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PENGEMBANGAN KAMPUNG DURIAN DI BATU BUSUAK, KELURAHAN LAMBUNG BUKIT, KOTA PADANG Hamid, Hasmiandy; Hayati, P.K. Dewi; Sutoyo, Sutoyo; Swasti, Etti; Zainal, Aprizal; Prasetyo, Teguh B Budi
LOGISTA - Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 2 No 2(Jul-Des) (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Andalas Kampus Limau Manis - Padang 25163

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Abstract

Daerah Batu Busuk, Kelurahan Lambung Bukit Kecamatan Pauh, Kotamadya Padang merupakan salah satu sentra produksi buah durian di kota Padang. Pada saat musim besar atau panen raya (in season) yang bisa berlangsung selama 1 bulan, produksi durian yang dihasilkan dari Batu Busuk diperkirakan mencapai 250–400 ton selama satu musim sedangkan pada musim panen “salek” atau panen kedua diperkirakan mencapai 150–250 ton.Walaupun nama durian Batu Busuk sudah terkenal dan banyak dicari oleh pencinta durian pada saat musim durian, namun demikian hingga kini belum ada upaya untuk mengangkat durian Batu Busuk sebagai buah identitas atau ikon kota Padang selain dari bengkuang. Juga belum ada upaya mengangkat daerah Batu Busuk sendiri sebagai kampung durian yang tidak hanya menghasilkan buah durian yang dijual keluar daerah, namun juga memiliki berbagai produk olahan hasil durian. Upaya yang dilakukan baru sejauh pemberian bantuan bibit durian oleh pemerintah daerah. Langkah awal untuk mengangkat nama durian Batu Busuk adalah membenahi identitas varietas durian Batu Busuk, karena sampai sekarang karakteristik dari durian Batu Busuk yang sesungguhnya tidak jelas. Tanaman yang sudah dikarakterisasi juga perlu diperbanyak agar kedepan, buah yang dihasilkan oleh kelurahan Batu Busuk adalah buah dengan karakter unggul tertentu. Masyarakat atau petani yang menanam durian juga perlu memiliki keahlian memperbanyak durian unggulnya. Penerapan ipteks yang akan dilakukan pada kegiatan pengabdian pada masyarakat ini menggunakan beberapa metode antara lain penyuluhan dan diskusi grup, demonstrasi dan pelatihan perbanyakan vegetatif melalui teknik sambung baik sambung pucuk (topgrafting)dan sambung matatunas(okulasi) serta demplot pembibitan durian. Kata Kunci: Karakteristik Durian Ungggul, Pendaftaran Varietas, Teknologi Tepat Guna, Teknik Sambung
INVENTARISASI SERANGGA PADA BERBAGAI JENIS VEGETASI LAHAN BERA PADI PASANG SURUT DI KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR Yaherwandi, Hasmiandy hamid, Zahlul Ikhsan, Hidrayani,
Menara Ilmu Vol 12, No 7 (2018): vol. XII No. 7 Juli 2018
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33559/mi.v12i7.858

Abstract

The agricultural ecosystem has a diversity of habitats that vary greatly from simple tocomplex. Observing the diversity of insects in agricultural areas is important to supportincreased production. An insect inventory study of tidal rice crops has been conducted inIndragiri Hilir Regency. Objective of research was to obtain information about the types ofinsects in tidal rice plant ecosystems. This research was conducted using purposiverandom sampling. Collection of insects was done using pitfall trap, yellow pan trap, swingnets and malaise traps. Tidal rice plantation area of Indragiri regency has 8 types of insectorder obtained from 4 types of traps installed, ie insect order diptera, hymenoptera,hemiptera, orthoptera, coleoptera, lepidoptera, collembola and odonata. The highestinsect population at the time before the rice planting period was occupied by insects of theorder, followed by hymenoptera, hemiptera, orthoptera, coleoptera, lepidotera, andcollembola respectively. Indragiri's downstream rice cultivation has high biodiversitypotential and biological agents to be developed.Kata kunci : Ecosystem, insect, habitat, tidal rice, malaise trap
INDIGENOUS RHIZOBACTERIA SCREENING FROM TOMATO TO CONTROL RALSTONIA SYZIGII SUBSP. INDONESIENSIS AND PROMOTE PLANT GROWTH RATE AND YIELD Yanti, Yulmira; Hamid, Hasmiandy; Reflin, Reflin
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 18, No 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.146 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.218177-185

