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Pemberian Insektisida Alami dari Ekstrak Nanoemulsi Daun Ketumpang (Tridax procumbens L.) untuk Pengendalian Perilaku dan Kematian Ulat Krop (Crocidolomia pavonana F.) padaTanaman Sawi Safrida Safrida; Noor Aisah Riski Wulandari; Supriatno Supriatno
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 25 No. 2 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.706 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.25.2.199

Abstract

Ketumpang (Tridax procumbens L.) contains bioactive compounds that can be used as natural insecticides. To reduce particle size, the extracts were prepared using nanoemulsion techniques. This study aims to determine the effect of nanoemulsion of intercropping leaf extract on behavior and mortality of crop caterpillars on mustard plants. This study used an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of seven treatments and four replications. The treatments consisted of, K- = Administration of nanoemulsion extract at a concentration of 0% (K-), P1 = Administration of nanoemulsion extract at a concentration of 5%, P2 = Administration of nanoemulsion extract at a concentration of 10%, P3 = Administration of nanoemulsion extract at a concentration of 15 %, P4 = Administration of nanoemulsion extract at a concentration of 20%, P5 = Administration of nanoemulsion extract at a concentration of 25%, and K + = Administration of the chemical insecticide deltamethrin at a concentration of 0.04% as a positive control. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analysis of variance, as well as further tests at α=0.05. The results showed that administration of nanoemulsion ketumpang leaf (Tridax procumbens L.) extract caused behavioral changes (eating, resting, and moving) of caterpillar crop which became inactive and increased mortality of crop caterpillar. Nanoemulsion extracts of overlap leaves could be used to control crop caterpillars. Keywords: crop caterpillars, ketumpang leaf, mustard, nanonemulsion
PROFIL KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA TIKUS SETELAH PENYUNTIKAN ALOKSAN SEBAGAI HEWAN MODEL HIPERGLIKEMIK Irdalisa Irdalisa; Safrida Safrida; Khairil Khairil; Abdullah Abdullah; Musafa Sabri
Jurnal Edubio Tropika Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal EduBio Tropika
Publisher : Jurnal Edubio Tropika

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Abstract

Aloksan merupakan bahan kimia yang digunakan untuk menginduksi diabetes pada hewan model hiperglikemik. Pemberian aloksan adalah cara yang cepat untuk menghasilkan kondisi diabetik eksperimental (hiperglikemik) pada hewan percobaan. Peningkatan kadar glukosa darah terjadi karena jaringan menyerap glukosa dari darah dan menyimpannya dalam bentuk glikogen. Saat kadar glukosa darah meningkat, sel β pankreas terangsang untuk mensekresi hormon insulin sehingga kadar glukosa darah menurun. Hewan model untuk penelitian hiperglikemik menggunakan tikus Putih. Penggunaan tikus putih sebagai hewan model hiperglikemik disebabkan struktur anotomi tubuh tikus putih hampir sama dengan anatomi manusia. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan lima ulangan. Perlakuan pada penelitian ini terdiri atas P1 = Tikus normoglikemik yang diberi akuades sebagai kontrol), dan P2= Tikus yang diberi 75 mg/kg BB aloksan sebagai tikus hiperglikemik selama 6 (Enam hari). Data dianalisis menggunakan analisa varian dan dilanjutkan dengan uji jarak berganda Duncan pada selang kepercayaan 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aloksan berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap kadar glukosa darah tikus hiperglikemik. Simpulan penelitian adalah pemberian aloksan sebesar 75 mg/kg BB pada tikus perlakuan dapat meningkatkan kadar glukosa darah di dalam tikus putih dan dan cocok digunakan terhadap hewan model hiperglikemik
IDENTIFIKASI MORFOLOGIS CILIATA YANG TERDAPAT PADA RUMEN SAPI DI RUMAH POTONG HEWAN SEBAGAI PENUNJANG PRAKTIKUM ZOOLOGI INVERTEBRATA Safrida Safrida
Jurnal Edubio Tropika Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal EduBio Tropika
Publisher : Jurnal Edubio Tropika

