Siti Baitul Mukarromah
Semarang State University

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STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PENDIDIKAN MELALUI MANAGEMEN BERBASIS SEKOLAH Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Lembaran Ilmu Kependidikan Vol 38, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Paradigm shift in education which resulted in the change of role of educationalinstitution from non profit social institutions to profit enterprises indicates amanagement change. The change requires a management improvement to enable theeducational institution to sustain and develop. Based on the future needs, eacheducational institution should reform or transform itself to answer the demands of thesociety in general and labor market in particular. In line with the paradigm shift, thisarticle discusses the need to improve educational management from seven aspects: (a)knowledge, (b) technology, (c) power, (d) material, (e) people, (F) time and (g)finance.Kata kunci : strategi, pendidikan, dan managemen berbasis sekolah
Pengaruh Latihan Aquarobik Terhadap Jumlah Hitung Lekosit Pada Wanita Obesitas Di Kota Semarang Rahayu, Tandiyo; Riwanto, Ign.; Susanto, Hardhono; Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The capacity of physical ability can be improved through doing an exercise which is according to the intensity, duration and frequency. Exercise can improve the immunity system and influence the leucocyte. The number of pheripheral leucocyte can be the resource of  information for the diagnostics and prognose the description of organ damage and the recovery  after physical training. The purpose of this study to investigate the influence of aquarobic exercises to  leucocyte count .This study is experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects for this study is a women Obese I, 45-50 years old, they were 24  person. The subjects of study were given aquarobic exercises until the reached the targeted heartbeats which is 75% of the maximum heartbeats, duration 60 minutes, 8 weeks aquarobics exercises. The physical activity was done for a moment. Before and after doing the activity, the pheripheral blood was taken to examine leucocyte count. The result of study reveals that there is significantly increasing a value of the average leucocyte count  before aquarobic exercises. Based on the result of study, it can be concluded that aquaribics exercises change leucocyte count on Obes I Women.
Pengembangan Aquajogger sebagai Peluang Bisnis yang Prospektif Dibidang Olahraga Kebugaran Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Air telah dikenal sebagai media untuk terapi kesehatan serta pengobatan berbagai macam penyakit. Air memberikan banyak manfaat terhadap kesehatan, salah satunya memberikan efek pemijatan atau relaksasi secara alami. Fenomena ini kemudian berdampak pada makin tingginya minat dan kesadaran untuk melakukan olah raga air atau secara khusus adalah Water Fitness (Aquarobic) yang merupakan bentuk senam tubuh (Exercise) yang dilakukan baik dengan musik maupun tanpa musik melalui media air. Water Fitness (Aquarobic) bisa dilakukan dikolam renang terbuka maupun tertutup baik pada kolam bagian yang dangkal maupun pada kolam bagian yang dalam, oleh karena itu kemampuan dalam penguasan berenang bukan merupakan halangan dan prasarat untuk mengikuti latihan ini. Pelampung (Aquajogger), dirancang untuk membantu partisipan untuk tetap mengapung diair selama melakukan latihan, serta memungkinkan untuk melakukan gerakan-gerakan yang lebih variatif. Water Fitness (Aquarobic) sebagai bentuk olah raga aerobik sangat efektif untuk melatih jantung dan pembuluh-pembuluhnya, dimana gerakan alaminya relatif sederhana tetapi manfaat dan keuntungannya sangat besar bagi kesehatan, yaitu merangsang otot tubuh untuk terus melakukan gerakan secara aktif dan dinamis.
Effect of Aquarobic and Weight Training on Cortisol Levels in Obese Women Mukarromah, Siti Baitul; Susanto, Hardhono; Rahayu, Tandiyo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.5510

