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Interaksi Siswa dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Realistik pada Materi Keliling dan Luas Persegipanjang di Kelas IV MIN Rukoh Banda Aceh Rahmah Johar, ; Vidia Purnama Sari,
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Matematika dan Sains Vol 15, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Matematika dan Sains

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Abstract

Abstrak: Interaksi merupakan salah satu  karakteristik dari Pembelajaran Matematika Realistik (PMR). Guna melihat sejauh mana interaksi belajar siswa yang terjadi dengan PMR maka dilaksanakan penelitian pada materi keliling dan luas persegipanjang. Subjek pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas IV MIN Rukoh Banda Aceh. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola umum interaksi siswa yang terjadi dalam pembelajaran matematika realistik, untuk mengetahui aktivitas guru memfasilitasi interaksi siswa dalam pembelajaran matematika realistik, ketuntasan belajar siswa secara klasikal pada materi keliling dan luas persegipanjang, dan  respon siswa terhadap pembelajaran matematika realistik. Data penelitian diperoleh dari pengamatan terhadap kemampuan guru dalam memfasilitasi interaksi siswa, interaksi siswa,  tes hasil belajar, dan angket respon siswa. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) melalui PMR interaksi yang terjadi baik antara siswa dengan siswa maupun antara siswa dengan guru menjadi meningkat dan juga diperoleh variasi pola umum interaksi yaitu: (a) SMS (Siswa – Materi – Siswa), (b) SSO (Siswa – Siswa  tanpa membicarakan materi), (c) SMG (Siswa – Materi – Guru), (d) Pola melingkar; (2) kemampuan guru dalam memfasilitasi interaksi siswa adalah sangat baik; (3) pembelajaran matematika realistik pada materi keliling dan luas persegipanjang tuntas secara klasikal; dan (4) respon siswa terhadap pembelajaran realistik adalah positif.
Penggunaan Media Visual dalam Pembelajaran Pecahan untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa Kelas V SD/MI Yani, Bainuddin; Kusumah, Yaya S.; Johar, Rahmah
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Matematika dan Sains Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Vol. 20, No. 1, Juni 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Matematika dan Sains

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Abstract

Pemecahan masalah matematis yang berkaitan dengan materi pecahan adalah salah satu materi matematika yang sulit bagi siswa SD/MI. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji pengaruh penggunaan media visual terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis. Eksperimen dengan disain penelitian two groups pre-test post-test control group design ini menetapkan populasi seluruh siswa kelas V MIN Tungkop Aceh Besar dengan lima kelas paralel. Sampel diambil secara purposif dua kelas dari tiga kelas unggul yang ada di MIN tersebut, masing-masing satu kelas dijadikan sebagai kelas yang mendapat perlakuan (treatment) dengan jumlah siswa 35 orang dan satu kelas lagi sebagai kelas kontrol dengan jumlah siswa 34 orang. Di kelas perlakuan (treatment) pembelajaran pecahan dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan media visual dan di kelas kontrol pembelajaran pecahan dilaksanakan dengan cara konvensional. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakaninstrumen kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis untuk siswa (tes esei).  Untuk pengujian hipotesis, data pretes dan postes kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis, dan data peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis terlebih dahulu diperiksa persyaratan analisisnya berupa homogenitas dan normalitas. Pengujian hipotesis menggunakan uji-t pada taraf signifikansi 5%. Pengolahan data dengan menggunakan SPSS 17.0 for Windows telah diperoleh (1) Kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa yang mendapat pembelajaran dengan media visual lebih baik daripada kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa yang mendapat pembelajaran secara konvensional, dan (2) Peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa yang mendapat pembelajaran dengan menggunakan media visual lebih baik daripada peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa yang mendapat pembelajaran secara konvensional. Berdasarkan temuan ini, maka direkomendasikan kepada guru SD/MI bahwa ketika mengajar matematika khususnya topik pecahan, hendaknya menggunakan media visual sehingga siswa lebih mudah memahami konsep maupun pemecahan masalah matematis. Kata kunci: Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan media visual, pecahan,   pemecahan masalah matematis.
PENGEMBANGAN SOAL MATEMATIKA SETARA PISA PADA KONTEN SHAPE AND SPACE DAN CHANGE AND RELATIONSHIP UNTUK SISWA SMP ,, Irnanda; Johar, Rahmah; Subianto, Muhammad
Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA
Publisher : Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18269/jpmipa.v19i1.421

