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Analisis Risiko dan Determinan Kejadian Kecelakaan Kerja di Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit Eka Rini, Willia Novita; Aswin, Budi; Hidayati, Fajrina
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 6, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v6i2.248

Abstract

Safety at work is a series of safety related to machines, work tools, materials and work processes, workplace and environment as well as working methods. Jambi Province is an area that has extensive plantation land, especially for oil palm plantations, based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics at Provinceof Jambi in 2018. PT. X was experienced the highest incidence of work accidents in the 2017-2019 range in Jambi Province. This study aims to analyze the risks and determinants of workplace accidents at the palm oil mill at PT. X as an effort to prevent work accidents. This research is analytical research. The population of this study were all workers in the production division of PT. X as many as 96 people consisting of two work shifts and were also used as samples in this study. The data will be analyzed to see the relationship between variables using the Chi-Square test with (α = 0.05). There is a relationship between the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE), environmental factors and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) with the incidence of work accidents in the production division workers of PT. X while working period, attitude, training and equipment safety are not related in this study.
Analisis, Prediksi Tren dan Pembuatan Kebijakan dari Kasus Kecelakaan Kerja bagi Peserta BPJS Ketenagakerjaan Cabang Jambi Willia Novita Eka Rini; Budi Aswin
JIK-JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN Vol 5, No 1 (2021): JIK-April Volume 5 Nomor 1 Tahun 2021
Publisher : STIKes ALIFAH PADANG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33757/jik.v5i1.385

Abstract

AbstrakBPJS Ketenagakerjaan Cabang Jambi dikarenakan ada pada kawasan industri menunjukkan angka tertinggi dalam klaim kejadian kasus kecelakaan akibat kerja. Tujuan penelitian yaitu melakukan analisis dan prediksi tren kecelakaan kerja yang berguna dalam pembuatan kebijakan bagi kepesertaaan BPJS Ketenagakerjaan Cabang Jambi. Penelitian ini berjenis mixed method. Keseluruhan data-data kecelakaan kerja berdasarkan klaim yang diajukan oleh industri kepada BPJS Ketenagakerjaan tahun 2015-2019 merupkan populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian sebagai unit analisis, kemudian diambil 10 orang informan untuk wawancara. Data akan dianalisis untuk prediksi tren kecelakaan kerja menggunakan uji regresi linear serta disusun pengambilan kebijakannya dengan menggunakan analisa pohon keputusan. Hasil penelitian tren kecelakaan kerja tertinggi ditahun 2018 yaitu 1830 kecelakaan (26,6%). Prediksi tren 5 tahun kedepan kecelakaan tertinggi terjadi ditahun 2024 yaitu 3310 kecelakaan (24%). Kesimpulan pembuatan kebijakan bagi industri yaitu pengadaan APD, membuat pelatihan, pemberian sanksi, pemantauan dan perawatan secara berkala pada mesin-mesin dan alat-alat kerja, membuat komunikasi bahaya dan rambu-rambu keselamatan di tempat kerja, dan safety talk.Kata Kunci: Tren, Prediksi, Kebijakan, Kecelakaan Kerja AbstractEmployment insurance and social security care Branch of Jambi, because it is in an industrial area, shows the highest number of claims for work-related accidents. The research objective is to analyze and predict the trend of work accidents that are useful in making policies for employment insurance and social security care membership Branch of Jambi. This research is a mixed method type. Overall work accident data based on claims submitted by the industry to employment insurance and social security care in 2015-2019 is a population and sample in the study as a unit of analysis, then 10 informants were taken for interviews. The data will be analyzed to predict the trend of workplace accidents using linear regression tests and formulated policy making using decision tree analysis. The results of the research on the highest trend of work accidents in 2018 were 1830 accidents (26.6%). The trend prediction for the next 5 years is that the highest accidents occur in 2024, namely 3310 accidents (24%). The conclusion of policy making for the industry is the procurement of PPE, training, giving sanctions, monitoring and periodically maintaining work machines and tools, making hazard communications and safety signs in the workplace, and safety talk. Keywords: Trend, Prediction, Policy, Work Accident
Determinan Keluhan Muskuloskeletal Pada Pekerja Bongkar Muat Tandan Buah Segar (TBS) Kelapa Sawit Nur Alisha; Rd. Halim; Muhammad Syukri; Budi Aswin; Fajrina Hidayati
JIK-JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN Vol 5, No 2 (2021): JIK-Oktober Volume 5 Nomor 2 Tahun 2021
Publisher : STIKes ALIFAH PADANG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33757/jik.v5i2.422

