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Keanekaragaman Kumbang Lucanid (Coleoptera:Lucanidae) Pada Berbagai Ketinggian Tempat di Hutan Konsensi Unocal Gunung Salak, Jawa Barat Roni Koneri; Dedy Duryadi Solihin; Damayanti Buchori; Rudi Tarumingkeng
Jurnal Matematika & Sains Vol 15, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Bandung

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Abstract

Lucanids beetles play a very important role in forest ecosystem and as an crucial element of biodiversity.   The objectives of the research were to study the effects of different altitutdes on the community of lucanids beetles. Beetles collection was conducted by hand collection.  Insect  collections were conducted monthly during 12 months. This result identified 12 species of Lucanids beetles with 1.133 individuals. Altitude was found to have a strong effect on Lucanids beetles community. Redundancy analysis identified that total volume of coarse woody debris in the selected locations was recorded as key environmental factor influencing community structure of lucanids beetles. Based on canonical correspondence analysis, the distribution of the beetles were affected by the volume of coarse woody debris in decay class 2.
ETHOGRAM PERILAKU ALAMI INDIVIDU TIKUS SAWAH (Rattus argentiventer Robinson and Kloss, 1916) DALAM LABORATORIUM Anggara, Agus Wahyana; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Manalu, Wasmen; Irzaman, Irzaman
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 24, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Perilaku merupakan respons senso-motorik makhluk hidup terhadap beragam stimulus dan fluktuasi kondisi lingkungan. Pengamatan terhadap perilaku alami tikus sawah yang ditangkap dari lapangan dilakukan pada kondisi di dalam laboratorium. Percobaaan bertujuan untuk memetakan dan mendeskripsikan perilaku alami tikus sawah. Hasil percobaan diharapkan dapat menjadi dasar untuk menyusun metode manipulasi perilaku tikus sawah dalam rangka menyusun metode pengendaliannya. Semua aktivitas tikus percobaan dipantau kamera CCTV dan dilakukan pengamatan saksama untuk membuat ethogram. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas normal tikus sawah sepanjang periode aktifnya pada malam hari meliputi perilaku keluar-masuk lubang sarang, mengendus, mengawasi, menjelajah, makan dan minum, merawat diri, istirahat, dan menggali tanah. Sebagian besar aktivitas dilakukan pada pukul 17:30-22:00 WIB sehingga dapat dinyatakan bahwa puncak aktivitas tikus sawah berlangsung pada periode petang hari.Kata kunci:aktivitas harian, nokturnal, laboratorium, pengendalian
HABITAT DAN PERBEDAAN UKURAN TUBUH BURUNG KERAKBASI BESAR (Acrocephalus orientalis) PADA AWAL DAN AKHIR MASA MIGRASI DI INDONESIA Haryoko, Tri; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Prawiradilaga, Dewi Malia
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 24, No 1 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Acrocephalus  orientalis termasuk burung migran pengunjung  di Indonesia, yang berbiak di Asia Timur yaitu Siberia Selatan, Mongolia, Cina, Korea dan  Jepang. Penelitian dilakukan di Danau Tempe (Sulawesi Selatan) dan Tanjung Burung (Tangerang, Banten) pada bulan Oktober- Desember 2008 dan Mei-Juli 2009. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk : 1) menggambarkan tipe  habitat yang digunakan Acrocephalus orientalis 2) menjelaskan perbedaan  ukuran tubuh pada awal dan akhir masa migrasi di Indonesia.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Danau Tempe dan Tanjung Burung merupakan wilayah di Indonesia yang menjadi  tempat singgah dan tujuan migrasi. Selama waktu penelitian sebanyak 256 ekor  burung Acrocephalus orientalis yang berkunjung pada kedua daerah tersebut berhasil ditangkap dan dilepaskan kembali. Jumlah burung yang tertangkap pada awal musim migrasi adalah 152 ekor dan pada akhir migrasi 104 ekor. Hasil Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) dengan SPSS 16.0 terhadap ukuran tubuh menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan nyata (P<0.05)  antara burung pada awal dan akhir masa migrasi terhadap berat badan, panjang tarsus, panjang ekor, panjang total dan rentang sayap
PERBANDINGAN KARAKTER MERISTIK PADA Varanus salvator macromaculatus Deraniyagala, 1944 DARI POPULASI WILAYAH SUMATERA Setyawatiningsih, Sri Catur; Arida, Evy Ayu; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Boediono, Arief; Manalu, Wasmen
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 24, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Karakter meristik (hitung sisik) merupakan karakter pendiagnosa dalam mencandra biawak, termasuk Varanus salvator complex. V. s. macromaculatus tersebar paling luas di antara anak jenis Biawak Air sehingga diduga memiliki variasi morfologi. Hal tersebut ditunjukkan adanya ketumpangtindihan hitung sisik V.s. macromaculatus dengan anak jenis lainnya. Maka hitung sisik bukan sebagai karakter pendiagnosa yang mandiri. Oleh karenya digunakan pola warna sebagai karakter pendiagnosa lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan karakter hitung sisik dan pola warna tubuh V.s. macromaculatus asal Pulau Sumatera dan pulau-pulau satelitnya serta Pulau Jawa untuk melihat kekonsistenan dan kemandirian karakter meristik pada anak jenis tersebut. Kami juga mengidentifikasi karakter hitung sisik yang membedakan dua anak jenis, yaitu V.s. macromaculatus dan V.s. bivittatus. Karakter hitung sisik di bagian tengah tubuh (karakter S) dan pola warna tubuh dapat digunakan untuk membedakan populasi Biawak Air asal Pulau Simeulue dengan setiap populasi yang diteliti (populasi asal Pulau Sumatera, Pulau Batam, Pulau Kundur, dan Pulau Jawa). Karakter S bersifat konsisten dan bukan sebagai karakter pendiagnosa mandiri. Hitung sisik di sekitar pangkal ekor (karakter Q) dapat membedakan anak jenis Biawak Air, yaitu V.s. macromaculatus dan V.s. bivittatus dalam penelitian ini.
Morphological Identification and Diversity Analysis of Fossil Diatoms from Diatomite Sangiran Central Java Indonesia Khustina, Yenny Chusna; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Pratiwi, Niken TM
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biologi Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2258.95 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i2.2105

