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Ketahanan 22 Genotipe Cabai (Capsicum spp.) terhadap Phytophthora capsici Leonian dan Keragaman Genetiknya Rahmi Yunianti; Sarsidi Sastrosumarjo; Sriani Sujiprihati; Memen Surahman; Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 35 No. 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.865 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v35i2.1318

Abstract

Laboratory and field experiments were carried out to analyze genetic diversity of 22 pepper genotypes (Capsicum spp.) and their resistance to Phytophthora capsici Leonian. Resistance screening was performed in plastic flats 72 cells. Inoculation was done on 28-day old pepper plant soon after watering by pipeting 5 ml of inoculum (105 zoospore/ml) at the base of each plant. P. capsici  isolate used in this experiment was TG01, identified as race 3 based on AVRDC differential pepper lines (PI 188478, PBC 602, PBC 137 and Early Calwonder).  The evaluation of pepper genotypes characteristic was conducted in the field.  Principle Component Analysis, Clustering Analysis and Biplot Analysis were used to analyze genetic diversity based on 37 characters. Result of resistance evaluation showed that two genotypes (C4 and C13) were identified as resistant, 7 genotypes (C2, C3, C5, C8, C10, C15, and C20) as slightly resistant, 6 genotypes (C7, C9, C17, C19, C21 and C27) as slightly susceptible, and 7 genotypes (C1, C11, C18, C28, C48, C64, and C65) as susceptible.  Based on genetic diversity analyzed, all genotypes could be divided into 4 clusters.  Cluster I consisted of 18 genotypes i.e. C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C7, C8, C9, C10, C13, C14, C15, C17, C18, C19, C28, C64, and C65. Cluster II consisted of only 1 genotype i.e. C48.  Cluster III consisted of 2 genotypes (C20 and C21) which were characterized by the colour of corolla, corolla spot, and filament. Cluster IV consisted of 1 genotype (C27) which was characterized by fruit cross-sectional corrugation.   Key words :  Capsicum, resistance, Phytophthora capsici, genetic diversity, clustering.
Infeksi Papaya ringspot virus pada Tanaman Pepaya di Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat; Sari Nurulita; Suryo Wiyono
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 8 No. 6 (2012)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (482.156 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.8.6.184

Abstract

Severe mosaic symptoms was observed on papaya plants in Meusa village, Kutablang sub district, Bireun district and Lambaro Teunom village, Lembah Seulawah sub district, Aceh Besar district. Systemic mosaic was found in leaves, stem, twig, and fruit. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was conducted to detect the virus causing mosaic symptoms using universal primer for Potyvirus. Amplification of 320 bp DNA fragment was successfully obtained from leaves and fruits bearing severe mosaic symptoms. Nucleotide sequencing was proceeded using the DNA amplicon as the template. Further sequence analysis indicated that Potyvirus isolates from papaya in Aceh show the highest homology (92.7% to 94.7%) with Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) from Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia. This is the first report on PRSV infection on papaya in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam province.   Key words: Potyvirus, RT-PCR, sequencing 
Pengaruh Perlakuan Ethyl Methane Sulfonate pada Tanaman Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) dan Ketahanannya terhadap Chilli Veinal Mottle Virus (ChiVMV) Ifa Manzila; Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat; Ika Mariska; Sriani Sujiprihati
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 3 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.474 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i3.14250

Abstract

Ethyl Methane Sulfonate (EMS) may induce mutation leading to somaclonal variation if it is used at the appropriate combination of EMS concentration and exposure time. Variation in somaclonal might be valuable as a source of resistance to plant pathogens including plant viruses. This study was aimed 1) to determine the optimum EMS concentration and incubation time that may induce somaclonal variation in chilli pepper; and 2) to evaluate the resistance of the somaclone to ChiVMV infection. Shoot-tip explants of fi ve chilli pepper genotypes (Jatilaba, ICPN 12#4, PBC495, Helem, and Gelora) were treated with EMS at combination of different concentrations (0.25%, 0.5% 1.0% and control), and incubation time (15, 30, 60 min). Subsequently, each explant was grown in multiplication media (MS media + 5 mg L -1 BAP + 0.5 mg L-1 TDZ), rooting media (MS media + 1 mg L-1 NAA), and acclimatization media (mixture of soil : sand : compost 2:1:1 w/w). Our results showed that the higher EMS concentration and the longer incubation period the smaller the number of survive explants. The highest survival rate 20.4 % was achieved with 0.5% EMS in combination with 60 min incubation period. This treatment combination also showed induction of phenotypic variation. Two somaclonal plants derived from Gelora genotype, designated as somaclones K1 and K2, survived until fruit development and maturation. A total of 245 progenies of K1 and 243 progenies of K2, respectively were evaluated for their resistance to ChiVMV infection through mechanical inoculation using ChiVMV-Cikabayan isolate. Following the detection of ChiVMV using DAS-ELISA, it was confi rmed that 4.09% of the somaclonal progenies were resistance to ChiVMV. Keywords: Capsicum annuum L., ChiVMV, ethyl methane sulfonate, induce mutation, resistance
Identifikasi Molekuler Begomovirus Penyebab Penyakit Kuning Keriting pada Tanaman Cabai (Capsicum annum L.) di Sumatera Barat Trisno, Jumsu; Hidayat, Sri Hendrastuti; Jamsari, Jamsari; Habazar, Trimuri; Manti, Ishak
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.888 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.1.41-46