Abstract

Exercise is physical stress which potentially causes disruption of homeostasis, especially in sports that is excessively done. Weight Training (LB) and Aquarobic Exercise (LA) can be modulators of handling stress. This research aims at investigating the effect of the difference between LB and LA to physical stress in obese women. The study was conducted in 2014. The method used in this study was randomized experimental pretest-posttest control group design in 36 obese women, aged 45-50 years who were divided into 3 groups, group LB 50% RM, 3 sets, 12 repetition, treatment two times a day for 8 weeks (n = 12), LA 75% HRmax, treatment 2 days for 8 weeks (n = 12) and control group (n = 12). Body Mass Index (BMI) and cortisol levels were measured before and after the treatment. Hypothesis testing was conducted using test (One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis) and the mean difference test (Tukey HSD and Mann Whitney’s). The results of BMI is increased in the WT group and is decreased in LA group as compared to control group (p <0.05). The decrease of cortisol level is higher than in LA and LB group and controls (p <0.05). LB and LA affect the physical stress that is characterized by the increase in cortisol levels in obese women. Conclusion: LB is more dominant than LA in increasing physical stress.
SENAM HATHA YOGA DAPAT MENINGKATKAN PERNAPASAN DAN KESEIMBANGAN TUBUH WANITA 40-60 TAHUN Utami, Bekti; Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Journal of Sport Science and Fitness Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jssf.v6i1.40199

Abstract

AbstrakPerubahan fisik wanita berusia 40 tahun ke atas membuat wanita mengalami perubahan fungsi pernapasan dan keseimbangan tubuh. Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh dan perbedaan senam hatha yoga terhadap pernapasan dan keseimbangan tubuh terhadap wanita 40-60 tahun di Sanggar Senam Ganep Surakarta. Metode penelitian menggunakan true experiment dengan pre test dan post test. Subjek penelitian adalah wanita di kelas senam hatha yoga di Sanggar Senam Ganep Surakarta berusia 40-60 tahun dengan populasi 49 orang, dan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling diperoleh 25 orang sampel. Instrumen penelitian adalah tes kapasitas pernapasan dan functional reach test. Teknik analisis data menggunakan uji beda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengujian awal, pernapasan (1496,15 cm3 kelompok eksperimen dan 1300 cm3 kelompok kontrol) dan keseimbangan tubuh (9,76 cm kelompok eksperimen dan 8,58 cm kelompok kontrol), setelah treatment hatha yoga, pernapasan (1592,31 cm3 kelompok eksperimen dan 1304,16 cm3 kelompok kontrol) dan keseimbangan tubuh (8,30 cm kelompok eksperimen dan 8,41 cm kelompok kontrol) meningkat dengan signifikansi <0,05, sedangkan pernapasan dan keseimbangan tubuh kelompok kontrol tidak memiliki perbedaan dengan tes awal dengan signifikansi >0,05. Simpulan, senam hatha yoga berpengaruh positif dan dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan pernapasan wanita dan keseimbangan tubuh wanita 40-60 tahun.Kata Kunci: pernapasan, keseimbangan, hatha yoga Abstract Physical changes in women aged 40 years and over make a woman changes the function of respiration and balance the body. Objective: To know the influence and difference of hatha yoga gymnastics on body breathing and body balance 40-60 years at Ganep Surakarta Sanggar Senam. The research method used is true experiment with pre test and post test. Subjects in this study were participants who enrolled in the gymnastic class of hatha yoga at Sanggar Senam Ganep Surakarta who was aged 40-60 years and female sex with a population of 49 people, using purposive sampling technique obtained 25 people as a sample. The instrument of this research is the test of breathing capacity and functional reach test. Data analysis technique is using different test. The results showed generally in the initial test, (1496.15 cm3 in the experimental group and 1300 cm3 in the control group) and body balance (9.76 cm in the experimental group and 8.58 cm in the control group) Which was low, but after treatment of hatha yoga, respiration (1592.31 cm3 in the experimental group and 1304.16 cm3 in the control group) and body balance (8.30 cm in the experimental group and 8.41 cm in the control group) Increased with significance <0.05, while respiration and balance of body of control group did not differ from at the time of initial test with significance> 0,05. Research conclusions, Hatha yoga exercise has positive effect and can to improve on women's breathing and the balance of female body 40-60 years.Keywords: breathing, balance, hatha yoga
PENGARUH SENAM ASMA TERHADAP FREKUENSI KEKAMBUHAN DAN KAPASITAS VITAL PARU PADA PENDERITA ASMA DI BALAI KESEHATAN PARU MASYARAKAT SEMARANG Kustiono, Arizka Dwi; Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Journal of Sport Science and Fitness Vol 5 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jssf.v5i2.40065