Abstract

Keluhan Musculoskeletal merupakan hal umum terjadi pada berbagai jenis pekerjaan, dan merupakan salah satu permasalahan kesehatan masyarakat. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan keluhan muskuloskeletal pada pekerja bongkar muat TBS sawit. Penelitian menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Populasi adalah seluruh pekerja bongkar muat TBS kelapa sawit yang berjumlah 35 orang. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 35 responden yang diambil menggunakan teknik total sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner, observasi, dan pengukuran langsung menggunakan kuesioner Nordic Body Map, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan usia (p=0,015), masa kerja (p= 0,018 ), sikap kerja (p=0,000), dan berat beban (p=0,007) berhubungan dengan keluhan musculoskeletal pada pekerja. Faktor yang tidak berhubungan adalah status gizi pekerja (p=0,264). Disarankan bagi para kerja untuk melakukan bongkar muat di dataran tinggi, dengan tempat pengumpulan sawit di atas dan truk berada dibawah sehingga dapat mengurangi posisi bungkuk serta melakukan peregangan otot sebelum bekerja dan juga istirahat yang cukup agar dapat mengurangi kelelahan, ketegangan dan keluhan otot.
Analisis Upaya Pencegahan, Potensi Kecelakaan Kerja dan Gangguan Kesehatan Pada Pekerja Pengemasan Ikan Budi Aswin; Muhammad Syukri
JIK-JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN Vol 4, No 2 (2020): JIK-Oktober Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2020
Publisher : STIKes ALIFAH PADANG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33757/jik.v4i2.341

Abstract

Kecelakaan kerja dan masalah kesehatan merupakan peristiwa yang tidak dikehendaki yang bisa dihindari dengan komitmen pimpinan, manajemen perusahaan yang baik, dan kemauan kuat dari pekerja untuk mencegahnya. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu menganalisis upaya pencegahan, potensi kecelakaan kerja dan gangguan kesehatan pada pekerja pengemasan ikan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei deskriptif yang dilakukan di Kecamatan Tanjung Tiram Kabupaten Batubara Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Populasi penelitian adalah 32 orang pekerja yang sekaligus menjadi sampel. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dengan bantuan aplikasi SPSS 23.00. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 16 orang (50%) pekerja melakukan upaya pencegahan dimana kategori upayanya kurang. Potensi kecelakaan kerja tertusuk duri ikan pada pekerja sebesar 81,2%, tertimpa bongkahan es sebesar 37,5%, terpeleset lantai licin sebesar 31,2%, dan tangan tergores terkena gergaji es sebesar 12,5%. Gangguan kesehatan pada pekerja disebabkan tangan terluka sebanyak 28 orang (87,5%), jari tangan mengkerut 27 orang (84,4%), dan tangan membengkak disertai gatal sebanyak 26 0rang (81,2%). Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah  upaya pencegahan yang dilakukan pekerja pengemasan ikan mayoritas kurang baik, potensi kecelakaan kerja paling besar tertusuk duri ikan, dan gangguan kesehatan karena tangan terluka, jari tangan mengkerut, serta tangan membengkak disertai gatal.
Analisis Posisi Kerja Duduk pada Kejadian Low Back Pain (LBP) Pegawai Badan Pertanahan Nasional Kabupaten X Budi Aswin
JIK-JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN Vol 6, No 1 (2022): JIK-April Volume 6 Nomor 1 Tahun 2022
Publisher : STIKes ALIFAH PADANG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33757/jik.v6i1.496

