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Pemberdayaan Kelompok Tani Sawah Payo Kabupaten Tanah Datar Dalam Pelatihan Pembuatan Rhizokompos Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Noveriza Hermeria
Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Corporate Social Responsibility (PKM-CSR) Vol 3 (2020): Peran Perguruan Tinggi dan Dunia Usaha Dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Untuk Menyongsong
Publisher : Asosiasi Sinergi Pengabdi dan Pemberdaya Indonesia (ASPPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.997 KB) | DOI: 10.37695/pkmcsr.v3i0.989

Abstract

Kelompok tani Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo Kecamatan Batipuh, Kabupaten Tanah Datar mempunyai potensi dalam produksi pupuk organik, hal ini didukung oleh sisa hasil pertanianseperti jerami dan gulma tanaman pahitan Tithonia diversifolia, serta limbah peternakan (kotoran hewan) yang melimpah. Pemanfaatan limbah pertanian, tanaman gulma, maupun peternakan masih belum maksimal. Pengolahan limbah pertanian dan peternakan menjadi kompos yang dilakukan oleh sebagian besar petani di Nagari Gunung Rajo belum menggunakan proses fermentasi, sehingga hasil dan kualitasnya kurang maksimal. Tujuan kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah memberikan pengetahuan tentang proses pembuatan pupuk organik dari penyedian bahan baku, pembuatan bio-aktivator, dan pengemasan hasil produksi. Metode yang digunakan dengan pelatihan terstruktur dan praktik langsung pembuatan pupuk organik atau yang lebih dikenal dengan kompos. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan pemberdayaan ini adalah kelompok tani mampu membuat pupuk organik rizokompos berbahan limbah pertanian, gulma, limbah peternakan dan rizobakteri secara mandiri dengan kualitas hasil produksi yang baik yang mampu meningkatkan hasil pendapatan masyarakat setempat
Struktur komunitas serangga herbivora dan parasitoid pada polong tanaman kacang-kacangan (Fabaceae) di Padang Hasmiandy Hamid
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9 No 2 (2012): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.402 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.9.2.88

Abstract

Abundance and diversity of herbivorous insects are not only determined by the trophic level above, but also can be affected by the trophic level below it. This research aims to study the community of herbivorous insects and parasitoids on pods of different types of legume crops in Padang. The method used in this study was a survey method. This method was done by collecting pods of legume plants in various habitats. Insects contained in pods were maintained until adulthood. Individual insects that did not emerge from the pods were removed by dissecting pods. This method was also used to estimate the number of seeds, good seeds were damaged or not damaged in each pod. The results of this study indicated that the composition of herbivorous insects on legumes, especially legume Crotalaria striata was dominated by Eucorynus crassicornis, while the parasitoid composition was dominated by Braconidae. E. crassicornis has a wider range of expansion compared to other herbivorous insects. The insects were found on three types of legum C. striata, Crotalaria sp., and Leucaena leucocephala, whereas other types of herbivores attack only two types of legumes. The highest percentage of damage was obtained in Crotalaria striata i.e 74.53%.
PENGEMBANGAN KAMPUNG DURIAN DI BATU BUSUAK, KELURAHAN LAMBUNG BUKIT, KOTA PADANG Hamid, Hasmiandy; Hayati, P.K. Dewi; Sutoyo, Sutoyo; Swasti, Etti; Zainal, Aprizal; Prasetyo, Teguh B Budi
LOGISTA - Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 2 No 2(Jul-Des) (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Andalas Kampus Limau Manis - Padang 25163