Abstract

AbstrakJumlah penderita asma di Balai Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat (BKPM) Semarang yang terdiri dariasma, asma persisten dan asma bronchiale dari tahun 2010 sampai dengan 2013 terus mengalamipeningkatan. Pada tahun 2011 mengalami peningkatan menjadi 1.537 penderita (44,63%). Padatahun 2012 mengalami penurunan menjadi 1.041 penderita (18,25%) dan kemudian pada tahun2013 mengalami peningkatan lagi yaitu sebanyak 1.081 penderita (21,27%). BKPM Semarangmengadakan kegiatan senam asma bagi penderita asma. Senam asma bertujuan untuk melatih carabernapas yang benar, melenturkan dan memperkuat otot pernapasan, melatih ekspektorasi yangefektif, meningkatkan sirkulasi, mempercepat asma yang terkontrol, mempertahankan asma yangberkontrol, dan kualitas hidup yang lebih baik. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian iniadalah metode eksperimen, yaitu suatu metode penelitian yang digunakan untuk mencari pengaruhperlakuan tertentu terhadap yang lain dalam kondisi yang terkendalikan. Dalam penelitian inipeneliti menggunakan desain penelitian one group pretest posttest design dengan sampel penelitiansebanyak 20 orang penderita asma. Kegiatan senam asma dilaksanakan 3 kali setiap minggu dengandurasi waktu 45 menit selama 8 minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa berdasarkan analisisdata uji statistik dengan t test dan hasil pengukuran kapasital vital paru dapat disimpulkan bahwaada pengaruh antara senam asma terhadap frekuensi kekambuhan asma dan kapasital vital parudan pada penderita asma di Balai Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat Semarang. Diharapkan kepadapeserta senam yang belum rutin untuk dapat mengikuti senam secara rutin dan bagi peserta yangsudah rutin dapat mempertahankan keikutsertaan dan keaktifan dalam kelompok senam.Kata Kunci: senam asma, frekuensi kekambuhan, kapasitas vital paruAbstractThe number of people with asthma in Balai Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat (BKPM) Semarang consisting ofasthma, persistent asthma and bronchial asthma from 2010 to 2013 continues to increase. In 2011 increased to1,537 patients (44.63%). In the year 2012 decreased to 1,041 sufferers (18.25%) and then in the year 2013experienced another increase of 1,081 patients (21.27%). BKPM Semarang held asthma gymnastic activity forasthma sufferers. Asthma gymnastics aims to train the correct way of breathing, flexing and strengthening therespiratory muscles, training effective expectoration, improving circulation, accelerating controlled asthma,maintaining controlled asthma, and better quality of life. Type of research used in this study is the experimentalmethod, which is a research method used to find the effect of certain treatment against others in controlledconditions. In this research, the researcher used the design of one group pretest posttest design research with 20people with asthma. Asthma gymnastic activity is held 3 times each week with a duration of 45 minutes for 8weeks. The results showed that based on statistical test data analysis with t test and measurement result vitalcapacity of lungs, it can be concluded that there is influence between asthma gymnastics to frequency ofrecurrence of asthma and vital capacity of lungs and in patient of Asthma at Balai Kesehatan Paru (BKPM)Semarang. It is expected that gymnastics participants who have not been routinely to be able to followgymnastics regularly and for participants who have been routinely able to maintain participation and activenessin groups gymnastics.Keywords: Asthma gymnastics, frequency of recurrence, vital capacity of the lung
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SUSU KEDELAI TERHADAP KEKUATAN OTOT Romadhon, Arifka; Mukarromah, Siti Baitul; Setiowati, Anies
Journal of Sport Science and Fitness Vol 5 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jssf.v5i2.40058

