Siti Fatimah Pradigdo
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang

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PENGGUNAAN TINGGI LUTUT DAN PANJANG DEPA SEBAGAI PREDIKTOR TINGGI BADAN DAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PADA LANSIA DI KELURAHAN SAMBIROTO KOTA SEMARANG Riski, Finia; Kartasurya, Martha Irene; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The process of degeneration in the elderly less acurate results in height measurement, which has an impact on BMI calculation. Julia Pertiwi created a formula to measure elderly’s height by combining knee height and arm span for Javanese community. The purpose of this study was to determine the compatibility of elderly’s height predictor dan Body Mass Index measurements based on knee height and arm span. This quantitative study used a cross-sectional design. Height was measured by stadiometer, weight by digital scales, knee height by Knee Height Caliper, and arm span by measuring tape. Comparison were conducted through Anova and Kruskal-Wallis tests. This study was conducted on Javanese community in Sambiroto village, Semarang. Fifty two subjects, 18 men and 34 women were aged 60 yeares and over, stand up straightly, and Javanese. Exclusion criteria were hunchback, disability, stiff joints, tremor, fracture, and arm span deformities. The results showed that there was no difference actual height and BMI based on actual height with height and BMI based on Fatmah’s formula (knee height and arm span), Julia’s formula, and Chumlea’s formula on men. There was difference height and BMI based on actual height with height and BMI based on Fatmah’s formula (knee height and arm span), Julia’s formula, and Chumlea’s formula on women. Conclusion: there was a suitability of elderly’s height predictor and BMI measurements based on knee height and arm span. The Fatmah’s formula based on arm span was the best formula for calculating height and BMI on men, and Julia’s formula was the best formula for women, because these formulas had closest results with height and BMI based on actual height. Suggestions for the next researcher should increase the number of samples and be carried out in different ethnicities.
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN ENERGI, MAKRO DAN MIKRONUTRIEN DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA LANJUT USIA (Studi di Rumah Pelayanan Sosial Lanjut Usia Wening Wardoyo Ungaran, Tahun 2017) Simamora, Deborah; Kartasurya, Martha Irene; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

High intake of saturated fat, sodium and low intake of calcium and magnesium can increase blood pressure. The prevalence of hypertension at Wening Wardoyo Elderly Social Service House, Ungaran was quite high (25.5% had systolic hypertension). The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlations between energy intake, macro, and micronutrients and blood pressure on elderly at Wening Wardoyo Elderly Social Service House, Ungaran. This study was an explanatory research with a cross-sectional design. Subjects in this study were 26 elderly men and women, aged 60-90 years old, who were chosen by purposive sampling technique. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured by the researchers using a digital tensimeter. Data collection on food intake was conducted by Food Weighing, which then were processed by nutrisurvey. Data analysis was done using Pearson Product Moment correlation test. The results showed that 26.9% of respondents had systolic prehypertension, 19.2% of them were in the first phase, 23.1% had diastolic prehypertension, and 3.8% had diastolic hypertension at the first phase. Among respondents, 69.9% had moderate energy intake, 88.5% of respondents had excessive saturated fat intake, and 88.5% of respondents had lack intake of magnesium. All respondents had a low sodium intake, as well as a reduced intake of calcium. There was a correlation between saturated fat intake with systolic (r=0.758; p=0.003) and diastolic (r=0.856; p=0.001) blood pressures. There was no correlation between the energy adequacy level, sodium intake, calcium intake and magnesium intake with systolic and diastolic blood pressure. It recommended for the institution administrators to arrange the new menu by reducing high saturated fat foods.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI BALITA SUKU ANAK DALAM (SAD) (Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Pematang Kabau Kecamatan Air Hitam Kabupaten Sarolangun Jambi) Fitri, Reza Kartika; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah; Rahfiludin, Muhammad Zen
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.629 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i4.18770

Abstract

Malnutrition is the most important problem because of the direct impact to growth retardation. Inadequate nutritional intake in toddler particularly in 24-59 months will lead to growth retardation. The aim of this research was to analyze factors affecting toddler’s nutritional status in inner child’s tribe in Pematang Kabau Health Center, Sarolangun Regency, Jambi. This was a quantitative research with cross sectional design. Population of this research were mothers of inner child’s tribe in Pematang Kabau Health Center, Sarolangun Regency in total of 40 people. Sampling technic of this research was using purposive sampling of the total population. Data was analyzed using Rank Spearman. Results of this research showed that most of the toddler’s nutritional status was Good (70%). Mother’s knowledge was classified as good (57,5%), toddlers who were taboo of eggs and livestock were 37,5%. Most toddlers had a big family (92,5%). Most toddlers had adequate energy intake (72,5%) and adequate protein intake (65%). Toddlers who had infectional disease were 60%. There were a significant correlation between toddler’s nutritional status in inner child’s tribe with food taboo (p=0,001), energy intake (p=0,001), protein intake (p=0,001) and infectional disease (p=0,007). Otherwise, mother’s knowledge and number of family members had no significant correlation with toddler’s nutritional status in inner child’s tribe. It is necessery for the health center to monitor toddler’s nutritional status periodically. Especially for inner child’s tribe whose nutritional status is good to keep maintaining them. Mothers could be involved in Integrated Service Posts as Cadres so they could share their knowledge to other mothers.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA SISA MAKANAN NARAPIDANA (Studi di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas I Semarang) ENI KURNIAWATI; Siti Fatimah Pradigdo; M. Zen Rahfiludin
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (193.268 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v4i3.12871