Abstract

Program International for Student Assessment (PISA) merupakan program penilaian tingkat Internasional yang diselengarakan setiap tiga tahun sekali yang bertujuan untuk meneliti kemampuan siswa usia 15 tahun dalam literasi membaca, matematika, dan sains. Hasil PISA tahun 2009 dan tahun 2013 menunjukkan bahwa prestasi siswa Indonesia pada literasi matematika masih berada pada level 2. Rendahnya prestasi tersebut tidak terlepas dari proses belajar di sekolah, salah satunya siswa belum dibiasakan menyelesaikan soal-soal yang menuntut kemampuan siswa untuk menganalisis, bernalar, beragumentasi, merepresentasikan permasalahan dalam berbagai situasi, dan memecahkan masalah yang berhubungan dengan masalah kehidupan sehari-hari. Untuk itu perlu dikembangkan soal matematika setara PISA yang sesuai dengan konteks siswa Indonesia yang dapat digunakan guru sehingga literasi matematika siswa dapat meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) untuk menghasilkan soal matematika setara PISA pada konten shape and space dan change and relationships untuk siswa SMP yang valid dan praktis dan (2) untuk mengetahui level siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal matematika setara PISA pada konten shape and space dan change and relationships. Penelitian ini menggunakan alur pengembangan instrumen oleh Tessmer. Subjek penelitian adalah 36 siswa kelas IX-5 MTsN Model Banda Aceh. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) diperoleh perangkat soal matematika setara PISA pada konten shape and space dan change and relationship sebanyak 12 butir yang valid dan praktis dan (2) rata-rata pencapaian level siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal matematika setara PISA masih berada pada level 2.Kata kunci: penelitian pengembangan, soal PISA
Pembelajaran Menemukan Nilai PHI(π) melalui Pendekatan Matematika Realistik di Sekolah Dasar Johar, Rahmah; Aklimawati, Aklimawati; Zubainur, Cut Morina; M.Ikhsan, M.Ikhsan; Chandrawati, Adek Elfera
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif Vol 7, No 2 (2016): Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif
Publisher : Jurusan Matematika, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Sema

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kreano.v7i2.5996

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dampak implementasi Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) dalam mengajarkan nilai  melalui pendekatan matematika realistik. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan implementasi Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) melalui penelitian Design Research yang terdiri atas tiga tahap yaitu (i) preparing for the experiment, (ii) the teaching experiment, dan (iii) the retrospective analysis. Penelitian ini melibatkan satu orang guru dan 28 siswa kelas V MIN Rukoh, Banda Aceh. Data dikumpulkan melalui lembar observasi, video pembelajaran, dan catatan lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa HLT yang dikembangkan dapat membantu siswa melukis titik pusat dan diameter benda berbentuk lingkaran, menemukan nilai yang paling akurat hasil pembagian keliling dengan diameter lingkaran yaitu  Kendala  dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kesulitan melakukan operasi pembagian bilangan desimal.The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the implementation Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) in teaching the value of π through realistic mathematics approach. This study describes the implementation Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) through research Design Research, which consists of three stages: (i) preparing for the experiment, (ii) the teaching experiment, and (iii) the retrospective analysis. The study involved one teacher and 28 students of class V MIN Rukoh, Banda Aceh. Data were collected through observation sheets, instructional videos, and field notes. The results showed that the HLT developed to help students paint the center and diameter of a circle-shaped object, find the most accurate value of the division of the circumference to the diameter of the circle is π = 3.14. Constraints in this study were students’ difficulty performing division operation decimals.
Pembelajaran Menemukan Nilai PHI(Ï€) melalui Pendekatan Matematika Realistik di Sekolah Dasar Johar, Rahmah; Aklimawati, Aklimawati; Zubainur, Cut Morina; M.Ikhsan, M.Ikhsan; Chandrawati, Adek Elfera
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif Vol 7, No 2 (2016): Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif
Publisher : Jurusan Matematika, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Sema