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Pepper plants showing Begomovirus-like symtoms, consisting of yellowing, leaf curling, and distortion, werecollected from fields located in the Padang, West Sumatra. The aim of this research is to identification ofbegomovirus associated with yellow leaf curl diseases on pepper. Total DNA was extracted from infected leaftissue according to Doyle and Doyle (1999) with slight modification. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used toamplify the coat protein region of the virus using universal degenerate primers pAV494 and pAC1048. The PCRamplified DNA product (approx. 560 bp) was sequenced. The nucleotide and amino acid sequences and BLASTsearch revealed highest homology with pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus isolated pepper, tomato andAgeratum conyzoides from Java, but differences from those of tomato yellow leaf curl virus. The isolate was thententatively called pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus-Padang (PYLCIV-Pdg).
Pengaruh Empat Galur Bakteri Pemacu Pertumbuhan Tanaman dan Waktu Inokulasi Virus terhadap Keparahan Penyakit Daun Keriting Kuning Cabai Hari Priwiratama; Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat; Widodo .
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 8 No. 1 (2012)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.205 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.8.1.1

Abstract

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) has effectively reduced infection of pathogens. Bacillus polimixa BG25, B. subtilis SB3, Pseudomonas fluorescens PG01, P. fluorescens S32, and their combinations were used as seed treatment. Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) was used to inoculate Geminivirus at 3, 5, and 6 weeks after planting. Seeds without any bacteria treatment were used as controlled plant. Treatment of PGPR and time of inoculation were significantly effect disease intensity, but not incubation period. Late infection of Geminivirus reduced disease intensity. Based on measurement of plant height, number of branch, and flowers it was concluded that some bacterial treatments was significantly effect plant growth. Key words: Bemisia tabaci, Geminivirus, PGPR, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria
INDUCED MUTATION BY GAMMA RAYS IRRADIATION TO INCREASE CHILLI RESISTANCE TO BEGOMOVIRUS Hidayat, Sri Hendrastuti; Purwoko, Bambang Sapta; Syukur, Muhamad; Gaswanto, Redy
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 38, No 1 (2016): FEBRUARY
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v38i1.581

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Begomovirus infection has a significant impact of lowering chilli yield in Indonesia. A constraint of narrow genetic variability of chilli in Indonesia has made the mutation breeding program as a solution worth-pursuing in increasing the genetic variability. The objective of this study was to determine the LD50 point for each of the five irradiated chilli genotypes and the optimum dose of gamma irradiation in inducing chilli resistance to Begomovirus and other improved agronomical traits. The study was conducted in the Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute (IVEGRI) at Cikole-Lembang, elevation 1,200 m above sea level, from March to December 2013. Split plot design was used with genotype as main factor (Kencana, Lembang-1, SSP, Tanjung 2, Seloka) and irra-diation dosage as sub-factor (0, 200, 400, 600, 800 Gy). All treatments were replicated three times. The results showed that LD50 points of the five irradiated chilli genotypes were in the range of 422.64-629.68 Gy. There were some chilli genotypes in the population of M2 that had high coefficient variance genetic (CVG) and broad sense heritability (h2bs) value for disease incu-bation time. This could be used as resistance parameter to Begomovirus and improvement parameter of several agronomical traits.
Keragaman Morfologi, Genetika, dan Patogenisitas Colletotrichum acutatum PenyebabAntraknosa Cabai di Jawa dan Sumatera Roy Ibrahim; Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat; widodo widodo
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 13 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.884 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.13.1.9