Abstract

Diatomite Sangiran is diatom fossil rich sediment. The aim of this research was to study the diversity of fossildiatoms from Sangiran, Indonesia based on morphological characteristics. Samples were taken from lower, middle,and upper sediment layers based on their different physical features with three replications each. Diatomiteextraction was performed following modification of Setty (1966) and frustule counting was accomplished by censusmethod. There were total 50 species found in diatomite layers. The diversity analysis showed that highest speciesrichness (21-22), diversity (1.35-1.47), and evenness index (0.44-0.48) were belong to the lower layer. The highestfrustule abundance (9.66x107-1.43x108 frustules/gram) and dominance index (0.67-0.72) were belong to themiddle layer. On the other hand, highest centrales:pennales ratios (0.73-1.11) were belong to the upper layer. Thesediment layers signified an obvious indication of gradual changes from marine to freshwater environment.Dendrogram analysis using MINITAB.v.15.1.2 software denoted similarity between lower sediment layer and theyounger layers was 72.12%; while similarity between middle and upper layers 92.63%.Keywords: diatom, diatomite, diversity, morphology, Sangiran
Eritrosit dan Hemoglobin pada Kelelawar Gua di Kawasan Karst Gombong, Kebumen,Jawa Tengah Wijayanti, Fahma; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Alikodra, Hadi Sukadi; Maryanto, Ibnu
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 7, No 1 (2011): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v7i1.3131

Abstract

ABSTRACTErythrocyt and Haemoglobin on Cave Bat at Gombong Karst Area, Kebumen Regency, CentralJawa. The purpose of this study was observe physiological adaptation of the cave batsconducted from September 2009 to March 2010 in twelve caves within the karst of Gombong,Kebumen Regency, Central Java. In each caves where the bats roosting, temperature, alsohumidity, oxygen percentage in the air, and ammonia content were measured. Three individualsamples were caught from every bat roost during the day when the bats were staying in theirroosts. Then the amount of erythrocyte was counted by hemocytometer and hemoglobincontent was measured using Sahlis method. The data were analyzed using RDA and multipleregressions. It was concluded that humidity, temperature, oxygen and ammonia correlatedsignificantly with erythrocyte and hemoglobin content. The amount of erythrocyte increasedby increasing humvel.Keywords: Bat, cave, erythrocyte, haemoglobin.
VARIASI INTERSPESIFIK JULANG (AVES: BUCEROTIDAE) INDONESIA BERDASARKAN GEN CYTOCHROME-B DNA MITOKONDRIA Jarulis, Jarulis; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Mardiastuti, Ani; Prasetyo, Lilik Budi
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i1.3714