Abstract

Indigenous rhizobacteria screening from tomato to control Ralstonia syzigii subsp. indonesiensis and promote plant growth rate and yield. Bacterial wilt is the most damaging vascular pathogen on tomato and many other crops in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas of the world which limits the production. Rhizobacteria have been concerned as potential biological control agents due to their ability to promote plant growth and health, and their role as antagonists of plant pathogens. The purpose of this research was to screen the best indigenous rhizobacteria (IRB) that able to control bacterial wilt disease and increase growth rate and yield of tomato plant. This research was conducted in 3 stages: (1) Isolation and selection of indigenous rhizobacteria as PGPR on tomato seedlings, consisted of 27 IRB isolates and a control, with triplications; (2) Selection of IRB isolates that control R. syzigii subsp. indonesiensis on tomato plants, which consisted of 8 treatments including 7 IRB and a control with 5 replications; (3) Characterization of IRB isolates ability to promote plant growth (indicated with IAA production & phosphate solubilizing). The variables observed were disease development, growth enhancement and IRB isolate ability to produce IAA and solubilize phosphate. The results showed that all IRB isolates were able to control bacterial wilt disease and increase the growth rate and yield of tomato. IR2.3.5, IR1.3.4 and IR1.4.2 were the best isolates in controlling R. syzigii subsp. indonesiensis and increasing the growth rate and yield by 81.25% and 68.72% respectively. All isolates showed various abilities to produce IAA, however, only isolates IR2.3.5 and IR1.3.4 that had abilities to solubilize phosphate.
PENERAPAN PENGGUNAAN Trichoderma sp UNTUK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT PADI DI NAGARI SIMABUR KECAMATAN PARIANGAN KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR Yanti, Yulmira; Hamid, Hasmiandy; Nurbailis, Nurbailis; Hermeria, Noveriza; Tanjung, Megha Putri
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 4 No 4 (2021)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v4i4.579

Abstract

Nagari Simabur is one of the nagari which is included in the Pariangan District, Tanah Datar Regency with the main sector only in the agricultural sector with the main crop being lowland rice. The problem that is often faced by Simabur farmers is the problem of pests and diseases which are the cause of the low growth and yield of the lowland rice plant. One of the main components of the IPM program that can be used as a biological control agent is the use of Trichoderma indigenous. In addition to the use of biological agents, the system or method of planting also affects the production results of the cultivated plants. The purpose of this community service is to increase public knowledge about the use of Trichoderma which can increase the growth and production of rice plants with the jajar legowo system. The method used in this activity is structured training and direct demonstration in the field. The results obtained from this activity were the production of grain weight/plant clump treated with Trichoderma was higher than the control with a difference of 42.45 grams. The conclusion of this activity is that the growth and yield of plants that were applied with Trichoderma were higher than those that were not treated with Trichoderma (control). The use of rhizobacteria is highly recommended because in addition to being easy to obtain, it also provides a positive value for plant growth and is good for environmental technology around cultivated plants.
Formula padat Bacillus cereus STRAIN TLE1.1 untuk pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang (Sclerotium rolfsii) pada tanaman tomat Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Reflin Reflin; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Febri Yani Chrismont
Jurnal Agro Vol 8, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Jurusan Agroteknologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/14679

Abstract

Penyakit utama tanaman tomat yaitu busuk pangkal batang yang disebabkan oleh Sclerotium rolfsii dapat menimbulkan kerugian mencapai 80-100%. Tujuan penelitian yaitu untuk mendapatkan formula padat Bacillus cereus strain TLE1.1 yang efektif untuk pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman tomat. Penelitian bersifat eksperimen dengan mengamati kemampuan formula padat B.cereus strain TLE1.1 dalam pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang terdiri atas 9 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri atas kombinasi bahan pembawa formula padat yang terdiri atas limbah padat ampas tebu, ampas tahu dan tongkol jagung, fungisida serta kontrol. Masing-masing formula padat B. cereus strain TLE1.1 diintroduksi pada benih dan bibit tomat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hampir semua formula mampu menekan penyakit busuk pangkal batang tanaman tomat. Formula terbaik dalam menurunkan penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman yaitu formula ampas tahu dan ampas tahu + tongkol jagung. Main disease of tomato plant, namely stem rot caused by Sclerotium rolfsii which can cause losses up to 80-100%. The aim of the study was to obtain a solid formula of Bacillus cereus strain TLE1.1 which was effective for controlling stem rot disease in tomato plant. This research was an experimental study to know the ability of the solid formula of B. cereus strain TLE1.1 in controlling stem rot disease which was carried out in a completely randomized design consisting of 9 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment consisted of a combination of solid formula carriers consisting of sugarcane solid waste, tofu dreg and corncob, fungicides and controls. Each solid formula of B. cereus strain TLE1.1 was introduced into tomato seeds and seedlings. The results showed that almost all of the formulas were able to suppress stem base disease of tomato plants. The best formula that reduced stem rot in plants were the tofu dreg and tofu dreg + corncob formula.
Keanekaragaman dan Dominansi Gulma pada Ekosistem Padi di Lahan Pasang Surut Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir Zahlul Ikhsan; Hidrayani Hidrayani; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Hasmiandy Hamid
Agrovigor Vol 13, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/agrovigor.v13i2.7463

