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Shelf Life Study of Seasoning Using Accelerated Shelf Life Testing (ASLT) Method Based on Critical Moisture Content Approach Budijanto, Slamet; Sitanggang, Azis Boing; Silalahi, Beti Elizabeth; Murdiati, Wita
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 11, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

There were six kinds of seasoning analyzed in this study. Two kinds from beef flavor, two kinds from chesee flavor, one kind from corn flavor, and one kind from chicken flavor. Shelf life determination employed ASLT method based on critical moisture content approach. Using modification of Labuza’s equation in two different temperature values (25oC, 38oC, RH 70%) and in respect of packaging information (k/x, A, ∆P), the shelf lives of those seasonings were morethan one year. Precisely, the shelf lives of the seasonings with the storage conditions of 70% of RH and 25C was between 2429 days up to 4730 days. Whereas the shelf lives of the seasonings in the same relative humidity value and at 38oC was between 1161 days up to 2261 days. Application of high storage temperature was proven to shorten the shelf life stability of those seasonings.Keywords: shelf life, seasoning, Accelerated Shelf Life Testing (ASLT), Labuza
Isolation and Physicochemical Properties of Rice Bran Protein from Heat-Stabilized Rice Bran Kusumawaty, Inneke; Fardiaz, Dedi; Andarwulan, Nuri; Widowati, Sri; Budijanto, Slamet
UNEJ e-Proceeding Indonesian Protein Society (IPS), International Seminar and Workshop 2014
Publisher : UNEJ e-Proceeding

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Abstract

Isolation and the physicochemical properties of rice bran protein concentrate (RBPC) produced from unstabilized and heat-stabilized Pandanwangi and Ciherang rice bran were studied. Rice bran stabilization process optimization done on previous research resulted in the extrusion conditions at a temperature of 130.96oC and screw speed 26.65 Hz. Kjeldahl analysis showed that protein content of unstabilized rice bran protein concentrates (URBPC) and stabilized rice bran protein concentrates (SRBPC) of Pandanwangi and Ciherang were 60.76%, 61.38%, 60.19%, and 60.23% respectively. Amino acid composition showed that polar amino acid composition of RBPC Ciherang was higher than that in Pandanwangi leading to its solubility. The protein percentage of acid-soluble glutelin of Pandanwangi was higher than that in Ciherang rice bran protein concentrate. The molecular weight were in range from 11.19 to 60.29 kDa. Glutelin differentiated into α-glutelin (30-39 kDa) and β-glutelin (19-25 kDa). The  RBPCs from two varieties had similar denaturation temperatures (77.22 - 77.99oC) with enthalpy ranged between 109.72 J/g and 200.98 J/g. Foaming stability and emulsion activities had similiar pattern with solubilities profile and showed no significant difference between varieties (p> 0.05). This finding shows potential protein concentrate of  both heat-stabilized and unstabilized rice bran as food ingredient. Keywords: Heat-stabilized rice bran, rice bran protein, physicochemical properties
Study of Preparation Sorghum Flour and Application for Analogues Rice Production Budijanto, Slamet; yuliyanti, Yuliyanti
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 13, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is one of cerealia that high carbohydrate and protein sources. This research is aimed to obtain effect of conditioning to yield sorghum flour and sorghum varieties toward characterization of analogues rice based on organoleptic analysis. Analogues rice was produced by twin screw extruder. Conditioning process is done by added water such as 0, 10, 15, 20, and 25% from sorghum’s mass. Sorghum varieties that are used in this study are Pahat, B100, Numbu, and Genjah. All product was selected by sensory analysis. The highest yield of sorgum flour was obtained from additional of 25% water before milling process. The result of sensory analysis showed that sorghum varieties was significant effect to rice analogues. Rice analogues from Pahat and Numbu sorghum has higher consumer acceptance. Carbohydrate content of analogues rice F1 and F3 are 91.58% and 92.40%. Total dietary fiber of analogues rice F1 and F3 are 4.02% and 3.65%.Keywords: diversification, healthy rice, carbohydrate sources
Analogue Rice as The Vehicle of Public Nutrition Diversity Noviasari, Santi; Widara, Suba Santika; Budijanto, Slamet
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i1.8284