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Abstract

Daerah Batu Busuk, Kelurahan Lambung Bukit Kecamatan Pauh, Kotamadya Padang merupakan salah satu sentra produksi buah durian di kota Padang. Pada saat musim besar atau panen raya (in season) yang bisa berlangsung selama 1 bulan, produksi durian yang dihasilkan dari Batu Busuk diperkirakan mencapai 250–400 ton selama satu musim sedangkan pada musim panen “salek” atau panen kedua diperkirakan mencapai 150–250 ton.Walaupun nama durian Batu Busuk sudah terkenal dan banyak dicari oleh pencinta durian pada saat musim durian, namun demikian hingga kini belum ada upaya untuk mengangkat durian Batu Busuk sebagai buah identitas atau ikon kota Padang selain dari bengkuang. Juga belum ada upaya mengangkat daerah Batu Busuk sendiri sebagai kampung durian yang tidak hanya menghasilkan buah durian yang dijual keluar daerah, namun juga memiliki berbagai produk olahan hasil durian. Upaya yang dilakukan baru sejauh pemberian bantuan bibit durian oleh pemerintah daerah. Langkah awal untuk mengangkat nama durian Batu Busuk adalah membenahi identitas varietas durian Batu Busuk, karena sampai sekarang karakteristik dari durian Batu Busuk yang sesungguhnya tidak jelas. Tanaman yang sudah dikarakterisasi juga perlu diperbanyak agar kedepan, buah yang dihasilkan oleh kelurahan Batu Busuk adalah buah dengan karakter unggul tertentu. Masyarakat atau petani yang menanam durian juga perlu memiliki keahlian memperbanyak durian unggulnya. Penerapan ipteks yang akan dilakukan pada kegiatan pengabdian pada masyarakat ini menggunakan beberapa metode antara lain penyuluhan dan diskusi grup, demonstrasi dan pelatihan perbanyakan vegetatif melalui teknik sambung baik sambung pucuk (topgrafting)dan sambung matatunas(okulasi) serta demplot pembibitan durian. Kata Kunci: Karakteristik Durian Ungggul, Pendaftaran Varietas, Teknologi Tepat Guna, Teknik Sambung
INVENTARISASI SERANGGA PADA BERBAGAI JENIS VEGETASI LAHAN BERA PADI PASANG SURUT DI KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR Yaherwandi, Hasmiandy hamid, Zahlul Ikhsan, Hidrayani,
Menara Ilmu Vol 12, No 7 (2018): vol. XII No. 7 Juli 2018
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33559/mi.v12i7.858

Abstract

The agricultural ecosystem has a diversity of habitats that vary greatly from simple tocomplex. Observing the diversity of insects in agricultural areas is important to supportincreased production. An insect inventory study of tidal rice crops has been conducted inIndragiri Hilir Regency. Objective of research was to obtain information about the types ofinsects in tidal rice plant ecosystems. This research was conducted using purposiverandom sampling. Collection of insects was done using pitfall trap, yellow pan trap, swingnets and malaise traps. Tidal rice plantation area of Indragiri regency has 8 types of insectorder obtained from 4 types of traps installed, ie insect order diptera, hymenoptera,hemiptera, orthoptera, coleoptera, lepidoptera, collembola and odonata. The highestinsect population at the time before the rice planting period was occupied by insects of theorder, followed by hymenoptera, hemiptera, orthoptera, coleoptera, lepidotera, andcollembola respectively. Indragiri's downstream rice cultivation has high biodiversitypotential and biological agents to be developed.Kata kunci : Ecosystem, insect, habitat, tidal rice, malaise trap
PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK TANI SAWAH PAYO KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR DALAM PEMBUATAN RIZOKOMPOS DAN PESTISIDA NABATI Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Putra Santoso; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 6 NO. 1 OKTOBER 2020
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v6i1.7702

Abstract

The Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo farmers group of Batipuh Subdistrict, Tanah Datar Regency has the potential in the production of organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides because it is supported by the rest of the agricultural products and weeds of Tithonia diversifolia, Piper aduncum and livestock waste (animal waste) which overflow. Utilization of weed crop agricultural waste, whether livestock is still not optimal. The processing of agricultural and agricultural waste into compost carried out by most farmers in Nagari Gunung Rajo has not used the fermentation process, resulting in less than optimal quality and farmers' ignorance in utilizing plants that cause vegetable pesticides. The purpose of this farmer group empowerment activity is to provide knowledge about the process of making organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides from the supply of raw materials, making bio-activators, and packaging of production results. The method used is structured training and direct practice in making organic fertilizer. The results obtained from this empowerment activity are farmer groups capable of making organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides independently with a fairly good quality of production results.   Keywords: Empowerment, organic fertilizer, botanical pesticide.   ABSTRAK Kelompok tani Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo Kecamatan Batipuh, Kabupaten Tanah Datar mempunyai potensi dalam produksi pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati hal ini karena didukung oleh sisa hasil pertanian jerami dan gulma tanaman pahitan Tithonia diversifolia, Piper aduncum dan limbah peternakan (kotoran hewan) yang melimpah. Pemanfaatan limbah pertanian tanaman gulma, maupun peternakan masih belum maksimal. Pengolahan limbah pertanian dan peternakan menjadi kompos yang dilakukan oleh sebagian besar petani di Nagari Gunung Rajo belum menggunakan proses fermentasi, sehingga hasilnya dan kualitasnya kurang maksimal serta ketidaktahuan petani dalam memanfaatkan tanaman yang berpotensi sebagai pestisida nabati. Tujuan kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah memberikan pengetahuan tentang proses pembuatan pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati dari penyedian bahan baku, pembuatan bio-aktivator, dan pengemasan hasil produksi. Metode yang digunakan dengan pelatihan terstruktur dan praktik langsung pembuatan pupuk organik. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan pemberdayaan ini adalah kelompok tani mampu membuat pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati secara mandiri dengan kualitas hasil produksi yang cukup baik.   Kata kunci: Pemberdayaan, pupuk organik, pestisida nabati.
INDIGENOUS RHIZOBACTERIA SCREENING FROM TOMATO TO CONTROL RALSTONIA SYZIGII SUBSP. INDONESIENSIS AND PROMOTE PLANT GROWTH RATE AND YIELD Reflin, Reflin; Hamid, Hasmiandy; Yanti, Yulmira
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 18, No 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.146 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.218177-185