Abstract

Low back pain (LBP) adalah penyakit muskuloskeletal yang dapat mengganggu serta penyebab utamanya yaitu oleh gangguan fisik dan mobilisasi yang salah. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis posisi kerja duduk pada kejadian low back pain. Penelitian menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Populasi penelitian yaitu seluruh pegawai badan pertanahan nasional yang berstatus pegawai negeri sipil di Kabupaten X berjumlah 44 orang. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 44 orang yang diambil menggunakan teknik total sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner, observasi, dan pengukuran langsung menggunakan kuesioner Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) dan Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnair. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur paling dominan kelompok 35-39 tahun sebesar 34,09%, masa kerja paling dominan 11-15 tahun sebesar 38,63%, posisi kerja duduk pegawai mayoritas tidak ergonomi sebesar 79,5%, dan kejadian low back pain paling dominan dengan keluhan berat sebesar 56,8%. Posisi kerja duduk (p=0,003) berhubungan dengan kejadian low back pain pada pegawai Badan Pertanahan Nasional. Disarankan bagi pegawai untuk melakukan gerakan peregangan sebelum dan setelah bekjerja dengan posisi duduk yang lama serta memanfaatkan waktu istirahat yang cukup sehingga dapat mengurangi low back pain.
Determinan Keluhan Konjungtivitis Pada Pekerja Las Di Kecamatan Jelutung Kota Jambi Siti Suherni; Muhammad Syukri; Dwi Noerjoedianto; Budi Aswin
Jurnal Kesmas Jambi Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Vol. 5 - No. 1 - Maret 2021
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jkmj.v5i1.12398

Abstract

Konjungtivitis merupakan peradangan pada konjungtiva yang disebabkan oleh sinar ultraviolet yang berasal dari proses pengelasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang berhubungan dengan keluhan konjungtivitis pada pekerja Bengkel Las Kecamatan Jelutung Kota Jambi. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional pada 53 pekerja las di Wilayah Kecamatan Jelutung Kota Jambi pada bulan September-Oktober 2020. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik proportional random sampling. Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan uji Chi-Square. Hasil analisis menunjukkan dari 53 responden terdapat 28 orang (52,8%) dengan keluhan konjungtivitis. Hasil analisis Chi-square menunjukkan adanya hubungan bermakna masa kerja (P-Value 0.009), lama paparan (P-Value 0,007) dengan keluhan konjungtivitis. Variabel yang tidak berhubungan dengan keluhan konjungtivitas adalah penggunaan APD (P-Value 0,0758). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan antara masa kerja, lama paparan dengan keluhan konjungtivitis pada pekerja bengkel las Kecamatan Jelutung Kota Jambi. Kata Kunci : Masa kerja, Lama paparan, pekerja las, konjungtivitis
The Relationship between Workload and Heat Work Climate with Work Fatigue Incidence in Areca Nut Farmers Budi Aswin; Rd. Halim
JURNAL KEPERAWATAN DAN FISIOTERAPI (JKF) Vol. 4 No. 2 (2022): Jurnal Keperawatan dan Fisioterapi (JKF)
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan dan Fisioterapi Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35451/jkf.v4i2.985

Abstract

The causes of work fatigue consist of several conditions, including working climate conditions, especially hot work climates and workloads. This study aims to analyze the workload and hot work climate on the incidence of work fatigue. The study used a cross-sectional design. The research population is all areca nut farmers in Sungai Tawar Village, Mendahara District, Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency. The research sample amounted to 90 people who were taken using proportional strafied random sampling technique. Collecting data by observation, and using a questionnaire. Data processing was carried out univariate and bivariate using chi-square test at 95% confidence interval. The results showed that the workload (p = 0.003) and heatt work climate (p = 0.001) related to the incidence of work fatigue in areca nut farmers. It is recommended that areca nut farmers do stretching movements before work and use personal protective equipment such as hats, long shirts, trousers and boots in order to minimize the incidence of work fatigue.
EDUKASI UPAYA KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA DI SMK NEGERI 3 KOTA JAMBI M.Dody Izhar; Marta Butar Butar; Budi Aswin
Jurnal Salam Sehat Masyarakat (JSSM) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Salam Sehat Masyarakat
Publisher : Prodi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, FKIK Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4993.528 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jssm.v2i1.11155