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Abstract

Ciliata merupakan salah satu protozoa yang hidup pada rumen sapi dan membantu proses pemecahan selulosa. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi bentuk morfologi Cilliata yang hidup pada rumen sapi sebagai penunjang praktikum zoologi invertebrata. Penelitian dilakukan di Rumah Potong Hewan (RPH) Bogor. Pengamatan ciliata yang terdapat pada rumen sapi dilakukan secara mikroskopis dan data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Ciliata yang terdapat pada rumen sapi diidentifikasi berdasarkan bentuk tubuh dan makronukleus. Hasil penelitian diperoleh lima genus ciliata pada rumen sapi yaitu 1) Charonina memiliki bentuk tubuh elipsoidal dengan makronukleus yang sperical, 2) Isotricha memiliki bentuk tubuh elipsoidal dengan makronukleus rod-shape, 3) Oligoisotricha memiliki bentuk tubuh sperical dengan makronukleus yang berbentuk sperical, 4) Entodinium bentuk tubuh ovoid dengan makronukleus berbentuk ellipsoidal, 5) Eodinium memiliki bentuk tubuh ovoid dengan makronukleus berbentuk rod-shaped.
Arthropoda Permukaan Tanah pada Habitat Hutan Berbeda Ketinggian di Kawasan Hutan Telaga Warna Puncak Bogor Safrida Safrida; Adrien Jems Akiles Unitly; Suprihatin Suprihatin
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 5, No 1 (2013): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Arthropoda permukaan tanah merupakan Arthropoda yang melakukan aktivitas makan, reproduksi, dan aktivitas mencari makanan di permukaan tanah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi Arthropoda permukaan tanah sampai tingkat ordo pada habitat hutan berbeda ketinggian di kawasan hutan Telaga Warna Puncak Bogor. Penelitian dilakukan di kawasan hutan Telaga Warna Puncak Bogor, dan pengambilan data dilakukan pada lokasi A : hutan bagian bawah, ketinggian ± 1.500 dpl, lokasi B : hutan bagian atas,ketinggian ± 1.600 dpl, lokasi C : hutan pinggiran telaga, ketinggian ± 1.400 dpl, lokasi D : hutan dekat pondok, ketinggian ± 1.400 dpl. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode pitfall trap, yang diletakkan pada habitat hutan yang memiliki ketinggian yang berbeda. Arthropoda yang diperoleh diindentifikasi sampai tingkat ordo, dan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada kawasan hutan dengan ketinggian ± 1.500 dpl diperoleh 35 individu dari ordo Amphipoda, Araneae, Blattodea, Coleoptera, Collembola, Diptera, Homoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Orthoptera, pada ketinggian ± 1.600 dpl diperoleh 89 individu dari Ordo Amphipoda, Araneae, Coleoptera, Collembola, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, pinggiran telaga pada ketinggian ± 1.400 dpl diperoleh 29 individu dari Ordo Araneae, Coleoptera, Collembola, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, dan hutan dekat pondok dengan ketinggian ± 1.400 dpl diperoleh 26 individu dari Ordo Amphipoda, Collembola, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Orthoptera. Kesimpulan diperoleh adalah pada  kawasan hutan Telaga Warna Puncak ditemukan 10 ordo dan 179 individu dari Arthropoda.
Fumigant Toxicity of Siamese Citrus Fruit Extract (Citrus nobilis) as a Botanical Pesticide in Culex sp. Devi Syafrianti; Safrida Safrida; Jauharati Nassaf
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 12, No 1 (2020): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.633 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jbe.v12i1.17276