Abstract

A prisoner has the right to get adequate nutritional food. The success of food service related to plate waste presences. Plate waste is more than 25% showed that feeding was not optimal. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with plate waste of prisoners in Correctional Institution Class I Semarang. This study used analytic observational with the cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used in this study is purposive sampling amounted to 65 prisoners. Data collected through interviews and calculation of food waste using food weighing for three days. The results showed that almost prisoners had a lot of plate waste (86,2%), the most plate waste is the staple food (46,1%), vegetables (53,1%), and vegetable side dishes (33,3%). The prisoners represented that the menu was not variety accounted for 50,8%, the food appearance was interesting (50,8%), that food tastes are delicious (53,8%), and most of the prisoners consumed food from outside twice a week (49,2%). The highest plate waste in the morning accounted for 45,8%. Based on Spearman Rank Test, the factors related to plate waste is food tastes (p-value = 0,044 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = -0,251) and food from outside (p-value = 0,001 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = 0,602) and factors unrelated is menu variations (p-value = 0,554) and the food appearance (p-value = 0,914). The correctional institution suggests to evaluate the standard portion, especially in the morning and keep improving the food tastes.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP PEDAGANG DENGAN KANDUNGAN FORMALIN PADA IKAN ASIN (Studi di Pasar Tradisional WiIayah Kabupaten Rembang) Larasati Dwi Nor Aini; Siti Fatimah Pradigdo; M. Zen Rahfiluddin
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 8, No 2 (2020): MARET
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (163.834 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v8i2.26287

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Dangers of Food Additives have an impact on the human body, for example the body will experience a decline in internal organ function such as causing cancer of the respiratory tract, digestive tract infections, sore throat, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and can cause several fatal diseases such as leukemia. This is knowing the formaldehyde content found in salted fish and the factors that influence the use of formaldehyde in the Rembang Regency area. This research uses analytic observational research with cross sectional approach. The samples in this study were all the population of 34 salted fish traders in all traditional markets in the Rembang Regency. The instruments in this study used a structured questionnaire and formalin test conducted at the Nutrition Laboratory of the Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University. Data processing in this research uses a statistical test that is Chi-Square test. The results of this study are from 34 respondents obtained by respondents with good knowledge as much as 58.8% and respondent attitudes classified as good as much as 82.4%. Laboratory test results showed that samples containing formaldehyde amounted to 85.3% and those that did not contain formaldehyde amounted to 14.7%. Samples that did not contain formalin layur fish type. Based on the Chi-square statistical test, p = 1.00 was obtained in the relationship between traders 'knowledge and formalin content in salted fish and p = 0.559 in the relationship between traders' attitudes and formalin content in salted fish. Based on the results of statistical tests that there is no relationship between the knowledge of traders and the attitude of traders to the formaldehyde content of salted fish. This can be used as an improvement by several related parties, namely, the Health Office who can conduct further review of formalin in salted fish in the traditional markets in the Rembang Regency 
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK DAUN JAMBU BIJI TERHADAP PERUBAHAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PADA ORANG DENGAN HIV-AIDS (Studi di Kelompok Dukungan Sebaya Arjuna Plus Semarang) Athiyah Athiyah; Siti Fatimah Pradigdo; Suyatno Suyatno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.321 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v6i4.21393

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People with HIV-AIDS (known as ODHA in Indonesia) have decreased immune system continuously accompanied by worsening their nutritional condition stated in the Body Mass Index (IMT). Guava leaves contain flavonoids, tannins 17.4%, phenolics 575.3 mg / g, and essential oils. Guava leaf is another alternative as a source of antioxidants derived from compounds contained in guava leaves. The purpose of this study to analyze the effect of guava leaf extract to IMT on PLWHA in Arjuna Plus KDS Semarang.There by Quasi Experimental with Non Equivalent Control Group Design is used. Two groups are conducted for this study. The first is the control group without any guava leaf extract supplement, while the second group (intervention group) is given one capsule of guava leaf extract supplement/day during 20 days. 25 Respondents for each group were chosen by purposive sampling technic and have to meet its criteria. Respondents’ nutritional status are measured by body mass index and 24 hours recall of their daily nutritional intake. Different tests using Mann Whitney, Independent T-test, and Dependent T-test. The results showed no significant difference of IMT changes between the two groups (p = 0.182) but an increase in BMI by 0.07 ± 0.48 in the intervention group. IMT changes did not rise 72% in the control group and 48% in the intervention group. Factors that can not be controlled in this study is the length of a person suffering from HIV.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN dengan USIA MENOPAUSE (Studi di Puskesmas Bangetayu Tahun 2015) Mujahidah Amrina Rosyada; Siti Fatimah Pradigdo; Ronny Aruben
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.482 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v4i1.11805