Abstract

Padi (Oryza sativa L.) adalah salah satu komoditi tanaman pangan utama di Indonesia. Kebutuhan akan padi selalu meningkat setiap tahunnya, sehingga dibutuhkan upaya untuk meningkatkan produksi padi. Salah satu hal yang menghambat peningkatan produksi padi adalah keberadaan gulma. Hal yang pertama dilakukan dalam pengendalian gulma adalah melalui proses Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dominansi gulma yang terdapat pada pertanaman padi sawah pasang surut di Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir. Penelitian dilakukan pada lahan padi pasang surut milik petani di Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir, Provinsi Riau. Penelitian dilakukan pada empat lokasi, yaitu di Kecamatan Batang tuaka, Keritang, Reteh dan Tembilahan hulu. Pelaksanaan penelitian dilakukan dengan metode survey dan eksplorasi. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa terdapat 12 famili yang terdiri dari 20 spesies gulma di pertanaman padi lahan pasang surut Kabupaten Indragiri hilir. Berdasarkan Taksonomi terdapat 7 spesies gulma monokotil dan 13 dikotil. Berdasarkan  morfologi  terdapat  12  spesies gulma berdaun lebar, 5 spesies gulma rerumputan, 2 spesies gulma pakis-pakisan dan 1 spesies gulma tekian. Spesies Ageratum conyzoides dan Imperata cylindrica merupakan gulma yang paling mendominasi pada pertanaman padi dengan NJD masing-masing sebesar  9,57%.  
Diversity of Beneficial Insect in Corn Plantation at West Sumatra Martinus Abuzar; Ujang Khairul; Hasmiandy Hamid
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 25, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.61254

Abstract

Corn is one of Indonesia's agricultural products with economical and strategic value and many potential to develop, such as carbohydrates and protein sources. There are two types of beneficial insects in corn production: predators and parasitoids. This study aims to identify the diversity of beneficial insects in corn plantations. This study was conducted from May to September 2019 in four different locations across West Sumatra, namely Padang Pariaman, West Pasaman, Pesisir Selatan, Solok Regencies. Identification of beneficial insects was made in Entomology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University. This study adopted a purposive sampling method using 20 sweeps of sweep nets, following a transect line of cornfields. The result showed five orders, 34 families, 101 morphospecies, and 747 beneficial insects in all locations. The diversity in each location varies from high, medium, and low. In all areas, the diversity index was high, with the criteria of ≥ 2.90, implying that the condition of the community structure was very stable. From the evenness index analysis, three locations were classified as high, and the other one was moderate. These three sites were Padang Pariaman, West Pasaman, and Solok, with criteria of ≥ 0.90 and very stable distribution conditions. 
Effectiveness of sweep net, yellow pan trap and malaise trap for sampling parasitic hymenoptera on tidal swamp rice Zahlul Ikhsan; Hidrayani Hidrayani; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Hasmiandy Hamid
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 6, No 2 (2021): June 2021
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.6.2.18348

Abstract

The presence of the parasitic Hymenoptera plays a vital role in pest management for sustainable agriculture. So, it is crucial to know the parasitoid species that exist in an agroecosystem. Sweep Net, Yellow Pan Trap, and Malaise Trap are often used to study the diversity of Hymenoptera parasitic in agroecosystems. This study aims to see the effectiveness of Sweep Net, Yellow Pan Trap, and Malaise Trap in trapping Parasitic Hymenoptera. The study was carried out at four sub-districts, namely are Batang Tuaka, Keritang, Reteh, and Tembilahan Hulu sub-district. The research was carried out by sampling with the transect line method. Sweep net, Yellow pan trap, and Malaise trap have trapped 5,732 individuals of Parasitic Hymenoptera on tidal swamp rice in Indragiri Hilir Regency. The Parasitic Hymenoptera consists of 10 superfamilies, 30 families, and 320 morphospecies. Malaise traps are the best for trapping parasitic Hymenoptera on tidal swamp rice. Malaise traps have been able to trap up to 62% of morphospecies and 81% of the abundance of individual Parasitic Hymenoptera on tidal swamp rice. Yellow pan traps trap 28% of morphospecies and 15% of the abundance of individual Parasitic Hymenoptera. The sweep net can trap 10% of morphospecies and 4% of the abundance of individual Parasitic Hymenoptera.Keywords: Parasitic Hymenoptera; trap; tidal swamp rice.  
PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK TANI SAWAH PAYO KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR DALAM PEMBUATAN RIZOKOMPOS DAN PESTISIDA NABATI Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Putra Santoso; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 6 NO. 1 OKTOBER 2020
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v6i1.7702