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kreano.v7i2.5996

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dampak implementasi Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) dalam mengajarkan nilai  melalui pendekatan matematika realistik. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan implementasi Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) melalui penelitian Design Research yang terdiri atas tiga tahap yaitu (i) preparing for the experiment, (ii) the teaching experiment, dan (iii) the retrospective analysis. Penelitian ini melibatkan satu orang guru dan 28 siswa kelas V MIN Rukoh, Banda Aceh. Data dikumpulkan melalui lembar observasi, video pembelajaran, dan catatan lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa HLT yang dikembangkan dapat membantu siswa melukis titik pusat dan diameter benda berbentuk lingkaran, menemukan nilai yang paling akurat hasil pembagian keliling dengan diameter lingkaran yaitu  Kendala  dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kesulitan melakukan operasi pembagian bilangan desimal.The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the implementation Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) in teaching the value of π through realistic mathematics approach. This study describes the implementation Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) through research Design Research, which consists of three stages: (i) preparing for the experiment, (ii) the teaching experiment, and (iii) the retrospective analysis. The study involved one teacher and 28 students of class V MIN Rukoh, Banda Aceh. Data were collected through observation sheets, instructional videos, and field notes. The results showed that the HLT developed to help students paint the center and diameter of a circle-shaped object, find the most accurate value of the division of the circumference to the diameter of the circle is π = 3.14. Constraints in this study were students’ difficulty performing division operation decimals.
Students’ Mathematical Communication Ability and Self-Efficacy using Team Quiz Learning Model Johar, Rahmah; Junita, Eka; Saminan, Saminan
International Journal on Emerging Mathematics Education IJEME, Vol. 2 No. 2, September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1000.393 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/ijeme.v2i2.8702

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This research aims to examine the improvement of mathematical communication skills of the students who learn using the team quiz learning model. This is an experimental research with pretest-posttest-control group design. The population of this study is all of the seventh-grade students in one of the junior high schools in Banda Aceh. We use a simple random sampling technique to obtain two classes as the research samples. The data were collected using tests of mathematical communication skills and self-efficacy questionnaires. The statistical tests used in this study were the paired t-test and two-way ANOVA. The results show that: (1) The improvement of the students’ mathematical communication ability in the team quiz class is higher than the conventional class; (2) The improvement of the students’ self-efficacy in team quiz class is higher than the conventional class; (3) There is no interaction between the learning model and the student level towards the students mathematical communication ability; and (4) There is no interaction between the learning model and the student level towards the students’ self-efficacy.
Peningkatan Kemampuan Koneksi Matematis dan Self- Efficacy Siswa melalui Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Rotating Trio Exchange (RTE) Isfayani, Erna; Johar, Rahmah; Munzir, Said
Jurnal Elemen Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Elemen
Publisher : Universitas Hamzanwadi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (576.176 KB) | DOI: 10.29408/jel.v4i1.473