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The aging process occurs in human life . Especially in women , disruption to the loss of the normal process of menstruation is an issue that will be passed women because menopause is a physiological problem . Acceptance of menopause among women will be different and therefore the problem of factors related to the age of menopause should be known clearly by women. In PHC Bangetayu , from 15 to 40 % of women Whose menopause between the ages of 45-50 , and 60 % aged > 51 years. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with menopause . Is a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. The population in this study were women aged 40-59 years with a total of 60 people . The sampling technique in the research using purposive sampling . The data analysis used the chi square test and Spearman Rank test with significance level α = 5 %. The research showed that most of the samples with menopause age ≥ 50 years ( 58.3 % ) , the status of completed high school ( 31.7 % ) , having children > 4 ( 63.3 % ) , used contraception ( 86.7 % ) and experienced menarche at age > 16 years ( 71.7 % ) . The test results stating the relationship there is a correlation between the number of children with the age of menopause ( p = 0.046 ) and there is a correlation with age of menarche age of menopause ( p = 0.047 ) . This study concluded that factors associated with menopause age is the age of menarche and number of children. Suggestion for the Department of Health to to be more active in maternal and child health programs , especially older programs with the holding of Posyandu elderly . Expected the public to know the sense of menopause , menopausal symptoms , factors associated with menopause and know how to cope with the symptoms of menopause
KURANGNYA KONSUMSI BUAH DAN SAYUR SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN OVERWEIGHT PADA REMAJA PUTRI (STUDI PADA MAHASISWI FAKULTAS KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO SEMARANG) Awaliya, Henu Bey Putri; Nugraheni, Sri Achadi; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Youth groups have several problems such as consumption of fruits and vegetables that are less and overweight problems, so that adolescents can maintain their health, it is necessary to increase consumption of fruits and vegetables. The purpose of this study was to analyze the consumption of fruit and vegetables that are lacking as a risk factor for overweight among adolescent girls in FKM Undip Semarang class of 2018. This study uses an observational analytic type and a quantitative approach with a case-control design, as for sampling using a purposive sampling technique with total a sample of 84 research subjects. BMI data is taken by measuring the height and weight of research subjects. Data on fruit and vegetable consumption practices were obtained using FFQ sheets and 24-hour Food Recall sheets. For bivariate analysis using the chi-square test. The results showed that the number of servings of fruit consumption (p = 0.815) and the number of servings of vegetable consumption (p = 0.500) were not risk factors for overweight events. The results of this study also showed that the frequency of fruit consumption (p = 0.019; OR = 3.700; Cl 95% = 1.192-11.48) and the frequency of vegetable consumption (p = 0.023; OR = 3.333; Cl 95% = 1.14 - 9.72 ) can be said to be a risk factor for overweight events. It is expected that young women (female students) can apply the basic knowledge of nutrition that has been accepted to college and can increase the frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables to prevent the incidence of overweight in adolescence.
Mentel (Permen Wortel) Sebagai Solusi Penambah Vitamin A Lidiyawati, Rita; Dwijayanti, Fifi; Yuwita S., Nurasih; Fatimah Pradigdo, Siti
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa

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Indonesia merupakan negara agraris yang mempunyai hasil panen sayuran dan buah-buahan yang sangat tinggi misalnya wortel (Daucus carota). Wortel (Daucus carota) adalah tumbuhan sayur yang ditanam sepanjang tahun, terutama di daerah pegunungan yang memiliki suhu udara dingin dan lembab, kurang lebih pada ketinggian 1200 meter di atas permukaan laut. Tumbuhan wortel mernbutuhkan sinar matahari dan dapat turnbuh pada semua musim. Perkembangan zaman menyebabkan timbulnya permintaan konsumen yang selalu menginginkan inovasi baru dalam pengolahan makanan. Disisi lain tingkat konsumsi wortel sebagai bahan pangan masih rendah. Solusi tentang pengolahan wortel sebagai upaya meningkatkan nilai jual produk wortel, menumbuhkan minat masyarakat agar senang mengkonsumsi wortel. Untuk meningkatkan nilai jual wortel, maka muncul inovasi produk wortel berupa permen wortel. Kandungan β-karoten dalam wortel merupakan provitamin A yang berfungsi melindungi mata dan kandungan antioksidan sebagai antikanker. Dari hasil produksi tersebut, permen wortel dapat menghasilkan produk pangan baru yang mempunyai nilai gizi yang tinggi. Sehingga kebutuhan gizi masyarakat Indonesia tercukupi.
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN MAKANAN, AKTIVITAS FISIK DAN PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI HORMONAL DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL DARAH (Studi pada Wanita Keluarga Nelayan Usia 30 – 40 Tahun di Tambak Lorok, Semarang Tahun 2017) Putri Nurul Agustyanti; Siti Fatimah Pradigdo; Ronny Aruben
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.558 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i4.18768

