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HUBUNGAN ANTARA KEBIASAAN OLAHRAGA DENGAN KADAR GULA DARAH PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 (Studi di Puskesmas Rowosari Kota Semarang Tahun 2018) Fany Fanana Mahdia; Henry Setyawan Susanto; M. Sakundarno Adi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.531 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v6i5.22022

Abstract

Controlling bloods glucose levels is the most important thing for patients T2DM to reduce the risk of complications. It was found that uncontrolled blood glucose levels of T2DM patients was greater than controlled one. In addition, it was found that T2DM patients didn’t exercise. Even though, the recommendations for management of T2DM have been given. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between exercise habits with blood glucose levels. This study used a cross-sectional with a sampling approach for case-control studies. The population was all of T2DM sufferer in Rowosari Health Center who examined blood glucose levels. The 80 research samples consist of 40 groups of controlled and 40 groups of uncontrolled. The sample was choosen based on consecutive sampling, that all subjects who came in sequence and met the criteria were entered until the amount was fulfilled. The collecting data was conducted through interviews using a questionnaire. Data was analyzed using pearson and rank-spearman test. Results refers that there was a relation of exercise frequency with blood glucose levels (p=0,001;r=-0,384), exercise type with blood glucose levels (p=0,002; r=-0,335), exercise duration with blood sugar levels (p=0,015 r=-0,271; r=-0,193). But, isn’t related of exercise intensity with blood glucose levels (p=0,087), time with blood glucose levels (p=0,074; r=-0,201). The conclusion is, there is a relationship between frequency, types, and duration of exercise. There is no relationship between intensity and time of exercise. It is expected that patients with T2DM are able to perform sports activities well, so that blood glucose levels remain controlled.
HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN MENARCHE DINI PADA SISWI SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN PATI, KABUPATEN PATI Tyas, Ayu Dya Puspaning; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Susanto, Henry Setyawan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): OKTOBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.941 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v7i4.24193

Abstract

Early menarche is the first menstruation in women in early adolescence that occurs under the age of 12 years. Nutritional status / BMI (Body Mass Index) can affect the occurrence of early menarche through the rate of growth and sexual maturity, which is an indicator of the occurrence of menarche. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of nutritional status with the incidence of early menarche in elementary school students. This type of study is analytical observational with cross-sectional study design. The sample of this study amounted to 110 elementary school students with early menarche and 110 elementary school students who experienced normal menarche. Data analysis was done by univariate and bivariate using the Spearman rank correlation test. The results of the analysis show that there is a relationship between nutritional status and early menarche incidence in elementary school students (p = 0.001, rs = -0.321). If children have more nutritional status, they will have an age of early menarche. It is hope that respondents who have excess nutritional status, control the consumption of foods containing fat.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTIROID PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KABUPATEN MAGELANG “Studi Kasus di Klinik Litbang BP2GAKI Magelang” Sari, Erent Ersantika; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Suwandono, Agus
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.541 KB)

Abstract

Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland which increased the levels of fT4, T4, fT3, and decreased TSH. The results of RISKESDAS showed that the proportion of household iodine suplementation increased to 5% in 2013. This can eventually leads to hyperthyroidism. Last screening by Magelang District Health Department showed that there is 16,67 % cases of Hyperthyroidism in 2013. The purpose of this research is to analyze some risk factors of hyperthyroidism in fertile age women in Magelang District. This research use analytical observation with cross sectional comparative design with 100 sample in endemic area and 54 in non endemic area of GAKI (Iodine deficiency disorders). Logistic Regression was used to analyze data with significance level of 5 %. The results of multivariate analysis showed in endemic GAKI areas, the consumption of iodine capsule (pOR=10,6 p=0,001), stress level (pOR = 8,4 p=0,001), high iodine food (pOR=5,8 p=0,007), iodine salt > 30 ppm (pOR=6,9 p=0,002) and smoke exposure (pOR=4,1 p=0,030) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, hormonal contraception (pOR=8,0 p=0,007) was not a risk factor of hyperthyroidism. The results of multivariate analysis showed in non endemic GAKI areas, stress level ( pOR = 11.2 p = 0.002 ) and high iodine food  (pOR = 8.0 , p = 0.007 ) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm , hormonal contraception , the consumption of iodine capsule, and smoke exposure have P value ≥ 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District. The results of multivariate analysis showed in Magelang Distric, stress level ( pOR = 41,1  p ≤ 0,0001 ), high iodine food  (pOR = 11,2 p ≤ 0.0001), smoke exposure (pOR=3,5 p=0,037) and  the consumption of iodine capsule(pOR =4,97 p=0,016) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm and hormonal contraception have P value ≥ 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KADAR GULA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 (STUDI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG Rahayu, Khasanah Budi; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Setyawan, Henry
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 2 (2018): MARET
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.309 KB)

