang rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi tingkat naungantegakan tanaman karet muda pada beberapa tingkat umur,dan jenis tanaman semusim yangpotensialsebagai tanaman sela tumpangsari.Studi literatur (reviewer journal) dilakukanuntuk mendapatkan data tanaman semusin sebagai tanaman sela. Survey (purposivesampling) untuk pengukuran lilit batang dan tingkat naungan yang dilakukan pada 9lokasi,dimana 3 lokasi untuk setiap tingkatumur tanaman karet (1-2, 2-3 dan 3-4 tahun).Penelitian ini memberikan simpulan, yaitu; Pada tingkat umur karet 1 – 2, 2 – 3, dan 3 – 4tahun memiliki rerata lilit batang karet masing-masing sebesar 15.78, 24.00, dan 31.89 cm,serta menghasilkan rerata tingkat naungan masing-masing sebesar 25.16%, 44.73%, dan68.45%; Pertanaman tanaman sela masih baik diusahakan hingga umur tanaman karet3tahun (tingkat naungan < 50%); Penggunaan varietas unggul toleran naungan beberapajenis tanaman pangan (seperti padi gogo, kedele, jagung dan lainya) dapat diusahakansebagai tanaman sela di bawah tegakan tanaman karet yang belum menghasilakan, danmenguntungkan petani.Kata kunci : naungan ,karet, tanaman sela
IDENTIFIKASI KARAKTER VEGETATIF BEBERAPA GENOTIPE PADI LOKAL KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI Ezward, Chairil; Indra Dwipa, Irfan Suliansyah, Nalwida Rozen,
Menara Ilmu Vol 14, No 2 (2020): VOL. XIV NO. 2 JANUARI 2020
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31869/mi.v14i2.1749

Abstract

Characterization is an observation process with the aim to find out the character of a plant. This study aims to identify and characterize 26 local rice genotypes in Kuantan Singingi Regency in the growth phase. This study uses a deliberate sampling method (purposive random sampling). Data was collected by identifying the characteristics of 26 local rice genotypes in Kuantan Singingi Regency directly to the field. Location data collection which is used as a place for sampling is done through exploration. Data observations were made on samples based on the Ministry of Agriculture's (2013) and IRRI's (2007) rice characterization and evaluation system guidelines. The observed characters are qualitative and quantitative characters. Qualitative characters are characters that cannot be measured in units but can be converted through scoring data. Quantitative characters are characters that can be measured by the instrument and have units. Observations on quantitative data are : Plant length, stem diameter, leaf blade length, leaf blade width, ligula length, number of tillers. While the qualitative data are: Auricle color / auricle (WA). Ligule shape / leaf tongue (BL). Color Ligule / leaf tongue (WL). Color Collar / leaf collar (WCo). Plant Shape (BT). Observation data is processed using software Ms. Excel and (NTSYS-pc) version 2.02. Obtained a diversity of morphological characters in the vegetative phase, both quantitative and qualitative. Similarity analysis of 26 local rice genotypes with a 30% similarity coefficient resulted in six (6) groups. Keywords : Characterization, morphology, rice
The article Response of Two Rice Varieties Grown using SRI Method in Two Different Locations Nalwida Rozen
JERAMI Indonesian Journal of Crop Science Vol 1 No 1 (2018): JIJCS
Publisher : Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.156 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jijcs.1.1.39-45.2018

Abstract

Application of system of rice intensification (SRI) method has been considered as one of powerful efforts to increase the harvested yield by modifying the plant and itssurrounding environment. This study was aimed to determine the effect of different environment towards the response of rice varieties grown using SRI method. Two rice varieties, Batang Piaman and IR-42 were grown in District of Tanjuang Barulak (Regency of Tanah Datar) and District of Saniang Baka (Regency of Solok). Plant height and several yield parameters, such as productive tillers, panicle length, grain number per panicle, and yield per plot were assessed from both varieties and locations. Statistical analysis was conducted using randomized block design (RDB) and significance was further evaluatedusingDuncan’s New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) with a p>0.05. Batang Pariaman appeared in taller performance than IR-42. Regarding the number of productive tiller, Batang Piaman resulted more productive tillers in Solok, while IR-42 was dominant in number of productive tiller compared to Batang Piaman in Tanah Datar. Unlike IR-42, Batang Piaman exhibited longer panicle, more grain amounts per panicle, and higher yield per plot than IR-42 in both locations.
Community Empowering through Tubers Crop Cultivation with its Compost Applications And Its Processing Technology Warnita Warnita; Nalwida Rozen; Aisman Aisman
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v2i1.7