Abstract

AbstrakTujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian susu kedelai pada member Fitness CenterHotel Pandanaran Semarang. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah pre-post test control groupdesign. Sampel dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, yaitu kontrol dan perlakuan, untuk kontroldiberikan program latihan + air putih 350 ml dan perlakuan diberikan susu kedelai sebanyak 600ml + program latihan yang dapat meningkatkan kekuatan otot dan subjek diukur kekuatan ototlengan, kekuatan otot kaki dan kekuatan otot punggung sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Ujihipotesis menggunakan Independent sample t-test, dan paired t test. Hasil penelitian yang didapatadalah peningkatan kekuatan pada perlakuan lebih tinggi dari pada kontrol, hasil kelompokperlakuan kekuatan otot lengan 43,08 ± 11,46 kg, kekuatan otot kaki 141,75 ± 13,67 kg, kekuatanotot punggung 125,00 ± 18,26 kg, hasil kelompok kontrol kekuatan otot lengan 34,66 ± 12,40 kg,kekuatan otot kaki 132,75 ± 9.90 kg, kekuatan otot punggung 130,58 ± 17,57 kg, hasilmenunjukkan hasil perbedaan yang signifikan kelompok perlakuan lebih tinggi dibandingkankelompok kontrol hasil uji independent sample t-test, masing-masing menunjukkan hasil perbedaanyang tidak signifikan p=0,250 p= 0,221 dan p= 0,601 (p>0,05). Simpulan dari penelitian iniadalah pemberian susu kedelai tidak dapat meningkatkan perbandingan kekuatan otot antarkelompok kontrol dan perlakuan, member Fitness Center Hotel Pandanaran Semarang.Kata Kunci: : Susu kedelai, latihan beban, kekuatan otot lengan, kekuatan otot kaki, kekuatan otot punggung.AbstractMuscle strength can be improved by doing exercise. Nowadays, weight training is mostly loved physicalexercise by community. This is shown by increasing number of fitness center in the community. Based onprevious research, soy milk which is consumed after doing exercise can be an effective way to increase musclepower if it is combined with endurance exercise. This study aims to identify the effect of soy milk on FitnessCenter member of Hotel Pandanaran Semarang in treatment group and exercise program and mineral waterto control group in increasing muscle power. This is pre-post-test control group design. There are two samplegroups which are control group and treatment group. Control group is given exercise program and mineralwater of 350 ml, whereas the treatment group is given soy milk of 600ml and exercise program which mayincrease muscle power. Arm muscle power, leg muscle power and back muscle power of the sample aremeasured both before and after the given treatment. In addition, hypothesis analysis is conducted usingindependent sample t-test and paired t-test. Results show that there is greater increase of power in treatmentgroup than control group. Treatment group has arm muscle power of 43,08 ± 11,46 kg, leg muscle power of141,75 ± 13,67 kg, back muscle poer of 125,00 ± 18,26 kg, Meanwhile, control group has arm muscle powerof 34,66 ± 12,40 kg, leg muscle power of 132,75 ± 9.90 kg, and back muscle power of 130,58 ± 17,57 kg, thisfinding indicates that treatment group has higher result than the control group. However, based onindependent sample t-test, the difference is not insignificant at p= 0250, p= 0,221, and p=0.601 (p>0,05). Itcan be concluded that soy milk can increase the power of arm muscle, leg muscle, and back muscle, of FitnessCenter member in Hotel Pandanaran Semarang.Keywords: Soy milk, weight training, arm muscle power, leg muscle power, back muscle power
KEEFEKTIFAN MASSAGE DAN HYDROMASSAGE TERHADAP PENURUNAN KELELAHAN OLAHRGA TAEKWONDO DOJANG CANDI BARU SEMARANG Widodo, Anton; Sahri, Sahri; Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Journal of Sport Science and Fitness Vol 5 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jssf.v5i1.39509