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes melitus is a disease that require continous  treatment and management in order to prevent complication.The aim of this research is to analysis correlation between some factors with blood glucose level in diabetes melitus patient. The method used in this research is observational with cross-sectional as study design which conduct in September until October 2017 at Puskesmas Kedungmundu area. The amount of sample is 65 of 173 diabetes patients. Sample is selected by simple random sampling. Data were collected through interview with questionnaire and measurement. Statistic analysis used in this research were Pearson Product Moment, Rank Spearman and Lambda. The result of research shows that 60% respondents have an uncontrollable blood glucose level. Furthermore bivariate analysis show that there is correlation between medication adherence, physical activity level, ans family supports with blood glucose level. Meanwhile there is no correlation between duration, obesity status, diet adherence, physical exercise type, physical exercise frequent and motivation level with blood glucose level. Based on the result of the research primary health care is suggested to give education not just to diabetes patients but to closest family of diabetes melitus patient. And as for diabetes patients is hoped to take medicine the doctors suggested.
GAMBARAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT PERIODONTAL PADA USIA DEWASA MUDA (15-30 TAHUN) DI PUSKESMAS SRONDOL KOTA SEMARANG Wahyu Estining Tyas; Henry Setyawan Susanto; Mateus Sakundarno Adi; Ari Udiyono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (60.464 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v4i4.14279

Abstract

Periodontal diseases are mainly the results of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. The prevalence of periodontal disease in the world is more than 82% in young people and more than 50% in adults. The purpose of this study to describe the prevalency periodontal disease in young people (15-30 years). This study was an analytic with cross sectional design. This study is conducted in Srondol Primary Health Center Semarang in June-July 2016. Thereby, the study uses analytic research with cross sectional design conducted in Srondol Primary Health Center Semarang in June-July 2016. The sampling technique is consecutive sampling. Out of the 95 respondents, the study found 45,3% respondents are with periodontal disease. The advice given is to improve education through demonstration and practice about dental and oral disease prevention, especially the quality of the toothbrush in small groups in community organizations.
GAMBARAN PERILAKU PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN DERMATITIS KONTAK PADA PETANI GARAM (STUDI PADA PETANI GARAM KECAMATAN KALIORI, KABUPATEN REMBANG) Wahyuni Christiany Br Sinaga; Henry Setyawan Susanto; Ari Udijono; M. Sakundarno Adi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.688 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i4.18682

Abstract

Dermatitis is an inflammation of epidermis and dermis provides subjective symptoms of itching resulting a growing and diverse rash. Based on Riskesdas 2007, prevalence of dermatitis in Indonesia was 67.8%. District Health Office Rembang dermatitis including five major diseases, prevalence was 16.9%. In Kaliori including big five 23.3%. The purpose this study was describe health seeking behavior of contact dermatitis in the salt farmer in District Kaliori and related factors. This study used descriptive research with cross-sectional study design. The study populations were all salt farmers who suffered from contact dermatitis. The samples of this study were 87 people. The results pattern of health seeking behavior was self-medication (50,6%), check to health worker (26,4%), and did not do anything because did not want (23%). Respondents who did self-medication knowledge were poor (63.6%). The average age was 57 years old, education finished primary school (60,9%), income above UMR (56,3%). Perceived susceptibility, which felt susceptible 58.6%, but who did self-medication felt susceptible 63.9%. Perceived severity, which felt severe 51.5%, but who did self-medication felt not worse 54.8%. Perceived benefits, who feel a benefit 59.8%, but who did self-medication felt no benefit. Perceived barriers, which felt there was a barriers 50.6%, which check to health workers felt there was a barriers 38.6%. Respondents with good support 52,9%, have health care 52,9%, access of health service far 70,1%. It was suggested that primary health care of Kaliori will increase knowledge and awareness of salt farmers about contact dermatitis and appropriate treatment.
HUBUNGAN PERILAKU PEMELIHARAAN DENGAN KONDISI GIGI TIRUAN LEPASAN PADA MASYARAKAT DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BANDARHARJO KOTA SEMARANG Vrishelli Setiadi Putri; Henry Setyawan Susanto; Retno Hestiningsih; Ari Udijono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.666 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i4.18674