Abstract

Genetic information of Indonesian hornbills (Julang) is still limited. We sequenced the cytochrome b gene of three hornbill species (Rhyticeros undulatus, R. plicatus, and Aceros cassidix) to explore their genetic variation, distance, and phylogenetic. Nine blood samples for Cyt b from three hornbill species were isolated with Dneasy® Blood and Tissue Kit base on Spin-Column Protocol, Qiagen. SNP, genetic distance, and phylogeny were calculated by MEGA 6.0 software. This study was found variations in the Cyt b gene sequence (849 bp) between three species Indonesian Julang. Rhyticeros undulatus had the most SNP compared to R. plicatus and Aceros cassidix. Substitution of synonyms is more common than substitution of synonyms and transition substitution frequency tends to be much higher than transversion substitution. The three species of Indonesian Julang were markedly separate with an average genetic distance of 5.25%. and separated with the outgroup species at a genetic distance of 9.43%. Cytochrome b sequence genes from these three hornbill species are novel for identifying and classifying hornbills, and could be applied to prevent illegal poaching and conservation management in Indonesia.    
Kajian Aspek Reproduksi Ikan Lais Ompok hypophthalmus di Sungai Kampar, Kecamatan Langgam, Kabupaten Pelalawan, Provinsi Riau Elvyra, Roza; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Affandi, Ridwan; Junior, Zairin
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.146 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.2.117-123

Abstract

Lais fish of Ompok hypophthalmus is one of high economic fish in Kampar river. It should be protected fromdecreasing of it population estimated due to decreasing of habitat quality and increasing of exploitation. Theobjectives of the research are to study reproduction biology of lais fish as the basic data for conservation. Thisresearch was conducted from January 2007 to January 2008. The results of O. hypophthalmus reproductionaspect show that the smallest female of maturity is 22,9 cm and male is 22,6 cm; the spawning season onSeptember to November; O. hypophthalmus is more appropriate spawning location to oxbow lake that closerelation with tributary; the spawning pattern indicated total spawner fish; the fecundity ranges from 3111 to 11164eggs and the egg diameter ranges 0,41-1,13 mm.
Kajian Penanda Genetik Gen Sitokrom b DNA Mitokondria Ikan Lais dari Sungai Kampar Riau Elvyra, Roza; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

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Abstract

The mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt-b) gene as a phylogenetic marker of lais fish Kryptopterus schilbeides from Kampar River in Riau has been studied. This is a prelimininary research on the utility of cyt-b gene as a molecular marker to obtain species diversity and phylogenetic relationship among Kryptopterus fishes from Kampar River. The primers of L14841 and H15149 were used to amplify the cyt-b gene. The results showed that K. schilbeides has isoleusine at site-81 and metionine at site-114; K. schilbeides from Kampar River and K. schilbeides from GenBank form a phylogeny cluster at 45% value.
Genetic Diversity and The Relationship Between The Indonesian Mangosteen (Garcinia Mangostana) and The Related Species Using Isozyme Markers Sinaga, Soaloon; Sobir, Sobir; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Duryadi, Dedy
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.331 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.1.53-58