Abstract

Work accidents and safety can occur when carrying out work in the workplace. Based on CDC data, it is known that the rate of work accidents among young workers compared to adult workers is higher for young workers. From the results of data collection obtained at SMKN 3 Jambi City who will later be young workers who understand that the understanding and implementation of K3 in students using practicum tools is in accordance with the rules so that they are at risk of having work accidents. Community service activities carried out through socialization in the form of counseling on occupational health efforts and training activities at the Occupational Health Effort Post (Pos UKK). The results of the socialization of occupational health efforts and training on Occupational Health Effort Posts showed an increase in the knowledge of students who took part in the activity when compared to before and after participating in training, from 64.00 to 74.67. Statistical results obtained p value = 0.033, meaning that there is a significant difference in the average value of the test before being given training and after being given training. The Initiation of Ordering Pos UKK Cadres at SMKN 3 Jambi City has been proposed to the Jambi City SMKN3 school and is expected to be implemented and carry out Health Effort activities through the Management of Occupational Health Effort Posts.
Pemberdayaan Remaja Melalui Peer Educator Rohani Remaja Katolik (Remaka) Paroki Santo Gregorius Agung Jambi Dalam Upaya Pencegahan COVID-19 Reskiaddin La Ode; Budi Aswin; Laurencus Butsi Siagian
Jurnal Salam Sehat Masyarakat (JSSM) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2022): Jurnal Salam Sehat Masyarakat
Publisher : Prodi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, FKIK Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (437.488 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jssm.v3i2.18179

Abstract

The third of young adults are medically susceptible to the disease COVID-19. Community empowerment is a strategy in preventing COVID-19.This community service aims to train and form peer educators. There are several stages carried out in youth empowerment activities, including coordinating with the parish church of Saint Gregorius Agung Jambi, at the activity site, facilitators mobilizing activity participants, conveying the aims and objectives of activities, orders from peer educator teams, training and coaching peers, discussion and questions answer and evaluate activities. The results of this training helped improve adolescents' understanding of covid-19 and had formed 22 peer educators divided into eleven regions and as an agent of change in providing health information to the public.The need for socialization and ordering of peer educators in various regions as the pioneers of the Covid-19 task force. Keywords: Empowerment, Peer educator, Teenager
Kajian Aspek Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja di Sektor Usaha Informal (Studi Kasus: Pengemasan Ikan Kecamatan Tanjung Tiram Kabupaten Batu Bara) Budi Aswin
JUMANTIK (Jurnal Ilmiah Penelitian Kesehatan) Vol 6, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Prodi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat UIN Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.015 KB) | DOI: 10.30829/jumantik.v6i4.10083

Abstract

One of the sectors from the work is a serious concern in the  aspect of occupational safety and health (K3) is the informal work sector. The widespread phenomenon of the informal sector absorbs many workers in Indonesia. One of the existing informal employment sectors is fish packaging work. The purpose of this research is to analyze aspects of occupational safety and health which are examined from aspects of the work environment, work tools and materials as well as how to do the work. This research is a descriptive type with a case study approach. The object of this research is the location of fish packaging work and several fish packaging workers who can provide information related to occupational safety and health aspects. The results of the study are aspects of a dangerous work environment such as noise, humidity, poor housekeeping and lack of work motivation and career paths. Aspects of work tools and materials, namely there are no work rules, inadequate working equipment conditions, no work facilities, low awareness of the use of equipment and the unavailability of personal protective equipment. Aspects of how to do work in terms of working not carefully, working without using personal protective equipment such as gloves, bending and squatting work attitudes. The potential for work accidents is being pierced by fish thorns, being hit by an ice block, being scratched by a saw and falling because the floor is slippery. Control efforts in the fish packaging workplace are almost non-existent, namely there is no technical control, no administrative control and no control using personal protective equipment, this is evidenced by the number of workers who do not use gloves made of rubber. Keywords: The Environment of Work, Tools and Materials, How to Work