Abstract

Denture are tools made to replace missing teeth and soft tissues around them.  Removable denture is divided into complete denture and partial denture. Denture can cause the mucosa under the denture to be closed for long periods of time, than blocking the cleaning of mucosal surfaces and denture by tongue and saliva.The aim of this sudyisto analyze the condition of removable denture to the community in the work area of Bandarharjo Puskesmas Semarang. This type of research is an observational analytic with cross sectional design. The technique sampling is total sampling.The variable analyzed by using phi Correlation test.The result showed that there were correlation of behavior (x2 = 0,023) with removable denture condition.  Respondents are suggested to brushing their teeth correctly, removed the denturebefore sleep and soak the denture.
PERBEDAAN SKOR PLAK GIGI, pH SALIVA, DAN STATUS ORAL HYGIENE PADA PEMAKAI DAN BUKAN PEMAKAI ALAT ORTODONTI CEKAT Wahid Marlisa; Henry Setyawan Susanto; Lintang Dian Saraswati; M. Sakundarno Adi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.222 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i3.17177

Abstract

Orthodontic appliances can have the effect of changing the environment of oral cavity and composition of oral flora, changes in the amount of plaque, pH of salivary and oral hygiene which can cause dental and oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal disease. The aim of this studyis to know the difference of dental plaquescore, salivary pH,and oral hygiene status between users and non users of fixed orthodonticappliance. This type of research is an observational analytic with cross sectional design. Subjects in this study amounted to 100 respondents consisting of two groups of users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic. The technique sampling is proportional stratified random sampling. Identification of dental plaquewere measured by disclosing solution, salivary pH were measuredby Universal CG and oral hygiene status were measured by summing debris score and calculus score from each subject. The result showed that the difference of plaque scores between the users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic with p = 0,769, the difference of saliva pH between users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic with p = 0,264, and the difference of oral hygiene status between users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic with p = 0.397. Conclusion: there was no significant difference of dental plaquescore, salivary pH,and oral hygiene status between users and non users of fixed orthodonticapplianceof students of Economics and Business Diponegoro University.
GAMBARAN PERILAKU ORAL HYGIENE, SKOR PLAK dan SKOR GINGIVA PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS (STUDI DI RSUD TUGUREJO SEMARANG) Christanto Ismu Priyo Boka Wayeni; Henry Setyawan Susanto; Arie Wuryanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 7, No 3 (2019): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.445 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v7i3.27369