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Colletotrichum acutatum is known as the major causal agents of anthracnose disease of chilli pepper in Indonesia. This research was aimed to study genetic variability of C. acutatum in Java and Sumatera based on morphological and molecular characteristics and to evaluate pathogenicity of several isolates. Observation on morphological characteristics involved colour and growth of each colony as well as shape and size of conidia. Molecular identification was performed by DNA amplification using specific primer for C. acutatum, i.e. CaInt2/ITS4 followed by sequencing and nucleotide sequence analysis. Pathogenicity test for each isolate on Capsicum annuum and C. frutescens was conducted in the laboratory using detached chilli. Morphology variability was observed from 40 isolates of C. acutatum. Most of the isolates have white/beige colonies with fusiform conidia of 6.11–9.73 µm in length and 2.24­–2.73 µm in width. Pathogenicity of 3 C. acutatum isolates varies from moderate to high based on lesions size on infected chilli. Sequence analysis of 8 C. acutatum isolates indicated high homology among isolates from Java and Sumatera
Identifikasi Penyebab Penyakit Daun Keriting Kuning pada Tanaman Mentimun Dwiwiyati Nurul Septariani; Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat; Endang Nurhayati
Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika Vol. 14 No. 1 (2014): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.026 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11480-86

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ABSTRACTIdentification of the causal agent of yellow leaf curl disease on cucumbers. Yellow leaf curl disease has been reported to cause serious diseases and yield losses on tobacco, chilli pepper, and tomato plants in Java. Similar symptoms were observed recently on cucumber plants from several growing areas in West Java (Bogor), Central Java (Tegal and Sukoharjo), and Yogyakarta (Sleman). Symptom variations including mosaic, chlorotic spotting, leaf curling, blistering, vein banding, reduction and distortion of leaf and fruit were observed. Serological detection using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) showed infection of several viruses. Antibodies specific to Squash mosaic comovirus (SqMV), Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZyMV), dan Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) were reacted positively with field samples. No serological reactions were observed with antibodies to Tobacco ringspot potyvirus (TRSV) and Watermelon mosaic potyvirus (WMV). Molecular detection approach based on Polymerase Chain Reaction was undergone using universal primers for Geminivirus, pAL1v1978 and pAR1c715. DNA fragment 1600 bp in size, was successfully amplified from leaf samples originated from Tegal, Sleman, Bogor, and Sukoharjo. Further identification by nucleotide sequencing indicated that virus isolates causing yellow leaf curl disease on cucumber have highest homology (95.7% to 98.6%) with Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus-[Cucumber:Indonesia] (AB613825) from Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia.
Cucumber Mosaic Virus and Chili Veinal Mottle Virus Infection on Growth and Yield Component of Chilli DWI SUBEKTI; SRI HENDRASTUTI HIDAYAT; ENDANG NURHAYATI; SRIANI SUJIPRIHATI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 13 No. 2 (2006): June 2006
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (35.44 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.13.2.53

Abstract

A research was undergone to study the effect of single and double infection of Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) and Chili Veinal Mottle Virus (ChiVMV) on the growth and yield of five chilli cultivars, i.e. Prabu, Taro, Jatilaba, Laris, and Keriting Bogor. Mechanical inoculation was conducted to transmit the virus. Infection of the virus was then confirmed with DAS-ELISA. Severe symptom was observed on plant given double infection compared to those given single infection. The rate of plant growth and the amount and weight of fruits were reduced. The type of interaction between CMV and ChiVMV on most chilli cultivar can be considered as interference and additive. Synergism interaction was only observed on cultivar Laris. Based on symptom expression and reduction on yield, it can be concluded that all chilli cultivars used in this study could not hold up the virus infection. Key words: CMV, ChiVMV, interaction, additive, interference, synergism
Detection and Host Range Study of Virus Associated with Pepper Yellow Leaf Curl Disease SRI SULANDARI; RUSMILAH SUSENO; SRI HENDRASTUTI HIDAYAT; JUMANTO HARJOSUDARMO; SOEMARTONO SOSROMARSONO
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 13 No. 1 (2006): March 2006
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (45.61 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.13.1.1