Abstract

Analogue rice is artificial rice product made from non-rice raw material by extrusion technique, which can be the vehicle of public nutrition diversity. The objectives of this research were to formulate and characterize analogue rice made from of sorghum, mocaf and other additional material. The method of analogue rice production is by twin screw extruder hot extrusion done in 2013. The research steps were the formulation of analogue rice, sensory evaluation to choose the best formula, and physico-chemical characterization of the best formula. The best two samples that were chosen are analogue rice made from 30% sorghum flour, 15% cornstarch, and 15% arenga starch  (analogue rice B) and analogue rice made from 30% mocaf and 30% cornstarch (analogue rice F). Analogue rice B has 21.72% of amylose  (medium) with 4% of dietary fiber  while analogue rice F has low amylose which is 14.49%, make it more sticky, with 4.21% of dietary fiber.
Kajian Keamanan Pangan Dan Kesehatan Minyak Goreng Budijanto, Slamet; Sitanggang, Azis Boing
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 19, No 4 (2010): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (967.692 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v19i4.165

Abstract

Penggunaan minyak goreng di Indonesia umumnya dipakai sebagai media panas untuk penggorengan berulang dengan jumlah minyak berlebih (deep frying). Pemilihan minyak goreng dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor diantaranya stabilitas terhadap oksidasi, rasa dan aspek kesehatan. Seringkali terjadi kesulitan dalam memilih karena minyak tidak jenuh yang dianggap sehat tidak tahan terhadap panas, demikian juga sebaliknya minyak jenuh yang tahan panas tidak baik bagi kesehatan. Pemilihan harus didasarkan pada penggunaannya, misalnya pada penggunaan tidak berulang maka minyak tidak jenuh merupakan pilihan yang baik. Akan tetapi jika penggunaan berulang seperti yang dilakukan di Indonesia maka minyak jenuh akan lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan menggunakan minyak tidak jenuh.Cooking oil in Indonesia is generally used as a heat medium for repeated frying with excessive cooking oil (deep frying). Selection of cooking oil is influenced by several factors, such as stability against oxidation, taste and health aspects. The most common difficulty when choosing cooking oil is that unsaturated oil is considered healthy but not resistant to heat, and on the other hand heat resistant saturated oil is not good for health. The selection should be based on the usage, for example in the use of unrepeated frying the unsaturated oil is a good choice. However, if repeated/recurring use of oil as is the purpose, the saturated oil is better when compared to the unsaturated oil. 
Potensi Pemanfaatan Asparaginase dalam Produksi Keripik Kentang dan Singkong Rendah Akrilamida Budijanto, Slamet
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 27, No 1 (2018): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (918.349 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v27i1.398

Abstract

Akrilamida merupakan senyawa karsinogen yang terbentuk akibat reaksi pengolahan suhu tinggi pada produk pangan tinggi pati. Salah satu contoh produk pangan yang berpotensi mengandung akrilamida karena tingginya kandungan asparagin yang terdapat pada pati adalah produk keripik kentang dan singkong. Pembentukan akrilamida dipelopori oleh keberadaan L-asparagin (L-Asn), beserta adanya gula reduksi atau senyawa karbonil lainnya. Pembentukan akrilamida dapat ditekan melalui penggunaan asparaginase yang dapat memecah L-asparagin menjadi asam aspartat. Kentang dan singkong sebagai bahan baku pembuatan keripik direndam dalam larutan asparaginase sebelum proses penggorengan, sehingga asparagin dapat diminimalkan lebih dulu sebelum masuk dalam proses pemanasan. Asparaginase terbukti efektif dalam menurunkan kadar akrilamida pada produk keripik berbasis pati. Penggunaan asparaginase berlebihan dapat mengganggu kualitas organoleptik pada produk pangan akibat produk samping yang dihasilkan berupa ammonia. Konsistensi penggunaan dan faktor yang mempengaruhi kerja asparaginase juga perlu diteliti lebih lanjut. Asparaginase dapat menjadi jawaban untuk industri pangan agar dapat meminimalkan kadar akrilamida pada produknya sehingga menghasilkan produk yang aman bagi kesehatan.
Teknologi Proses Ekstrusi untuk Membuat Beras Analog (Extrusion Process Technology of Analog Rice) Budi, Faleh Setia; Hariyadi, Purwiyatno; Budijanto, Slamet; Syah, Dahrul
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 22, No 3 (2013): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.965 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v22i3.114