Abstract

Indigenous rhizobacteria screening from tomato to control Ralstonia syzigii subsp. indonesiensis and promote plant growth rate and yield. Bacterial wilt is the most damaging vascular pathogen on tomato and many other crops in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas of the world which limits the production. Rhizobacteria have been concerned as potential biological control agents due to their ability to promote plant growth and health, and their role as antagonists of plant pathogens. The purpose of this research was to screen the best indigenous rhizobacteria (IRB) that able to control bacterial wilt disease and increase growth rate and yield of tomato plant. This research was conducted in 3 stages: (1) Isolation and selection of indigenous rhizobacteria as PGPR on tomato seedlings, consisted of 27 IRB isolates and a control, with triplications; (2) Selection of IRB isolates that control R. syzigii subsp. indonesiensis on tomato plants, which consisted of 8 treatments including 7 IRB and a control with 5 replications; (3) Characterization of IRB isolates ability to promote plant growth (indicated with IAA production & phosphate solubilizing). The variables observed were disease development, growth enhancement and IRB isolate ability to produce IAA and solubilize phosphate. The results showed that all IRB isolates were able to control bacterial wilt disease and increase the growth rate and yield of tomato. IR2.3.5, IR1.3.4 and IR1.4.2 were the best isolates in controlling R. syzigii subsp. indonesiensis and increasing the growth rate and yield by 81.25% and 68.72% respectively. All isolates showed various abilities to produce IAA, however, only isolates IR2.3.5 and IR1.3.4 that had abilities to solubilize phosphate.
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MELALUI PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH ORGANIK PADA BUDIDAYA BAWANG MERAH DI NAGARI GUNUANG RAJO Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Putra Santoso
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 2 No 3.a (2019)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v2i3.a.237

Abstract

Program pengabdian masyarakat ini dilatarbelakangi ketakpahaman masyarakat tentang manfaat dari limbah-limbah pertanian yang ada di sekitar Nagari Gunung Rajo. Limbah dari kegiatan bertani dan beternak tidak ter manfaatkan dengan baik, padahal limbah tersebut dapat digunakan kembali oleh masyarakat. Salah satu teknologi sederhana tepat guna yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan memanfaatkan limbah dan teknologi rizobakteri sebagai pupuk organik. Salah satu jenis pupuk organik yang terbaik adalah berupa kompos, karena dapat menyediakan unsur hara bagi tanaman dan memperbaiki struktur maupun kesuburan tanah. Adapun bahan-bahan yang digunakan dalam pembuatan rizokompos adalah tumbuhan Tithonia diversifolia, sekam padi, dedak dan pupuk kandang sapi. Dalam proses dekomposisi digunakan Rizobakteri sebagai decomposer dengan cara rizobakteri disiramkan pada bahan kompos, lalu kompos dibalik dan diberi rizobakteri kembali setiap minggu dengan proses pembuatan total 3 minggu. Program ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat tentang pemanfaatan limbah pertanian dan aplikasi rizobakteri indigenos dalam pembuatan kompos. Kegiatan ini telah dilakukan dalam bentuk penyuluhan dan demonstrasi. Kegiatan ini sangat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat khususnya masyarakat Nagari Gunung Rajo. Antusias dan partisipasi aktif dari masyarakat sangat menunjang keberhasilan dari kegiatan ini. Pertumbuhan dan hasil produksi yang terbaik didapatkan pada perlakuan rizokompos dan rizobakteri dibanding diaplikasikan secara tunggal.
Keanekaragaman Serangga Air di Sawah Konvensional dan Organik di Kota Padang Hasmiandy Hamid; Martinius Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.777 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.68-78.2017