Abstract

Toxicity is the ability of a substance that is destructive when exposed to organisms. These substances can come from plants to used as plant-based pesticides. Siam orange peel waste (Citrus nobilis) can be used as the main ingredient of botanical pesticides because it contains bioactive compounds. The purpose of this research is to see the ability of the concentration of siam citrus fruit extracts that can cause mosquito death by 50%. This type of research is experimental and a quantitative approach. The experimental design used a Factorial Complete Randomized Design consisting of seven different treatments and three observation times. These treatments were the concentration of 0% conjoined orange peel extract as a negative control, 30%, 45%, 60%, 75%, 90%, and commercial products as a positive control, the treatment was carried out in four replications. Data were analyzed using probit regression analysis. Probit test results obtained that LC50 value is 49.86%, the concentration that can be used is in the treatment of P3 with a concentration of 60% of Siamese orange peel extract. The conclusion of this research proves that the administration of conjoined orange peel extract can cause Culex mosquito mortality by 50% at a concentration of 60%.
VARIASI JENIS BAHAN BAKAR PADA PENGASAPAN IKAN BANDENG (Chanos-chanos Forskal ) MENGGUNAKAN ALAT PENGASAPAN TIPE KABINET Ratna Ratna; Safrida Safrida; Yulinar Yulinar
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The milkfish represent one of the high commodities of protein and consumed many by society in Aceh. This research aim at to know influence of fuel type to quality of milkfish use appliance smoked of cabinet type. Time needed to degrade water concentration around 15% at coconut shell of coconut fuel is 4 hours, representing lower concentrate rate of water of smoked milkfish. Protein rate in milkfish smoked use  fuel coconut shell is 32,75%, chaff of rice  27,18%, coconut coir 37,70%, and wood 27,09%. Fat rate of milkfish smoked use coconut shell of coconut fuel is 7,84%, chaff of rice  9,18%, coconut coir 7,13%, and wood 8,85%. In the test of organoleptik shell of coconut and coconut coir shows fish product which prefer either from form, colour, aroma and feel.
Gambaran Diferensiasi Sel Darah Putih Tikus (Ratitus norvegicus) Betina Pada Starvasi Safrida Safrida
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Starvation causes food and liquid deficit that needed by body. Percentage differential leukocyte count includes neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil, limphosit and monosit will give indication towards infection reaction. The aim of this research is to detect influence starvation of the description differential leukocyte count in adult female rat during certain range of time. The experimental method used in this research is Randomized complete design with 3 blocks of treatments and 3 times repetition. The block of treatments are control (K), fasting eat rats (PMK), fasting drink rats (PMN). The data of percentage differential leukocyte count is analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and then continued by Duncan Multiple Range Test at 95% confidence interval (5% significance level). The result showed that statistically insignificant percentage of limphosit, neutrophil, and monosit in PMK and PMN bloks when compared with control, and basophil was not found. While, treatment PMK and PMN in 18 hours treatment, 42 hours treatment,  and 66 hours treatment increase percentage eosinophil.
The Use of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model to Improve The Motivation in MAN Blangpidie Samsulimi Samsulimi; Cut Nurmaliah; Safrida Safrida
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

This study aimed to use the learning model Problem Based Learning in increasing motivation, learning outcomes, and the relationship between motivation and student learning outcomes in the human digestive system concept. This research was conducted in May 2016 at MAN Blangpidie, Aceh Province. This type of research used experimental methods and descriptive with pretest-posttest design One Group Design. The subjects were all students of grade XI MAN Blangpidie totaling 120 students, the sample in this study is 40 students. Data analysis was performed by ARCS questionnaires motivation percentage. The results showed that an increase in student motivation t-hit = 14.61 t-table = 1.99. The conclusion was that the use of Problem Based Learning model of learning can increase student’s motivation in the human digestive systemconcept for class XI MAN Blangpidie
PENURUNAN KADAR MATRIKS EKSTRASELULER UTERUS TIKUS DENGAN BERTAMBAHNYA UMUR Safrida Safrida
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the levels of extracellular matrix (collagen content) at various levels of aged rats and aged rats to acquire suitable for use as an animal model of aging for the reproductive system. Experimental design used was Complete Randomized Design (CRD), which consists of 5 (five) experimental groups, each group consist of three (3) rats, which is the group one used 12 months aged rats (K12), group 2 used 18 months aged rats (K18), group 3 used 24 months aged rats (K24), a group of 4 using 30 months aged rats (K30), groups of 5 using 36 months aged rats (K36). The data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan test. Decreased levels of collagen (extracellular matrix) of the uterus begin to occur in rats aged 24 months. An aged rat suitable for use as animal models ofaging for the reproductive system is a 24-36 months aged rats.
Utilization of Fermented Solution (Ensiling) from Brassica juncea as a Natural Preservative on Sardinella longiceps Humairah Fitria; Safrida Safrida; Khairil Khairil
Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi Vol 12, No 1 (2020): Biologi Edukasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.337 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jbe.v12i1.17265