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This study aims to determine the improvement of mathematical connection capability and self efficacy of students who have learned by Cooperative Learning Model Type Rotating Trio Exchange (RTE) compared to students who received conventional mathematics learning. Collection technique is done by doing test result of student learning and self-efficacy questionnaire of student. Data analysis of mathematical connection capability and student self-efficacy data were performed by using Independent-Sample t Test. The result of hypothesis testing shows that: (1) Improvement of mathematical connection ability of students who gain learning with RTE learning model better than mathematical connection ability of students who gain conventional learning; (2) Increased ability of self-efficacy of students who gain learning with RTE learning model better than the ability of self-efficacy of students who obtain conventional learning. Based on self-efficacy questionnaire indicated that students showed positive attitude toward mathematics learning using RTE Type Co-operative Model
Improving Students’ Critical and Creative Thinking through Realistic Mathematics Education using Geometer’s Sketchpad Dhayanti, Decy; Johar, Rahmah; Zubainur, Cut Morina
JRAMathEdu (Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education) Vol. 3, No. 1, January 2018
Publisher : Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jramathedu.v3i1.5618

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Learning can foster students’ character as well as their understanding. Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) is one of learning approach to foster those competences. In this research, the learningbased RME will be supported by using the Geometer's Sketchpad. This study aims to improve the students’ character through Realistic Mathematics Education using Geometer's Sketchpad on proportion topic and analyze the student's learning achievement . The subjects of this research are the 25 eighth grade students in one of public secondary school in Aceh Tamiang, Aceh. Instruments used in the study are character observation sheets and test to assess students’ learning achievement. The data analysis technique used is descriptive analysis. The result of data analysis shows that the implementation of Realistic Mathematics Education using Geometer's Sketchpad in topic of proportion can improve student's critical and creative thinking. In addition student's learning achievement met the minimal mastery criteria.
Kemampuan Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Unsyiah Menyelesaikan Soal PISA Most Difficult Level Sulastri, Rini; Johar, Rahmah; Munzir, Said
Didaktik Matematika Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.982 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jdm.v1i2.2057

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Abstract. To increase and improve PISA rankings (Programme for International of Student Assessment) of Indonesian students not only starts from the students, but also teachers and prospective teachers. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of students as prospective teachers to solve problems of high-level PISA (most difficult) is level 5. This study was a descriptive study using a qualitative approach to describe the ability of each student in solving PISA question. The subjects were students taking the Teaching Mathematics I course of Mathematics Education Program FKIP Unsyiah. Data analysis in qualitative research based on the results of the data collection process in the form of field notes, documentation, and interviews. Assessment conducted on students' ability to solve problems using the PISA assessment rubric. Furthermore, the score obtained is converted into the interval level of ability. The results showed only one student (14,28 %) of the seven students who have an excellent ability to resolve the matter appropriately. Meanwhile, three students (42,85 %) experienced only a mistake on the problems at the problem of the distance down. However, the ability of the three students vary based on the accuracy of the analysis in solving aspects. For the third ability of other students (42,85 %) were still low due to the settlement of questions that do not quite right with the ability to be at sufficient levels. Based on the results of this study are expected each faculty can use international issues as a matter of PISA in learning, so that students get used to solve the problems of non-routine to improve their ability to understand and solve problems, which can contribute to the future of teaching practice. Keywords: PISA, most difficult level, students as prospective teachers
PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PEMAHAMAN DAN DISPOSISI MATEMATIS SISWA SMA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER -, Abubakar; Ikhsan, M.; Johar, Rahmah
Didaktik Matematika Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.982 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jdm.v1i2.2062