Abstract

The Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo farmers group of Batipuh Subdistrict, Tanah Datar Regency has the potential in the production of organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides because it is supported by the rest of the agricultural products and weeds of Tithonia diversifolia, Piper aduncum and livestock waste (animal waste) which overflow. Utilization of weed crop agricultural waste, whether livestock is still not optimal. The processing of agricultural and agricultural waste into compost carried out by most farmers in Nagari Gunung Rajo has not used the fermentation process, resulting in less than optimal quality and farmers' ignorance in utilizing plants that cause vegetable pesticides. The purpose of this farmer group empowerment activity is to provide knowledge about the process of making organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides from the supply of raw materials, making bio-activators, and packaging of production results. The method used is structured training and direct practice in making organic fertilizer. The results obtained from this empowerment activity are farmer groups capable of making organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides independently with a fairly good quality of production results.   Keywords: Empowerment, organic fertilizer, botanical pesticide.   ABSTRAK Kelompok tani Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo Kecamatan Batipuh, Kabupaten Tanah Datar mempunyai potensi dalam produksi pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati hal ini karena didukung oleh sisa hasil pertanian jerami dan gulma tanaman pahitan Tithonia diversifolia, Piper aduncum dan limbah peternakan (kotoran hewan) yang melimpah. Pemanfaatan limbah pertanian tanaman gulma, maupun peternakan masih belum maksimal. Pengolahan limbah pertanian dan peternakan menjadi kompos yang dilakukan oleh sebagian besar petani di Nagari Gunung Rajo belum menggunakan proses fermentasi, sehingga hasilnya dan kualitasnya kurang maksimal serta ketidaktahuan petani dalam memanfaatkan tanaman yang berpotensi sebagai pestisida nabati. Tujuan kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah memberikan pengetahuan tentang proses pembuatan pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati dari penyedian bahan baku, pembuatan bio-aktivator, dan pengemasan hasil produksi. Metode yang digunakan dengan pelatihan terstruktur dan praktik langsung pembuatan pupuk organik. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan pemberdayaan ini adalah kelompok tani mampu membuat pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati secara mandiri dengan kualitas hasil produksi yang cukup baik.   Kata kunci: Pemberdayaan, pupuk organik, pestisida nabati.
EFEKTIFITAS BERBAGAI JENIS PERANGKAP HYMENOPTERA PADA PERTANAMAN PADI DI LAHAN PASANG SURUT Zahlul Ikhsan; Hidrayani Hidrayani; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Hasmiandy Hamid
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Vol 12, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Jurusan Agroekoteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Untirta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33512/jur.agroekotetek.v12i1.8777

Abstract

Hymenoptera is one of the most significant insect orders. Hymenoptera has many vital roles in the ecosystem, namely as parasitoids, pollinators, and predators. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of four types of trap equipment commonly used for Hymenoptera collections consisting of sweep nets, yellow pan traps, malaise traps, and pitfall traps. The study was conducted in tidal swamp rice in Indragiri Hilir Regency, Riau Province. The study was carried out at four sub-district, namely are Batang tuaka, Keritang, Reteh, and Tembilahan Hulu sub-district. The research was carried out by sampling with the transect line method. Hymenoptera collected from tidal swamp rice in Indragiri Hilir District consists of 40 families, 450 morphospecies, and 12,456 individuals. Malaise traps and yellow pan traps are the two best in Hymenoptera trapping. Malaise traps can catch 56% of morphospecies and 56% of individual abundances. Yellow pan traps can catch 27% of morphospecies and 20% of the abundance of Hymenoptera individuals. Furthermore, pitfall traps can catch 5% of morphospecies and 19% of individual abundance, and the sweep nets can catch 12% of morphospecies and 5% of individual abundance.