Abstract

Indonesia was known to have high diversity of mangosteens (Garcinia mangostana) and the related species. Inorder to elucidate the genetics variability of the diversity, thirty three accessions were examined by using isozymeanalysis. The genetic diversity and relationships among several mangosteens and other Garcinia sp wereestablished by using four isozymes. The level of polymorphism as revealed by isoenzyme was 88%. Althoughmangosteen is believed to reproduce exclusively through apomixis, our result show that considerable geneticdiversity exists within G. mangostana and between other Garcinia species. Based on 27 bands there were 5-42%dissimilarity level among mangosteen accessions, while the other species has 75% dissimilarity. The dendrogramis built based on isozyme marker analysis to separate clusters of mangosteen and other Garcinia sp. The datashowed that G. mangostana is a close relative of G. malaccensis, G. porrecta, G. celebica, and G. hombroniana. Theconcurrence analysis on isozyme analysis result showed the very good fit of Rolf correlation value (0.914). Thisresult indicated that isozymes could group G.mangostana and the related species.
Co-Authors Abdul Rahman Singkam Achmad - Taher ACHMAD FARAJALLAH Achmad Machmud Achmad Machmud Thohari Achmad Taher Achmad Taher Achmad, Taher Agus Nuryanto Agus Wahyana Anggara Agus Wahyana Anggara Agus Wahyana Anggara, Agus Wahyana Alam Putra Persada Ani Mardiastuti Ani Mardiastuti Ani Suryani Antonius Suwanto dan Meity S. Sinaga . Budi Tjahjono Andi Khaeruni R Any Aryani Ardi Kapahang Arief Boediono Arzyana Sunkar Bahiyah Bahiyah Bambang Purwantara Cece Sumantri CECILIA ANNA SEUMAHU CHRISTIAN HANSJOACHIM SCHULZE D.D. Sastraatmadja DAMAYANTI BUCHORI Dedi . Soedharma Dedi Soedharma DEWI APRI ASTUTI Dewi Elfidasari Dewi Malia Prawiradilaga Dewi Malia Prawiradilaga, Dewi Malia Diah Iskandriati DIAH ISKANDRIATI DIETMAR BLOHM Dodi Nandika Dondin Sajuthi Dwi ASTUTI Dwi Astuti Dwi Sendi Priyono DYAH PERWITASARI -FARAJALLAH Epa Paujiah, Epa Evy Ayu Arida EVY AYU ARIDA Fahma Wijayanti FAHRI FAHRUDIN Findra, Muhammad Nur FUNGKEY HOETAMA Gita Kusuma Rahayu Hadi Allikodra Hadi S Alikodra Hadi S Alikodra HADI SUKADI ALIKODRA HAJRIAL ASWIDINNOOR Handayani Handayani Hari Prayogo Harini Nurcahya Mariandayani Heddy Julistiono HEDDY JULISTIONO Hermanu Triwidodo I Gusti Agung Arta Putra I WAYAN SUANA Ibnu Maryanto Iman Rusmana Irma Shita Arlyza Irzaman, Irzaman Isdradjad Setyobudiandi Ismayati Afifah Jamhari Jamhari Jarulis Jarulis Jarulis Jarulis Jarulis Jarulis Jarulis Jarulis Jito Jito Jito Sugardjito Joko Pamungkas Jusmaldi Jusmaldi Kadarwan Soewardi Khustina, Yenny Chusna Khustina, Yenny Chusna Kunio Watanabe Lia Aseptin Murdini Lilik Budi Lilik Budi Prasetyo Lilik Budi Prasetyo Lucia Johana Lambey M F Rahardjo M. F. Rahardjo M. Zairin Junior MARIA BINTANG MF Rahardjo Mustafa Sabri Nastiti Kusumorini NEVIATY PUTRI ZAMANI Niken Subekti Niken TM Pratiwi Nurlisa Butet, Nurlisa Prasetyo Prasetyo Priyono, Siti N. Retno Damayanti Soejoedono RICHARD F GRANT Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi RIDWAN AFFANDI Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi Rini Widayanti Robba Fahrisy Darus ROEDHY POERWANTO Roedy Poerwanto Roedy Poerwanto Roni Koneri Ronny Rachman Noor Roza Elvyra Rudhy Gustiano Rudhy Gustiano Rudhy Gustiano Rudhy Gustiano Rudi Afnan Rudi Tarumingkeng Rudy C Tarumingkeng Safrida Safrida Saroyo Saroyo SATA YOSHIDA SRIE RAHAYU SATRIYAS ILYAS SELA SEPTIMA MARIYA SILMI MARIYA Siti N. Priyono SJAFRIDA MANUWOTO Soaloon Sinaga Soaloon Sinaga Sobir Sobir Sobir Sobir Sobir Sobir Solihin Solihin Sri Catur Setyawatiningsih Sri Catur Setyawatiningsih sri murtini . SRI NINGSIH Sri Sulandari Sri Supraptini Mansjoer Subyakto Subyakto Sugardjito Sugardjito Suharsono Suharsono Sulistiyani Sulistiyani SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani Surjono Surjokusumo Syaiful Anwar Syamsul Bachry Tedjo Sukmono Thohari Thohari Tike Sartika Tri Haryoko Tri Haryoko, Tri UUS SAEPULOH UUS SAEPULOH Wasmen Manalu Yuli Wahyu Tri Mulyani YULIN LESTARI Yuni Cahya Endrawati Yus Rusila Noor Yusnarti Yus