Abstract

Abstract: Increased capacity and disposition of students' mathematical understanding in mathematics learning is very important as it is outlined in the curriculum KTSP (2006) and reaffirmed in year 2013. The use of appropriate learning model is expected to achieve those goals. The purpose of this study was to determine the increase comprehension and mathematical dispositions that students taught with cooperative learning model Numbered Head Together (NHT), determine whether there is a correlation between increased capacity and disposition of mathematical understanding that students taught with cooperative learning models Numbered Head Together (NHT ). This study was a quasi-experimental study with a quantitative approach, the population class X SMA Negeri 1 Sakti, Kabupaten  Pidie, ecara randomly selected sample as many as two classes: the class as a class ekspetimen X1 and X2 class as the control class. Data were collected using a test instrument comprehension and mathematical statistic questionnaire. Data were analyzed using t test and one-way ANOVA test. Once the data is processed and analyzed it is concluded that: (1) Increasing the ability of understanding is taught using cooperative learning models Numbered Head Together (NHT) is better than being taught by conventional teaching, (2) an increase in students' mathematical dispositions are taught using learning cooperative models Numbered Head Together (NHT) better than students taught with conventional pembelajan, (3) There is a positive correlation between an increase in the ability of students with improved mathematical understanding students' mathematical dispositions. Keywords: Ability mathematical understanding, mathematical model of cooperative disposition Numbered Head Together (NHT).
Co-Authors . Saminan Abubakar Abubakar Adek Elfera Chandrawati, Adek Elfera Aklimawati Aklimawati, Aklimawati Akrom, Akrom Andariah Andariah Anizar Ahmad Anwar Anwar Arhamni Arhamni Asdarina, Orin Aslamiah, Suaibatul Asmaul Husna Bahrun Bahrun Bahrun Bahrun Bainuddin Yani Bansu Irianto Ansari Cut Laila Kulsum Cut Morina Zubainur Cut Morina Zubainur Cut Morina Zubainur, Cut Morina Dadang Juandi Darkasyi, Muhammad Dessy Amalia Dessy Amalia, Dessy Detiana Amir Dewi Agus Tiani Dewi Annisa Dhayanti, Decy edumatica FKIP Elah Nurlaelah Erna Isfayani Erna Wirda Erni Maidiyah Erni Maidiyah Farrah Maulidia Fathiya Salsabila Fatma Salinda Fitriadi Mahmud FITRIATI FITRIATI Hajidin . Hajidin Hajidin Harnita, Fahlida Hasbi, M. Hidayah Nurul Fajri Hifzi Meutia Hizir Sofyan Husnul Khatimah Ibnu Zaina Ikhwanuddin Ikhwanuddin Irnanda , Irnanda, Irnanda Jarnawi Afgani Dahlan jul siga putra Jumiati . Junita, Eka Lisa Ramadhani Liza Rahmah M IKHSAN M Ikhsan M. Darkasyi M. Duskri M. Ikhsan M. Ikhsan M. Ikhsan M. Syukri M.Ikhsan M.Ikhsan, M.Ikhsan Mahdalena Mahdalena Mailizar Mailizar Marwan Ramli Muhammad Erfansyah MUHAMMAD HASBI Muhammad Subianto Muhsin Muhsin Mukhlis Hidayat Munzir, Said MUSTAQIM MUSTAQIM Mutiawati Mutiawati Nolismasari Nolismasari Nur Anwar Nurdiansyah Nurdiansyah Nurjani Nurjani Nuzulidar Nuzulidar Putri, Devi Arhami Rahmawati Rahmawati Rahmi Fuadi Rahmi Hayati Raihan Raihan, Raihan Rina Puspita Sari Rini Sulastri Rini Sulastri Rini Sulastri Rita Novita Rizki Julina Rohaida . Rosnawati Rosnawati Rosnawati Rusniati Rusniati Safrida Yanti Said Munzir Said Munzir Said Munzir Salsabila, Anggun Saminan Saminan Saminan, Saminan Samsul Bahri Shinta Dewi Siti Rahmatina Solly Aryza Sri Yusniarti Suaibatul Aslamiah Sulastri Sulastri Sulastri, Sulastri Suryawati Suryawati Suryawati Suryawati Syahjuzar Syahjuzar Syamsul Rizal T. Mahmudi Taufik Fuadi Abidin Trikoesoemaningtyas Tuti Zubaidah Usnul, Uliyatul Utari Sumarmo Utari Sumarmo Vidia Purnama Sari Wahidah, Nanda Rahmatul Yanti, Safrida Yaya S. Kusumah Yuhasriati, Yuhasriati Yuli Ariani Yulia Yulia Yulinar Safitri Yusniarti, Sri Yusrizal Yusrizal Zainal Abidin Zainal Abidin Zainal Abidin Zuraida IM