Abstract

Study on diversity of aquatic insects in rice is important to determine the condition of the rice fields. The purpose of this research was to study the community of aquatic insects in two difference cultivations (organic and conventional) and sub districts (Koto Tangah dan Pauh) in Padang City. Purposive random sampling method was used. Samples were collected by using water insect nets and water bottle traps. The results showed that the aquatic insects found in the study site consisted of 5 orders (Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Odonata), 16 families, 51 species and 3808 individuals. Aquatic insect populations in organic farming was higher (5 orders, 15 families, 48 species and 3089 individuals) than conventional (4 orders, 9 families, 20 species and 719 individuals). Aquatic insects found were acting as predators (3718 individuals), detrivors (7 individuals), and omnivors (83 individuals). The diversity indexes of aquatic insects on two locations were classified as medium but the diversity in organic cultivation was higher than conventional.
Komunitas serangga pada tanaman orok-Orok (Crotalaria striata) di berbagai habitat Hasmiandy Hamid; Damayanti Buchori; Syafrida Manuwoto; Hermanu Triwidodo
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 4 No 2 (2007): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1379.23 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.4.2.86

Abstract

To study insect community at orok-orok plantation (Crotalaria striata) from different habitat, we observed insects that interacted with Crotalaria plantation. There were four habitat type that used in this research, habitat open area and others were agroforestry habitat. We counted about nine ordo from insect that interacted with Crotalaria plant. More than 70% member of ordo, include to Hymenoptera, specially Formicidae. Not all function member of the ordo that known, but some of them are pollinator, parasitoid, predator and herbivore.
PENGGUNAAN TRICHODERMA SPP UNTUK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT DAN PENINGKATAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN CABAI DI NAGARI TAEH BARUAH KECAMATAN PAYAKUMBUH KABUPATEN LIMAPULUH KOTA Yulmira Yanti; Nurbailis Nurbailis; Hasmiandy Hamid; Trizelia Trizelia; Haliatur Rahma; My Syahrawati; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 4 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v4i1.491

Abstract

Jorong Parit Dalam Nagari Taeh Baruah, Payakumbuh District, Limapuluh Kota Regency is one of the villages that has various problems such as drought, high number of idle lands and remote access. The main crop planted during the rainy season is lowland rice, but most of the land becomes idle land during the dry season. In terms of fertilization, farmers in this location still use artificial fertilizers (chemical fertilizers) and in terms of pest and disease control they still use chemical pesticides. The solutions that can be offered are planting chili plants which are more resistant to drought, processing agricultural waste into compost as an alternative to reduce dependence on the use of chemical fertilizers, use of Trichoderma and vegetable pesticides as agents for controlling pests and diseases, and processing chili production to increase value. selling, competitiveness and community income. The purpose of this farmer group empowerment activity is to increase public knowledge about the use of Trichoderma which can increase the growth of chili plants, and can also be used as a biological agent to control pests and diseases that often attack chili plants when cultivated. The method used in this activity is socialization and counseling, structured training and direct practice in the field of Trichoderma's influence on the growth and production of chili plants. The results obtained from this activity are that the community can recognize that there are alternative controls that are more environmentally friendly than the use of synthetic pesticides. The public can also gain new understanding regarding the increased growth and yield of chili plants by utilizing the Trichoderma biological agent. So that in the end it can reduce dependence on synthetic pesticides obtained from outside. Therefore, the environment and the balance of the ecosystem in the Nagari Taeh Baruh area are maintained. The conclusion of this activity is that plant growth applied using Trichoderma spp is higher than plants that are not treated with Trichoderma spp (control). The use of Trichoderma spp is highly recommended because besides being easy to obtain, it also provides positive values for plant growth and is good for environmental technology around cultivated plants.