Abstract

Tingkat konsumsi beras di Indonesia mencapai angka 139 kg/kapita/tahun, lebih tinggi dari konsumsi rata-rata di Asia Tenggara, sehingga untuk memenuhi kebutuhannya sering dilakukan impor beras. Indonesia memiliki sumber pangan lokal lain seperti jagung, sorgum, ubi kayu, ubi jalar, sagu dan lain-lain. Namun bahan pangan non beras tersebut kurang populer dibandingkan dengan beras. Oleh karena itu, perlu dikembangkan teknologi proses yang potensial untuk mengolah bahan pangan lokal non beras menjadi beras analog. Teknologi ekstrusi merupakan salah satu teknologi yang telah digunakan untuk pembuatan beras analog dengan bahan baku beras patah. Belakangan, teknologi ini juga mulai digunakan untuk pembuatan beras analog dari bahan pangan non beras. Karakteristik beras analog yang mirip dengan beras alami dapat dicapai dengan mengontrol parameter-parameter kritis ekstrusi seperti karakteristik dan komposisi bahan, suhu ekstrusi, kecepatan ulir dan sebagainya. Studi menunjukkan bahwa beras analog bisa dibuat dari bahan pangan non beras. Keberhasilan teknologi ini juga akan memperluas peluang fortifikasi dengan menggunakan beras analog sebagai pembawa zat gizi. seperti protein, vitamin dan mineral, sesuai dengan tujuannya. Makalah ini mengkaji hasil-hasil penelitian pembuatan beras analog dengan teknologi ekstrusi baik dengan menggunakan bahan beras patah maupun bahan non beras yang disertai dengan dan tanpa fortifikasi.Indonesia rice consumption level is very high and up to 139 kg/capita/year, higher than that of average consumption level in South East Asia, so that import of rice is frequently needed to fill the need of population. Indonesia is actually rich in local food sources other than rice; such as corn, sorghum, cassava, sago, etc. but they are not as popular as rice. Therefore technology for the production of analog rice using the localbased non-rice food sources is needed. Extrusion technology has been used to produce analog rice from broken rice as its raw material. Recently; extrusion technology has also been used to develop analog rice using non-rice food material. The characteristic of analog rice which is similar with the natural rice could be achieved by controlling the critical extrusion parameters, such as the characteristics and composition of raw material, the temperature of extrusion, the speed of screw etc. The success of the analog rice production from the non rice food material will open up opportunities for fortification program using analog rice as a carrier for the nutrient target. This paper reviews the research reports for analog rice production with extrusion technology using variety of raw materials; including broken rice and the non-rice food material, with and without fortification. 
Pengembangan Bekatul sebagai Pangan Fungsional: Peluang, Hambatan, dan Tantangan Budijanto, Slamet
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 26, No 2 (2017): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.161 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v26i2.354