Abstract

Abstrak _____________________________________________________________________Tae Kwon Do merupakan olahraga yang cukup berat dan proses penurunan kelelahan yang baik guna meningkatkan prestasi. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah guna meningkatkan recovery atlet dengan menggunakan metode massage dan hydromassage atlet tae kwon do Dojang Candi Baru Semarang. Latar belakang adalah untuk mengetahui keefektifan massage dan hydromassage terhadap penurunan kelelahan atlet taekwondo. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Quasi Experimental yaitu eksperimen semu. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Two Group’s with Pre-test and Post-test Design. Variabel penelitian ini yaitu variabel bebas pemberian massage dan hydrotherapy, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah kelelahan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh atlet tae kwon do dojang Candi Baru Semarang. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah atlet tae kwon do dojang Candi Baru Semarang.Teknik penarikan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling, dengan kriteria yang dibutuhkan di dapat jumlah sampel sebanyak 10 orang. Hasil penelitian massage dan hydromassage terhadap denyut nadi Nilai p massage = 0,00 < 0,05. Nilai p hydromassage = 0,00 < 0,05 maka Ho ditolak Ha diterima ,hasil massage dan hydromassage terhadap laktat Nilai p massage = 0,005 < 0,05. Nilai p Hydromassage Nilai p = 0,013 < 0,05 maka Ho ditolak Ha diterima. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah ada pengaruh massage dan hydromassage terhadap penurunan kelelahan atlet taekwondo dojang Candi Baru Semarang yang dilakukan di Dojang Taekwondo Candi Baru Semarang dan Kolam Pemandian Air Panas Nglimut Gonoharjo. Massage dan hydromassage sama baiknya dalam mempengaruhi penurunan kelelahan atlet taekwondo yang dilakukan di Dojang Taekwondo Candi Baru Semarang dan Kolam Pemandian Air Panas Nglimut Gonoharjo. Bagi pihak lembaga (sekolah atau dojang taekwondo) diharapkan untuk lebih memperhatikan dan meninjau atlet dan para pelatih agar ketika selesai melakukan latihan, senantiasa melakukan pemulihan dengan baik seperti massage atau hydromassage, agar fase pemulihan atlet menjadi lebih cepat dan siap untuk beraktivitas kembali. Abstract _____________________________________________________________________ The background of the study is to identify the effectiveness of massage and hydro massage in reducing fatigue for taekwondo athletes. The type of the study is Quasi Experimental, which is temporal study. This study uses Two Group’s with Pre-test and Post-test Design as the methods. There are two variables in this study, free variable is used for the massage and hydrotherapy, while dependent variable is used for the fatigue. Population for the study are tae kwon do athletes of dojang Candi Baru Semarang. Sample in this study are the athletes of tae kwon do dojang Candi Baru Semarang. The withdrawal technique for the sample uses purposive sampling, with the requirements criteria that took 10 samples. The result from massage and hydro massage study to pulse Result of p massage = 0,00 < 0,05. Result of p hydro massage = 0,00 < 0,05 so, Ho rejected but Ha accepted, result of massage and hydro massage to laktace Result of p massage = 0,005 < 0,05. Result of p Hydro massage Result of p = 0,013 < 0,05 so, Ho rejected but Ha accepted. Conclusion of this study is the influence from massage and hydro massage to the reduction of fatigue in taekwondo athletes of dojang Candi Baru Semarang conducted in Dojang Taekwondo Candi Baru Semarang and Kolam Pemandian Air Panas Nglimut Gonoharjo. Massage and hydro massage are as effective as helping to reduce the fatigue for taekwondo athletes conducted in Dojang Taekwondo Candi Baru Semarang dan Kolam Pemandian Air Panas Nglimut Gonoharjo. Attention is crucial for the agencies (school or taekwondo dojang) in inspecting both athletes and instructors so that after finishing training, doing recovery periodically such as massage or hydro massage for a faster recovery to be ready in daily activities.
OLAHRAGA TRADISIONAL SAWATAN BATHOK DAPAT MENINGKATKAN KESEGARAN JASMANI SISWA USIA 6-9 TAHUN DI MI MATHOLIBUL ULUM 2 LEBAK PAKIS AJI KABUPATEN JEPARA Hana, Annisa Nasihatul; Rahayu, Setya; Mukarromah, Siti Baitul
Journal of Sport Science and Fitness Vol 5 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jssf.v5i1.39501