Abstract

Hypercholesterolaemia is a condition of high cholesterol level in blood. Prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia in Indonesia aged 25-34 is 9,3%, aged 55-64 is 15,5%. In women, prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia is 14,5%. The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation of food intake (fat, cholesterole, fiber intake), physical activity and use of hormonal contraceptives with blood cholesterol level on women in fisherman’s family aged 30-40 years old in Tambak Lorok. This was an explanatory research with cross sectional study. Sampling technique was using purposive sampling with 40 respondents. Examination of blood cholesterole level was using CHOD_PAP method with semi automatic device. Statistical trial which was used in this research was Rank Spearman Test and Fisher’s Exact Test, p < 0,05. Mean of total fat intake was 93,85% classified as good (80%-100%). Mean of cholesterol intake was 249,65 mg/day classified as recommended (≤ 300 mg/day). Mean of fiber intake was 8,33 gr/day and classified as low (<30 gr/day). Mean of PAL physical activity was 1,61 and classified as light (1,40-1,69). From 40 respondents, 52% were using hormonal contraceptive. The results showed that there were correlation of fat intake, cholesterole intake, physical activity, use of hormonal contraceptive with blood cholesterole level (p <0,05) and there were no correlation of fiber intake with blood cholesterole level (p> 0,05). Recommended community to manage intake of food low fat and low cholesterole diet, increased fiber intake by eating more fruits and vegetables, for adult women could use non hormonal contraceptive to reduce blood cholesterole level.
Co-Authors Adriana Rizki Novita Ahmad Walihul Mahalli Andini Masyita Dewi Anggita Habsari Anindita Nur Aisiyah Apoina Kartini Aqila Yulinda Sani Athiyah Athiyah Atik Mawarni Atikah Atikah Aulia Annisa Awaliya, Henu Bey Putri Billy Suyatman Bulan Putri Intan Raisa Cindy Chintya Putri Haryanto Cholida Adiba Dharminto Dharminto Dianissafitrah Hidayati Dina Happy Yusinta Dina Rahayuning Pangestuti, Dina Dyah Sulistyoning Tyas Rahayu Elisa Mawarti Elsa Nur Aini Elvia Raissa Vania Eni Kurniawati Erika Kusuma Hastuti Fahmi Arifan Fasella Dizka Febrinsa Fifi Dwijayanti Fitri Khoiriyah P. Fitri, Reza Kartika Hanifah Maharani Hanin Imtinan Alwina Herliana Endang Supriyatini Hikmah Nurlita Ida Farida Isninda Priska Syabandini Juwita Pramodya Wardhani, Juwita Pramodya Kasanah, Umi Kudarti Kudarti Kurnia Sari Ramadhon Laela Maya Ufa Laksmi Widajanti Laksmi Widajanti Laksmi Widajanti Larasati Dwi Nor Aini Lulu Nafysatul Alwy M. Zen Rahfiluddin M. Zen Rahfiluddin Marantina Diska Widayani, Marantina Diska Martha Irene Kartasurya Merry Wenda Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin Mujahidah Amrina Rosyada Nabilla Putri Humala Niken Wening Nurasih Yuwita S., Nurasih Nurul Islami Dini Putri Nurul Agustyanti R. Djoko Nugroho R. Djoko Nugroho, R. Djoko Radix Cita Mafngula Nandar Rahmatanti, Riris Ratnaningtyas Ayu Mardani Rendy Ardianto Ria Yuniati Riski, Finia Rita Lidiyawati, Rita Rofiana, Annisa Restu Rohdearni Girsang, Rohdearni Ronny Aruben Selli Marsellina Boru Sembiring Simamora, Deborah Sri Achadi Nugraheni Suyatno Suyatno Suyatno Suyatno Tiurma Sinaga Tri Wahyuni Ulsla Arsil Majidah Uswatun Khasanah Vinna Audinni Putri Wisnu Broto Wisnu Broto Zatalina Hanani Zen Rahfiluddin