Abstract

Tuber crops (cassava and sweet potato) are potential sources of food that are widely used by the community. The demand for large quantities of potatoes increases every year. Therefore,we need to increase productivity. The purpose of this action research is to encourage student empathy to contribute and solve the problem in society by applying research results to improve the yield of tubers (cassava and sweet potato) through community service program which is named KKN-PPM. The methods applied by encouraging and motivating farmer groups, community leaders and small-processing industries. The activities are: 1) counseling, 2) training and 3) demonstration of compost application on sweet potato cultivation and cassava in farmer's land 4) manufacturing of various cassava processed products and 5) the application of packaging to products. The results of this KKN-PPM program are: 1) Increased awareness and empathy of students on economic, social and cultural issues so as to increase the income of the people; 2) The occurrence of partnerships between students who have various skills and technology so that can be realized a good cooperation to empower the community in cultivation of tubers and its processing; 3. increasing knowledge and technology among the cultivators and processors of tuber crops and packaging improvements so as to increase the selling price. 4. Positive response which is given by the community in the form of active participation and enthusiasm in following the activity from the beginning to end of the implementation.
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MELALUI BUDIDAYA TANAMAN UBI-UBIAN DENGAN APLIKASI KOMPOS LIMBAH PERTANIAN DAN TEKNOLOGI PENGOLAHANNYA Warnita Warnita; Nalwida Rozen; Aisman Aisman
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 24 No 1 (2017): Warta Pengabdian Andalas
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kelurahan Balai Gadang merupakan daerah yang potensial untuk pengembangan tanaman ubi-ubian.Tanaman ubi-ubian (ubi kayu dan ubi jalar) merupakan sumber pangan potensial yang banyak digunakan digunakan masyarakat. Permintaan terhadap ubi-ubian dalam jumlah banyak dan terus meningkat setiap tahun. Oleh karena itu perlu peningkatan produktivitasnya. Tujuan dari KKN-PPM ini adalah untuk mendorong empati mahasiswa, dan dapat memberikan sumbangsih bagi penyelesaian persoalan yang ada di masyarakat dengan mengaplikasikan hasil-hasil penelitan untuk meningkatkan hasil ubi-ubian (ubi kayu dan ubi jalar). Metode yang diterapkan melalui pendekatan terhadap masyarakat petani, pemuka masyarakat dan kelompok pengolah hasil dengan menumbuhkan dan memotivasi kelompok tani sehingga program KKN – PPM ini dapat diterima dengan baik oleh masyarakat. Kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah : 1) penyuluhan, 2) pelatihan dan 3) demontrasi/ percontohan aplikasi kompos pada budidaya ubi jalar dan ubi kayu di lahan petani 4) pembuatan aneka produk olahan ubi kayu dan 5) Pengemasan produk. Hasil yang dicapai dari kegiatan program KKN-PPM ini adalah : 1) Meningkatnya kepedulian dan empati mahasiswa terhadap permasalahan ekonomi, sosial dan budaya sehingga dapat meningkatkan pendapatan warga masyarakat; 2) Terjadinya kemitraan antar mahasiswa yang memiliki berbagai keterampilan dan teknologi sehingga dapat terwujud kerjasama yang baik untuk memberdayakan masyarakat dalam budidaya ubi-ubian dan pengolahannya; 3. meningkatnya pengetahuan dan teknologi di kalangan masyarakat pembudidaya dan pengolah ubi-ubian serta perbaikan kemasan sehingga dapat meningkatkan daya jual. 4. Adanya respon positif yang diberikan warga masyarakat berupa partisipasi aktif dan antusias mengikuti kegiatan dari awal sampai akhir pelaksanaan.
Growth Response Of SRI Rice In Suboptimal Land To Application Of Cattle Manure And Kieserite Nalwida Rozen; Musliar Kasim; Agustian Agustian; Indra Dwipa
JERAMI Indonesian Journal of Crop Science Vol 2 No 2 (2020): JIJCS
Publisher : Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jijcs.2.2.60-64.2020