Abstract

Background : Diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease that is known to cause an increased risk of dental and oral health problems, especially plaque buildup and gingival disorders. DM prevalence in Indonesia ranges from 6.9% of the population and dental and oral health problems in Indonesia reach 25.9%.Objective : This study aimes to describe the behavior of oral hygiene, plaque scores and gingival scores in people with diabetes mellitus..Method : This research used 30 respondents based on the results of the Slovin formula, makes diabetic patients were examining internal medicine poly as samples by convenience sampling method. The research data analysis was univariate and bivariate analysis. This type of research is an observational descriptive research with a cross sectional study design.Results : On average, patients with diabetes mellitus who were used as respondents in this study had poor oral hygiene behavior (50%) with a low level of knowledge of oral hygiene (63.3%). On average, diabetic patients have an alarming plaque index status (66.7%) and a gingival index of (43.3%) have poor gingival status.Conclusion : The level of diabetics is still not aware of maintaining dental and oral hygiene due to the lack of knowledge about this. Based on this research, it is expected that there will be more socialization and awareness to diligently check dental and oral health, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus.
LELAKI SEKS LELAKI: AKTIVITAS SEKSUAL DAN BAGAIMANA MEREKA MEMULAINYA? Forman Novindo Sidjabat; Henry Setyawan; Suharyo Adisaputro Setyawan
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pendahuluan: LSL akan mudah terkena HIV akibat perilaku hubungan seksual yang tidakaman, baik yang dilakukan secara anal maupun oral. Hubungan seksual melalui anal (analintercourse) yang banyak dilakukan oleh LSL merupakan teknik hubungan seks yangpaling berisiko menularkan HIV/AIDS. Kasus HIV/AIDS pada kelompok LSL terusmeningkat tiap tahun sementara tidak banyak data dan penelitian dilakukan.Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui aktifitas seksual dan bagaimanaproses kelompok LSL memulai aktifitas seksualnya.Metode Penelitian: Metode penelitian ini menggunakanpendekatan explanatory researchyang dilakukan di Kota Semarang dengan sampel 108 orang LSL yang diambil denganteknik consecutive sampling. Semua responden adalah laki-laki berhubungan seks denganlaki-laki minimal satu kali. Data dianalisis menggunakan metode field research denganmelakukan observasi dan berinteraksi di dalam lingkungan sosial.Hasil Penelitian: Hasil penelitian menemukan LSL melakukan aktifitas seksual berisikotinggi untuk mendapatkan sensasi dan kepuasan seksual. Aktivitas seksual yang dilakukandiantaranya memasukkan jari ke dubur dan menjilati dubur pasangan, memakai obatpembangkit gairah saat melakukan seks grup serta melakukan dan mendapatkankekerasan saat berhubungan seksualyang akan menyebabkanperlukaan/peradangan/infeksi yang memudahkan penularan HIV. Aktifitas seksualdimulai dengan mencari pasangan seksual melalui pertemuan komunitas atau LSL baru lainnya di pertemuan rutin, tempat umum atau tempat khusus gay lain yang lebih dahulumereka temui secara viral dimedia sosial atau jejaring sosial internet gay lainnya. Kata Kunci: Lelaki Seks Lelaki, Aktivitas Seksual, Kesehatan Reproduksi
Co-Authors A.A. Ketut Agung Cahyawan W Agus Suwandono Agus Suwandono Ajeng Sri Pujasari Anggit Vikasari Ani Margawati Anies Anies Anies Anies Anisah Nur Aini Annisa Bekti Rohmatus Antonius Raga Wida Dirgantara Ari Suwondo Ari Udijono Ari Udiyono Ari Udiyono Ari Udiyono Ari Udiyono Ariawan Soejoenoes Arie Wuryanto Arnandy, Didiet Arnandy, Didiet Astri Aditya Atik Mawarni Atmaningtyas, Linggar Ausy Hawais Monasel Bagoes Widjanarko Binti Sabrina Budi Palarto Cherinita Hamida Christanto Ismu Priyo Boka Wayeni Dedi Alamsyah Diah Ajeng Pratiwi Diajeng Sri Andriani Permatasari Dwi Sutiningsih Edwin Sanjaya Eka Oktaviarini Erent Ersantika Sari, Erent Ersantika Fajar Istiqomah Fany Fanana Mahdia Firdianita Nuria Orbanida Flora Theodora Parapat Forman Novindo Sidjabat Hanifah Ardiani Hasriyani Hasriyani Ietje Nazaruddin Indah Nisrina Sarahfatin Irayanti, Irayanti Julia Pertiwi, Julia K. Heri Nugroho HS, K. Heri Kamilah Budhi Kamilah Budhi Kamilah Budhi Kumalasari Kumalasari Kurniawan, Wahyu Budi Adi Kurniawan, Wahyu Budi Adi Lintang Dian Saaraswati Lintang Dian Saraswati Lukmono, Djoko Tri Hadi M. Arie Wuryanto M. Sakundarno Adi Maria Mexitalia Maria Ulfah Martha Irene Kartasurya Martini Martini Martini Martini Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mexitalia Setiawati Mexitalia Setiawati Mexitalia Setiawati Moch Ardyan Pratama Putra Moh Arie Wurjanto Moh. Arie Wurjanto Mohammad Arie Wurjanto Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro Nanang Qosim Nissa Kusariana Norra Hendarni Wijaya Nur Fitriah Nur Khamilatusy Sholekhah Nur Solichah Nurhamidah Nurhamidah Prakosa, Anugerah Syaifullah Prakosa, Anugerah Syaifullah Putri Septyarini Rafsanjani, T.M. Rahayu, Khasanah Budi Raras Sekti Pudyasari Ratna Susanti Realita Nurhanani Resna Meiwarnis Retno Hestiningsih Rina Rina Rindi Maylia Faramita Selvy Soejono Silfiya Silfiya Sri Yuliawati Sri Yuliawati Sri Yuliawati Stanislaus Kristiyanto Suhartono, Suhartono Suharyo Adisaputro Setyawan Suharyo Hadisaputro Suryani, Norma Dewi Tjahjono Kuntjoro Tjokorda Gde Dalem Pemayun Tony Soebijono Trihadi Lukmono, Djoko Tyas, Ayu Dya Puspaning Tyas, Kinanti Fajar Cahyaning Ulfa Bariroh Ulfa Nur Azizah Via Diarisma Anggarika Vrishelli Setiadi Putri Wahid Marlisa Wahyu Estining Tyas Wahyuni Christiany Br Sinaga Wahyuningtyas, Nunuk Woeryanto, Moh Arie Yohanes Oktavianus Dolu Yohanes Oktavianus Dolu Yuliani Setyaningsih Yundri Yundri Yundri Yundri Ziyaan Azdzahiy Bebe