Abstract

Ensiling from mustard green is a natural preservation method with a fermentation method with the aim of being a place for the development of lactic acid bacteria that can reduce pH to maintain an acidic atmosphere so that it inhibits the development of spoilage bacteria. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of green mustard solution on the natural preservation of dencis fish and the organoleptic quality found in dencis fish. The benefit of this research is that it can provide information about the use of green mustard greens as a natural preservative of fresh dencis fish to the public. The method used in this study is an experimental method with a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments were without immersion (P0), 1-hour immersion (P1), 3-hour immersion (P2), and 6-hour immersion (P3). Data analysis with Analysis of Variance (ANAVA) with further testing BJND at α = 0.05. The provision of green mustard solvent solution greatly affects the organoleptic (taste, color, texture and aroma) and greatly influences the level of panelists’ preference for aroma, texture and taste but does not look different in the color of fried dencis fish.
Co-Authors . Vera Dewi Mulia, Troef Soemarno Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Adrien Jems Akiles Unitly Aida safriani Aini Rizqa Apriliani Ali Sarong Andi Ulfa Tenri Pada Annisa Mulia Rosha Anwar Deli Asiah Asiah Asiah Asiah Asiah M.D. Aufar Rivqi Azizah Vonna Cut Faradilla Cut Nasriyati Cut Nurmaliah Cut Putri Amalya Cut Ratna Dewi Dani Ansari Deli, Anwar Devi Syafrianti Devi Syafrianti dewi Erianti Dini Fitria Djufri - Djufri Djufri Ega Keumala Elly Susanti Eva Murtisal Fajri Fajri Fani Fardinita Farah Zakia Farza Safirda Fauzan Fauzan Firdausa, Sarah Fitrah Asma Ulhusna Fitrah Asma Ulhusna Fitrah Asmaul Husna Fitriansyah Pohan Furqan Nazir Gholib Gholib Hadianur Hadianur Hafnati Rahmatan Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Hasanuddin* HERA MAHESHWARI Hilwah Nora Humairah Fitria I Ismayani Ikhsan Ikhsan Indra Indra Indra Zainun Irdalisa Irdalisa Irvan Meidi Gunawan Irwan Irwan Ismail Sulaiman Ismatur Rahmi Ismul Huda Iswadi Iswadi Jauharati Nassaf Jumiati Jumiati Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Khairil Latifa Isma M Murtadha M. Syukri M.D Asiah Maim Matualiah Maulina Maulina Maulita Anggraini* Medita Ivanni Miftahul Munawwarah Miftahul Munawwarah Mira Fitriana Mudatsir Mudatsir Muhajir Syarifuddin Muhibbuddin Muhibbuddin Muhibbudin Muhibbudin Muliadi Muliadi Musafa Sabri Mustafa Sabri Nadila Fitria Nastiti Kusumorini Naufal Mutawakkil Noor Aisah Riski Wulandari Nur Arafah Nurrahmah Akbariah Nurul Fajriana Nurul Wasilah Nuzulul Fikri Puspa, Vivera Ruselli Putri Desriana Putri Dista Ananda Putri Wulandari Raihan Humaira Putri Rizal Raissya Adinda Raissya Adinda Rasma Hasyiati Ratna Ratna Raudhatin Raudhatin Reva Amanda Putra Rizki Rahma Putri Romano Romano Sahara Sahara Samingan Samingan Samsulimi Samsulimi Saputra Rangkuti Sari Darnita Shafwan Fahmi Shella Nasmi Sofia Nelly Sofyan Sofyan Sri Handayani Sri Rahayu Sulastri Sulastri* Supriatno Supriatno Suprihatin Suprihatin Suryawati Suryawati Susi Mulia Ulva Suyanti Kasimin Suyanti Kasimin Syafruddin Syafruddin Syamsudin Syamsudin Syarifah Ulvi Khairiah Syukriah Syukriah T. Makmur TARUNI SRI PRAWAST MIEN KAOMINI ANY ARYANI DEDY DURYADI SOLIHIN Ulya Amirah Wardiah Wardiah Wasmen Manalu widita winardi Widyawati Widyawati Wiwit Artika Wiwit Artika Yelly Asmita Putri Yennita Yuliani* Yulinar Yulinar Yusniza Yusniza Yusra Iriyanti Handayani Zainatul Hasanah Zakiah Zakiah