Abstract

High incidence of Pepper yellow leaf curl virus (PepYLCV) was observed in Indonesia since early 2000. Disease incidence in Yogyakarta, Central and West Java reached 100% on Capsicum frutescens, but only 10-35% on C. annuum. As an exception, the disease incidence on C. annuum cv. TM 999 was in the range of 70-100%. The causal agent of the disease, PepYLCV, was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Viral specific DNA fragment of the size ~1600 bp and ~550 bp was amplified from infected plants using two pairs of geminivirus universal primers pAL1v1978/pAL1c715, and pAv494/pAc1048, respectively. The PepYLCV has an intermediate host range including plants belonging to the family of Solanaceae, Leguminosae, and Compositae. The species belonging to the families of Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Chenopodiaceae, and Amaranthaceae were resistant to the virus. Physalis floridana, is very prospective as a propagation host for the geminivirus infecting pepper. Nicotiana spp., cucumber, watermelon, cotton, and Sida sp. could be used as a differential host. Besides, Capsicum frutescens cv. Cakra, tomato, N. benthamiana, N. glutinosa, and Ageratum conyzoides could be used as indicator plants for the geminivirus infecting pepper. Key words: Pepper yellow leaf curl virus, disease incidence, host range
Co-Authors . Jamsari . SUDARSONO ALI NURMANSYAH Amelia Feryna Bulan Dini Ana Septiana Saputri Anas Dinurrohman Susila Aqlima , Aqlima, nFN Asmar Hasan Asniwita Asniwita Asniwita Asniwita Astri Windia Wulandari Wulandari ATI SRI DURIAT AUNU RAUF Bambang S. Purwoko Bambang Sapta Purwoko Bonny Poernomo Wahyu Soekarno Bonny Purnomo Wahyu Soekarno Bonny Purnomo Wahyu Soekarno Budi Tjahjono Darni Rambu D. Siala Dewa Gede Wiryangga Selangga Dewa Gede Wiryangga Selangga Diny Dinarti Dono Wahyuno Dwi Subekti DWI SUBEKTI Dwi Wiyati Nurul Septariani Dwiwiyati Nurul Septariani Efendi, Darda Efi Toding Tondok Efi Toding Tondok Eliza Suryati Rusli Endang Nurhayati Endang Nurhayati Erika Rosminim Purba Evan P. Ramdan Evan Purnama Ramdan Evan Purnama Ramdan GEDE SUASTIKA Gede Suastika Gede Suastika GEDE SUASTIKA Gede Suastika Gede Suastika Hamdayanty Hamdayanty Hari Priwiratama Harwan Susetio Heri Harti Ifa Manzila Ifa Manzila Ika Mariska Ika Mariska Irsan Nuhantoro Ishak Manti ISHAK MANTI Jamsari Jamsari Jamsari Jamsari Jati Adiputra John Thomas Jumanto Harjosudarmo Jumanto Harjosudarmo JUMANTO HARJOSUDARMO Jumsu Trisno Kadwati Kadwati Kikin H Mutaqin KIKIN HAMZAH MUTAQIN Ladja, Fausiah T. Listihani Meity S Sinaga Meity S. Sinaga MEITY S. SINAGA, MEITY S. Meity Suradji Sinaga Meity Suradji Sinaga Meity Suradji Sinaga Melinda . Memen Surahman Miftakhurohmah Miftakhurohmah Mimi Sutrawati Mimi Sutrawati Muhamad Syukur Muhammad Herman MUHAMMAD TAUFIK Naimatul Farida Neni Gunaeni Nissa Fawwaz Adilah NOOR AIDAWATI Noor Aidawati ORAWAN CHATCHAWANKAN PANICH Puji Lestari PURNAMA HIDAYAT Purwoko, Bambang Sapto Purwono Purwono Rahayuwati, Sat Rahmi Yunianti Rahmi Yunianti Redy Gaswanto Redy Gaswanto, Redy Reymas M. R. Ruimassa Rina Rachmawati RITA NOVERIZA Rita Noveriza Rita Noveriza Rita Noveriza Rokhana Faizah Roy Ibrahim Rusmilah Suseno RUSMILAH SUSENO Rustiani, Ummu S. Sari Nurulita Sarsidi S astrosumarjo Sarsidi Sastrosumarjo Sarsidi Sastrosumarjo Sherli Anggraini Sientje Mandang Sumaraw Siti Hafsah Siti Shofiya Nasution Slamet Susanto Sobir Sobir Sobir Sobir Soemartono Sosromarsono Soemartono Sosromarsono Sri Hartati Sri Hartati Sri Hartati Sri Sulandari Sri Sulandari Sri Sulandari Sriani Sujiprihati Sriani Sujiprihati Sriani Sujiprihati Sriani Sujiprihati Suryo Wiyono Susanti Mugi Lestari Susanti Mugi Lestari Taufik, Muh Tega Kintasari TRI ASMIRA DAMAYANTI TRI JOKO SANTOSO Trimuri Habazar TRIMURTI HABAZAR Ummu S. Rustiani Ummu Salamah Rustiani UTOMO KARTOSUWONDO UTOMO KARTOSUWONDO UTOMO KARTOSUWONDO Utomo Kartosuwondo Utomo Kartosuwondo Vinsen Willi Wardhana Wayan Winasa Widodo Widodo . Widodo Widodo Widodo Widodo Widodo Widodo Widodo Widodo Willing Bagariang Yudia Nurhaelena Zahratul Millah