Abstract

Population growth rates cause an increase in food demand, but the planting area is decreasing due to land-use change. The land available to be utilized by farmers is mostly suboptimal land. The disadvantages of suboptimal land are low pH values ​​(4.7) and a small number of nutrients (Nitrogen = 0.11%, Phosphorus = 0.45 ppm, very low Carbon, very high Aluminum, and medium Cation exchange capacity) and for increasing the value of suboptimal land can be given organic fertilizer such as cattle manure and kieserite. This study aims to determine the effect of cattle manure and kieserite on rice growth with the SRI planting system in suboptimal land. The study was carried out in farmers' paddy fields at Ambacang Market, Kuranji District, Padang from June to October 2019. This experiment uses a completely randomized design (CRD). Data were analyzed by the F test at a 5% significance level. If it is significantly different, it is continued with the Honestly Significant Difference test (HSD) at the 5% significance level. The results showed that the application of cattle manure and kieserite can increase the height of rice plants and the number of tillers.
APLIKASI UNSUR MIKRO PADA PADISAWAH INTENSIFIKASI YANG DIBERI PUPUK ORGANIK TITONIA PLUS PADA METODE SRI Nalwida Rozen; Nurhajati Hakim; Gusnidar Gusnidar
Jurnal Solum Vol 14, No 1 (2017): JURNAL SOLUM
Publisher : Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.165 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/js.14.1.1-9.2017

Abstract

Penggunaan pupuk sintetik merupakan faktor penentu produksi terbesar, tetapi harganya makin mahal, sehingga menjadi masalah nasional. Oleh karenanya, pupuk alternatif harus ditemukan, salah satunya adalah POTP. Pupuk organik titonia plus (POTP) dapat mengurangi aplikasi pupuk sintetik hingga 50% dalam meningkatkan hasil padi pada sawah bukaan baru di Dharmasraya, serta sawah intensifikasi di Padang, Solok, dan di Tanah Datar. Akan tetapi, hasil padi pada sawah intensifikasi dengan POTP tersebut masih sekitar 6 ton/ha, pada hal hasil optimal yang diharapkan dengan POTP sekitar 8 ton/ha. Hal itu diduga akibat adanya gejala kekurangan unsur hara mikro. Unsur hara mikro apa yang diperlukan dalam pembuatan POTP belum diketahui. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: untuk melengkapi formula POTP dengan unsur hara mikro untuk mengurangi aplikasi pupuk sintetik hingga 50% pada sawah intensifikasi dengan target hasil gabah sekitar 8 ton/ha. Hasil penelitian sebelumnya didapatkan 3 kombinasi Mn dan Zn yang ditambahkan dalam pembuatan POTP. Tiga formula POTP tersebut telah diteliti di lapangan pada dua lokasi sawah intensifikasi di kota Padang. Hasilnya formula POTP+3,0kgMn/ha+0kgZn/ha dan POTP+3,0kgMn/ha+3,0kgZn/ha dan POTP+4,5kgMn+6kgZn dapat diaplikasikan ke sawah, untuk diuji multi lokasi di kabupaten Solok dan Tanah Datar. Perlakuan yang dilakukan pada dua lokasi tersebut adalah POTP+3,0kgMn/ha+0kgZn/ha, POTP+3,0kgMn/ha+3,0kgZn/ha, POTP+4,5kgMn+6kgZn, POTP saja, dan 100% pupuk sinntetik. Rancangan yang digunakan berupa rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) dengan 3 kelompok. Hasil terbaik yang telah dilakukan pada sawah intensifikasi di Kabupaten Tanah Datar dan Solok adalah formula POTP+3kgMn/ha+3kgZn/ha serta POTP+3kgMn/ha+3kgZn/ha. Penambahan unsur mikro memberikan peningkatan hasil sebanyak 3,8 15%. Kata kunci: padi, unsur hara mikro, dan POTP