Abstract

Bekatul, sebagai hasil samping pengolahan padi, memiliki kandungan gizi yang baik dan kaya akan komponen bioaktif. Bekatul telah banyak dilaporkan memiliki manfaat bagi kesehatan, misalnya aktivitas antioksidan, aktivitas kemopreventif kanker, dan aktivitas hipokolesterolemik. Bekatul saat ini lebih banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai pakan ternak, sedangkan pemanfaatannya sebagai bahan pangan masih sangat terbatas. Kurangnya pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai potensi kesehatan bekatul, tidak terstandarnya kualitas bekatul, serta karakteristik bekatul yang mudah mengalami kerusakan menjadikan bekatul  kurang menarik  untuk mengembangkan bekatul, terutama sebagai pangan fungsional. Tantangan yang perlu dipecahkan guna meningkatkan nilai tambah bekatul antara lain edukasi masyarakat terkait dengan  manfaat kesehatan bekatul, cara stabilisasi dan penyimpanan bekatul, hingga strategi pemasaran bekatul.
Dukungan Iptek Bahan Pangan pada Pengembangan Tepung Lokal Budijanto, Slamet
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 18, No 2 (2009): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1062.303 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v18i2.205

Abstract

Jumlah dan pertumbuhan penduduk Indonesia saat ini cukup besar, sehingga tidak bisa mengandalkan pemenuhan kebutuhan sumber karbohidrat hanya pada beras. Kesadaran untuk memanfaatkan komoditas pangan lokal sebagai bahan pangan utama sumber karbohidrat pernah ada, seperti jagung di Madura dan sagu di Maluku. Oleh karena itu, peluang untuk mengeksplorisasi sumber karbohidrat non beras untuk pangan pokok bukan suatu hal yang baru. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan dengan mendorong tumbuhnya industri tepung berbahan baku lokal. Beragamnya sumber karbohidrat yang berpeluang untuk dijadikan tepung memerlukan dukungan teknologi yang dapat menghasilkan tepung dengan karakteristik yang ungggul dan dapat diterima oleh masyarakat.
Potensi Beras Analog sebagai Alternatif Makanan Pokok untuk Mencegah Penyakit (Degeneratif Potency of Rice Analogue as Staple Food Alternative to Prevent Degenerative Diseases) Budijanto, Slamet; Sadek, Nur Fathonah; Dewi Yuliana, Nancy; Prangdimurt, Endang; Pontjo Priyosoeryanto, Bambang
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 25, No 1 (2016): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.678 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v25i1.307

Abstract

Perubahan gaya hidup telah menempatkan penyakit degeneratif sebagai penyebab kematian utama, baik di dunia maupun di Indonesia. Salah satu upaya pencegahan penyakit ini dapat dilakukan melalui pengaturan pola makan. Pembuatan beras analog selain bertujuan untuk mendukung program diversifikasi pangan, tetapi juga dapat dirancang dari bahan-bahan tertentu (seperti sorgum, bekatul, dan kedelai) agar memberikan manfaat fungsional khusus bagi kesehatan. Beras analog telah diteliti memiliki aktivitas hipokolesterolemik, nilai indeks glikemik yang rendah, serta menghambat proliferasi sel kanker kolon secara in vitro. Aktivitas tersebut selain berasal dari komponen fitokimia yang terdapat pada bahan-bahan tetapi juga dapat muncul akibat proses pengolahan, seperti terbentuknya pati resisten maupun terlepasnya komponen aktif dari matriks pangan. Hanya saja penambahan komponen fungsional terkadang memberikan dampak yang tidak diinginkan pada atribut sensori. Oleh karena itu, pengembangan beras analog fungsional dari segi sensori harus terus dilakukan supaya dapat diterima dengan baik oleh masyarakat.The changes of lifestyle nowadays bring degenerative diseases as the most leading cause of death, both in worldwide and Indonesia. It has been very well known that incident of the diseases could be prevented through food diet. Not only aimed to support the government’s diversification program, rice analogue development could be designed from certain materials (such as sorghum, rice bran, and soybean) to provide specific functional health benefit. Some reports showed that rice analogue has low glycemic index, as well as its activity in lowering cholesterol level and inhibiting the proliferation of in vitro colon cancer cell. The activity was expected to come from the phytochemical compounds naturally present in the ingredients and might also arise during the processing, such as the formation of resistant starches as well as the release of the active compounds from food matrix. However, the addition of functional ingredients sometime impacted on undesirable sensory attributes. Therefore, all sensory attributes of functional rice analogue should be improved to achieve the increment of public acceptance.