Abstract

Abstrak ____________________________________________________________________ Kondisi kesegaran jasmani pada siswa usia 6-9 tahun di MI Matholibul Ulum 2 Lebak Pakis Aji Kabupaten Jepara dalam kategori kurang sekali. Penelitian dengan treatment permainan olahraga tradisional Sawatan Bathok. Tujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi kesegaran jasmani siswa sebelum, sesudah dan peningkatan melalui permainan olahraga tradisional Sawatan Bathok. Penelitian ini. penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode eksperimen. Desain penelitian menggunakan Quasi Eksperimental Design, bentuk desain quasi eksperimen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Pre test-Post test Control Group Design. Hasil uji analisis deskriptif disaat pre-test dalam kategori kurang sebanyak 4, kategori kurang sekali sebanyak 20. Hasil post-test dalam kategori sedang sebanyak 12, kurang sekali sebanyak 12. Hasil uji normalitas pre-test sebesar 0,011 pada kelas eksperimen dan post-test sebesar 0,01 pada kelas kontrol. Hasil uji homogenitas disaat pre-test kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol sebesar 0,058 dan post-test 0,018. Hasil uji-t pada kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol disaat pre-test 0,058 sehingga tidak terdapat peningkatan kesegaran jasmani siswa. Hasil post-test 0,018 sehingga terdapat peningkatan kesegaran jasmani siswa. Simpulan dalam penelitian ini terdapat peningkatan kesegaran jasmani pada siswa kelas I,II dan III usia 6-9 tahun di MI Matholibul Ulum 2 Lebak Pakis Aji Kabupaten Jepara. Saran untuk siswa agar dapat meningkatkan kesegaran jasmani melalui permainan olahraga tradisional Sawatan Bathok. Abstract ____________________________________________________________________ The condition of physical fitness at 6th-9th years old students of MI Matholibul Ulum 2 lebak Kecamatan Pakis Aji Kabupaten Jepara was in bad category. The treatment was traditional athletic game. The objective was to know the condition of students’ physical fitness before, after and improvement toward traditional athletic game Sawatan Bathok. This Quantitative research used experimental method which had experimental and control group. The type was Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. Descriptive analysis at Pre-test was 20 students in very low category and 4 students in low category At Post-test 12 students were in medium category and 12 students were in very low category. Normality test of experimental group at Pre-test was 0,011 and control group in Post-test was 0,01. Homogeneity of Pre-test was 0,058 (homogeneous) and Post-test was 0,018 (not homogeneous). Result of t-test at Pre-test was 0,058. There weren’t increasing of students’ physical fitness. Whereas at Post-test was 0,018. It showed the increasing student’s physical fitness. The Conclusion, there were increasing students’ physical fitness at 6th-9th years old students of MI Matholibul Ulum 2 Lebak Kecamatan Pakis Aji Kabupaten Jepara. Suggestion, physical fitness should be increased by traditional athletic Sawatan Bathok.
Pengaruh Latihan Aquarobik Terhadap Jumlah Hitung Lekosit Pada Wanita Obesitas Di Kota Semarang Mukarromah, Siti Baitul; Susanto, Hardhono; Riwanto, Ign.; Rahayu, Tandiyo
Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2013): July 2013
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/miki.v3i1.2662

Abstract

The capacity of physical ability can be improved through doing an exercise which is according to the intensity, duration and frequency. Exercise can improve the immunity system and influence the leucocyte. The number of pheripheral leucocyte can be the resource of  information for the diagnostics and prognose the description of organ damage and the recovery  after physical training. The purpose of this study to investigate the influence of aquarobic exercises to  leucocyte count .This study is experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects for this study is a women Obese I, 45-50 years old, they were 24  person. The subjects of study were given aquarobic exercises until the reached the targeted heartbeats which is 75% of the maximum heartbeats, duration 60 minutes, 8 weeks aquarobics exercises. The physical activity was done for a moment. Before and after doing the activity, the pheripheral blood was taken to examine leucocyte count. The result of study reveals that there is significantly increasing a value of the average leucocyte count  before aquarobic exercises. Based on the result of study, it can be concluded that aquaribics exercises change leucocyte count on Obes I Women.